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Factoring Polynomials of Higher Degree

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To review: What is the remainder when you divide x 3 – 4x 2 – 7x + 10 by x – 2? Divisor Quotient Dividend Remainder

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Factoring Polynomials of Higher Degree Remainder Theorem: If a polynomial p(x) is divided by the binomial x – a, the remainder obtained is p(a). So, looking at our example, if p(x) = x 3 – 4x 2 – 7x + 10 was divided by x – 2, the remainder can be determined by finding p(2). p(x) = x 3 – 4x 2 – 7x + 10 p(2) = (2) 3 – 4(2) 2 – 7(2) + 10 = 8 – 16 – = -12

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Factoring Polynomials of Higher Degree The Factor Theorem (Part 1) If p(a) = 0, then x – a is a factor of p(x) So lets see what happens if p(1). p(1) = (1) 3 – 4(1) 2 – 7(1) + 10 = 1 – 4 – = 0 Since p(1) = 0, we know that x – 1 is also a factor of p(x).

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Factoring Polynomials of Higher Degree Example 1: Determine the remainder when p(x) = x 3 + 5x 2 – 9x – 6 is divided by x – 3. Solution: When p(x) is divided by x – 3, the remainder is p(3). p(3) = (3) 2 – 9(3) – 6 = – 37 – 6 = 39 Thus, the remainder is 39. Since the remainder is not 0, x – 3 is not a factor of p(x).

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Factoring Polynomials of Higher Degree In order to assist with the factoring of higher order polynomials, we use a process known as synthetic division. A quick process to divide polynomials by binomials of the form x – a and bx – a.

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Factoring Polynomials of Higher Degree Looking at our example: Synthetic Division 1)Create a L shape 2)Place a toward the upper left of the L 3)Record the coefficients of the polynomials inside the L Write in decreasing degree and 0s need to be recorded as coefficients for any missing terms.

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Synthetic Division 4) Bring down 1 5) Multiply 1 by 2 and record result under – 4 6) Add -4 to 2 and record answer below the L 7) Repeat process until you reach the last term 8) The number on the furthest right below the L is the remainder. Factoring Polynomials of Higher Degree Remember that 1 is the number of x 2 s, -2 is the number of xs, and -11 is the constant term of the quotient polynomial.

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Factoring Polynomials of Higher Degree Example 2: Use synthetic division to find the quotient and remainder when x 3 – 4x 2 – 7x + 10 is divided by x – Remainder 0 means that x – 5 is a factor of p(x)

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Homework Do # 1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 17, 18, 21 on pg 130 in Section 4.3 for Monday Have a great weekend!!!

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