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Returning Tests Double check my math Let me know if I missed any bonus points you earned DO NOT throw your test away Your midterm will be made up of the.

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Presentation on theme: "Returning Tests Double check my math Let me know if I missed any bonus points you earned DO NOT throw your test away Your midterm will be made up of the."— Presentation transcript:

1 Returning Tests Double check my math Let me know if I missed any bonus points you earned DO NOT throw your test away Your midterm will be made up of the exact same questions

2 Making Up Points If you wish to regain credit for missed questions on your exam you must: o Rewrite or retype the questions you missed on a loose-leaf piece of paper with the correct answer o Must be turned in at the beginning of next class in hand For example: o Question: What is a faction? o Correct answer: a coalition of like-minded people

3 Warm Up What is an amendment? Why do we have amendments? How many amendments do we have? What are our first 10 Amendments?

4 Chapter 6 The Bill of Rights

5 6.1 Adding the Bill of Rights Tradition of a Bill of Rights o Magna Carta o English Bill of Rights o List of rights given to the people by the government which they cannot take away

6 6.1 Adding the Bill of Rights Amendments - changes/additions to our Constitution which allow our government to adapt over time The list of Amendments to our Constitution can be found at the end of the Constitution o Page 148 Over the 220 years that the Constitution has been in power there has been 27 Amendments added to the Constitution

7 6.1 Adding the Bill of Rights The Amendment Process- a difficult 2-step process that requires a proposal at the national level and ratification (approval) at the state level A Proposal can happen 1 of 2 ways: o 1. Proposed by Congress with support of 2/3 of both houses ***All 27 Amendments have happened this way*** o 2. Proposed by a National Convention called by 2/3 of state legislatures ***This has never happened*** Ratification can happen 1 of 2 ways: o 1. Approved by ¾ of all state legislatures ***This has been the case for 26 Amendments*** o 2. Approved by ¾ of special state conventions ***This has happened for 1 Amendment***

8 Amendment Process


10 6.1 Adding the Bill of Rights The United States Bill of Rights is our Constitutions First 10 Amendments The First 10 Amendments were written as a compromise between the Federalists and Anti- Federalists o Federalists promised to add a Bill of Rights if the Constitution was ratified

11 11/8 Warm Up What is a right? What are the 3 categories that we divide the Bill of Rights into? What are 3 of the personal freedoms you have guaranteed to you by the Bill of Rights?

12 6.2 Adding the Bill of Rights Right- protection that a citizen has against the government o 3 Categories in our Bill of Rights: 1. Individual freedoms 2. Protections against government abuse of power 3. Rights of citizens accused of crimes

13 6.2 Bill of Rights 1 st Amendment- Individual Freedoms o Freedom of Religion o Establishment Clause- separation of church and state o Freedom of Speech Speak and write. Including symbolic speech o Freedom of the Press Papers and TV stations may publicize whatever they want o Freedom of Assembly Protests or picketing o Freedom of Petition Letters, s, phone calls to Politicians

14 6.2 Bill of Rights 2 nd, 3 rd, 4 th, and 5 th Amendment- Protections Against Government Abuse of Power o 2 nd - Right to Bear Arms Militia and the right to defend themselves o 3 rd - Quartering Military cannot use your house to sleep soldiers o 4 th - Search and Seizure Government/Police cannot search your property without warrant or probable cause o 5 th- Eminent Domain Government may take your property for public use (Ohio River Bridges). Government must pay appropriate price however

15 6.2 Bill of Rights 5 th, 6 th, 7 th, and 8 th - Protections of those Accused of Crimes aka Due Process o 5 th Amendment Right to Silence, a person must be accused by a jury, and Double Jeopardy o 6 th Amendment Speedy Trial, Public Trial, Trial by Jury, Right to a lawyer, Habeas Corpus, and a person must know what they are accused of o 7 th Amendment Permits a trial by jury as long as value in dispute exceeds $20 o 8 th Amendment Fair treatment to those being held- bails, cruel and unusual punishment

16 6.2 Bill of Rights 9 th Amendment o Citizens rights are not limited to the above amendments 10 th Amendment- Reserved Powers o The states have all powers not listed in the Constitution

17 On a blank sheet of paper with a partner Research a Supreme Court Case from the list below: and answer the following questions: 1. Name of the Case and the Year 2. What Amendment is involved and how is that Amendment is involved 3. Explain the issue or the situation. Why is there a case going on? 4. What are BOTH sides of the argument. What do both sides use as a defense/argument? 5. How did the Supreme Court rule? What was the number of justices for and against? Which side did they support and how did they justify their ruling? 6. Do you agree with this ruling? Why or why not? 7. Do you think this ruling gives you more or less freedom? (AKA does it restrict your freedoms or extend your freedoms?)

18 Supreme Court Case Options Collins v. Smith Employment Division v. Smith Schenck v, US Texas v. Johnson Near v. Minnesota New York Times v. Sullivan McCreary County v. ACLU of Kentucky Miranda v. Arizona Gideon v. Wainwright Korematsu v. US Roe v. Wade Paul Jennings Hill Trial

19 13-15 th Amendment 13 th Amendment- o Freed all slaves 14 th Amendment- o Guaranteed equal rights to all citizens under the law 15 th Amendment- o Allowed all male citizens the right to vote

20 6.1 Adding the Bill of Rights 1.Why is the Amendment process so difficult? 2.What is the difference between a National Convention and Congress? 3.What is the difference between State Legislatures and State Conventions? 4.What is the only Amendment to be ratified in state conventions instead of state legislatures? 5.Why was this Amendment Ratified in this way? 6.Draw a Graphic Organizer representing the Amendment Process

21 Important Supreme Court Cases involving the Bill of Rights Engel v. Vitale Lemon v. Kurtzman Employment Division v. Smith Near v. Minnesota New York Times v. US Collins v. Smith NAACP v. Alabama Paul Jennings Hill o What was his argument? Mapp v. Ohio Schenck v. United States Miller v. California Erznoznik v. Jacksonville Texas v. Johnson McCleskey v. Kemp Jacobson v. US US v. Montoya de Hernandez Choose 2 cases and answer the questions

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