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24.11.2014 Centre for Cultural Research/ Prof. Dr. Susanne Keuchel InterKulturBarometer Idea, Background, Facts, Study Design … Centre for Cultural Research.

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Presentation on theme: "24.11.2014 Centre for Cultural Research/ Prof. Dr. Susanne Keuchel InterKulturBarometer Idea, Background, Facts, Study Design … Centre for Cultural Research."— Presentation transcript:

1 Centre for Cultural Research/ Prof. Dr. Susanne Keuchel InterKulturBarometer Idea, Background, Facts, Study Design … Centre for Cultural Research / Zentrum für Kulturforschung (ZfKf) Prof. Dr. Susanne Keuchel 1

2 Centre for Cultural Research/ Prof. Dr. Susanne Keuchel The ‚KulturBarometer-Series‘ and its Background 2

3 Centre for Cultural Research/ Prof. Dr. Susanne Keuchel3 KULTURBAROMETER is a nation-wide, representative German survey of ZfKf addressing different cultural themes and sectors 1973 First survey on the status of the artists and public participation in the arts Other sporadic surveys 1991 With the 1. “KulturBarometer”, a new series is established (first focus on East-West comparisons) … KulturBarometer

4 Centre for Cultural Research/ Prof. Dr. Susanne Keuchel 4 Example from the KulturBarometer-Series Annual concert visits in time comparison

5 Centre for Cultural Research/ Prof. Dr. Susanne Keuchel ‚KulturBarometer‘-Special Surveys and their Background 5

6 Centre for Cultural Research/ Prof. Dr. Susanne Keuchel6 KULTURBAROMETER-SPECIAL SURVEYS are: German representative surveys covering different target groups (cultural interest, activities, attitudes, ‘cultural biographies’ etc.) Youth Culture Barometer Target group: Young people in the age of >14 to <25 years 2006Culture Barometer 50+ Target group: People in the age of 50 and older 2010/11 2. Youth Culture Barometer Target group: Young people in the age of 14 to 24 years 2011Intercultural Barometer Target group: Population with and without migration background (14 years and older)

7 Centre for Cultural Research/ Prof. Dr. Susanne Keuchel What makes empirical research on „Migration, arts and cultural participation“ interesting? – Observations from previous surveys of the KulturBarometer-Series … 7

8 Personal Definition of „Culture“ Differentiated by population groups 8 Centre for Cultural Research/ Prof. Dr. Susanne Keuchel

9 Centre for Cultural Research/ Prof. Dr. Susanne Keuchel People with Migration Background In Germany 2007, differentiated by age groups 9 Data from the German Federal Statistical Office.

10 Center of Cultural Research/ Prof. Dr. Susanne Keuchel First reason / hypothesis: The cultural conception in the young generation in Germany is changing because of migration. 10 „Children with migrant background are not treated correct in school. The question: Where do you come from?‘ is bad. In the United States you never would ask this question.“ (Syrian Kurd, Student) Quotations from qualitative interviews to this aspect [Pilot study to the InterkulturBarometer] „Of course, cultures are connected to states and region. In the origin of differences, religion plays a important role just as the economic development and the history of a country.“ (Turkish Artist)

11 Artistic activities in leisure time of the 14 to 24-year-old, differentiated by their parent‘s country of origin Centre for Cultural Research/ Prof. Dr. Susanne Keuchel

12 Centre for Cultural Research/ Prof. Dr. Susanne Keuchel Second reason / hypothesis: Artistic activities and expressions help to work up migrant experience. 12 "Migration can encourage creativity, because you have a double past. I feed myself with culture of different countries and that‘s a profit for my artistic signature.“ (Turkish Painter) "Migration benefits a cultural experience and because of this it‘s a gain for the artistic work. It [migration] is a kick and a challenge. The bigger the cultural difference between two countries, the more valuable it is in this regard." (Russian Musician) Quotations from qualitative interviews to this aspect [Pilot study to the InterkulturBarometer]

13 13 Country of origin of artists and art works Cultural offer in the city of Cologne, four months in 2009/10 (n = 4.839) (Multiple response) 31% of the Cologne population has a migration background; 36% of all foreigners in Cologne come from Turkey Centre for Cultural Research/ Prof. Dr. Susanne Keuchel

14 Cultural offers of the Cologne migrant associations Differentiated by art forms and country of origin (Multiple response) Centre for Cultural Research/ Prof. Dr. Susanne Keuchel

15 Centre for Cultural Research/ Prof. Dr. Susanne Keuchel Third reason / hypothesis: Migration can build up cultural “parallel societies”. 15 „In Russia we were always Germans. Here we are always Russians.“ (Russian-German customs employee) Quotation from qualitative interviews to this aspect [Pilot study to the InterkulturBarometer]

16 Centre for Cultural Research/ Prof. Dr. Susanne Keuchel Interest in Different Exhibition Themes Comparison of younger and older people in Germany 16

17 Centre for Cultural Research/ Prof. Dr. Susanne Keuchel 17 Refusal of „Foreign" Arts In relation to school education and cultural participation of 14 to 24-year-olds “I don’t like foreign arts at all” (Reason for a lack of contact with the arts of different cultures) school education level...

18 Centre for Cultural Research/ Prof. Dr. Susanne Keuchel Relationship to culture of countries Of the qualitative interviewpartners in the pilot study (InterKulturBarometer) 18 Country of Origin GermanyEuropeOther Countries No country in particular Artists of immigrant background (n=5) Artists of German background (n=2) +++ Non-Artists of immi- grant background (n=3) +++ Non-Artists of German background (n=2) ++ Migrants, especially artists, are able to identify themselves with several national and regional cultures.

19 Centre for Cultural Research/ Prof. Dr. Susanne Keuchel Fourth reason / hypothesis: The arts provide opportunities to build "bridges" between people of different origin/cultural background 19 „Art can definitely be a bridge. I mustn‘t speak with other musicians, it‘s enough, if we all make music. Then music is the language.“ (Iranian female Singer) Quotation from qualitative interviews to this aspect [Pilot study to the InterkulturBarometer]

20 Centre for Cultural Research/ Prof. Dr. Susanne Keuchel About the Study Design of the InterKulturBarometer 20

21 Centre for Cultural Research/ Prof. Dr. Susanne Keuchel21 1)‘Cultural Participation‘ in the population with and without migrant background: Is there a difference? 2) What opportunities for the arts to build "bridges" between people with different origin or cultural background? 3) What are the prospects for a ‚transcultural‘ society? What forms of new artistic expressions are developing? Main Topics of the InterKulturBarometer

22 Module 2 Regional Qualitative Interviews Module 1 Germany-wide Representative Sample (n = 2.500) Centre for Cultural Research/ Prof. Dr. Susanne Keuchel22 „ Stratified Sample": Nationwide representative survey plus representative survey of migrant population (optional) In two regions (Länder) Taking different regional sites into account (Big cities, towns and rural areas) Start: in June 2011 Start: in October 2011

23 Vielen Dank für Ihre Aufmerksamkeit 23 „I see no deficit [ … in my migration experience …] but, as an artist, rather a gain; even for the country, in which I live now. The country is more colourful now.“ (Turkish Painter) Centre for Cultural Research/ Prof. Dr. Susanne Keuchel

24 Vielen Dank für Ihre Aufmerksamkeit Thank you very much for your attention! Centre for Cultural Research/ Prof. Dr. Susanne Keuchel


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