Presentation on theme: "Transit Petroleum Pipelines Department"— Presentation transcript:
1Transit Petroleum Pipelines Department REGIONAL DEVELOPMENTS ON ENERGY ISSUES (Oil And Gas Pipelines / Projects)Vahit ÇALIŞIREngineerTransit Petroleum Pipelines Department5 July 2011, İstanbul
2EUROPE AND EAST-WEST ENERGY CORRIDOR CONTENTREGIONAL OVERVIEWEUROPE AND EAST-WEST ENERGY CORRIDORINTERNATIONAL OIL PIPELINES AND PROJECTSGAS SUPPLY PIPELINES OF TURKEYSOUTHERN CORRIDOR AND GAS TO EUROPE
10TURKEY’S GEOSTRATEGIC LOCATION WORLD’S 2ND LARGEST NATURAL GAS MARKETWORLD’S LARGEST OIL AND GAS RESOURCESNATURAL TRANSIT ROUTE
11EAST-WEST ENERGY CORRIDOR CONCEPT Politics, which envisages to transport the hydrocarbons of Caspian Region, Middle East and Middle Asia to Europe and World’s markets and has been followed up by our Ministry for 15 years, is called “EAST-WEST ENERGY CORRIDOR CONCEPT” Consumption of aforesaid resources will contribute the development of the countries in the region. For this purpose we emphasis the importance of the transit of natural gas and oil to Turkey and via Turkey to World’s markets.
12INTERNATIONAL OIL PIPELINES AND PROJECTS 3INTERNATIONAL OIL PIPELINES AND PROJECTS
13IRAQ – TURKEY CRUDE OIL PIPELINE Operation started in 1976 and first tanker loaded on 25th of May, 1977.Time to time oil interrupted due to the situation of Iraq.On 19th of September, 2010, an amendment to the existing crude oil pipeline agreement was signed extending the duration for an additional 15 years under new terms and conditions.TECHNICAL FEATURESTotal Length 986 KmDiameter InchMax. Capacity 70,9 Mta
14BAKU – TBILISI – CEYHAN CRUDE OIL PIPELINE First tanker loaded on June 4, 2006 in Ceyhan.Provides app. 1,5% of world oil supply.As of June 22, 2008 capacity 1 mbbl/day.The capacity expansion to 1,2 mbbl/day, soon to 1,6 mbbl/day.As of end December 2010, app mbbl oil has been transported by 1387 tankers.TECHNICAL FEATURESTotal Length KmDiameter InchMax. Capacity Mta (1mbbl/day)
15SAMSUN – CEYHAN CRUDE OIL PIPELINE PROJECT Aims at decreasing the tanker traffic through the Turkish Straits.Groundbreaking ceremony: 24 AprilOn August 6, 2009 Turkey and RF signed Protocol committing RF to supply oil.Eni, Çalık, Transneft and Rosneft signed an agreement in Milano on October 19, 2009 concerning the realization and using the pipeline. Joint Statement by three governments.On May 12, 2010 MoU signed between Turkey and RF.IGA negotiations between Turkey and RF are ongoing.TECHNICAL FEATURESTotal Length 551 KmDiameter InchMax. Capacity 50 Mta
18GAS SUPPLY PIPELINES OF TURKEY 4GAS SUPPLY PIPELINES OF TURKEY
19RUSSIA – TURKEY (WEST) NATURAL GAS PIPELINE In 1986, Gas Purchase Agreement for 6 bcma with Soyuzgazexport. As of 1987, gas flows.In 1993, capacity increasing to 6 bcma.Capacity upgraded from 8 bcma to 14 bcma.On February 18, 1998 Gas Purchase Agreement for 8 bcm with Turusgaz.TECHNICAL FEATURESTotal Length 845 KmDiameter InchMax. Capacity 14 bcma
20IRAN – TURKEY NATURAL GAS PIPELINE On August 8, 1996 Gas Sale-Purchase Agreement between Turkey and Iran.Starting 3 bcm,reaching 10 bcm at plateau.As of December 10, 2001 gas flows.TECHNICAL FEATURESTotal Length KmDiameter InchMax. Capacity 10 bcma
21RUSSIA – TURKEY (BLUE STREAM) GAS PIPELINE On December 15, 1997 Gas Sale-Purchase Agreement between BOTAŞ and Gazexport for 25 years.16 bcma at plateau.Black Sea 390 km, 2 x 24” line.Operation started on February 20, 2003.Blue Stream 2 planning.TECHNICAL FEATURESSamsun – Ankara 501 kmRussia & Black Sea kmDiameter InchMax. Capacity 16 bcma
22BAKU – TBILISI – ERZURUM NATURAL GAS PIPELINE On March 12, 2001 Gas Sale-Purchase Agreement for 6,6 bcm.Operation started in July 2007.Gas of Phase II of Shah Deniz is planned to flow as ofIn 2010, 4.6 bcm imported (total ~15 bcm).TECHNICAL FEATURESTotal Length 915 KmDiameter 42 InchMax. Capacity 20 bcma
23SOUTHERN CORRIDOR AND GAS TO EUROPE 5SOUTHERN CORRIDOR AND GAS TO EUROPE
24There are three projects mentioned in Southern Corridor: Nabucco Gas Pipeline ProjectITGIArab Gas Pipeline ProjectOther projects is also important:Iraq – Turkey Gas CorridorTrans – Caspian Gas PipelineQatar – Turkey Gas Pipeline
25TURKEY – GREECE – ITALY GAS INTERCONNECTION On November 18, 2007 gas supply started on ITG.In 2010, ~659 mcm exported (total 1.85 bcm)MoU is signed in Ankara on June 17, 2010 by BOTAŞ, DEPA and EDISON.IGI is to operate by 2017.TECHNICAL FEATURESITG Length KmTotal Length 808 KmDiameter 36 InchMax. Capacity 11,6 bcma
26ARAB NATURAL GAS PIPELINE PROJECT The Egyptian Gas is currently being supplied to Syria.Memoranda of Understanding were signed between Turkey and Syria on August 20, 2009 and December 23, 2009 concerning interconnection of gas networks.Turkish and Syrian grid interconnection in late 2011.TECHNICAL FEATURESTotal Length KmDiameter 36 InchMax. Capacity 10 bcma
27NABUCCO NATURAL GAS PIPELINE PROJECT IGA signed on June 13, 2009 and entered into force as of August 1, 2010.NNC Turkey has been established on June 18, 2010.The PSAs signed on June 8, 2011 in Kayseri.FID in 2011, start of construction 2012, start of operationTECHNICAL FEATURESTotal Length KmDiameter InchMax. Capacity 31 bcma
28IRAQ – TURKEY NATURAL GAS PIPELINE PROJECT MoU signed with Iraq on October 15, 2009 foreseeing development of natural gas corridor between Iraq and Turkey.Have great potential in enhancing both Turkey’s and EU’s energy security.Joint Declaration signed on September 19, 2010 in Baghdad to constitute Joint Working Group.
29TRANS – CASPIAN NATURAL GAS PIPELINE PROJECT The IGA was signed on October 29, 1998 for 30 bcma of Turkmen Gas.According to the agreement 16 bcma of gas would be supplied to Turkey and the remaining 14 bcma to Europe.Sale-Purchase Agreement for 16 bcm of gas was signed on May 21, 1999.No progress achieved.
30QATAR – TURKEY NATURAL GAS PIPELINE PROJECT Qatar is the one of the world’s largest gas exporter.Pipeline through Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Jordan, Syria and Turkey.Bilateral discussions ongoing.