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CA THEORY (Transfer Claim L1-L2) applied to MORPHOLOGICAL PARADIGMS ) Phonology to morphology Contrastive analysis in morphological constructions in English.

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Presentation on theme: "CA THEORY (Transfer Claim L1-L2) applied to MORPHOLOGICAL PARADIGMS ) Phonology to morphology Contrastive analysis in morphological constructions in English."— Presentation transcript:

1 CA THEORY (Transfer Claim L1-L2) applied to MORPHOLOGICAL PARADIGMS ) Phonology to morphology Contrastive analysis in morphological constructions in English and Spanish COURSE: INGL 4235 PROF. ANÍBAL MUÑOZ CLAUDIO TUESDAYS & THURSDAYS 3:00-4:20 P.M. ROOM: LCS 101 www1.uprh.edu/animun ( YOU CAN ALWAYS FIND PPP’S HERE!)

2 CA THEORY (Transfer Claim L1-L2) applied to MORPHOLOGICAL PARADIGMS ) NOUN PHRASES ADJECTIVE AND ADVERBIAL PHRASES (COMPARATIVES AND SUPERLATIVES) VERB PHRASES a. infinitive and gerund forms b. transitive verbs (regular and irregular) c. CA considerations in paradigms when conjugating d. modals

3 Example of a sentence The beautiful girl was wearing a hat. NP VP NP det. Adj. N aux. V. det. N

4 Noun Phrases A noun phrase is made up of any of the following combinations: N=noun (or personal pronoun) Det + N =determiner + noun (a, an, the, this, that, these, those, possessives,numbers and quantifiers, indefinite Det. + adj. +N. determiner/adjective/noun

5 NOUN PHRASES ENGLISH hat SPANISH sombrero hatssombreros the hat the hats el sombrero los sombreros Morphemes of Number & gender Morphemes of number and gender fit the paradigms in Spanish determiners determiners

6 Noun phrases paradigms The hats These Those My Your Some few Several Many Our Both los sombreros estos aquellos / esos mis tus algunos pocos varios muchos nuestros ambos English Spanish

7 What about her hat and his hat? her hat el sombrero de ella his hat el sombrero de él their hat el sombrero de ellos (as) her hats los sombreros de ella his hats los sombreros de él their hats los sombreros de ellas (os)

8 Practice exercises girl

9 Practice exercises girls

10 Practice exercises beautiful girl

11 Practice with the following sentence in English and Spanish! Divide the sentence by its constituents (NPs, VP’s). Indicate all the morphemes found (inflectional and/or derivational paradigms). Construct the morphological paradigms for each constituent. Find the differences between the two languages Jimmy’s friend studied for his English exam.

12 ADJECTIVAL AND ADVERBIAL PHRASES MORPHOLOGICAL PARADIGMS IN COMPARATIVE AND SUPERLATIVE FORMS English sentences: Liza is a tall girl. Martha is taller than Liza. Sandra is the tallest girl. Sandra is intelligent. Liza is more intelligent than Sandra. Martha is the most intelligent girl.

13 MORPHOLOGICAL PARADIGMS IN COMPARATIVE AND SUPERLATIVE FORMS Spanish sentences Liza es una niña alta. Martha es más alta que Liza. Sandra es la más alta (la niña más alta). Sandra es inteligente. Liza es más inteligente que Sandra. Martha es la más inteligente de las tres.

14 ADJECTIVAL AND ADVERBIAL PHRASES MORPHOLOGICAL PARADIGMS IN COMPARATIVE FORMS ENGLISH (one syllable / true adjectives*) SPANISH tall - taller alto –más alto cold -colder frio –más frio big -bigger grande –más grande old -older viejo –más viejo young -younger joven –más joven Morphemes er /más

15 ADJECTIVAL AND ADVERBIAL PHRASES MORPHOLOGICAL PARADIGMS IN COMPARATIVE FORMS ENGLISH (two or more than one syllable) SPANISH intelligent –more intelligent – más inteligente important –more important -más importante beautiful –more beautiful –más hermoso (a) powerful –more powerful –más poderoso (a) expensive –more expensive -más caro (a) Morphemes more más

16 ADJECTIVAL AND ADVERBIAL PHRASES MORPHOLOGICAL PARADIGMS IN COMPARATIVE FORMS ENGLISH (two syllables ending in Y ) SPANISH ugly –uglier – más feo (a) pretty -prettier -más hermoso (a) heavy -heavier –más pesado (a) friendly -friendlier –más amigable hungry -hungrier -más hambriento (a) Morphemes er más

17 ADJECTIVAL AND ADVERBIAL PHRASES MORPHOLOGICAL PARADIGMS IN SUPERLATIVE FORMS ENGLISH (one syllable adjectives) SPANISH tall –the tallest – lo más alto strong –the strongest -la más fuerte slow – the slowest –el más lento fast –the fastest –la más rápida dark –the darkest -lo más oscuro Morphemes est lo/el/la más

18 ADJECTIVAL AND ADVERBIAL PHRASES MORPHOLOGICAL PARADIGMS IN SUPERLATIVE FORMS ENGLISH (two or more syllables adjectives) SPANISH the most dangerous – lo más peligroso the most interesting -el más interesante the most ridiculous –el más ridículo the most talkative –la más habladora the most conservative -lo más conservador Morphemes the most lo/el/la más

19 Practice exercises 1.Provide the comparative and superlative form for the following words in both English and Spanish: ENGLISHCOMP.SUPER.SPANISHCOMP.SUPER. dry crazy smart arrogant good bad boring tough soft

20 Practice exercises cont. Using the information provided, construct sentences to indicate the morphological paradigms of comparative and superlative forms in both English and Spanish. Explain the morphological and syntactical differences. Det. N VP det. qual. Adj. conj. NP The BMW is a very expensive car. The Porsche is more expensive than the BMW. The Viper is the most expensive car. Example: BMW =40,000 / Porsche = 50,000 / Viper =70,000

21 Information 1.Math / Chemistry / Physics (difficult courses) 2. Thailand / Egypt / China (exotic countries) 3. Halloween / Scream / Nightmare on Elm Street (scary movies)


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