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REGIONAL DEVELOPMENTS ON ENERGY ISSUES (Oil And Gas Pipelines / Projects) Vahit ÇALIŞIR Engineer Transit Petroleum Pipelines Department 5 July 2011, İstanbul.

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Presentation on theme: "REGIONAL DEVELOPMENTS ON ENERGY ISSUES (Oil And Gas Pipelines / Projects) Vahit ÇALIŞIR Engineer Transit Petroleum Pipelines Department 5 July 2011, İstanbul."— Presentation transcript:

1 REGIONAL DEVELOPMENTS ON ENERGY ISSUES (Oil And Gas Pipelines / Projects) Vahit ÇALIŞIR Engineer Transit Petroleum Pipelines Department 5 July 2011, İstanbul

2 CONTENT 1.REGIONAL OVERVIEW 2.EUROPE AND EAST-WEST ENERGY CORRIDOR 3.INTERNATIONAL OIL PIPELINES AND PROJECTS 4.GAS SUPPLY PIPELINES OF TURKEY 5.SOUTHERN CORRIDOR AND GAS TO EUROPE

3 REGIONAL OVERVIEW 1

4 WORLDS PROVEN OIL AND GAS RESERVES Turkey is adjacent to 72% of natural gas reserves and 73% of oil reserves.

5 OIL PIPELINES

6 NATURAL GAS PIPELINES

7 EUROPE AND EAST-WEST ENERGY CORRIDOR 2

8 EUROPEAN COUNTRIES NET IMPORT ~ 200 bcm OECD ~ 130 bcm European Union ~ 170 bcm Europe

9 MAIN ENERGY CORRIDORS OF EUROPE

10 TURKEYS GEOSTRATEGIC LOCATION WORLDS 2 ND LARGEST NATURAL GAS MARKET WORLDS LARGEST OIL AND GAS RESOURCES NATURAL TRANSIT ROUTE

11 EAST-WEST ENERGY CORRIDOR CONCEPT Politics, which envisages to transport the hydrocarbons of Caspian Region, Middle East and Middle Asia to Europe and Worlds markets and has been followed up by our Ministry for 15 years, is called EAST-WEST ENERGY CORRIDOR CONCEPT Consumption of aforesaid resources will contribute the development of the countries in the region. For this purpose we emphasis the importance of the transit of natural gas and oil to Turkey and via Turkey to Worlds markets.

12 INTERNATIONAL OIL PIPELINES AND PROJECTS 3

13 Operation started in 1976 and first tanker loaded on 25th of May, Time to time oil interrupted due to the situation of Iraq. On 19th of September, 2010, an amendment to the existing crude oil pipeline agreement was signed extending the duration for an additional 15 years under new terms and conditions. IRAQ – TURKEY CRUDE OIL PIPELINE TECHNICAL FEATURES Total Length986 Km Diameter40-46 Inch Max. Capacity70,9 Mta

14 First tanker loaded on June 4, 2006 in Ceyhan. Provides app. 1,5% of world oil supply. As of June 22, 2008 capacity 1 mbbl/day. The capacity expansion to 1,2 mbbl/day, soon to 1,6 mbbl/day. As of end December 2010, app mbbl oil has been transported by 1387 tankers. BAKU – TBILISI – CEYHAN CRUDE OIL PIPELINE TECHNICAL FEATURES Total Length 1769 Km Diameter Inch Max. Capacity 50 Mta (1mbbl/day)

15 Aims at decreasing the tanker traffic through the Turkish Straits. Groundbreaking ceremony: 24 April On August 6, 2009 Turkey and RF signed Protocol committing RF to supply oil. Eni, Çalık, Transneft and Rosneft signed an agreement in Milano on October 19, 2009 concerning the realization and using the pipeline. Joint Statement by three governments. On May 12, 2010 MoU signed between Turkey and RF. IGA negotiations between Turkey and RF are ongoing. SAMSUN – CEYHAN CRUDE OIL PIPELINE PROJECT TECHNICAL FEATURES Total Length551 Km Diameter42-48 Inch Max. Capacity50 Mta

16 CRUDE OIL PIPELINES – CEYHAN ENERGY HUB IRAQ – TURKEY CRUDE OIL PIPELINE (71 Mta) BAKU – TBILISI – CEYHAN CRUDE OIL PIPELINE (50 Mta) (CAPACITY EXPANSION TO 80 Mta) SAMSUN – CEYHAN CRUDE OIL PIPELINE PROJECT (50 Mta)

17 CEYHAN ENERGY HUB 17

18 GAS SUPPLY PIPELINES OF TURKEY 4

19 In 1986, Gas Purchase Agreement for 6 bcma with Soyuzgazexport. As of 1987, gas flows. In 1993, capacity increasing to 6 bcma. Capacity upgraded from 8 bcma to 14 bcma. On February 18, 1998 Gas Purchase Agreement for 8 bcm with Turusgaz. RUSSIA – TURKEY (WEST) NATURAL GAS PIPELINE TECHNICAL FEATURES Total Length845 Km Diameter Inch Max. Capacity14 bcma

20 On August 8, 1996 Gas Sale- Purchase Agreement between Turkey and Iran. Starting 3 bcm, reaching 10 bcm at plateau. As of December 10, 2001 gas flows. IRAN – TURKEY NATURAL GAS PIPELINE TECHNICAL FEATURES Total Length1491 Km Diameter16-48 Inch Max. Capacity10 bcma

21 On December 15, 1997 Gas Sale- Purchase Agreement between BOTAŞ and Gazexport for 25 years. 16 bcma at plateau. Black Sea 390 km, 2 x 24 line. Operation started on February 20, Blue Stream 2 planning. RUSSIA – TURKEY (BLUE STREAM) GAS PIPELINE TECHNICAL FEATURES Samsun – Ankara501 km Russia & Black Sea km Diameter Inch Max. Capacity16 bcma

22 On March 12, 2001 Gas Sale- Purchase Agreement for 6,6 bcm. Operation started in July Gas of Phase II of Shah Deniz is planned to flow as of In 2010, 4.6 bcm imported (total ~15 bcm). BAKU – TBILISI – ERZURUM NATURAL GAS PIPELINE TECHNICAL FEATURES Total Length915 Km Diameter42 Inch Max. Capacity20 bcma

23 SOUTHERN CORRIDOR AND GAS TO EUROPE 5

24 There are three projects mentioned in Southern Corridor: – Nabucco Gas Pipeline Project – ITGI – Arab Gas Pipeline Project SOUTHERN CORRIDOR Other projects is also important: – Iraq – Turkey Gas Corridor – Trans – Caspian Gas Pipeline – Qatar – Turkey Gas Pipeline

25 On November 18, 2007 gas supply started on ITG. In 2010, ~659 mcm exported (total 1.85 bcm) MoU is signed in Ankara on June 17, 2010 by BOTAŞ, DEPA and EDISON. IGI is to operate by TURKEY – GREECE – ITALY GAS INTERCONNECTION TECHNICAL FEATURES ITG Length 296 Km Total Length808 Km Diameter36 Inch Max. Capacity11,6 bcma

26 The Egyptian Gas is currently being supplied to Syria. Memoranda of Understanding were signed between Turkey and Syria on August 20, 2009 and December 23, 2009 concerning interconnection of gas networks. Turkish and Syrian grid interconnection in late ARAB NATURAL GAS PIPELINE PROJECT TECHNICAL FEATURES Total Length1200 Km Diameter36 Inch Max. Capacity10 bcma

27 IGA signed on June 13, 2009 and entered into force as of August 1, NNC Turkey has been established on June 18, The PSAs signed on June 8, 2011 in Kayseri. FID in 2011, start of construction 2012, start of operation NABUCCO NATURAL GAS PIPELINE PROJECT TECHNICAL FEATURES Total Length Km Diameter42-56 Inch Max. Capacity31 bcma

28 MoU signed with Iraq on October 15, 2009 foreseeing development of natural gas corridor between Iraq and Turkey. Have great potential in enhancing both Turkeys and EUs energy security. Joint Declaration signed on September 19, 2010 in Baghdad to constitute Joint Working Group. IRAQ – TURKEY NATURAL GAS PIPELINE PROJECT

29 The IGA was signed on October 29, 1998 for 30 bcma of Turkmen Gas. According to the agreement 16 bcma of gas would be supplied to Turkey and the remaining 14 bcma to Europe. Sale-Purchase Agreement for 16 bcm of gas was signed on May 21, No progress achieved. TRANS – CASPIAN NATURAL GAS PIPELINE PROJECT

30 Qatar is the one of the worlds largest gas exporter. Pipeline through Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Jordan, Syria and Turkey. Bilateral discussions ongoing. QATAR – TURKEY NATURAL GAS PIPELINE PROJECT

31 PIPELINES AND PROJECTS OVERVIEW

32 THANK YOU…


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