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TACOM Tank-automotive & Armaments COMmand Presented by: Leslie Fishbein Armament Systems Process Division WECAC Rheological Capabilities at TACOM-ARDEC.

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Presentation on theme: "TACOM Tank-automotive & Armaments COMmand Presented by: Leslie Fishbein Armament Systems Process Division WECAC Rheological Capabilities at TACOM-ARDEC."— Presentation transcript:

1 TACOM Tank-automotive & Armaments COMmand Presented by: Leslie Fishbein Armament Systems Process Division WECAC Rheological Capabilities at TACOM-ARDEC

2 TACOM Tank-automotive & Armaments COMmand Purpose Provide an overview of efforts to establish a state- of-the-art energetic materials characterization laboratory at TACOM-ARDEC

3 TACOM Tank-automotive & Armaments COMmand Outline Mission Equipment Capabilities Future Work Summary

4 TACOM Tank-automotive & Armaments COMmand The TACOM-ARDEC Mission The Rheology Laboratory will enhance TACOM-ARDEC’s role as a leading developer of new energetic compositions and processes: FCS propellants in support of the Multi-role Armament and Ammunition System (MRAAS) State-of-the-art processing of energetic materials at the Building 1403 Twin-Screw Mixer/Extruder Process modeling and simulation Support of items in production (e.g., M30A1, JA-2, AA-2, PAP- 7993, M14, Ball Powders) Opportunities to team with Industry and Academia: Stevens Institute of Technology (SIT) Polymer Processing Institute, New Jersey Institute of Technology (NJIT) ATK/Radford AAP GENCORP Aerojet ATK/Thiokol Propulsion

5 TACOM Tank-automotive & Armaments COMmand The Rheological Laboratory Consolidate rheological capabilities under one roof: Remotely operated systems User friendly software for data acquisition and analysis Support TACOM-ARDEC material characterizations: Energetic materials (Propellants, Explosives, Pyrotechnics) Precursor Materials (e.g., ETPEs, binders) Plastics Epoxies Composites Resins Support process modeling and simulation efforts: Twin-Screw Mixer/Extruder Shear Roll Mill Cryogenic Polymerization Reactor

6 TACOM Tank-automotive & Armaments COMmand Capillary Rheometer Instron Load Frame Model #5581 and Shear Tool Capillary Adapter Assembly Similar to laboratory-scale extruder that is highly instrumented and accurately controlled Relate changes in processing conditions (pressure, temperature) of extrusion to product properties (mechanical, ballistic) Characterize the rheological/flow properties of energetic materials under different conditions (temperature, composition) Obtain a constitutive equation for the energetic materials for process analysis and simulation using RheoPlotter software

7 TACOM Tank-automotive & Armaments COMmand Apply Different Speeds (S) at controlled Temperature Obtain Forces (Resistance to Flow) Data Analysis Viscosity = F (shear rate, temperature) Relate To Die Forming Flow in Processing Equipment Reservoir Capillary Plunger S ~ To determine the rheological properties as a function of shear rate, temperature, pressure, and molecular weight, which is crucial to the design and control of process operation Capillary Rheometer

8 TACOM Tank-automotive & Armaments COMmand Rheometric Scientific Dynamic Analyzer- RDA III Study the dynamic mechanical properties of the energetic materials (G, G , tan  ) Study the complex viscosity (  *) and viscoelastic behavior Investigate the molecular structure and interaction/compatibility between the ingredients of the energetic materials Study the reaction kinetics of reactive system Rotational Rheometer

9 TACOM Tank-automotive & Armaments COMmand Apply Strain A=A 0 sin  t Measure Torque, Normal Force Apply Strain A=A 0 sin  t where A 0 : small amplitude Obtain Normal Force, Torque Torque = T sin  t + T  cos  t Data Analysis Relate To Elastic Properties Viscous Properties “Structure” of the Mixture (MW, concentration, degree of mixing, compatibility, crosslinking) Rotational Rheometer Measures viscosity, elasticity and shear modulus Can perform controlled strain, stress and strain rate experiments Includes range of test fixtures: Parallel plate Torsion fixtures Allows for characterization from: Suspensions, emulsions, Polymer melts, elastomers Solids

10 TACOM Tank-automotive & Armaments COMmand The Poly Lab 300p enables production of small batches with simultaneous recording of torque and time while mixing material: High torque capability Oil heated and cooled chamber and plates Rotors for different shear ranges: Roller blades (viscous properties for thermoplastics & thermosets) Cam blades (thermoplasts & elastomers in medium shearing range) Banbury blades (natural and synthetic rubber) Sigma blades (low shear ranges; most suitable f/energetic materials) Teflon bushings to test chemically aggressive media Special tools to clean the mixer parts Pneumatic ram Poly View data evaluation; i.e.: Routine evaluation --Rheograms (torque vs. time) Multi curve Analysis Torque Rheometer

11 TACOM Tank-automotive & Armaments COMmand Torque Rheometer The torque rheometer is capable of the measuring the following: Dynamic viscosity depending on shear load Melt behavior in the extruder The influence of additives Temperature and shear load behavior TACOM-ARDEC will mainly be using Rheometer for it’s mixing capabilities Thermo Haake Poly-Lab 300p System

12 TACOM Tank-automotive & Armaments COMmand Internal Mixer Torque Rheometer Apply rpm (  ) = Constant at Controlled Temperature Obtain Torque (time) Data Analysis Specific Energy Requirement for Mixing, Reaction = F (time) Relate To Mixing, Reaction = F (axial distance) in an extruder

13 TACOM Tank-automotive & Armaments COMmand Planned Work Loading – FY 03 Army Characterization of JA-2 and AA-2 propellant produced on a Shear Roll Mill (ManTech) Supports modeling activity w/SIT Leveraged with implementation of SRM technology in support of the manufacture of solventless propellants at Radford AAP Characterization of ETPEs (ManTech) Supports TACOM-ARDEC modeling activity and ETPE process optimization Begin developing of rheological data base for energetic materials consider for TSE processing (ManTech) Propellants (e.g., M39 / M43 LOVA) Explosives (e.g., PAX-2A IM) Pyrotechnics (e.g, M206, MJU-7A/B, MJU-53/B) 155-mm M485 Illumination Round Characterization of replacement material for liquid polysulfide

14 TACOM Tank-automotive & Armaments COMmand Planned Work Loading Initiatives Potential (3 rd party) ATK / Radford AAP (gun propellants): Full-time PhD Rheologist -- no laboratory capability ATK / Thiokol Propulsion (rocket and gun propellants) GENCORP Aerojet (CRADA tasking) BAE Systems / Holston AAP (explosives) SIT (in support of process modeling) PPI, NJIT (CRADA): Expand PPI commercial market place through use of Rheology Laboratory at TACOM-ARDEC

15 TACOM Tank-automotive & Armaments COMmand Summary Rheology Lab is in full operational status The characterization of Energetics is to be used to understand, simulate, design, and optimize the manufacturing processes CRADA has been signed with PPI/NJIT Future work is being discussed with SIT, ATK, and Aerojet Questions and Inquires to be addressed to: Lilia Mastov TACOM-ARDEC (973)724-3351

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