Download presentation

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

1
Mathematics

2
**Properties of Triangle - 2**

Session Properties of Triangle - 2

3
Session Objectives

4
**Solution of Right-angled Triangle**

Session Objective Solution of Right-angled Triangle Solution of a Oblique Triangle (a) When three sides are given (b) When three angles are given (c) When two sides and the included angle between them are given Two angles and one of the corresponding sides are given (e) When two sides and an angle opposite to one of them is given

5
Introduction A triangle has three sides and three angles. If three parts of a triangle, at least one of which is side, are given then other three parts can be uniquely determined. Finding other unknown parts, when three parts are known is called ‘solution of triangle’.

6
**Solution of Right-angled Triangle**

(a) Given a side and an acute angle Let the angle A (acute) and side c of a right angle at C be given c b a C A B or b = c sinB, a = c cosB

7
**Solution of Right-angled Triangle**

(b) Given two sides Let a and b are the sides of C is the right angle. Then we can find the remaining angles and sides by the following way c a b C B A

8
**Solution of a Oblique Triangle**

(a) When three sides are given If the given data is in sine, use the following formulae If the given data is in cosine, use the following formulae.

9
**Solution of a Oblique Triangle**

If the given data is in tangent, then we use (iv) If the lengths of the sides a, b and c are small, the angle of triangle can also be obtained by cosine rule. (v) For logarithmic computation, we define the following.

10
**Solution of a Oblique Triangle**

(b) When three angles are given: In this case, the sides cannot be determined uniquely. Only ratio of the sides can be determined by sine rule and hence there will be infinite number of such triangles.

11
**Solution of a Oblique Triangle**

(c) When two sides and the included angle between them are given: If two sides b and c and the included angle A are given, then (B – C) can be found by using the following formula: If b < c, then we use

12
**Solution of a Oblique Triangle**

Two angles and one of the corresponding sides are given: The value of the other side and remaining angle can be found by

13
**Solution of a Oblique Triangle**

(e) When two sides and an angle opposite to one of them is given: In this case, either no triangle or one triangle or two triangles are possible depending on the given parts. Therefore, this case is known as ambiguous case. Let a, b and the angle A are given.

14
**Solution of a Oblique Triangle**

This is a quadratic equation in c. Let c1 and c2 be two values of c

15
**Solution of a Oblique Triangle**

Case I: When a < b sinA Hence, from (i) and (ii), become imaginary. No triangle is possible.

16
**Solution of a Oblique Triangle**

Case II: When a = b sinA From (i) and (ii), But will be positive when A is acute angle. In this case, only one triangle is possible provided is acute.

17
**Solution of a Oblique Triangle**

Also a = b sinA The triangle is right-angled in this case. Case III: When a > b sinA From (i) and (ii), are real.

18
**Solution of a Oblique Triangle**

But triangle is possible only when are positive. For this we have to consider the following cases: (a) When a > b Hence only one triangle is possible.

19
**Solution of a Oblique Triangle**

(b) When a = b Hence, only one triangle is possible.

20
**Solution of a Oblique Triangle**

(c) When a < b Two triangles are possible. (Ambiguous case) Thus, when a, b and are given, two triangles are possible when a > b sinA and a < b [For ambiguous case]

21
Class Test

22
**Class Exercise - 1 If the sides of a triangle are**

Prove that its largest angle is 120°.

23
**Solution a, b, c are the sides of the triangle,**

24
**Solution Cont. Hence, a, b, c are positive, when x > 1Now**

as x > 1 a – c = x2 + x + 1 – x2 + 1 = x + 2 > as x > 1 a is the largest side A is the largest angle.

25
Solution Cont.

26
Class Exercise - 2 The angles of a triangle are in the ratio 1 : 2 : 7. Show that the ratio of the greatest side to the least sides is

27
**Solution Let the angles of the triangle be x°, 2x°, 7x°.**

x + 2x + 7x = 180° x = 18° A = 18°, B = 36°, C = 126° Least side is a and the greatest side is c.

28
Solution Cont. Proved.

29
Class Exercise - 3 Let The number of triangle such that log b + 10 = log c + L sinB is one (b) two (c) infinite (d) None of these

30
**Solution log b + 10 = log c + L sin B**

log b + 10 = log c log sinB log b = log (c sinB) b = c sinB Only one triangle is possible

31
Class Exercise - 4 In the ambiguous case, if the remaining angles of the triangles formed with a, b and A be (a) 2 cosA (b) cosA (c) 2 sinA (d) sinA

32
Solution The two triangles formed are

33
Solution Cont. Triangles are formed with a, b and A,

34
Solution Cont. Here two values of c are Hence answer is (a).

35
**Class Exercise - 5 In ambiguous case, where b, c, B are**

given and prove that

36
Solution b, c and B are given, This is quadratic equation in a.

37
Solution Cont. It is given that

38
Solution Cont. (Negative sign is neglected as ‘b’ is the length of side of triangle).

39
Thank you

Similar presentations

OK

Laws of Sines. Introduction In the last module we studied techniques for solving RIGHT triangles. In this section and the next, you will solve OBLIQUE.

Laws of Sines. Introduction In the last module we studied techniques for solving RIGHT triangles. In this section and the next, you will solve OBLIQUE.

© 2017 SlidePlayer.com Inc.

All rights reserved.

Ads by Google

Jit ppt on manufacturing software Ppt on human eye and colourful world Ppt on question tags sentence Ppt on conceptual art movement Ppt on polynomials in maths what is the range Ppt on swine flu in india Production in the long run ppt on tv Ppt on question tags youtube Ppt on time management for employees Ppt on power sharing in democracy