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Plasma Wakefield Acceleration at CLARA G. Xia Cockcroft Institute University of Manchester 113/01/2014IoP CLARA Community Meeting.

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Presentation on theme: "Plasma Wakefield Acceleration at CLARA G. Xia Cockcroft Institute University of Manchester 113/01/2014IoP CLARA Community Meeting."— Presentation transcript:

1 Plasma Wakefield Acceleration at CLARA G. Xia Cockcroft Institute University of Manchester 113/01/2014IoP CLARA Community Meeting

2 Outline Motivations Plasma wakefield acceleration at CLARA Other research topics at CLARA Summary 213/01/2014IoP CLARA Community Meeting

3 Why plasma? 13/01/2014IoP CLARA Community Meeting3 for n p =10 14 -10 18 cm -3, plasma accelerator structure: 3 mm- 300 μm; plasma wave frequency: 100 GHz-1 THz; accelerating field: 1-100 GeV/m; 10-10 3 higher than the fields in conventional accelerators !

4 Why PARS at CLARA? Why it makes sense – Free space available close to CLARA beam line – Unique beam properties (low emittance, high charge, relativistic) – Diverse beam operation modes – Well developed beam diagnostic equipment for VELA and CLARA (deflecting cavities, longitudinal bunch length measurement, etc.) Possible contributions to advanced accelerator community – Two bunch experiment for energy doubling of CLARA beam – High transformer ratio (laser shaping of the bunch density profile, hard-edge bunch for an efficient wakefield excitation) – Plasma undulator, plasma focusing effect, etc. – Hybrid wakefield acceleration/plasma photocathode injector – The self-modulation effect for a long beam (same gamma as SPS beam) 13/01/2014IoP CLARA Community Meeting4

5 Plasma acceleration research station 13/01/2014IoP CLARA Community Meeting5

6 PARS beam line at CLARA Another chicane may be needed to compress the electron bunch Additional beam diagnostics (OTR, CTR, EOS, ICT…) are needed. 613/01/2014IoP CLARA Community Meeting

7 PARS beam line design VELA PARS at CLARA (D. Angal-Kalinin) 13/01/2014IoP CLARA Community Meeting7

8 The proposed dogleg beam line design using “–I “ transform between the dipoles using two FODO doublets keeps the transverse beam emittance blow up due to coherent synchrotron radiation within acceptable limits for 250 pC at 250 fsec bunch length and for 20 pC at 30 fsec. The possibility of using the additional take off line at lower angle (~6  ) from the 30  dipole for high energy diagnostics spectrometer or a seeding dogleg dipole is being investigated. The proposed beamline is contained within the CLARA shielding area with a transverse centre-to- centre offset of ~1.5m. Extract CLARA beam at full energy of 250 MeV Dipoles -6  Dipoles +6  PARS at CLARA 13/01/2014IoP CLARA Community Meeting8

9 Plasma Accelerator Research Station at CLARA Compared to electron driven plasma wakefield experiments at ATF@BNL, FACET@SLAC, FLASH II @DESY, INFN Frascati, beam energy at CLARA is intermediate, easy to handle and less radiation. Many interesting topics will be investigated: Two bunch experiment (crafting two bunches via laser or mask collimator, one for driving plasma wakefield, the other for sampling the wakefield); for demonstrating energy doubling of CLARA beam. Beam shaping study for high transformer ratio (beam density profile shaping by shaping the laser pulse), e.g. multi-bunches or hard-edge beam can be an ideal driver beam; Self-modulation of a long electron bunch—provide inputs to CERN proton-driven PWFA experiment (AWAKE); As the electron injector for a laser-driven wakefield acceleration (combined with LWFA research). 913/01/2014IoP CLARA Community Meeting

10 CLARA beam parameters 10 CLARA CDR, July 2013 13/01/2014IoP CLARA Community Meeting

11 VORPAL simulation 13/01/2014IoP CLARA Community Meeting11 (J. Smith)

12 VORPAL simulation 13/01/2014IoP CLARA Community Meeting12 E max ~ 1.15 GV/m E acc_theory = 1.2 GV/m ! (J. Smith)

13 VORPAL simulation 13/01/2014IoP CLARA Community Meeting13 Energy distribution Acceleration/deceleration structures (J. Smith)

14 High transformer ratio 13/01/2014IoP CLARA Community Meeting14 High efficient acceleration with shaped electron bunches – with a long rise time and a shorter fall time. Such bunches can produce wakes that have a high transformer ratio. (CERN Courier, Feb. 2011)

15 Self-modulation Long bunch gets modulation in the wakefield excited by itself (bunch head). Many ultra-short bunch slices (scale of a plasma wavelength) are produced and then excite the wakefield and add up coherently to a high amplitude (AWAKE experiment at CERN). CLARA beam has a similar gamma factor (gamma ~ 500) as SPS beam, many plasma-beam dynamics could be similar and could be tested here at PARS. 1513/01/2014IoP CLARA Community Meeting electrons

16 Plasma wiggler study, the plasma can be used as undulator to produce high brightness beam of keV to MeV photons via betatron radiation. 13/01/2014IoP CLARA Community Meeting16 Other research topics at PARS

17 Some advanced beam dynamics issues can be investigated in this test bed as well, e.g. Coherent synchrotron radiation-CSR (THz radiation), microbunching instability and its countermeasures, etc. ----crucial to FEL operation Beam manipulation and emittance exchange (deflecting cavities + dipole magnets)----for novel FEL modes like EEHG Beam instrumentation R&D for ultra-short electron beam (Electro-optical sampling, Smith-Purcell radiation etc.) 1713/01/2014IoP CLARA Community Meeting

18 CLARA front-end 13/01/2014IoP CLARA Community Meeting18

19 CLARA front-end Bunch length: 75 μm, beam radius: 20 μm, beam energy: 30 MeV, bunch charge: 250 pC, plasma density: 3E15 /cm^3 13/01/2014IoP CLARA Community Meeting19

20 A genuine PARS project Work packages: Electron Beam Delivery (design, operation and optimization of electron beam to the PARS; dogleg, final focus, e - beam dump, laser beam dump)—partly done. Plasma Source (produce a 10-50 cm long plasma source with diameter of ~1 mm, density of 10 15 -10 16 cm -3, laser facility for photoionization of Lithium gas, plasma diagnostics, density and temperature)---on discussion. Beam Diagnostics (measurement of beam specifications before and after plasma, emittance, energy, beam size, bunch length, charge, etc. energy spectrometer, CTR, OTR, CCD, ICT, EOS, etc.)---on discussion. Simulations (electron beam simulation, PIC simulation of interactions between plasma and beam, code benchmarking, benchmarking the simulation results against the experimental data, optimize beam and plasma parameters for next round of experiments etc.)---ongoing work. 13/01/2014IoP CLARA Community Meeting20

21 Summary The Plasma Accelerator Research Station (PARS) at CLARA will provide an ideal platform to investigate the key issues in plasma-based accelerators. It is expected that a high accelerating gradient can be achieved with the relativistic CLARA beam. For the two-bunch experiment, a trailing bunch can gain energy from the wakefield and preserve its low emittance and low energy spread and get energy doubled. Many other issues on the advanced beam dynamics, beam instrumentation R&D, hybrid wakefield accelerators etc. can be investigated at PARS as well. 2113/01/2014IoP CLARA Community Meeting

22 13/01/2014IoP CLARA Community Meeting22 Acknowledgement to: J. Clarke, D. Angal-Kalinin, J. Smith, E. Cormier-Michel, J. Jones, P.H. Williams, J.W. Mckenzie, B.L. Militsyn, H. Kieran, O. Mete, A. Aimidula, C.P. Welsch.

23 13/01/2014IoP CLARA Community Meeting23 Thank you !

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