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Information Technology (IT) activities and careers. Source:

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1 Information Technology (IT) activities and careers. Source:

2 What is “Information technology (IT)?” Technology that enables information to be used to produce products and services

3 Terminology Hardware o Physical parts of the computer Software o Programs for the computer o Written commands that tell a computer what tasks to perform

4 Terminology Network o A system of computers, peripherals, terminals, and databases connected by communication lines.  LAN—local area network  WAN—wide area network Internet o Electronic information networks that carry audio, video, and computer data.

5 CAREER OPPORTUNITIES IN INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY (IT) “Information technology and business are becoming inextricably interwoven. I don't think anybody can talk meaningfully about one without the talking about the other.” Bill Gates

6 Activities of IT Workers Troubleshooting and Support ◦ Help desk technicians and service workers Programming ◦ Writing code for computer software Designing ◦ Computers, web pages, software, multimedia

7 Activities of IT Workers Analyzing ◦ Modifying computer systems to improve production and workflow; expanding systems Networking ◦ Connecting two or more computers together for communication purposes Managing ◦ Monitoring and controlling computer systems

8 Careers in IT Computer Engineer ◦ Involves the understanding and design of computers and computational processes Computer Operator ◦ Responsible for monitoring and controlling computer systems in a company or organization

9 Some Careers/Jobs in IT Systems Administrator ◦ Maintains and operates a computer system or network for a company or other organization Computer Programmer ◦ Writes codes for computer software Software Designer ◦ Designs, creates, and maintains software

10 Systems Analyst ◦ Programmer who designs and manages the development of business applications on the computer Multimedia Designer ◦ Works in communicating a concept or information via a computer using audio, video, text, graphics, animation, etc. Some Careers/Jobs in IT (cont’d.)

11 Help Desk Technician ◦ Responsible primarily for supporting end-user software applications; normally done remotely via telephone Technical Writer ◦ Creates technical documentation and user guides for a professional field Webmaster ◦ Maintains and updates a website Some Careers/Jobs in IT (cont’d.)

12 What will you be?

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