Presentation on theme: "P1.3 The usefulness of electrical appliances. We often use electrical appliances because they transfer energy at the flick of a switch. We can calculate."— Presentation transcript:
P1.3 The usefulness of electrical appliances
We often use electrical appliances because they transfer energy at the flick of a switch. We can calculate how much energy is transferred by an appliance and how much the appliance costs to run. Candidates should use their skills, knowledge and understanding to: compare the advantages and disadvantages of using different electrical appliances for a particular application consider the implications of instances when electricity is not available. Additional guidance: Candidates will be required to compare different electrical appliances, using data provided.
We often use electrical devices because they transform electrical energy to whatever form of energy we need at the flick of a switch. What have the following got in common?
Examples of energy transformations that everyday electrical devices are designed to bring about. Electrical Heat Electrical Electrical NuclearElectrical Chemical Electrical Elastic Electrical GravitationalElectrical Kinetic Electrical Sound Electrical Light
Examples of everyday electrical devices designed to bring about particular energy transformations.
Power = Energy transferred Time Taken P = E t E tP Joules (J) seconds (s) Watts (W) 1 watt is the transfer of 1J of energy in 1s. The power of an appliance is measured in watts (W) or kilowatts (1kW = 1000W). Power measures how fast energy is transferred. The greater the power, the more energy is transferred in a given time. Power
What we pay for when we use an electrical appliance is the energy it transfers. Some appliances transfer energy faster than others and so cost more to use. How much energy an appliance transfers depends on: How long the appliance is switched on; How fast the appliance transfers energy (its power). LED screen – slow energy transfer Kettle – fast energy transfer
Energy is normally measured in joules (J). The total amount of energy, in joules, can be calculated as follows: energy transferred = power X time (joule, J) (watt, W) (second, s) E = P x t Pt E Joules (J) seconds (s)Watts (W)
The amount of energy transferred from the mains is measured in kilowatt-hours, called Units: energy transferred =power X time (kilowatt hour, kWh) (kilowatt, kW) (hour, h) E = P x t Pt E Kilowatt hours (KWh), also known as Units hours (h)Kilowatts (KW)
Total Cost = Number of Units x Cost per Unit 1 Unit = 1 Kilowatt hour (1 KWh) The cost of this energy can be calculated using: Electricity meter readings can be used to calculate total cost over a period of time, typically 3 months.