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Institut für Landmaschinentechnik und Regenerative Energien Kverneland Group Field Seminar „No till“ – „no future“? Possible concepts for arable farming.

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Presentation on theme: "Institut für Landmaschinentechnik und Regenerative Energien Kverneland Group Field Seminar „No till“ – „no future“? Possible concepts for arable farming."— Presentation transcript:

1 Institut für Landmaschinentechnik und Regenerative Energien Kverneland Group Field Seminar „No till“ – „no future“? Possible concepts for arable farming Reports from science - outcomes for Kverneland Prof. Dr. Wolfgang Kath-Petersen 1Prof. Dr. Wolfgang Kath-Petersen

2 Institut für Landmaschinentechnik und Regenerative Energien „No till“ – no future? Prof. Dr. Wolfgang Kath-Petersen2

3 Institut für Landmaschinentechnik und Regenerative Energien Contents 1.Introduction - todays arable farming concepts 2.Conservation tillage needs herbicides – are they still effective? 3.Kverneland „Field Tests“ – news about cultivation 4.Does ploughing means expensive tillage? (field tests about different ploughing depths) 5.Consequences and outlook for Kverneland Arable offer Prof. Dr. Wolfgang Kath-Petersen3

4 Institut für Landmaschinentechnik und Regenerative Energien 1. Actual arable farming concepts Prof. Dr. Wolfgang Kath-Petersen4 Conventional Conservation No till...strip till...

5 Institut für Landmaschinentechnik und Regenerative Energien 1. Actual arable farming concepts Prof. Dr. Wolfgang Kath-Petersen5 Tillage ConceptConventionalConservationNo - Till Management taskmediumhighVery high Capacitylowmediumhigh Cost efficiencylowmediumhigh Input herbicideslowmediumhigh...“strip till“ could be evaluated between „conservation“ and „no till“

6 Institut für Landmaschinentechnik und Regenerative Energien 1. Actual arable farming concepts Prof. Dr. Wolfgang Kath-Petersen6

7 Institut für Landmaschinentechnik und Regenerative Energien 2. Herbicides - activities in the chemical industry Prof. Dr. Wolfgang Kath-Petersen7

8 Institut für Landmaschinentechnik und Regenerative Energien 2. Activities in the chemical industry  Less investments in ag chemicals during the last years  More and more weeds are showing resistances against herbicides – even Roundup is affected  Instead of more activities in chemicals, industry is investing in seeds (10 years approval time for 20 years patent period...)  More potential in seeds – new markets and new products (triats) (East, Asia, Africa) Prof. Dr. Wolfgang Kath-Petersen8

9 Institut für Landmaschinentechnik und Regenerative Energien 2. Activities in the chemical industry Prof. Dr. Wolfgang Kath-Petersen9 Source: DLG Mitteilungen 1/ turnover in seeds is growing!! ChemicalsSeed/traits

10 Institut für Landmaschinentechnik und Regenerative Energien 2. Herbicides still effective?  Tests in North Germany with official test institute (Landwirtschaftskammer) – Kverneland, Lemken and Väderstad as implement partner  Very intensive arable farms on two different locations – very tight rotation systems with only wheat and rape  Results are similar to other areas in Europe: 1.Standard chemicals are loosing effectiveness 2.There is only one effective product left (Atlantis) Prof. Dr. Wolfgang Kath-Petersen10

11 Institut für Landmaschinentechnik und Regenerative Energien 2. Herbicides still effective? Prof. Dr. Wolfgang Kath-Petersen11 Silky bent, Wild oat Black grass

12 Institut für Landmaschinentechnik und Regenerative Energien 2. Herbicides still effective? Black grass... Prof. Dr. Wolfgang Kath-Petersen12 -Plough is more secure than cultivator -Early date is better than a later one Chart 1: Black Grass heads – 1. year

13 Institut für Landmaschinentechnik und Regenerative Energien 2. Herbicides still effective? Black grass... Prof. Dr. Wolfgang Kath-Petersen13 -Spring seed could be helpful to open the rotation -Conservation tillage is worst Chart 2: Black Grass heads – 2. year

14 Institut für Landmaschinentechnik und Regenerative Energien 3. Kverneland – news about field tests Consequences out of the tests seen in the north? 1.Effective herbicides could be limited in the near future, because of resistances and missing alternative products 2.Farmer has to work more on tillage methods and make more intensive use of rotation systems again – „good old farming methods“ 3.Turning the soil helps the crop within the competition – „covering with the plough“!! Prof. Dr. Wolfgang Kath-Petersen14

15 Institut für Landmaschinentechnik und Regenerative Energien 3. Kverneland – news about field tests 1.Propper stubble cultivation helps to keep the weed down! 2.Working as shallow as possible give the weed seed optimal conditions for quick germination 3.DLG test with CLC cultivator shows, that power requirement is low and Knock on system is outstanding (Ms-Thesis S. Straßburger)! Prof. Dr. Wolfgang Kath-Petersen15

16 Institut für Landmaschinentechnik und Regenerative Energien 3. Kverneland – news about field tests Prof. Dr. Wolfgang Kath-Petersen16...power requirement for one tine – in competition (Test DLG) Source: Straßburger, S., Ms-Thesis, 2011 Chart 1: Power requirement per tine - Competition Chart 2: Power requirement per tine – shear variants

17 Institut für Landmaschinentechnik und Regenerative Energien 3. Kverneland – news about field tests Prof. Dr. Wolfgang Kath-Petersen17

18 Institut für Landmaschinentechnik und Regenerative Energien 3. Kverneland – news about field tests Prof. Dr. Wolfgang Kath-Petersen18...up to 250 € savings!...3 x less time for KO!! Time required for change

19 Institut für Landmaschinentechnik und Regenerative Energien 3. Conclusion for Cultivators 1.CLC/CTC are up to date and even ahead of competition 2.Roller and shear variants plus Knock On system gives the range a superior position in the market image and reputation have to be improved!! Intensive demos and campaigns can help! Prof. Dr. Wolfgang Kath-Petersen19

20 Institut für Landmaschinentechnik und Regenerative Energien 4. How to make the plough more cost effective?  Turning the soil helps to suppress weed!!!  „Plough“ is seen to be expensive and with too low capacity!  Tests were made with different ploughing depth  15, 20, 25 and 30 cm  Data basis: Power requirement, capacity, slippage, straw incorporation, crumb sizes, cost calculation Prof. Dr. Wolfgang Kath-Petersen20

21 Institut für Landmaschinentechnik und Regenerative Energien 4. How to make the plough more cost effective? Prof. Dr. Wolfgang Kath-Petersen21 -5 cm less depth (30 to 25) means 25% less power/fuel consumption -Body Nr. 28 allows 15 cm – means only 1/3 from the power needed for 30 cm -Body Nr. 28! - 25%- 45% Up to - 67%

22 Institut für Landmaschinentechnik und Regenerative Energien 4. How to make the plough more cost effective? Prof. Dr. Wolfgang Kath-Petersen22 - Fuel consumption can be cut by 32% (30 to 20 cm) - 32% -Capacity increasing by 18% -Same tractor but 1 body more? -Means: from 4 to 5 furrow = 25% -From 5 to 6 furrow = 20%

23 Institut für Landmaschinentechnik und Regenerative Energien 4. How to make the plough more cost effective? Prof. Dr. Wolfgang Kath-Petersen23...shallow ploughing!...less fuel!...perfect covering!!...1 body more!! Nr. 28!!

24 Institut für Landmaschinentechnik und Regenerative Energien 5. Outlook for Kverneland Arable offer  Cultivation range with compact disc and cultivator programm with specific USP‘s  Tine programm and KO points are very competitive  Body 28 offers a broad operational spectrum  Less effective herbicides means more need for effective tillage – arguments will be more valuable  Kvernelands range is well prepared for that! Prof. Dr. Wolfgang Kath-Petersen24

25 Institut für Landmaschinentechnik und Regenerative Energien 25 Thank you for your attention! Prof. Dr. Wolfgang Kath-Petersen


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