Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Copyright © 2008 Delmar. All rights reserved. Unit One Foundations of the Professions.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Copyright © 2008 Delmar. All rights reserved. Unit One Foundations of the Professions."— Presentation transcript:

1 Copyright © 2008 Delmar. All rights reserved. Unit One Foundations of the Professions

2 Copyright © 2008 Delmar. All rights reserved. Chapter 1 Professionals and the Professions

3 Copyright © 2008 Delmar. All rights reserved. 3 SLP: Scope of Practice 1.Identification of communication and swallowing delays and disorders 2.Evaluation of communication and swallowing delays and disorders

4 Copyright © 2008 Delmar. All rights reserved. 4 SLP: Scope of Practice 3.Treatment of communication and swallowing delays and disorders 4.Prevention of communication and swallowing delays and disorders

5 Copyright © 2008 Delmar. All rights reserved. 5 Audiology Identification, evaluation, treatment, and prevention of hearing disorders Selection and evaluation of hearing aids Habilitation/rehabilitation of people with hearing impairments

6 Copyright © 2008 Delmar. All rights reserved. 6 Personal Qualities of Effective Helpers Encouraging Emotionally stable Self-aware Patient Sensitive to others Empathic

7 Copyright © 2008 Delmar. All rights reserved. 7 The Team Approach Speech pathologists and audiologists provide their services within the context of a TEAM

8 Copyright © 2008 Delmar. All rights reserved. 8 Team Members Client/ Family TeachersPhysiciansSLPAudiologistPTOTPsychologistNurse

9 Copyright © 2008 Delmar. All rights reserved. 9 ProfessionEntry-level degree requirements Speech PathologyMasters degree – either an M.A. or M.S. AudiologyM.A. or M.S. through 2012 After 2012, doctoral degree – Au.D., Ed.D. or Ph.D. Team Members

10 Copyright © 2008 Delmar. All rights reserved. 10 SLP: Work Settings Schools Hospitals Residential health care Nonresidential health care Private practice Universities

11 Copyright © 2008 Delmar. All rights reserved. 11 SLP: Job Outlook Projected increased need of 27 percent for speech pathologists between 2002 and 2012 –According to the U.S. Department of Labor Bureau of Labor Statistics

12 Copyright © 2008 Delmar. All rights reserved. 12 Audiology: Work Settings Schools Hospitals Residential health care Nonresidential health care Private practice Industry Universities

13 Copyright © 2008 Delmar. All rights reserved. 13 Audiology: Job Outlook Projected increased need of 29 percent for audiologists between 2002 and 2012 –According to the U.S. Department of Labor Bureau of Labor Statistics

14 Copyright © 2008 Delmar. All rights reserved. 14 Professional Organizations ASHA –American Speech-Language-Hearing Association –www.asha.orgwww.asha.org AAA –American Academy of Audiology –www.audiology.orgwww.audiology.org

15 Copyright © 2008 Delmar. All rights reserved. 15 Professional Organizations Each U.S. state will have its own professional organization Minnesotas organization, MSHA, has a website Does your state have a professional organization? Find the website for your state organization.

16 Copyright © 2008 Delmar. All rights reserved. 16 Student Organizations NSSLHA –National Student Speech Language Hearing Association –www.nsslha.orgwww.nsslha.org Does your own university have a NSSLHA chapter?

17 Copyright © 2008 Delmar. All rights reserved. Chapter 2 Foundations of Communication

18 Copyright © 2008 Delmar. All rights reserved. 18 Communication Verbal –Spoken language Nonverbal –Facial expressions –Eye contact –Body posture –Gestures

19 Copyright © 2008 Delmar. All rights reserved. 19 Communication Modality Matrix Input –Auditory, Nonverbal, Reading Output –Verbal, Nonverbal, Written

20 Copyright © 2008 Delmar. All rights reserved. 20 Speech Respiration Phonation Resonance Articulation

21 Copyright © 2008 Delmar. All rights reserved. 21 Respiration Includes: –Lungs –Diaphragm –Chest muscles

22 Copyright © 2008 Delmar. All rights reserved. 22 Phonation Includes vocal folds and structures within the larynx

23 Copyright © 2008 Delmar. All rights reserved. 23 Resonance Modifies the sound produced by the larynx Includes: –Throat –Nose –Mouth

24 Copyright © 2008 Delmar. All rights reserved. 24 Articulation Modifies the sounds that enter the oral cavity Includes: –Mandible –Lips –Tongue

25 Copyright © 2008 Delmar. All rights reserved. 25 What Is Language? Socially shared code Represents concepts Uses arbitrary symbols Rule governed Owens, 2001

26 Copyright © 2008 Delmar. All rights reserved. 26 Components of Language PhonologySyntaxMorphologySemanticsPragmatics What Is Language?

27 Copyright © 2008 Delmar. All rights reserved. 27 Phonology Speech sounds Rules for using speech sounds in a language Phoneme –Distinctive sound in a language

28 Copyright © 2008 Delmar. All rights reserved. 28 Morphology Study of the way words are formed Morpheme –Smallest unit of language that conveys meaning

29 Copyright © 2008 Delmar. All rights reserved. 29 Syntax Rules of word combinations to convey meaning

30 Copyright © 2008 Delmar. All rights reserved. 30 Semantics Meaning of a language

31 Copyright © 2008 Delmar. All rights reserved. 31 Pragmatics Use of language in social situations Verbal Nonverbal

32 Copyright © 2008 Delmar. All rights reserved. 32 Nonverbal Pragmatics Skills Physical appearance Proxemics Kinesics Vocalics Haptics Chronemics Artifacts


Download ppt "Copyright © 2008 Delmar. All rights reserved. Unit One Foundations of the Professions."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google