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DHTA Month “Architecture in Tourism” 1 S.H.A.P.E. (Society for Heritage, Preservation & Enhancement) Architectural Heritage in Tourism Background of SHAPE.

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Presentation on theme: "DHTA Month “Architecture in Tourism” 1 S.H.A.P.E. (Society for Heritage, Preservation & Enhancement) Architectural Heritage in Tourism Background of SHAPE."— Presentation transcript:

1 DHTA Month “Architecture in Tourism” 1 S.H.A.P.E. (Society for Heritage, Preservation & Enhancement) Architectural Heritage in Tourism Background of SHAPE EU-funded ISP w/ DHTA Lessons from traditional Architecture International Vernacular Architecture in Tourism Dominica’s Architecture –Roseau –Churches –Mills & Plantation Estates –Vernacular

2 DHTA Month “Architecture in Tourism” 2 S.H.A.P.E. (Society for Heritage, Preservation & Enhancement) Background of SHAPE Founded in 1997 by concerned citizens –too much cultural loss in Roseau & Dominica French Technical Mission $ –Provided for SHAPE’s Public Awareness & other specific projects

3 DHTA Month “Architecture in Tourism” 3 S.H.A.P.E. (Society for Heritage, Preservation & Enhancement) EU-funded Institutional Strengthening Project European Union offers ISP –Partners SHAPE with DHTA to strengthen heritage as part of tourism product – Mar.2005 – Feb.2008 –Ideally would have pre-dated ETDP Work Plans incl. –Advocacy towards protection of heritage sites & listed buildings –heritage events (CiTN, Carnival …) –site development (Illustration Boards, tours, integration …) –Training (of guides, operators, craftsmen, designers, students …) –Promotion & Education …

4 DHTA Month “Architecture in Tourism” 4 S.H.A.P.E. (Society for Heritage, Preservation & Enhancement) Traditional Architecture describes a place & people In general: –Structure & materials respond to climate & geography Building & Roof shapes Availability of local sources –Shows influences of builders Foreign or mythical –Describes cultural beliefs & symbolism Especially in monuments & public buildings Design of Layouts, Details & Decoration Architecture IS a form of cultural expression Wet or dry Storms Type of soil & terrain

5 DHTA Month “Architecture in Tourism” 5 S.H.A.P.E. (Society for Heritage, Preservation & Enhancement) International Examples

6 DHTA Month “Architecture in Tourism” 6 S.H.A.P.E. (Society for Heritage, Preservation & Enhancement) International Examples

7 DHTA Month “Architecture in Tourism” 7 S.H.A.P.E. (Society for Heritage, Preservation & Enhancement) International Examples

8 DHTA Month “Architecture in Tourism” 8 S.H.A.P.E. (Society for Heritage, Preservation & Enhancement) Regional Examples Willemstad, Curacao 750 houses in 3 districts: 17 th –19 th century examples * 1997 World Heritage Site = A reason to visit = A marketing tool

9 DHTA Month “Architecture in Tourism” 9 S.H.A.P.E. (Society for Heritage, Preservation & Enhancement) Regional Examples Old Havana, Cuba * 1982 World Heritage Site for colonial core - Spanish est’d in 1519; 3 distinct periods * Urban Historic Centre of Cienfuegos WHC in 2005

10 DHTA Month “Architecture in Tourism” 10 S.H.A.P.E. (Society for Heritage, Preservation & Enhancement) Regional Examples Old San Juan, Puerto Rico

11 DHTA Month “Architecture in Tourism” 11 S.H.A.P.E. (Society for Heritage, Preservation & Enhancement) Regional Examples El Morro - designated a National Historic Site in Feb.1949 w/ 74 acres; - largest fortification in the Carib’n; - Restored in 1992; - USNP Castillo de San Cristóbal - Built in 1634 (completed in 1771); ft high, covers 27 acres; - * World Heritage Site (?) Plazas, City Hall, Cathedral, Civic buildings … Tourism op’s Old San Juan Forts

12 DHTA Month “Architecture in Tourism” 12 S.H.A.P.E. (Society for Heritage, Preservation & Enhancement) Regional Examples Nevis – Plantation Inns

13 DHTA Month “Architecture in Tourism” 13 S.H.A.P.E. (Society for Heritage, Preservation & Enhancement) Regional Examples Guyana

14 DHTA Month “Architecture in Tourism” 14 S.H.A.P.E. (Society for Heritage, Preservation & Enhancement) Regional Examples Guyana – World’s largest Wooden Church St. George’s Cathedral 1889

15 DHTA Month “Architecture in Tourism” 15 S.H.A.P.E. (Society for Heritage, Preservation & Enhancement) Architecture in Eco-Tourism CONTEXTUALITY: –physical & cultural Site Planning Community Involvement Construction techniques & materials: local & sustainable Energy Conservation Water sourcing & saving Sewage treatment Solid Waste Management Eco-Tourism definitions vary Eco-lodge definitions vary Criteria & standards vary But Always incl. ‘sustainability’ : environmental, social, spiritual & economic criteria: –Protection of Nature –Benefits to Local People –Provides Interpretation

16 DHTA Month “Architecture in Tourism” 16 S.H.A.P.E. (Society for Heritage, Preservation & Enhancement) International Examples Eco-Resorts Hawaii FijiParamaraiboHawaii Praia, Brasil (typical verandah, local church & village)

17 DHTA Month “Architecture in Tourism” 17 S.H.A.P.E. (Society for Heritage, Preservation & Enhancement) International Examples Authenticity

18 DHTA Month “Architecture in Tourism” 18 S.H.A.P.E. (Society for Heritage, Preservation & Enhancement) International Examples Authenticity

19 DHTA Month “Architecture in Tourism” 19 S.H.A.P.E. (Society for Heritage, Preservation & Enhancement) more International Eco-lodge Examples Authenticity NY Schoolhouse NY Lumberjack ShackNY, by boat NY Lean-to PR Bamboo Walk Costa Rica

20 DHTA Month “Architecture in Tourism” 20 S.H.A.P.E. (Society for Heritage, Preservation & Enhancement) Dominican Traditional Architecture Dominica’s features: –Climate & geography present: lots of Sun & lots of Rain strong winds & tremors Stone & wood available –Verandahs as protection from sun & rain –Wooden ‘Jalousie’ louvers allow airflow while shading –Hurricane shutters –Half-hipped roofs (most unique)

21 DHTA Month “Architecture in Tourism” 21 S.H.A.P.E. (Society for Heritage, Preservation & Enhancement) Types –Civic, Religious, Military buildings –VERNACULAR –‘Ti Kaz’s, –Fr/Brit Colonial Merchant Houses, –Plantation Estates & Mills, –Churches, –Village streets! Dominican Traditional Architecture

22 DHTA Month “Architecture in Tourism” 22 S.H.A.P.E. (Society for Heritage, Preservation & Enhancement) Elements

23 DHTA Month “Architecture in Tourism” 23 S.H.A.P.E. (Society for Heritage, Preservation & Enhancement) Detailing

24 DHTA Month “Architecture in Tourism” 24 S.H.A.P.E. (Society for Heritage, Preservation & Enhancement) Dominican Examples - Roseau

25 DHTA Month “Architecture in Tourism” 25 S.H.A.P.E. (Society for Heritage, Preservation & Enhancement) Roseau’s Public Library Now in Centennary , $ given by Andrew Carnegie, 1 of 2,500 worldwide

26 DHTA Month “Architecture in Tourism” 26 S.H.A.P.E. (Society for Heritage, Preservation & Enhancement) Dominican Examples - Roseau

27 DHTA Month “Architecture in Tourism” 27 S.H.A.P.E. (Society for Heritage, Preservation & Enhancement) Dominican Examples - Roseau

28 DHTA Month “Architecture in Tourism” 28 S.H.A.P.E. (Society for Heritage, Preservation & Enhancement) Dominican Residences

29 DHTA Month “Architecture in Tourism” 29 S.H.A.P.E. (Society for Heritage, Preservation & Enhancement) Dominican Residences

30 DHTA Month “Architecture in Tourism” 30 S.H.A.P.E. (Society for Heritage, Preservation & Enhancement) Dominican Residences

31 DHTA Month “Architecture in Tourism” 31 S.H.A.P.E. (Society for Heritage, Preservation & Enhancement) Restoration / Renovation / Rehabilitation

32 DHTA Month “Architecture in Tourism” 32 S.H.A.P.E. (Society for Heritage, Preservation & Enhancement) Restoration / Renovation / Rehabilitation

33 DHTA Month “Architecture in Tourism” 33 S.H.A.P.E. (Society for Heritage, Preservation & Enhancement) Heritage aesthetic: - use of wrought iron railing from New Orleans - use of imported brick (not ballasts this time). Meanwhile, stone ground floor walls are preserved and the ‘look’ is maintained.

34 DHTA Month “Architecture in Tourism” 34 S.H.A.P.E. (Society for Heritage, Preservation & Enhancement) Dominican Mills & Estates

35 DHTA Month “Architecture in Tourism” 35 S.H.A.P.E. (Society for Heritage, Preservation & Enhancement)

36 DHTA Month “Architecture in Tourism” 36 S.H.A.P.E. (Society for Heritage, Preservation & Enhancement) Dominican Churches

37 DHTA Month “Architecture in Tourism” 37 S.H.A.P.E. (Society for Heritage, Preservation & Enhancement)

38 DHTA Month “Architecture in Tourism” 38 S.H.A.P.E. (Society for Heritage, Preservation & Enhancement) One tourist’s impression (an Architect)


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