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1Eija Kalliala11.5.2005 Learning objects, what are they? Eija Kalliala, Helia homepage:

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Presentation on theme: "1Eija Kalliala11.5.2005 Learning objects, what are they? Eija Kalliala, Helia homepage:"— Presentation transcript:

1 1Eija Kalliala Learning objects, what are they? Eija Kalliala, Helia homepage:

2 2Eija Kalliala Characteristics of learning objects ● Part of learning material ● Context dependent or universal ● Reusable (RLO = reusable learning object) ● Small, independent, compact ● Usually contains multi- or hypermedia ● Pedagogically open – in theory ● Metadata – index to the repository ● Standards (eg. SCORM = Shareable Content Object Reference Model)

3 3Eija Kalliala Learning object types ● Assessment ● Drill and practice ● Information resource ● Glossary ● Guide ● Exploration ● Open activity ● Tool

4 4Eija Kalliala Learning object types ● Assessment – Evaluation of the student – Self-evaluation – Quizzes, arithmetics, filling blanks – Feedback and interactivity ● Drill and practice – Training a single phenomenon

5 5Eija Kalliala Learning object types ● Information resource – Text material – Could be clarified with pictures or animations – Must have a pedagogical function ● Glossary – Vocabularies – Different branches or sectors

6 6Eija Kalliala Learning object types ● Guide – Manuals – Tutorials ● Exploration – Simulations – Modelling tools

7 7Eija Kalliala Learning object types ● Open activity – For example interactive games with many players ● Tool – A user may produce something new with a specialized application – Developing pictures or videos, writing to a chat or to a discussion forum

8 8Eija Kalliala Pedagogical function ● Cognitive activation ● Context creation, problem determination ● Hypotese testing ● Using information sources ● Knowledge building ● Reflection ● Evaluation

9 9Eija Kalliala Pros and cons ● Pros – Reusability – Maintanability – Quality ● Cons – New approach – Technical restrictions – Pedagogical restrictions

10 10Eija Kalliala PILOT - Progressive Inquiry Learning Object Templates ● ● How to design and present learning objects to promote truly social constructive learning? ● Project started in 2005

11 11Eija Kalliala Some questions ● How can we find existing learning objects? ● We learn usually in some context: How can we use reusable learning objects in learning? ● What is the additional value of an animation? ● The job of teachers is to teach: Why do they create learning objects? ● Do we need to create learning objects or learning materials in problem based learning or in progressive inquiry?

12 12Eija Kalliala Sources ● Marika Ritala: Opetushypermedia verkkoympäristön oppimisaihoissa. Publication of Tampere Polytechnic, series B, report 11. Tampere ● Pasi Silander, Hanne Koli: Verkko-opetuksen työkalupakki – oppimisaihioista oppimisprosessiin. Finn Lectura. Saarijärven Offset. Saarijärvi 2003.


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