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2 Trafficking and Related Crimes College Team Strategic Project on Eurojust’s Action against Trafficking in Human Beings PRELIMINARY FINDINGS Jesús Pena.

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Presentation on theme: "2 Trafficking and Related Crimes College Team Strategic Project on Eurojust’s Action against Trafficking in Human Beings PRELIMINARY FINDINGS Jesús Pena."— Presentation transcript:

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2 2 Trafficking and Related Crimes College Team Strategic Project on Eurojust’s Action against Trafficking in Human Beings PRELIMINARY FINDINGS Jesús Pena Case Analyst

3 3 OUTLINE Introduction Project timeline Preparatory work Preliminary findings

4 4 PROJECT TIMELINE Production and submission of questionnaire Analysis of EJ cases with coordination meetings Preliminary findings Strategic meeting Report (preliminary findings + seminar conclusions) Action Plan

5 5 Preparatory work Compilation and analysis of responses to questionnaire Analysis of EJ cases

6 6 Preparatory work Main issues a)Difficulties identifying the victims of, and/or difficulties identifying cases of THB. b)Difficulties obtaining evidence. c)Reliance only on victims’ testimony, lack of or not using other sources of evidence. d) Legislative problems. e)High standards for evidence. f)Lack of experience or lack of specialised knowledge. g)Interpretation during the investigation; also when interacting with the victims. h)International dimension is burdensome.

7 7 PRELIMINARY FINDINGS Main issues WS 1 & 2

8 8 PRELIMINARY FINDINGS Under/misreporting Increasingly concealed nature No reporting by victims Lack of expertise Difficulties in obtaining evidence

9 9 PRELIMINARY FINDINGS Expertise AustriaPoliceProsecutorJudiciary BelgiumPoliceProsecutorNGO’s/Other BulgariaPoliceProsecutorJudiciaryBorder guard CroatiaPoliceProsecutorBorder guard CyprusPolice Czech RepublicPoliceProsecutor DenmarkPolice EstoniaPoliceProsecutor FinlandPoliceProsecutor FrancePoliceJudiciary GermanyPoliceBorder guard HungaryPolice ItalyPoliceProsecutorJudiciaryNGO’s/Other LatviaPoliceProsecutor LithuaniaPoliceProsecutor LuxembourgPoliceProsecutor MaltaPolice NetherlandsPoliceProsecutorBorder guardNGO’s/Other NorwayPoliceProsecutor PolandPoliceProsecutorBorder guard PortugalPoliceProsecutorBorder guard RomaniaPoliceProsecutorBorder guard Slovak RepublicPolice SloveniaPoliceProsecutor SpainPoliceProsecutor SwedenPoliceProsecutorNGO’s/Other United KingdomPoliceProsecutorBorder guard

10 10 PRELIMINARY FINDINGS National legislation Majority considers it adequate Directive 2011/36/EU on preventing and combating trafficking in human beings and protecting its victims

11 11 PRELIMINARY FINDINGS EU Member States role

12 12 Transit and Destination Destination Source, Transit and Destination Source Source and Destination Source and Transit

13 13 PRELIMINARY FINDINGS Source countries

14 14 mentions 11 mentions 7 mentions 6 mentions 5 mentions 4 mentions 3 mentions 2 mentions 1 mentions

15 CountryTimes mentioned Romania14 Nigeria11 China7 Bulgaria7 Ukraine6

16 16 PRELIMINARY FINDINGS National initiatives

17 Yes No

18 18 PRELIMINARY FINDINGS Money flows CountryEvidence gatheringAsset recovery AustriaN/A BelgiumYes BulgariaYes CroatiaNoYes CyprusYesNo Czech RepublicN/AYes DenmarkYesN/A EstoniaYes FinlandYes FranceYes GermanyYes HungaryYes ItalyYes LatviaYes LithuaniaYes LuxembourgYes MaltaYes NetherlandsYes NorwayYes PolandYes PortugalYes RomaniaYes Slovak RepublicYes SloveniaYesNo SpainYes SwedenYes United KingdomYes

19 19 PRELIMINARY FINDINGS Cooperation with Third States Majority has channels of communication Use of Liaison Magistrates and Police LO Specific programs with source countries

20 20 PRELIMINARY FINDINGS Obstacles international cooperation Delays in execution of requests Lack of cooperation and exchange of information Differences in legislation and judicial systems

21 Yes No PRELIMINARY FINDINGS Use of JIT

22 Yes No PRELIMINARY FINDINGS Use of EUROJUST

23 23 PRELIMINARY FINDINGS Legal topics discussed during THB coordination meetings

24 24 PRELIMINARY FINDINGS Bilateral compared to multilateral cases

25 Yes No PRELIMINARY FINDINGS Use of EUROPOL

26 Thank you Jesús Pena. Case Analyst


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