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5 FEB 2008 Piotr MALECKI1 DIVISION of PARTICLE PHYSICS & ASTROPHYSICS OUR PHYSICISTS AND ENGINEERS PARTICIPATE IN SEVERAL MAJOR EXPERIMENTS PERFORMED BY.

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Presentation on theme: "5 FEB 2008 Piotr MALECKI1 DIVISION of PARTICLE PHYSICS & ASTROPHYSICS OUR PHYSICISTS AND ENGINEERS PARTICIPATE IN SEVERAL MAJOR EXPERIMENTS PERFORMED BY."— Presentation transcript:

1 5 FEB 2008 Piotr MALECKI1 DIVISION of PARTICLE PHYSICS & ASTROPHYSICS OUR PHYSICISTS AND ENGINEERS PARTICIPATE IN SEVERAL MAJOR EXPERIMENTS PERFORMED BY LARGE INTERNATIONAL COLLABORATIONS

2 5 FEB 2008 Piotr Malecki2 DIVISION of PARTICLE PHYSICS & ASTROPHYSICS OUR PHYSICISTS AND ENGINEERS PARTICIPATE IN SEVERAL MAJOR EXPERIMENTS PERFORMED BY LARGE INTERNATIONAL COLLABORATIONS

3 5 FEB 2008 Piotr Malecki3 DIVISION of PARTICLE PHYSICS & ASTROPHYSICS OUR PHYSICISTS AND ENGINEERS PARTICIPATE IN SEVERAL MAJOR EXPERIMENTS PERFORMED BY LARGE INTERNATIONAL COLLABORATIONS

4 5 FEB 2008 Piotr Malecki4 DIVISION of PARTICLE PHYSICS & ASTROPHYSICS OUR PHYSICISTS AND ENGINEERS PARTICIPATE IN SEVERAL MAJOR EXPERIMENTS PERFORMED BY LARGE INTERNATIONAL COLLABORATIONS

5 5 FEB 2008 Piotr Malecki5 DIVISION of PARTICLE PHYSICS & ASTROPHYSICS OUR PHYSICISTS AND ENGINEERS PARTICIPATE IN SEVERAL MAJOR EXPERIMENTS PERFORMED BY LARGE INTERNATIONAL COLLABORATIONS

6 5 FEB 2008 Piotr Malecki6 DIVISION of PARTICLE PHYSICS & ASTROPHYSICS OUR PHYSICISTS AND ENGINEERS PARTICIPATE IN SEVERAL MAJOR EXPERIMENTS PERFORMED BY LARGE INTERNATIONAL COLLABORATIONS

7 5 FEB 2008 Piotr Malecki7 DIVISION of PARTICLE PHYSICS & ASTROPHYSICS OUR PHYSICISTS AND ENGINEERS PARTICIPATE IN SEVERAL MAJOR EXPERIMENTS PERFORMED BY LARGE INTERNATIONAL COLLABORATIONS OUR PARTICIPATION IN AN EXPERIMENT ALWAYS COMPRISES PARTICIPATION IN PHYSICS PROGRAM AND IN DETECTOR CONSTRUCTION

8 5 FEB 2008 Piotr Malecki8 DIVISION of PARTICLE PHYSICS & ASTROPHYSICS OUR PHYSICISTS AND ENGINEERS PARTICIPATE IN SEVERAL MAJOR EXPERIMENTS PERFORMED BY LARGE INTERNATIONAL COLLABORATIONS OUR PARTICIPATION IN AN EXPERIMENT ALWAYS COMPRISES PARTICIPATION IN PHYSICS PROGRAM AND IN DETECTOR CONSTRUCTION

9 5 FEB 2008 Piotr Malecki9 DIVISION of PARTICLE PHYSICS & ASTROPHYSICS OUR PHYSICISTS AND ENGINEERS PARTICIPATE IN SEVERAL MAJOR EXPERIMENTS PERFORMED BY LARGE INTERNATIONAL COLLABORATIONS OUR PARTICIPATION IN AN EXPERIMENT ALWAYS COMPRISES PARTICIPATION IN PHYSICS PROGRAM AND IN DETECTOR CONSTRUCTION

10 5 FEB 2008 Piotr Malecki10 DIVISION of PARTICLE PHYSICS & ASTROPHYSICS OUR PHYSICISTS AND ENGINEERS PARTICIPATE IN SEVERAL MAJOR EXPERIMENTS PERFORMED BY LARGE INTERNATIONAL COLLABORATIONS OUR PARTICIPATION IN AN EXPERIMENT ALWAYS COMPRISES PARTICIPATION IN PHYSICS PROGRAM AND IN DETECTOR CONSTRUCTION

11 5 FEB 2008 Piotr Malecki11 DIVISION of PARTICLE PHYSICS & ASTROPHYSICS OUR ORGANISATIONAL STRUCTURE REFLECTS – BESIDES SOME SMALL OVERLAPS – THE ASSOCIATIONS WITH RESEARCH PROJECTS DEPARTMENTHEAD NZ11 – OF LEPTONIC INTERACTIONS Assoc. Prof. GRA Ż YNA NOWAK NZ12 – OF HADRON STRUCTUREProf. Jan FIGIEL NZ13 – OF LINEAR COLLIDERAssoc. Prof. Leszek ZAWIEJSKI NZ14 – OF ATLAS EXPERIMENTProf. Barbara WOSIEK NZ 15 – OF COSMIC RAY RESEARCHProf. Henryk WILCZY Ń SKI NZ 16 – OF NEUTRINO & DARK MATTER STUDIESProf. Agnieszka ZALEWSKA NOTICE CONSIDERABLE CHANGES SINCE THE LAST REVIEW SOME FURTHER CHANGES ARE CONSIDERED (THE EVOLUTION OF THE ORGANISATION IS NOT A GOAL IN ITSELF) THE MOST IMPORTANT IS THE INTEGRATION OF THE DIVISION. IN DOMAINS OF COMPUTING, EDUCATION, ORGANISATION OF CONFERENCES, SEMINARS AND OUTREACH EVENTS WE PROFIT FROM THE EFFECTIVE INTEGRATION OF OUR DIVISION.

12 5 FEB 2008 Piotr Malecki12 DIVISION of PARTICLE PHYSICS & ASTROPHYSICS STAFF OF THE DIVISION: PROFESORS:10(FTE 9 ¼) ASSOC. PROFESORS 7 POST DOCS20 ENGINEERS13(FTE12 ½) TECHNICIANS 3 ADMINISTRATION 2 ------------------------------------------------------------- TOTAL55(FTE53 ¾) PhD STUDENTS:15 ON LEAVE OF ABSENCE: 3 POST DOCS AND 1 ENGINEER

13 5 FEB 2008 Piotr Malecki13 DIVISION of PARTICLE PHYSICS & ASTROPHYSICS NOW, I AM GOING TO GUIDE YOU AROUND A VERY RICH AND HETEROGENOUS MATERIAL DESCRIBING OUR ACTIVITES AT ALL MENTIONED PROJECTS (((())))) I WILL SLOW DOWN ONLY AT SELECTED POINTS

14 5 FEB 2008 Piotr Malecki14 DIVISION of PARTICLE PHYSICS & ASTROPHYSICS LET’S GO

15 NZ15 – Department of Cosmic Ray Research Participation in the Pierre Auger Project: study of ultra-high energy cosmic rays People 1 prof., 4+1 PhD, 1 PhD student, 4 diploma students Grants: MNSW 2006-2009: 199.6 kPLN 2007-2010: 463.9 kPLN 2006-2007: 17.3 kPLN 2008-2010: 89.3 kPLN Polish Network for Astroparticle Physics (shared with NZ16): 2007-2008: 200 kPLN; 2008-2009: 194 kPLN Publications 2007-2008: 10 journal papers

16 The Pierre Auger Project Study of highest energy cosmic rays using two large air shower detector systems Auger-South Mendoza, Argentina (construction completed) Auger-North Colorado, USA (in planning)

17 Detection of extensive air showers in Auger The Collaboration: >400 scientists, 67 institutions, 17 countries Surface detector array + air fluorescence detectors Auger-South: 3000 km 2 Fluorescence eye Particle detector array

18 Auger timeline July 1991 the idea of Giant Array Project Mar 1999 groundbreaking Nov 2007 first major results Jun 2008 southern observatory complete Nov 2008 official inauguration

19 Science results Cosmic ray anisotropy at E > 57 EeV Science 318 (2007) 939 Correlation with active galactic nuclei - are AGNs the UHECR sources? or just tracers of the sources? Energy spectrum Phys. Rev. Lett. 101 (2008) 061101 Observation of the Greisen-Zatsepin- Kuzmin effect (spectrum suppression due to CR interactions with the microwave background radiation) E > 10 20 eV 35  1 expected 1 observed  6  effect Supergal. planeCen A E>57 EeV  AGN

20 Science results Limit on ultra-high energy photon flux Astropart. Phys. 29 (2008) 243 Limit on tau neutrino flux Phys. Rev. Lett. 100 (2008) 211101 What can we say about UHE cosmic ray sources? they are extragalactic likely „astrophysical” rather than „exotic” AGNs are interesting objects restriction on exotic models of cosmic ray origin

21 Outlook Southern Pierre Auger Observatory completed, Plans for Auger-North in Colorado (7x Auger-South) + extensions of Auger-South First results published – and this is just the beginning! The Auger scientific program planned for >15 years IFJ PAN participation Analysis of optical image of an air shower influence of atmospheric variability on shower measurements atmospheric multiple scattering of light from air showers  improvements of data accuracy UHE photon and neutrino identification among cosmic rays Data acquisition and analysis Participation in construction of both Auger-South and Auger-North

22 5 FEB 2008 Piotr Malecki22 DIVISION of PARTICLE PHYSICS & ASTROPHYSICS OUR PHYSICISTS AND ENGINEERS PARTICIPATE IN SEVERAL MAJOR EXPERIMENTS PERFORMED BY LARGE INTERNATIONAL COLLABORATIONS

23 Belle Experiment Precision tests of the Standard Model and New Physics searches at the high-luminosity frontier e + e -  (4S) BB L peak = 1.7  10 34 /cm 2 /s >1 milion  BB-pairs/day L int = 895 fb -1 (as of Dec. 25, 2008) Krakow’s Belle group 4 PhD physicists 3 electronics eng. 2 PhD students 1 diploma student Financing 1)approved as a Polish-Japanese joint research project under the Agreement on Scientific Cooperation between the Polish Academy of Sciences and the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS). 2)MNiSW grant: 364 700 PLN until 30.09.2010 3)living costs at KEK financed by KEK

24 Belle hot topics http://belle.kek.jp - 2007/2008 http://belle.kek.jp

25 Belle hot topics http://belle.kek.jp - 2008/2009 http://belle.kek.jp 2007-2008 93 journal papers with physics results 47 in Phys.Rev.Lett. 1 in Nature BaBar and Belle mentioned by name in the Nobel press release.Nobel press release

26 Physics analysis  B decays with missing energy: b  c    B  D (*)  +   rare B decays: b  d B    B decays with  sc states: D s (*) production in B -  D s (*)  - K -, new particle searches in the D (*) K system produced in B  D (*) D (*) K. Activities at IFJ PAN Detector development  adopting the SVD readout chain to the modularized pipeline readout electronics system  R&D studies for low noise silicon strips readout chip in the SOI (Silicon On Insulator) technology Outcome in 2007-2008 1 PhD thesis 1 Master thesis 12 presentations at international HEP conferences and workshops Coauthors of 93 Belle papers with physics results 2 SVD related papers 12 presentations at international HEP conferences and workshops Coauthors of 93 Belle papers with physics results 2 SVD related papers Other tasks  production of generic Monte Carlo samples  refering of Belle publications  expert & non-expert shifts  SVD maintenance & operation  coordination of the Belle charm group more details tomorrow

27 Future plans

28 ab -1 Future plans

29 5 FEB 2008 Piotr Malecki29 DIVISION of PARTICLE PHYSICS & ASTROPHYSICS OUR PHYSICISTS AND ENGINEERS PARTICIPATE IN SEVERAL MAJOR EXPERIMENTS PERFORMED BY LARGE INTERNATIONAL COLLABORATIONS

30 THE ATLAS EXPERIMENT DEPARTMENT PHOBOS – S14205--- Prof. Barbara WOSIEK PEOPLE: STAFF: 2 PROF, 1 ASSOC. PROF., 2 DR ( ~ 2 FTE) PhD STUDENTS: 1 FUNDING: GrantS: (2007 - 08) 138 kPLN

31 PHOBOS Experiment at the BNL-RHIC International Collaboration: USA, Poland (IFJ PAN) and Taiwan PRIMARY AIM: Search for manifestations of new physics phenomena expected to occur in heavy ion collisions at the highest accelerator energies. OVERVIEW 2000 – 2005 data-taking 2004 – co-discovery of a near-perfect fluid 2005 – data-taking has come to a close 2005 – 2010 data analyses Au 100 GeV/n Au 100 GeV/n RESULTS (2007 – 2008) 18 publications (Philadelphia ISI Master List) 5 presentations at international conference 1 M.Sc. diploma

32 at IFJ PAN (2007-2008) TASKS: Monte Carlo production Analysis of particle production at very low transverse momenta Study of fluctuations and correlations in multi-particle final states SELECTED PHYSICS RESULTS: No anomalous enhancement; strong radial flow effects J. Phys. G35 (2008) 104131 Cu+Cu Au+Au 200 GeV FINAL-STATE MOMENTUM ANISOTROPY TWO-PARTICLE ANGULAR CORRELATIONS Unification of the elliptic flow results when scaled by the participant eccentricity Phys. Rev. Lett. 98 (2007) 242302 UNIQUE PHOBOS MEASUREMENTS OF PARTICLE PRODUCTION AT VERY LOW p T At freeze-out particles tend to be produced in clusters J. Phys. G35 (2008) 104142

33 5 FEB 2008 Piotr Malecki33 DIVISION of PARTICLE PHYSICS & ASTROPHYSICS OUR PHYSICISTS AND ENGINEERS PARTICIPATE IN SEVERAL MAJOR EXPERIMENTS PERFORMED BY LARGE INTERNATIONAL COLLABORATIONS

34 Heavy-Ion Physics with the ATLAS Detector IFJ PAN GROUP: 4 physicists (FTE 2), 1 Ph.D. student Coordinator: Prof. Barbara Wosiek (ATLAS HI WG convener) TASKS: Monte Carlo production Development of the software analysis tools Global characteristics of heavy-ion collisions Performance studies for measuring final-state momentum anisotropies Pb+Pb, b = 2.3 fm Pb+Pb, b=10.7fm truth Charged-particle density well reconstructed using clusters from the ATLAS Pixel detector (points) Azimuthal anisotropies well reproduced (stars and squares) input RESULTS (2007 – 2008) 6 publications, 5 presentations at international conference 1 Ph.D. thesis

35 5 FEB 2008 Piotr Malecki35 DIVISION of PARTICLE PHYSICS & ASTROPHYSICS The ATLAS Experiment Department NZ14 STAFF (as of 2008): PROFESSORS 5( 4.1 FTE) ASSOC. PROF. 2 ( 1.75 FTE) DR 10 (10 FTE) ENGINEERS 4 ( 3.5 FTE) TECHNICIANS - - 21 (19.35 FTE) PhD STUDENTS 7 MNiSW fund for 2009 466 kPLN

36 pp Physics with ATLAS detector Primary interest: physics with tau leptons in final state  signature offers rich physics program for New Physics SM Higgs, MSSM Higgs, SUSY (more in presentation by A. Kaczmarska tomorrow)  important for ‘rediscovering SM” with 10 -100pb -1  strong link with expertise of IFJ-PAN TH group (Tauola MC) People (IFJ PAN GROUP, 2007-2008): Coordinator: Prof. E. Richter-Was ( also ATLAS TAU WG convener ) 4 physicists (FTE 3.75), 2 Ph.D. students, 1 PhD thesis, 5 master thesis (4 in physics, 1 in computing). Results: Section editors in 2 ATLAS Publications, authors of 9 internal notes, contributions to 8 CSC ATLAS public notes (to appear in February)) 2 talks at int. conf., 8 talks at int. workshops, Scientific organisation of „ATLAS Physics with TAU workshops” (Cracow07, Dresden08) Extra fundings: PhD thesis grant 2006-2007 (100k PLN) EU Marie Curie reintegration grant 2006-2007 ( 40k EU) Polish Goverment grant 2007-2008 (150k PLN) (supplement to EU MC grant) Polish Goverment grant 2008-2010 (300k PLN)

37 pp Physics with ATLAS detector Tasks: leading group in development of the off-line tau reconstruction: responsibilities for core off-line software, new algorithm designed and accepted for central data processing, optimisation of the identification, coordination of package for the identification with multi-variate methods, preparation for signature commissioning with first data. Expected performance for tau efficiency and QCD jets rejection ATLAS Collab, JINST 3, S08003, 2008 π0π0 π+π+ π-π- π+π+ τ jet

38 pp Physics with ATLAS detector Tasks: Physics analyses for reestablishing Standard Model with tau lepton signatures W , Z , tt  b l b (cross-section measurements), involvement in optimisation of tau+ETMiss dedicated trigger. Also important contribution to MSSM bbH, H  tt First events with tau leptons. Expected observability of W  with 100pb -1, ATLAS Collab, CERN-OPEN-2008-020 lep/lep lep/had combined Expected improvement 8%-10%, and more robust bbH, H->  observability with combined lep-lep + lep-had IFJ-PAN PhD thesis 2007 MSSM bbH  ATLAS

39 TASK: Development of the formalism, implementation and validation of the offline tracking alignment algorithm based on the Least Squares multidimensional (NDoF≈35,000) fit. YIELD 2007-2008: o Solution to the full scale alignment problem using the CSC simulated data, o Operational readiness during the two consecutive FDR exercises, o Analysis of the 2008 cavern cosmic data and the first alignment of the real detector in-situ.  3 publications of the results,  2 published conference proceedings and third submitted to NIM-A,  2 internal collaboration notes and next two in preparation. TITLE: Track-based alignment of the Inner Detector of ATLAS, P.Brückman de Renstrom 18  m misalignment  Example results from the cavern cosmic alignment (Dec 08): R  residual distribution before and after alignment compared to the perfect MC in the SCT detector. Impact parameter resolution reconstructed from the two halves of the cosmic track, before and after alignment.

40 5 FEB 2008 Piotr Malecki40 DIVISION of PARTICLE PHYSICS & ASTROPHYSICS CONTRIBUTIONS OF KRAKÓW ATLAS GROUP TO THE DETECTOR CONSTRUCTION CONCENTRATED ON THE INNER DETECTOR IN PARTICULAR: SCT (SemiConductorTracker) TRT (Transition Radiation Tracker) Design of the ABCD3T readout chip- Design and implement the TRT DCS Design, prototype and tests of HV PS- Design, build and test GGSS Design of the crate’s backplane- Design of the LV & HV PS Design of the crate controler- Integrate TRT DCS into global DCS Programming HV PS fimware- Programming SCT DCS - Most of that work is carried out in close cooperation with the FP&IT AGH 2007 – 2008 TRT and SCT integration tests and comissioning Persistent responsibility for the constructed devices

41 SCT PVSS EXAMPLE OF A POWER SUPPLY SYSTEM CONTROL PANEL

42

43 IFJ PAN in ATLAS TRT detector Design, construction and commissioning of the TRT DCS (full responsibility) Design and deployment of s/w for HV and LV systems Active participation in running of the detector (cosmic runs, FIRST DAY’s running) and central ATLAS DCS Responsibility and coordination of installation, cabling and deployment of TRT LV system –Commisioning, tests and burn-in of h/w for LV power supplies for r-o electronics Thermal analysis of the detector setup in running conditions –Important for gaseous gain stabilization which determines detector performance Managing contributions –Membership in TRT Project Office (and institute board) –Convener of TRT DCS and monitoring working group

44 LHC TRT services software LCS1 LU TRT INFRASTRUCTURE BARREL ABARRELC ENDCAP A ENDCAP C COOLING DAQ VME RACKS LV BULK CANPSU HV FE_LV TEMP FE_LV TEMP FE_LV TEMP FE_LV TEMP HV PartAHV PartC HVC PPxx HVB HWI HVA CIC SCS GAS SYS ALARMS GG SS LINUX Barrel Ventilation CO2 cooling

45 TRT services hardware

46 Some results Dynamics of heat propagationCosmics tracks

47 February 2009IFJ PAN biannual review 47 Forward physics in Cracow ATLAS ALFA project (Absolute Luminosity For ATLAS) - Already approved ATLAS subsystem ( we enter the game rather late) –Major contribution to design of the FE read-out electronics –Contribution to test beam runs (read-out software) –Purchase of LV power supplies (installation and control s/w included) AFP 240 + 420 projects - Full involvement in projects –Power supplies (harsh radiation environment) –Detector Control System (monitoring and control) –Potential contribution to read-out system (expertise exists) Physics analysis –Reconstruction of diffractive kinematics from proton position in detectors –Simulation of trigger efficiency for single diffraction in ALFA

48 5 FEB 2008 Piotr Malecki48 DIVISION of PARTICLE PHYSICS & ASTROPHYSICS OUR PHYSICISTS AND ENGINEERS PARTICIPATE IN SEVERAL MAJOR EXPERIMENTS PERFORMED BY LARGE INTERNATIONAL COLLABORATIONS

49 2014-11-22G. Polok NZ XI LHCb experiment at LHC Kraków group joined LHCb in 1998 –Main activities in Outer Tracker group and in software development –MoU and MoU M&O signed in October 2004 Outer Tracker Main contribution of the IFJ PAN IFJ PAN funds - …… PLN Grant MNiI (2005–2007) - 200 000 PLN (together with AGH) PBS MNiSzW (2006–2007) - 780 000 PLN PBS MNiSzW (2008–2009) - 220 000 PLN IFJ PAN funds - …… PLN Grant MNiI (2005–2007) - 200 000 PLN (together with AGH) PBS MNiSzW (2006–2007) - 780 000 PLN PBS MNiSzW (2008–2009) - 220 000 PLN Precise measurements of CP violation and rare decays in B-meson sector Outer Tracker

50 2014-11-22G. Polok NZ XI Outer Tracker - history Production technology developed in Kraków during preparation of two prototypes was a big achievement of the Kraków team, verified during tests at the PS at CERN. More than 80% of the technology was applied in the mass production 1000m 2 of panels produced in 2004 were used in 2005-2006 for production of Outer Tracker modules prototype 2007-2008 – construction of OT in the pit, tests and integration with DAQ

51 2014-11-22G. Polok NZ XI LHCb detector is ready Spokeperson LHCb 23.09.2008 Cosmics Beam injection tests

52 2014-11-22G. Polok NZ XI Staff: 4 PhD students:2 Main activities and achievements: participation in the development of LHCb software and preparation for data taking and analysis: - development of off-line algorithms for primary vertex reconstruction and short track reconstruction, - redesign of trigger algorithms (readout at 1 MHz ) - electromagnetic lines for High Level Trigger, inclusive HLT trigger for radiative B decays - simulation of selected physics processes, - preparation for physics analysis (off-line selections, HLT selections, sensitivity studies, CP fits) - participation in setting up the local Tier-2 and Tier-3 centre for LHCb applications, - 2 Diploma thesis - participation in Outer Tracker integration IFJ PAN is one of the institutes responsible for physics trigger algorithms Kraków LHCb members and activities in 2007- 2008

53 2014-11-22G. Polok NZ XI Software development and physics analysis examples Fast discrimination between γ/π 0 used in photon line of electromagnetic HLT alley. Improved primary vertex reconstruction reducing bias coming from B decay products. The expected proper time distribution for B s →D s π oscillation measurement after 1 year of data taking The sensitivity study for γ angle measurement for B→D*a 1. The top picture shows distribution of angle γ, the bottom picture shows distribution of uncertainties as given by fit procedure.

54 2014-11-22G. Polok NZ XI Kraków LHCb members in 2007 - 2008 2007-2008 –M. Kucharczyk 100% –T. Lesiak 30% –G. Polok 90% –M. Witek 100% –K. Senderowska 100% PhD student –D. Rozpędzik 50% PhD student (UJ) Main contributors 1998-2006 –Staff: E. Banaś, J. Błocki, L. Hajduk, P. Jałocha, P. Kapusta, B. Kisielewski, T. Lesiak, J. Michałowski, Z. Natkaniec, W. Ostrowicz, G. Polok, M. Stodulski, M. Witek, P. Żychowski –Additional persons: B. Dąbrowski, M.Despet, A. Florek, B. Florek, K. Gałuszka, J. Garwoliński, A. Strączek, M. Stręk

55 5 FEB 2008 Piotr Malecki55 DIVISION of PARTICLE PHYSICS & ASTROPHYSICS OUR PHYSICISTS AND ENGINEERS PARTICIPATE IN SEVERAL MAJOR EXPERIMENTS PERFORMED BY LARGE INTERNATIONAL COLLABORATIONS OUR PARTICIPATION IN AN EXPERIMENT ALWAYS COMPRISES PARTICIPATION IN PHYSICS PROGRAM AND IN DETECTOR CONSTRUCTION

56 56 Research staff: Dr Krzysztof Cieślik Dr Anna Dąbrowska Dr Monika Szarska Prof. Agnieszka Zalewska PhD students: Mgr Andrzej Szelc Mgr Dorota Stefan Mgr Tomasz Wąchała Mgr inż. Paweł Karbowniczek Diploma students (2007-2009) Grzegorz Dzioba, Wojciech Jasielski, Paweł Karbowniczek, Tomasz Świątek Małgorzata Stępień Department of Neutrino and Dark Matter Studies

57 57 Research activities  The ICARUS experiment at Gran Sasso (since 2000, cooperation with DAI on hardware contributions)  The WARP experiment at Gran Sasso (since 2005)  The T2K experiment at JPARC (participation since October 2006, cooperation with DAI on hardware contributions)  LAGUNA project (INFRASTRUCTURES-2007-1) (preparations since 2004, aplication to EC in May 2007, project’s duration 1.07.2008 – 30.06.2010) Realized in close collaboaration with physicists from Katowice, Warsaw and Wroclaw forming the Polish Neutrino Group – the list of projects in a chronological order

58 Physics goals  Measurement of the neutrino mixing angle  13 with a sensitivity 0.01 using the accelerator neutrino beam from Tokai to Kamiokande and very precise measurements of the two other oscillation parameters  23 and Δm 2 23 Status  All works according to the schedule: first beam accelaration up to 30 GeV in the main synchrotron achieved before Christmas 2008, neutrino beam foreseen in April 2009, construction of the near detector ND280 will have been done by October 2009, start of data taking with both near and far detectors by the end of 2009.  Polish groups are co-responsible (with LSU, INR-Moscow and Kobe U.) for the SMRD (Side Muon Range Detector) sub-detector of ND280  Financing: Special Research Programme (with other five Polish research institutions) for a period 1.07.2007 – 30.06.2010 58 The T2K experiment at JPARC

59 59 The T2K experiment at JPARC Contributions of IFJ PAN in 2007-2008 Hardware (thanks to our colleagues from DAI)  Thermal calculations for the SMRD detector  Design and construction of the SMRD modules mounting and fixing systems – 670 kg of systems’ elements sent to JPARC two weeks ago.  Responsibility for establishing the SMRD module mounting and installation procedures (two engineers from DAI are currently at JPARC) Software, analysis  T.Wąchała is one of two authors of the SMRD reconstruction program  Our group has recently joined the ν μ CC analysis group with a goal to study the π 0 background to the QECC channel.

60 60 The T2K experiment at JPARC

61 61 The T2K experiment at JPARC Publications, presentations  First publication concerning the SMRD detector in 2009, more than 20 presentations from IFJ PAN at the T2K collaboration meetings and at the SMRD teleconferences in 2007-2008 Plans for 2009-2010  Further participation in the SMRD detector installation, shifts during the data taking and participation in the data analysis

62 62 The T2K experiment at JPARC Publications, presentations  First publication concerning the SMRD detector in 2009, more than 20 presentations from IFJ PAN at the T2K collaboration meetings and at the SMRD teleconferences in 2007-2008 Plans for 2009-2010  Further participation in the SMRD detector installation, shifts during the data taking and participation in the data analysis

63 Physics goals  Studies of the neutrino interactions from the CNGS beam, atmosphere and astrophysical sources, searches for proton decay (but detector is too small to improve current low limits of the proton lifetime)  Special motivation: very interesting detector technique applied for the first time on a larger scale in the underground laboratory (R&D programmes for large LAr detectors in Europe,USA and Japan) Status of the experiment  D etector commissioning in the Gran Sasso laboratory (electronics installed and tested, reliquefying system almost ready, vacuum tests under way)  Start of the data taking postponed several times – now filling the detector with liquid argon is foreseen in April 2009  Financing: SPUB (with other three Polish research institutions) for a period 2003-2005, prolongated till the end of 2009 63 The ICARUS experiment at Gran Sasso

64 IFJ PAN contributions in 2007-2008  Participation in the electronics modifications (thanks to technicians from NZ11), installation and tests – 5.5 man-months  Significant contribution to the   mesons analysis based on test data (A.Dabrowska, M.Szarska) – the collaboration paper sent for publication in EPJ C  Work on the 3D reconstruction of electromagnetic cascades, on the ICARUS graphics and on the analysis tools for the   /e discrimination and for the search of proton decay p  K (T.Wachala, D.Stefan, P.Karbowniczek) Publications, internal notes 2007-2008  2 collaboration papers: one published, one sent for publication, 2 internal notes plus one in preparation with a participation of physicists from IFJ PAN Plans for 2009-2010  Participation in data taking and data analyses 64 The ICARUS experiment at Gran Sasso

65 65 The ICARUS experiment at Gran Sasso Dorota Stefan presenting her poster on proton decay in liquid argon at the CERN school in 2007 Graphics tool for    identification (Pawel Karbowniczek)

66 66 The LAGUNA project Proposal title (max 200 characters)Design of a pan-European Infrastructure for Large Apparatus studying Grand Unification and Neutrino Astrophysics Proposal acronymLAGUNA Type of funding schemeRI design study implemented as Collaborative Project Work programme topics addressedDeep underground science, particle physics, astroparticle physics Name of the coordinating personProf. André Rubbia Design Study FP7-INFRASTRUCTURES-2007-1 Application 2.05.07, kick-off meeting 1.07.2008, 2 years

67 67 The LAGUNA project Goals  Searches for proton decay, studies of low energy neutrinos from astrophysical sources and studies of neutrino properties with accelerator beams using the detectors on the 100000 – 1000000 tons scale in one of the following technologies: water Cherenkov, liquid scintillator and liquid argon – J.Aysto et al.., J. Cosmol. Astropart. Phys. 11 (2007) 011;  No one of the existing underground laboratories is able to host such a detector  the LAGUNA project is dedicated to the feasibility studies of possible localizations in Europe of the future underground laboratory  LAGUNA collaboration: ~100 researchers, 16 scientific institutions, 5 industrial partners, 10 countries

68 68

69  Participating institutions: KGHM Cuprum (industrial partner), IGSMiE (specialists in underground storage, especially in salt caverns), IFJ PAN (scientific partner, representing other five Polish scientific institutions)  Polish partners are responsible for the feasibility study for SUNLAB (Sieroszowice UNderground LABoratory) within WP2, in addition IFJ PAN is responsible for WP4 (Science Impact and Outreach), A.Zalewska from IFJ PAN – coordinator of the work performed in Poland. 69 Polish part of LAGUNA

70 70 The WARP experiment at Gran Sasso Physics goal  Search for WIMPs with double phase Argon detectors Status  Data taking with a 2.3 l prototype detector since 2004  Commissioning of the main 100 l detector, start of running very soon Cracow contributions (A.Szelc)  Development of the analysis software for both detectors and significant contribution to the data analysis from 2.3l detector  Financing: MNiSW grant

71 71 Publications in 2007-2008  3 collaboration papers (one on the WIMP search results with 2.3l detector, two on the LAr contamination with nitrogen and oxigen  1 conference presentation by A.Szelc and three WArP internel reports with A.Szelc as a co- author Plans for 2009-2010  Analysis of the data taken with the 100 l detector The WARP experiment at Gran Sasso Published exclusion curve for the WArP 2.3l detector

72 5 FEB 2008 Piotr Malecki72 DIVISION of PARTICLE PHYSICS & ASTROPHYSICS OUR PHYSICISTS AND ENGINEERS PARTICIPATE IN SEVERAL MAJOR EXPERIMENTS PERFORMED BY LARGE INTERNATIONAL COLLABORATIONS OUR PARTICIPATION IN AN EXPERIMENT ALWAYS COMPRISES PARTICIPATION IN PHYSICS PROGRAM AND IN DETECTOR CONSTRUCTION

73 NZ13 DEPT. LINEAR COLLIDER (since 01.01.2008, in 2007 part of NZ12) ILC – S13109 (formerly S12109) --- assoc. prof. Leszek Zawiejski PEOPLE: STAFF: 1 prof., 1 assoc. prof., 1 dr, 6 engineers, 1 student (5 FE) FUNDING: The Polish Ministry of Science and Higher Education (2007-2008) 288 kPLN EU PROJ. EUDET (2007-2008) 160 kPLN

74 R&D for ILC – Luminosity Detector LumiCal (FCAL Collaboration, EUDET Project), LLRF system (XFEL) R&D activities in agreement with ILD detector concept: ● Monte Carlo studies ● Mechanical design and silicon sensors ● Laser position monitoring system ● Work with XFEL Project has started: Design of LLRF System and its installation in the tunnel (WP02) Close collaboration with : UST AGH (Cracow), Zeuthen (DESY), Hamburg (DESY), Tel Aviv University, LLR-Ecole Polytechnique (Palaiseau)

75 LumiCal - luminosity measurement ILC physics : the required precision for  L/L ~  N B /N B should be better than < 10 -3 (at production of 10 6 W + W - or q + q - / year ) or ~ 10 -4 (for Giga Z mode – 10 9 / year ) Counting rate N B of the Bhabha events : e + e -  e + e -  in small forward (Left-Right) LumiCal calorimeter will be used to measure the integrated luminosity : L = N B /  B where  B is precisely calculated from theory To fulfil this task, it is necessary to build: ● luminosity detector with micrometers precision ● on-line running system (Laser Alignment System, LAS ) for precise measurements of the positions of the LumiCal and its internal layers QD0

76 Monte Carlo studies LumiCal is part of global ILD software Geometry: Mokka (Geant 4) Reconstructon: Marlin Bhabha events generator: BHLUMI Background - Guinea –Pig Physics generators: PYTHIA, WHIZART ● Detector optimalisation ● Digitalisation-simulation of the signals in readout electronics ● Influence of the background (physical + beamstrahlung) on luminosity measurements ● Top pair production at the ILD Scattered electrons e + e - pairs beamstrahlung LumiCal Emitted photons Channels occupancy / train Bhabha : e + e -  e + e - (n)  Mokka – ILD detector Top quark mass reconstruction in ILD m t = 175.008 ±0.335 GeV LumiCal

77 LumiCal : Mechanical design - preparation for prototype The first beam tests of prototype – end of 2009 Internal structure: 30 tungsten+silicon sensor layers, cooling system, place for readout FE electronics Integration with ILD: shape of beam pipe in front of detector, support carbon tube Hamamatsu sensors - two sectors for beam test Silicon sensors-tungsten connection fanout

78 Laser position monitoring system Method: two laser beams (one perpendicular and the other under 45 degrees), CCD camera, optical linear encoder (res. 0.1  m) Laboratory setup Dedicated CMOS sensor –readout electronics The achieved accuracy: ± 0.5  m in X, Y direction, ± 1.5  m in Z dir. The sensitivity to temperature changes: 1  m /1 0 C. These results satisfy the necessary precision required for LumiCal position monitoring Required accuracy in displacement measurements: a few hunhred micrometers in (X,Y) directions, better than 60  m for a distance between both calorimeters and 4  m for the value of inner radius sensors System integration with structure of ILD detector

79 Transparent position sensors :  Special transparent sensors (CMOS, CCD) placed on each sensor plane  Problems with reflections  Degradation of the beam shape for deeper planes  Similar electronics as in pos. system for calorimeter Other activities : displacement measurement of individual sensor layers One laser beam lighting or individual system for each sensor plane Spanned wire going through the holes in sensor planes working as antenna and pickup electrodes to measure the position of sensor layers Spanned wire method  Active during time slots between trains  Possible interferences  Accuracy up to ~0,5 µm  Quite simple electronics  Need 4 coax cables for each plane Currently working on the prototype

80 Achievements 2007 - 2008 23 Talks at international conferences, workshops or collaboration meetings 13 Reports 5 Papers in conference proceedings

81 PLANS In the nearest future: ● Beam test of the LumiCal prototype – expected at the end of 2009. This task will be continued within EUDET Project and FCAL Collaboration. EUDET is scheduled to be finished at the end of 2010. ● Preparing the prototype of the system for displacement measurements of the individual sensor layers inside LumiCal ● Attempt to extend the manpower of NZ13. Step in this direction: since January 2009 a student from FP7 Marie Curie Initial Training Networks will work part-time ● Final decision will be reached about the possibility of using LumiCal sensors in Super Belle ● Activities within FiTAL (Polish Network on Physics and Technology of Linear Accelerators) Long-term activities: ● Further development of LAS, including measurements of distance between both calorimeters – system design will be built together with other components of ILD - 2009-2012 ● Collaboration with CLIC project on physics and forward detector R&D ● Activities with LLRF system (XFEL project) according to the prepared agreement for 2009-2014

82 5 FEB 2008 Piotr Malecki82 DIVISION of PARTICLE PHYSICS & ASTROPHYSICS OUR PHYSICISTS AND ENGINEERS PARTICIPATE IN SEVERAL MAJOR EXPERIMENTS PERFORMED BY LARGE INTERNATIONAL COLLABORATIONS OUR PARTICIPATION IN AN EXPERIMENT ALWAYS COMPRISES PARTICIPATION IN PHYSICS PROGRAM AND IN DETECTOR CONSTRUCTION

83 2014-11-22J.Turnau NZXI - H1 Experiment H1 at HERA (DESY,Hamburg) Kraków H1 group:  Staff: 4  PhD Students: 3  Diploma students: 1 in 2008/2009  Technical-engineering staff:1 Experiment aims : Precision measurements of proton structure function Precision tests of QCD and studies of QCD evolution Search for new phenomena Closed June 2007 Data analysis forseen till 2013 (2014 ?)

84 2014-11-22J.Turnau NZXI - H1 Kraków H1 group activities Data taking shifts Coordination of Monte Carlo production Maintenance of the MC-production data base Monte Carlo production on H1 PC-farm at DESY (from Kraków) Hall technician Participation in dismantling of the H1 experiment (5 techniciens) Maintenance and operation Physics : Publications, internal reviews Presentation of H1 results at international conferences (three in 2007, one in 2008) Habilitation thesis („The hadronic final states in deep inelastic ep scattering at low Bjorken x at HERA”, 2007) Data analysis

85 2014-11-22J.Turnau NZXI - H1 Data analysis Studies of parton dynamics at low values of Bjorken x Study of hadronic final states at high Q 2 Study of strangeness production Physics motivation : limitations of NLO DGLAP description of QCD and search for economic description of the data. Present work : measurement of angular correlation between forward jet and scattered electron. Search for instantons Physics motivation: Instantons as a non-perturbative topological fluctuations of the gluon fields are a basic feature of QCD. Discovery of I-induced process would be of fundamental significance. Measurement of azimutal asymmetry in production of charged hadrons and energy flow Physics motivation: comparison with resummed QCD NLO calculations. Physics motivation: studies of strangeness production at HERA. Study finalized with H1 publication „Strangeness Production at low Q^2 in Deep-Inelastic ep Scattering at HERA ” ( Submitted to Eur.Phys.J.C)

86 2014-11-22J.Turnau NZXI - H1 Why azimutal asymmetry ? ZEUS measurement shows large deviations from QCD NLO calculation where it is not expected : independent measurement by H1 would be of interest

87 2014-11-22J.Turnau NZXI - H1 Strangeness production in DIS Description of strangeness production in hadronisation models is governed by „strangeness suppression factor” s related to probability of creation of strange-antistrange pair from vacuum. Published study shows that different models (CDM vs. LEPTO) require different values of s for data description No single value of s can describe all details of the data

88 2014-11-22J.Turnau NZXI - H1 Financing Budget IFJ PAN: Grant MEiN for participation in the H1 experiment 2008-2009 : 119000 zł Gran MEiN for PhD student 2007/2009 : 23000 zł Travel and living costs partially financed by DESY Polish-German Joint Research Project IFJ PAN – DESY financed jointly by PAN and DESY 22000 zł/year (2006/2007) Future Plans H1 data (HERA II) analysis continues till 2013 H1 Krakow will continue support of MC production as long as H1 Collaboration requires as well as other collaborative efforts We will continue analyses which had started and possibly (if students available) start new on high Q**2 hadronic final states data (e.g. strangeness production in HERA II ( connection to instanton searches)

89 2014-11-22J.Turnau NZXI - H1  Staff:  PhD Students:  Diploma student:  Technical-engineering staff: Jacek Turnau Lidia Goerlich Stanisław Mikocki Grażyna Nowak Anna Falkiewicz (till February 2009) Izabela Milcewicz-Mika (maternity leave) Paweł Sopicki Piotr Hytroś (2008/2009) Antoni Cyz (computer scientist) Members of the Kraków H1 group

90 5 FEB 2008 Piotr Malecki90 DIVISION of PARTICLE PHYSICS & ASTROPHYSICS OUR PHYSICISTS AND ENGINEERS PARTICIPATE IN SEVERAL MAJOR EXPERIMENTS PERFORMED BY LARGE INTERNATIONAL COLLABORATIONS OUR PARTICIPATION IN AN EXPERIMENT ALWAYS COMPRISES PARTICIPATION IN PHYSICS PROGRAM AND IN DETECTOR CONSTRUCTION

91 91 5.02.2009 Manpower (end 2008)‏ Physicists: 2 professors, 3 senior physicists, 1 PhD student, 1 diploma student effectively:~ 6 persons Engineers: ~ 3 effectively (till 29.02.2008)‏ …we investigate the fundamental particles and forces of nature in high energy e-p interactions... 12-th Department of Hadron Structure http://www.ifj.edu.pl/dept/no1/nz12

92 The ZEUS experiment at the HERA collider at DESY 92 12-th Department of Hadron Structure, 5.02.2009 Contributions, responsabilities (1)‏ Before 30.06.2007: On-line and off-line luminosity measurement, lumi software optimisation Data taking ~25 8-hour shifts Monte Carlo production in Cracow Physics analysis:hadronic final states in DIS, diffractive Vector Meson production

93 The ZEUS experiment at the HERA collider at DESY 93 12-th Department of Hadron Structure, 5.02.2009 Contributions, responsabilities (2)‏ After 30.06.2007: Lumi software optimisation (error ~2%), final luminosity calculation

94 The ZEUS experiment at the HERA collider at DESY 94 12-th Department of Hadron Structure, 5.02.2009 Contributions, responsabilities (3)‏ After 30.06.2007: Detector dismantling... Physics analysis: First measurement of the Bose -Eintein correlations between neutral and charged kaons (Phys. Lett. B652 (2007) 1-12) Completion of the final publication on photoproduction of the J/Ψ meson at large momentum transfer – observation of the BFKL dynamics at HERA Comprehensive study of the correlations between identified hadrons and scaled momenta distributions in DIS

95 ALICE a large ion collider at CERN LHC 95 12-th Department of Hadron Structure, 5.02.2009 Investigate the p-p, p-nucleus and nucleus-nucleus interactions at LHC energies to study the physics of strongly interacting matter at extreme energy densities...Study „central” diffraction at LHC...

96 96 12-th Department of Hadron Structure, 5.02.2009 Achievements 2007 - 2008 27 published papers, 6 presentations at international conferences, Finances 2007 - 2008 Salaries: KBN special grant:100 000 PLN Plans 2009 - 2010 ZEUS: continue ongoing analyses ALICE: data taking and physics analysis 12-th Department of Hadron Structure http://www.ifj.edu.pl/dept/no1/nz12

97 5 FEB 2008 Piotr MALECKI97 DIVISION of PARTICLE PHYSICS & ASTROPHYSICS GRID Activities 2007-2008 WLCG and Tier2 BalticGrid and BalticGrid-II Local analyses cluster (Tier3)

98 GRID Activities 2007-08: WLCG and Tier2  Contribution to WLCG & development of Polish Tier2 and its use  IFJ PAN a coordinator of Polish Tier2 consortium (Krakow, Poznan, Warszawa), signed MoU with WLCG  PolTier2: ~4000 cores and 200 TB disk storage, ~50% in Krakow (Cyfronet), contributing 3*10 6 kSI2K CPU hours in 2007-08  Participation in the WLCG Service Challenge and Common Computing Readiness Challenge (CCRC’08) and regular MC production (ATLAS, LHCb, Alice)  Coordination of ATLAS activities in FZK cloud, experiment liason in Tier1, Tier2 operation support and monitoring

99 BalticGrid and BalticGrid-II Projects 2004 BalticGrid 2005-2008 (6th FP, 30m, budget 3.0 M€ ) BalticGrid 2005-2008 (6th FP, 30m, budget 3.0 M€ )  Aimed at erasing the apparent digital divide in Europe: establish GRID infrastructure in Baltic states  10 partners from Baltic States (Lituania,Latvia, Estonia) + Poland, Sweden and CERN (GRID experienced partners)  IFJPAN contributions: NA2 project leader (dissimination and outreach), NA3 (pilot applications), SA1 (grid operations) BalticGrid-II 2008-2010 (7th FP, 24m, budget 3.0 M€ ) BalticGrid-II 2008-2010 (7th FP, 24m, budget 3.0 M€ )  To integrate the established e-infrastructure with EGEE and to expand it into Belarus  13 partners  IFJPAN contributions: NA2 project leader (dissimination and outreach), SA1 (grid operations), SA3 (application integration and support)

100 Tier3 cluster at IFJ PAN a part of WLCG/EGEE but reserved mainly for local users (lower priorities for Grid jobs) CPU: –8x 4-cores Xeon 5140@2.33GHz –6x 8-cores Xeon 5430@2.66GHz –RAM: 2GB/core Total 80 cores: –4 cores – for monitoring, balticgrid –8 cores – for ulhcb and ibelle –68 cores – batch system for grid and local batch jobs Grid 40% Local 59% Other 1% Usage of Tier3 01.01.2007-31.12.2008 Storage Data 7.2 TB 46% free Home 1.1 TB 36% free AtlasData 26 TB 90% free PBS: managed via MAUI - fairshare VOs: atlas, belle, balticgrid, lhcb Experiments: ATLAS, Belle, LHCb atlas lhcb balticgrid uatlas ulhcb Belle

101 HEP Outreach 2007-2008 International Particle Physics Masterclasses for High School students Physics teachers programme ‘Polish Teachers at CERN’ HEP outreach to tax-payers: Science Festivals

102 International Particle Physics Masterclasses 2007, 2008 Organized at IFJ PAN since 2005 ( EPPOG coordination) A full day workshop for High School students & teachers : lectures, data analysis at computers, visits to laboratories,a videoconference Students take part in an authentic research by analysing a genuine LEP data 40-50 Krakow’s students each year, among ~5000 from Europe, N.&S. America, S.Africa Efficient way to improve the understanding of scientific research

103 Physics teachers programme ‘Polish Teachers at CERN’ The project funded by the Ministry of Education to foster teaching of micro- world physics and modern technologies: ~160 teachers (4 groups) attended 1 week long program at CERN: lectures in polish (the lecturers included physicists from IFJ PAN), detector exercises, visits to experiments) The follow-up programme in Poland: workshops at home Institutes to review teachers acquired knowledge and to help them transmitting it to students Two-day long workshop in IFJ PAN (Nov 2007)

104 HEP Outreach to society  Marking the LHC startup at ‘Science Fair’ 16-17/05/2008, Main Market Square  The exhibition shown also at the Polish Radio Science Picnic in Warsaw (large impact, >100k visitors), some parts used in the exhibition ‘The LHC, how it works’

105 105 Teaching  Academic year 2007/2008 eight students in the specialization  Courses – on average 450 hours per academic year lectures, seminars, problem solving sessions and laboratory work  Research work students participate in the experimental program of our Division, mostly during the preparation of their diploma theses and during summer practices at IFJ PAN  Diploma theses 12 students (from the Jagiellonian University and from the Cracow’s Technical Universities) graduated in the academic years 2006/2007 and 2007/2008 having for supervisors the researchers from our Division Researchers from the Division of Particle Physics and Astrophysics are co-responsible for the specialization in experimental particle physics at the Jagiellonian University

106 THANKS !

107 JOHN !!! WHAT ?


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