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Jim Purcell Building the Future of Arkansas. Thomas Jefferson: “I was a revolutionary so that my children could farm and so their children could do art.”

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Presentation on theme: "Jim Purcell Building the Future of Arkansas. Thomas Jefferson: “I was a revolutionary so that my children could farm and so their children could do art.”"— Presentation transcript:

1 Jim Purcell Building the Future of Arkansas

2 Thomas Jefferson: “I was a revolutionary so that my children could farm and so their children could do art.”

3 We are all on a journey

4 Davey Crockett "If I could rest anywhere, it would be in Arkansas, where the men are of the real half-horse, half-alligator breed such as grows nowhere else on the face of the universal earth."

5 State Per Capita Personal Income v. Share of Adult Population with Bachelor's Degree or Higher (2008) DC TX NM FL ND NC AL IN LA MI WI SD WY TN NV AR IA OH ID SC KY MS WV MO ME AZ VA NJ PA MD MT CT MA CO NE AK GA HI KSOR DE IL RIMN WA UT VT NHNY CA OK No state with a low proportion of Bachelor’s degrees has a high per capita income. No state with a high proportion of Bachelor’s degrees has a low per capita income. 2008= 18.8% 2002= 19.7%

6 U.S. Census Bureau Data Set: Census 2000 Summary File 3 (SF 3) Arkansas ranked 51 st (16.7%) Nation-wide in 2000 for Bachelors & Higher Percent of County Population that hold Bachelors & Higher 2000 Pope 19.0% Washington 24.5% Pulaski 28.1% Clark 19.8% Benton 20.3% Faulkner 25.2% Craighead 20.9%

7 Percent of County Population (Associate Degree Holder) 2000 U.S. Census Bureau Data Set: Census 2000 Summary File 3 (SF 3) Arkansas ranked 50 th (4%) Nation-wide in 2000 for Associate Degree Holders

8 Where Arkansas Bachelors Degree (and higher) Holders live (2000) U.S. Census Bureau Data Set: Census 2000 Summary File 3 (SF 3) Arkansas ranked 51 st (16.7%) Nation-wide in 2000 for Bachelors & Higher 60% of all college AR graduates reside in 9 counties Pulaski 23.%

9 Where Arkansas Associate Degree Holders live (2000) U.S. Census Bureau Data Set: Census 2000 Summary File 3 (SF 3) Arkansas ranked 50 th (4%) Nation-wide in 2000 for Associate Degree Holders 58% of all associates degree recipients reside in 12 counties

10 Strengthening the Arkansas Education Pipeline

11 Percent Arkansas 9 th Grader’s Progression into High School and College (percent) 100% 71% 28% Fall 2000 College Freshmen

12 96-97 Arkansas 9 th Grader’s Progression into High School and College (number) Fall 2000 College Freshmen 100% 71% 28%

13 Reading Remediation Rates by County Fall 2007 % Needing Remediation First-time entering (full- and part-time) students seeking an associate or baccalaureate degree.

14 English Remediation Rates by County Fall 2007 % Needing Remediation First-time entering (full- and part-time) students seeking an associate or baccalaureate degree.

15 % Needing Remediation Math Remediation Rates by County Fall 2007 First-time entering (full- and part-time) students seeking an associate or baccalaureate degree.

16 % Needing Remediation Unduplicated Remediation Rates by County Fall 2007 First-time entering (full- and part-time) students seeking an associate or baccalaureate degree.

17 A student who has to take remediation graduates at less than half the rate of students who come to college with the requisite skills.

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19 Cost of Remediation $53,800,000 Equivalent to the combined budget of seven of Arkansas’s community colleges $65.7 million with $24 million (36%) of those expenditures subsidized by state general revenues.

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21 It is our hope that the Arkansas Academic Challenge Lottery Scholarship will: Increase college going rates Increase student success Prepare more students for high wage high demand jobs Benefit Arkansas’s economy Outreach to High School students: SayGoCollege Career Coaches Education Renewal Zones Next Magazine Concurrent Enrollment The Lottery Act requires students to complete remediation within the first 30 hours of coursework.

22 1.Strengthening the Arkansas Education Pipeline 2.Improving Preparation 3.Decreasing Remediation 4.Accessing Financial Aid 5.Increasing Retention and Graduation 6.Enhancing Funding and Governance 7.Addressing Data Needs 8.Supporting Economic Development 9.Issues for Further Study

23 Legislation Developed a Universal scholarship web application. (L) Limit tuition-based scholarships cap lowered to 20% with repercussions. (L) The seamless transfer of credits earned in completing an AA/AS degrees to the universities. (L) Established a remediation course exit standard. (L) Greater openness of college activities --Developed a Comprehensive Accountability Report. (L) Lottery scholarship greatly expand scholarship offering for Arkansans (L) –Traditional and nontraditional students included –Encourages fulltime enrollment and speed to graduation. Expanded Go Grant to adults. (L)

24 Higher Education Coordinating Board Action 10 percent of current formula based upon course completion. (Policy) Doubled degrees needed to be produced to meet academic productivity threshold. (Policy) Altered the academic program review process. (Policy) Develop a financial condition report that shows how higher education spends money. (Policy) Changed the metric to determine if an institution was financially viable to borrow funds. (Policy) Extensive professional development on student success strategies/enrollment management. (Action) SayGoCollege initiative. (Grants) Career Coaches initiative. (Grants) Adult- friendly campuses. (Grants)

25 What can schools and districts do to enhance student success? Support accelerated college classroom experiences such as AP and Concurrent Enrollment. Review school and district college going rates and remediation rates and develop a plan. Look at individual test scores of students. Seek support from local colleges and universities.

26 Arkansas Higher Education is Changing 41 percent increase in enrollment

27 Credit Hours Taken Are Increasing 47 percent increase in credit hours

28 Credentials Awarded are Increasing 79 % increase in credentials 234 % Certificate of Proficiency 31 % BA/BS degrees 192 % Technical Certificates 120 % Associates Degrees 49 % Masters degrees 93 % Doctoral degrees

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30 Arkansas is currently producing 11,910 bachelor's degrees per year, and at this rate of production Arkansas will have 337,256 citizens with bachelor’s degrees, or 22.3%, by Arkansas must increase the current production of bachelor’s degrees by 40% (5,298 more graduates per year) each of the next six years to reach the SREB average -- 27%."

31 civic involvement volunteer activity by education levels Bureau of Labor Statistics. (2003). Volunteering in the United States, USDL U.S. Department of Labor. 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Less Than High School Diploma High School Diploma Some College B.A. or Higher 9.9% (48 hours) 21.7% (48 hours) 34.1% (52 hours) 45.6% (60 hours) Percentage Volunteering

32 blood donation by education level, 1994: Source: DBD Worldwide. (2000). DBD Lifestyle Survey. Chicago. Available at 20% 15% 10% 5% 0% Less Than High School Diploma High School Diploma Some College B.A. or Higher 6% 11% 13% 17% Percentage Donating Blood percentage who donate regularly civic involvement

33 participation assistance programs Source: Postsecondary Education Opportunity, May 28, 1997, pg 47. Less Than High School Diploma High School Diploma Some College & Bachelor’s Degree or More 24.3% 10.2% 4.6% Ever Participated in Assistance Programs education level government

34 incarceration rates by education levels 2.5% 2.0% 1.5% 1.0% 0.5% 0.0% Less Than High School Diploma High School Diploma Some College B.A. or Higher 1.9% 1.2% 0.3% 0.1% Percentage Incarcerated Source: Harlow, C.W. (2003). Education and Correctional Populations. Bureau of Justice Statistics, Department of Justice. NCJ

35 economic Percent Below Poverty Threshold, 2004 economic Percent Below Poverty Threshold, 2004 Census Bureau 40% 30% 10% 0% Less Than High School Diploma High School Diploma Some College B.A. or Higher 32% 15% 10% 4% Percentage Home Ownership 20%

36 economic unemployment rates and education level, 2004 Source: Employment Policy Institute Less Than High School Diploma High School Diploma Some College B.A. or Higher 9.7% 7.5% 5.1% 4.6%

37 Quality of Life Home Ownership Census Bureau, American Housing Survey for the United States: % 70% 60% 50% Less Than High School Diploma High School Diploma Some College B.A. or Higher 58% 69% 66% 75% Percentage Home Ownership

38 Seatbelt Use while intoxicated, 1990 Source: American Journal of Public Health 80% 60% 40% 20% 0% Less Than High School Diploma High School Diploma Some College B.A. or Higher 39% 41% 52% 66% Percentage Donating Blood percentage who use seatbelt Safety 15% 20% 31% 78%

39 economic Average family income by educational attainment, 2003 Source: Postsecondary Education Opportunity, LT-99-12HSG Some Prof MA PhDBAAA Income ($000) College

40 3,798,9405,254,193Professional degree 2,527,3243,982,577Doctorate 1,507,8232,963,076Master's degree $1,111,921$2,567,174Bachelor's degree 346,1201,801,373Associate degree 270,5691,725,822Some college, no degree 01,455,253High school graduate -304,5551,150,698High school dropout -$478,903$976,350Less than 9th grade Difference Compared to High School Graduate Estimated Lifetime Earnings Education Level Source: Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas, 2005 The Impact of Education on Individuals: Lifetime Earnings economic

41 Nearly all economic growth and prosperity for individuals, families, cities, states, and the country is now driven by college educated workers. Those individuals, families, cities, states and – increasingly—countries with the most education are prospering, while those with the least higher education are experiencing relative and often absolute economic decline. --Postsecondary Education OPPORTUNITY, June Time and Place

42 Jim Purcell


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