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Climate change on the post 2015 agenda What role for developing countries? Andrew Scott – Research Fellow 14 October 2014
Overseas Development Institute 3
Climate impacts in Africa and South Asia 4 Source: CDKN
Areas of greatest impact 5 Agriculture Water Energy Health
The post-2015 timetable 6 Source: Cafod
Narrative Mainstream through targets across goals Stand-alone goal (with associated targets) Combined goal (e.g. with energy) or A combination of these 7 Options for including climate change in SDGs
Goal 13: Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts *Acknowledging that the UNFCCC is the primary international, intergovernmental forum for negotiating the global response to climate change Source: OWG report
Goal 13 targets 13.1 Strengthen resilience and adaptive capacity to climate related hazards and natural disasters in all countries. 13.2 Integrate climate change measures into national policies, strategies, and planning. 13.3 Improve education, awareness raising and human and institutional capacity on climate change mitigation, adaptation, impact reduction, and early warning. 9
Goal 13 targets – MOI 13.a Implement the commitment undertaken by developed country Parties to the UNFCCC to a goal of mobilizing jointly USD100 billion annually by 2020 from all sources to address the needs of developing countries in the context of meaningful mitigation actions and transparency on implementation and fully operationalize the Green Climate Fund through its capitalization as soon as possible 13.b Promote mechanisms for raising capacities for effective climate change related planning and management, in LDCs, including focusing on women, youth, local and marginalized communities 10
Climate change needs to be integral to the SDGs Currently missing is a clear target on mitigation SDGs and UNFCCC are complementary Climate change cannot be left to one process SDGs provide clearest statement yet on Sustainable Development 11 Conclusions
ODI is the UK’s leading independent think tank on international development and humanitarian issues. We aim to inspire and inform policy and practice to reduce poverty by locking together high-quality applied research and practical policy advice. The views presented here are those of the speaker, and do not necessarily represent the views of ODI or our partners. Overseas Development Institute 203 Blackfriars Road, London, SE1 8NJ T: +44 207 9220 300 www.odi.org.uk email@example.com
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