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K|]dsf] cg'zf;g. 2 kl/ro cg'zf;gn] s] xfl;n ug{ ;3fp k'¥ofpF5 s]xL pbfx0fx? k]z ug{'xf];\ cg'zf;gn] s] xfl;n ug{ ;3fp k'¥ofpF5 s]xL pbfx0fx? k]z ug{'xf];\

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Presentation on theme: "K|]dsf] cg'zf;g. 2 kl/ro cg'zf;gn] s] xfl;n ug{ ;3fp k'¥ofpF5 s]xL pbfx0fx? k]z ug{'xf];\ cg'zf;gn] s] xfl;n ug{ ;3fp k'¥ofpF5 s]xL pbfx0fx? k]z ug{'xf];\"— Presentation transcript:

1 k|]dsf] cg'zf;g

2 2 kl/ro cg'zf;gn] s] xfl;n ug{ ;3fp k'¥ofpF5 s]xL pbfx0fx? k]z ug{'xf];\ cg'zf;gn] s] xfl;n ug{ ;3fp k'¥ofpF5 s]xL pbfx0fx? k]z ug{'xf];\

3 3 d'Vo kb ===cfkm}+nfO{ elQmdf tfnLd b]pm. lsgeg] zf/Ll/s tfnLd s]xL;Dd nfesf] x'G5 t/ O{Zj/elQm rflxF x/k|sf/n] nfebfos x'G5 lsgeg] o;df jt{dfg / eljiot\ hLjg b'j}sfl glDt k|lt1f /x]sf] x'G5. ! ltdf]yL $M & v –*

4 4 dflg; O{Zj/eQm aGg s;/L tflnd k|fKt ug{ ;S5g\, < dflg; O{Zj/eQm aGg s;/L tflnd k|fKt ug{ ;S5g\, < d'Vo kb cGj]if0f k|ZgfjnL d'Vo kb cGj]if0f k|ZgfjnL

5 5 dflg; O{Zj/eQm aGg s;/L tflnd k|fKt ug{ ;S5g\, < dflg; O{Zj/eQm aGg s;/L tflnd k|fKt ug{ ;S5g\, < tflnd hgfpg] cGo zAbx? s] s] x'g\ < tflnd hgfpg] cGo zAbx? s] s] x'g\ < d'Vo kb cGj]if0f k|ZgfjnL

6 6 dflg; O{Zj/eQm aGg s;/L tflnd k|fKt ug{ ;S5g\, < dflg; O{Zj/eQm aGg s;/L tflnd k|fKt ug{ ;S5g\, < tflnd hgfpg] cGo zAbx? s] s] x'g\ < tflnd hgfpg] cGo zAbx? s] s] x'g\ < s] cg'zf;g a[l4sf] lglDt cfjZos x'G5 < s] cg'zf;g a[l4sf] lglDt cfjZos x'G5 < d'Vo kb cGj]if0f k|ZgfjnL

7 7 !_ s] k/d]Zj/n] cfkm\gf ;Gtfg v|Li6h:t} ePsf] rxfg'x'G5 < /f]dL /f]dL ;xfos kb / cGj]if0f k|ZgfjnL

8 8 s] k/d]Zj/n] cfkm\gf ;Gtfg v|Li6h:t} ePsf] rxfg'x'G5 < /f]dL pxfFn] xfdLnfO{ pxfFsf] k'qsf] :j?kdf lgdf{0f x'g cl3af6} tf]Sg'eof]. /f]dL pxfFn] xfdLnfO{ pxfFsf] k'qsf] :j?kdf lgdf{0f x'g cl3af6} tf]Sg'eof]. ;xfos kb / cGj]if0f k|ZgfjnL

9 o]z"sf] :j?kdf lgdf{0f x'gdf xfd|f] e"ldsf s] xf] < lkmlnKkL ltdf]yL o"xGgf !%M $–% o"xGgf !%M $–% ;xfos kb / cGj]if0f k|ZgfjnL

10 10 o]z"sf] :j?kdf lgdf{0f x'gdf xfd|f] e"ldsf s] xf] < d'lQmsf] sfd u/ d'lQmsf] sfd ltdf]yL o"xGgf !%M $–% o"xGgf !%M $–% ;xfos kb / cGj]if0f k|ZgfjnL

11 11 o]z"sf] :j?kdf lgdf{0f x'gdf xfd|f] e"ldsf s] xf] < d'lQmsf] sfd ltdf]yL df};d / a]df};ddf o"xGgf !%M $–% ;xfos kb / cGj]if0f k|ZgfjnL

12 12 o]z"sf] :j?kdf lgdf{0f x'gdf xfd|f] e"ldsf s] xf] < d'lQmsf] sfd ltdf]yL df};d / a]df};ddf o"xGgf !%M $–% o]z"df /xg' ;xfos kb / cGj]if0f k|ZgfjnL

13 13 o]z"sf] :j?kdf lgdf{0f x'gdf k/d]Zj/sf] e"ldsf s] x'G5 < o]z"sf] :j?kdf lgdf{0f x'gdf k/d]Zj/sf] e"ldsf s] x'G5 < Plkm;L Plkm;L ;xfos kb / cGj]if0f k|ZgfjnL

14 14 #M o]z"sf] :j?kdf lgdf{0f x'gdf k/d]Zj/sf] e"ldsf s] x'G5 < k/d]Zj/n] xfdLdf OR5f / sfo{ ug]{ t'Nofpg'x'G5. Plkm;L ;xfos kb / cGj]if0f k|ZgfjnL

15 15 o]z"sf] :j?kdf lgdf{0f x'gdf k/d]Zj/sf] e"ldsf s] x'G5 < k/d]Zj/n] xfdLdf OR5f / sfo{ ug]{ t'Nofpg'x'G5. Plkm;L pxfFsf] zlQmcg';f/ ckl/dLt ?kn] ;xfos kb / cGj]if0f k|ZgfjnL

16 16 k/d]Zj/sf] :j?kdf algg' eg]sf] s] xf] < pTklt

17 17 ;[li6 ug{ ;Sg] Ifdtf ;[li6 ug{ ;Sg] Ifdtf cGj]if0f k|ZgfjnL

18 18 ;[li6 ug{ ;Sg] Ifdtf ;[li6 ug{ ;Sg] Ifdtf zAb k|of]u ug]{ Ifdtf zAb k|of]u ug]{ Ifdtf cGj]if0f k|ZgfjnL

19 19 ;[li6 ug{ ;Sg] Ifdtf ;[li6 ug{ ;Sg] Ifdtf zAb k|of]u ug]{ Ifdtf zAb k|of]u ug]{ Ifdtf p2]Zok"0f{ ;DaGw p2]Zok"0f{ ;DaGw cGj]if0f k|ZgfjnL

20 20 ;[li6 ug{ ;Sg] Ifdtf ;[li6 ug{ ;Sg] Ifdtf zAb k|of]u ug]{ Ifdtf zAb k|of]u ug]{ Ifdtf p2]Zok"0f{ ;DaGw p2]Zok"0f{ ;DaGw g}lts /f]hfO g}lts /f]hfO cGj]if0f k|ZgfjnL

21 21 ;[li6 ug{ ;Sg] Ifdtf ;[li6 ug{ ;Sg] Ifdtf zAb k|of]u ug]{ Ifdtf zAb k|of]u ug]{ Ifdtf p2]Zok"0f{ ;DaGw p2]Zok"0f{ ;DaGw g}lts /f]hfO g}lts /f]hfO ??????? ??????? cGj]if0f k|ZgfjnL

22 22 $= k/d]Zj/n] cfkm\gf] s:tf] :j?k rflxF xfdLdf ;a}eGbf a9L emlNPsf] rfxg'x'G5 < %–* %–* /f]dL !%M *–( /f]dL !%M *–( cGj]if0f k|ZgfjnL

23 23 $= k/d]Zj/n] cfkm\gf] s:tf] :j?k rflxF xfdLdf ;a}eGbf a9L emlNPsf] rfxg'x'G5 < %–* xfd|f] dg klg v|Li6s} h:tf] x'g'k5{. !%M *–( /f]dL !%M *–( ;xfos kb / cGj]if0f k|ZgfjnL

24 24 $= k/d]Zj/n] cfkm\gf] s:tf] :j?k rflxF xfdLdf ;a}eGbf a9L emlNPsf] rfxg'x'G5 < %–* xfd|f] dg klg v|Li6s} h:tf] x'g'k5{. !%M *–( ;]jf lngnfO{ xf]Og, ;]jf lbgnfO{ /f]dL !%M *–( ;xfos kb / cGj]if0f k|ZgfjnL

25 25 $= k/d]Zj/n] cfkm\gf] s:tf] :j?k rflxF xfdLdf ;a}eGbf a9L emlNPsf] rfxg'x'G5 < %–* xfd|f] dg klg v|Li6s} h:tf] x'g'k5{. !%M *–( ;]jf lngnfO{ xf]Og, ;]jf lbgnfO{ /f]dL !%M *–( v|Li6 ;]js aGg'eof]. ;xfos kb / cGj]if0f k|ZgfjnL

26 26 %= ;]jf / k|]d aLrdf leGgtf s] 5 < ! o"Ggf #M!^–!* ! o"Ggf #M!^–!* ;xfos kb / cGj]if0f k|ZgfjnL

27 27 %= ;]jf / k|]d aLrdf leGgtf s] 5 < ! o"Ggf #M!^–!* zAbn] dfq} xf]Og t/ Jojxf/n] k|]d u/f}+ ;xfos kb / cGj]if0f k|ZgfjnL

28 28 a[l4sf] lglDt cg'zf;g clgjfo{ x'G5. a[l4sf] lglDt cg'zf;g clgjfo{ x'G5. d'Vo larf/

29 29 a[l4sf] lglDt cg'zf;g clgjfo{ x'G5. a[l4sf] lglDt cg'zf;g clgjfo{ x'G5. cg'zf;gsf] lglDt xfdLnfO{ OR5f zlQm rflxG5 rfx] Tof] xfdLnfO{ dg gk/f];\. cg'zf;gsf] lglDt xfdLnfO{ OR5f zlQm rflxG5 rfx] Tof] xfdLnfO{ dg gk/f];\. d'Vo larf/

30 30 a[l4sf] lglDt cg'zf;g clgjfo{ x'G5. a[l4sf] lglDt cg'zf;g clgjfo{ x'G5. cg'zf;gsf] lglDt xfdLnfO{ OR5f zlQm rflxG5 rfx] Tof] xfdLnfO{ dg gk/f];\. cg'zf;gsf] lglDt xfdLnfO{ OR5f zlQm rflxG5 rfx] Tof] xfdLnfO{ dg gk/f];\. cflTds cg'zf;gsf] lglDt k/d]Zj/sf] cfTdfsf] jf; rflxG5. cflTds cg'zf;gsf] lglDt k/d]Zj/sf] cfTdfsf] jf; rflxG5. d'Vo larf/

31 31 a[l4sf] lglDt cg'zf;g clgjfo{ x'G5. a[l4sf] lglDt cg'zf;g clgjfo{ x'G5. cg'zf;gsf] lglDt xfdLnfO{ OR5f zlQm rflxG5 rfx] Tof] xfdLnfO{ dg gk/f];\. cg'zf;gsf] lglDt xfdLnfO{ OR5f zlQm rflxG5 rfx] Tof] xfdLnfO{ dg gk/f];\. cflTds cg'zf;gsf] lglDt k/d]Zj/sf] cfTdfsf] jf; rflxG5. cflTds cg'zf;gsf] lglDt k/d]Zj/sf] cfTdfsf] jf; rflxG5. ;]jskg k/d]Zj/sf] :j?ksf] pRrQd k|ltljDa xf]. ;]jskg k/d]Zj/sf] :j?ksf] pRrQd k|ltljDa xf]. d'Vo larf/

32 32 a[l4sf] lglDt cg'zf;g clgjfo{ x'G5. a[l4sf] lglDt cg'zf;g clgjfo{ x'G5. cg'zf;gsf] lglDt xfdLnfO{ OR5f zlQm rflxG5 rfx] Tof] xfdLnfO{ dg gk/f];\. cg'zf;gsf] lglDt xfdLnfO{ OR5f zlQm rflxG5 rfx] Tof] xfdLnfO{ dg gk/f];\. cflTds cg'zf;gsf] lglDt k/d]Zj/sf] cfTdfsf] jf; rflxG5. cflTds cg'zf;gsf] lglDt k/d]Zj/sf] cfTdfsf] jf; rflxG5. ;]jskg k/d]Zj/sf] :j?ksf] pRrQd k|ltljDa xf]. ;]jskg k/d]Zj/sf] :j?ksf] pRrQd k|ltljDa xf]. lqmlZrog k|]d ;]jfåf/f k|b{lzt x'G5. lqmlZrog k|]d ;]jfåf/f k|b{lzt x'G5. d'Vo larf/

33 33 != v|Li6h:tf] ;]jskg emNsfpg] Oltxf;sf jf jt{dfg ;dosf O;fO{x?sf] gfd eGg'xf];\. k'ga{nLs/0f

34 34 != v|Li6h:tf] ;]jskg emNsfpg] Oltxf;sf jf jt{dfg ;dosf O;fO{x?sf] gfd of] s;/L cleJoQm x'G5 of] s;/L cleJoQm x'G5 < k'ga{nLs/0f

35 35 != v|Li6h:tf] ;]jskg emNsfpg] Oltxf;sf jf jt{dfg ;dosf O;fO{x?sf] gfd of] s;/L cleJoQm x'G5 of] s;/L cleJoQm x'G5 < #= xfd|f] ;+:s[ltdf ;]jskgn] s:tf] k|efj kf5{ < s;/L < #= xfd|f] ;+:s[ltdf ;]jskgn] s:tf] k|efj kf5{ < s;/L < k'ga{nLs/0f

36 36 $= ;]jskg / k/d]Zj/sf] /fHosf] cfudg aLr s] ;DaGw 5 < k'ga{nLs/0f

37 37 k|of]u – k|]dsf] ;"qsf] cg'zf;g If]qaf}l4sef}ltscflTds;fdflhs tx kl/jf/ d08nL ;d'bfo tkfO{+sf ;+;f/ jf ;f+:s[lts ?kdf km/s ;+;f/

38 38 If]qaf}l4sef}ltscflTds;fdflhs tx kl/jf/ !M kfl/jfl/s cf/fwgfdf lxtf]kb]z s;/L Jojxf/df ptfg{ ;lsG5 5nkmn a]n'sLsf] vfgf kl5 xKtfdf tLg k6s efF8fsF'8f dfem\g] #M x/]s xKtf km/s km/s afnsnfO{ kfl/jfl/s k|fy{gf cu'jfO ug{ nfpg'xf];\. $M 5f]/f5f]/L glnOsg >Ldfg >dtL 3'Dg hfg'xf];\. k|of]u – gd"gf

39 39 If]qaf}l4sef}ltscflTds;fdflhs tx d08nL % = ut zlgaf/ k|rf/ ul/Psf] ;Gb]z ljz]ifu/L o; xKtf Jojxf/df ptfg'{xf];\ ^M o; xKtf :j]R5fn] d08nLdf ;xof]u ug{'xf];\., &M xfd|f kfi6/ tyf cu'jfx?sf lglDt k|fy{gf ug{ x/]s lbg !% ldg]6 ;do 5'6\ofpg';\ *M Psn cleefjs ePsf] s'g} Pp6f afnsnfO{ 3'dfpg n}hfg';. k|of]u – gd"gf

40 40 If]qaf}l4sef}ltscflTds;fdflhs tx ;d'bfo (= ;d'bfosf cfjZostf hfGg :yfgLo cu'jfsxfF hfg'; / d s;/L ;xof]u ug{ ;S5' eg]/ ;f]Wg';\. !)= d ;8slt/ hfg] a]nfdf o; xKtf x/]s lbg kmf]xf]/ p7fP/ ;8s 5]psf] kmf]xf]/sf] 9\jfªdf /fVg]5'. !! d d]/f] l5d]sLsf] cfjZostf a'em\g] 5' / pgLx?sf lglDt k|fy{gf / cGt/ljlGt ug]{5'. leGg} ;+:s[lt ePsf If]qx?df uP/ ToxfFsf afnaflnsf;Fu s]xL v]nx? v]Ng';\. k|of]u – gd"gf

41 41. tx / If]qx?df ePsf x/]s tx tyf If]qdf cg'zf;g k"/f gu/];Dd x/]s xKtf ! b]lv $ ;Ddsf] k|]dsf] cg'zf;g kfng ug{';\. cfufdL xKtfdf

42 42. tx / If]qx?df ePsf x/]s tx tyf If]qdf cg'zf;g k"/f gu/];Dd x/]s xKtf ! b]lv $ ;Ddsf] k|]dsf] cg'zf;g kfng ug{';\. v= tkfO{+n] x/]s cg'zf;g k"/f ug]{ qmddf clen]v agfpFb} n]Vg] ug{';\. cfufdL xKtfdf

43 43. tx / If]qx?df ePsf x/]s tx tyf If]qdf cg'zf;g k"/f gu/];Dd x/]s xKtf ! b]lv $ ;Ddsf] k|]dsf] cg'zf;g kfng ug{';\. v= tkfO{+n] x/]s cg'zf;g k"/f ug]{ qmddf clen]v agfpFb} n]Vg] ug{';\. u= x/]s xKtf Psfk;sf lglDt s'/fsfgL ug{, ;xfotf k'¥ofpg ;fy} pT;fx lbg e]63f6 ug{';\. cfufdL xKtfdf

44 44 sfo{ of]hgf k|ljli6 g+ ! ÷ ldlt h'nfO{ % If]q ÷ tx M kl/jf/ a'l4 != cfjZostf s] xf] / d s] ug]{5' < d}n] lgoldt cf/fwgfdf kl/jf/nfO{ g]t[Tj ug{'k5{. lxtf]kb]zsf kbx? k9\b} oxL ;f]daf/b]lv ;ª\ult z'? ug]{5'. d}n] lgoldt cf/fwgfdf kl/jf/nfO{ g]t[Tj ug{'k5{. lxtf]kb]zsf kbx? k9\b} oxL ;f]daf/b]lv ;ª\ult z'? sf];Fu jf s;sf] lglDt < d]/f] kl/jf/ #= slxn]b]lv < ;f]daf/ $= sxfF < a]n'sL vfgf vfPkl5

45 45. k|ljli6 g+ ! ÷ ldlt h'nfO{ % If]q ÷ tx M kl/jf/ a'l4 != tkfO{+n] s'g cfjZostf k"/f ug{'eof] < b}lgs kfl/jfl/s cf/fwgf ug]{ tkfO{+n] Tof] cfjZostf k"/f ug{'eof] < ehg;+u|x !!(M!)) k9]/ 5nkmn u/]+. #= k|]dsf] cg'zf;gaf6 k/d]Zj/n] tkfO{+nfO{ s] l;sfpg'eof] < d}n] d]/f] kl/jf/sf] cflTds j[l4sf] lglDt cu'jfO ug{'k5{. b}lgsL

46 46 k|of]u – k|]dsf] ;"qsf] cg'zf;g If]qaf}l4sef}ltscflTds;fdflhs tx kl/jf/ h'nfO{ % d]/f gfgLx?;Fu ehg;+u|x !!(M!)) 5nkmn u/]+. h'nfO{ & yfnx? Wff]P F. h'nfO{ ( afnaflnsfs f lglDt !) ldg]6 k|fy{gf u/]+. d08nL ;d'bfo tkfO{+sf ;+;f/ jf ;f+:s[lts ?kdf km/s ;+;f/

47 47 k|of]u;dk{0ftf k|]dsf] klxnf] cg'zf;gsf] of]hgf agfpg'xf];\. k|]dsf] klxnf] cg'zf;gsf] of]hgf agfpg'xf];\. –gofF –Ljlzi6 M s], sf];Fu, sxfF, slxn] atfpg'xf];\. atfpg'xf];\. k|fy{gf ug{'xf];\. k|fy{gf ug{'xf];\.

48 48 cTofjZos cg'udg lgDg s'/fsf lglDt xKtfdf e]6\g'xf];\ M hafkmb]lxtf hafkmb]lxtf ;xof]u / xf};nf ;xof]u / xf};nf k|fy{gfsf] ;xof]u k|fy{gfsf] ;xof]u

49 49 cwLs hfgsf/Lsf] lglDt Links on: syfx? syfx? k|]dsf] cg'zf;g ;"q b}lgsL b}lgsL

50 k|]dsf] cg'zf;g k|lzIfssf] gfd ;]jfsfO

51 51 k|]dsf] cg'zf;gsf] k'g/fjnf]sg a[l4sf] lgLDt cg'zf;g lsg dxŒjk"0f{ x'G5 < a[l4sf] lgLDt cg'zf;g lsg dxŒjk"0f{ x'G5 < cf1fsf/L x'g dg gk/]klg klg xfdLnfO{ lsg cg'zf;g rflxG5 < cf1fsf/L x'g dg gk/]klg klg xfdLnfO{ lsg cg'zf;g rflxG5 < o]z"sf] :j?kdf lgdf{0f x'gdf k/d]Zj/sf] e"ldsf s] x'G5 < o]z"sf] :j?kdf lgdf{0f x'gdf k/d]Zj/sf] e"ldsf s] x'G5 < k/d]Zj/n] cfkm\gf] s:tf] :j?k rflxF xfdLdf ;a}eGbf a9L emlNPsf] rfxg'x'G5 < k/d]Zj/n] cfkm\gf] s:tf] :j?k rflxF xfdLdf ;a}eGbf a9L emlNPsf] rfxg'x'G5 < k|]d s;/L k|blz{t x'G5 < k|]d s;/L k|blz{t x'G5 <


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