Presentation on theme: "Visit Introduce yourself."— Presentation transcript:
1 Visit http://padlet.com/muirheap/actflstevenson Introduce yourself. Take a selfie to include as well.Reflection
2 @PabloMuirhead email@example.com Building Global Competence: Proficiency in Communication, Cultures, and Comparisons@PabloMuirheadIntroMartha is the (TITLE) of the Milwaukee YMCAShe is ….She heads…This will be a very interactive and sensitive honest discussion. A trained facilitator has been placed at each table to ensure participation.PRE-WORK- (1)Who took the Harvard Test on Bias-raise hands? Were you surprised at the results?(2)Did you read Peggy McIntosh’s “ White Privilege: Unpacking the Invisible Knapsack”” which encourages andWhite students to investigate their experiences with racism.(3)Responses from question-”How would your life be different if you were another race”? “ Have you experienced oppression or were denied an opportunity or experience based on gender”? – READ examples they handed in
3 FROM the PERSONALConnection betweenCULTURE & LANGUAGEConceptualizationof cultureto thePROFESSIONALGlobalCompetence
8 The United States must educate students who are equipped linguistically and culturally to communicate successfully in a pluralistic American society and abroad.National Standards Project
9 To study another language and culture gives one the powerful COMMUNICATIONTo study another language andculture gives one the powerfulkey to successful communication:knowing how, when,and whyto say what to whom.
10 CommunicationCommunitiesCulturesTHE FIVE CsComparisonsConnections
19 Activity based on the iceberg model Place the following aspects of culture either above or below the waterClothingViews on equalityReligious beliefsPersonal distanceWorks of artRules of politenessRelationship with natureDegree of eye contactTime managementMethods of worshipTipping customsGesturesAttitudes towards sexualityConcept of beautyFoodContent prepared by Wendy W. Allen
20 Culture is… … tantamount to perspective … products and practices … intertwined with issues of power
21 In other words…“Culture is a fluctuating embodiment of a group’s products, practices and perspectives. Inseparable from language, culture is also impacted by issues of power as it can be used to marginalize or privilege.”Muirhead, P. (2009). Rethinking culture: Toward a pedagogy of possibility in world language education. Critical Inquiry in Language Studies, 6(4),Pablo Muirhead
22 How is culture integrated into the teaching of languages? THENNOWIDEALPure focus on language“Culture” limited to upper-level coursework (through literature)Recognition of importance of cultureStruggle to make it natural part at all levelsMoving toward deeper understanding of cultureSubconsciously infusing culture in lessonsInextricable link between culture and language visible in classroomsStudents gain multiple perspectives that help them challenge societal injustices
23 Having a single cultural perspective. AVOID BEINGCULTURE BOUNDHaving a single cultural perspective.Not being able to adopt different points of view.
24 Developer of Intercultural Communicative Competence Recognizes this as a gradual processMoves beyond viewing “other” cultures from the outside in, but rather the inside out
25 Seeks Cultural & Linguistic Legitimacy Decenters dominant ways of viewing the worldLegitimizes traditionally dominated cultures and nonstandard language varietiesPresents cultural perspectives from traditionally marginalized groups
26 Conscienticized Reflective Being Recognizes political nature of schoolingCreates an environment where discrimination is challenged
27 Having a single cultural perspective. AVOID BEINGCULTURE BOUNDHaving a single cultural perspective.Not being able to adopt different points of view.
30 Extended conversation at table during and after a meal Share your thoughts about what PERSPECTIVES can be gained and PRODUCTS might exist from the PRACTICE below.PRACTICE:Extended conversation at table during and after a mealPRODUCTS:What products would you associate with this practice?PERSPECTIVES:What perspectives would you associate with this practice?
31 What products do you associate with this? PERSPECTIVES: PRACTICE:GemütlichkeitPRODUCTS:What products do you associate with this?PERSPECTIVES:What perspectives do you associate with this?
32 PRACTICE: Use of two last names PERSPECTIVES: What cultural PRODUCTS: Share your thoughts about what PERSPECTIVES can be gained from the PRODUCT and PRACTICE below.PRACTICE:Use of two last namesPERSPECTIVES:What culturalperspectives canwe gain from this?PRODUCTS:Last names
33 PRACTICE PRODUCTS PERSPECTIVES Working in small teams, identify a product or practice that you teach. Then consider the perspectives that can be gained from these products and practices.PRACTICEPRODUCTSPERSPECTIVES
34 Teaching Foreign Language Video Library Workshops Workshop on Culture featuring Professor Alvino Fantini
35 Unit Plan Inventory“If you lead with culture, language will follow. -Donna Clementi Pair up with a colleague who teaches a similar course as you. Begin developing the cultural framework for an upcoming unit.
37 Learner Acquires Knowledge High-ChallengeContentLearner LeavesLearner Acquires KnowledgeHigh-ChallengeProcessLow-ChallengeProcessLearner Develops SkillsLearner RestsLow-ChallengeContentThe Bennett Model (as cited by Lange, 1999, p. 76)
38 Support / Challenge Framework PROCESSES Consider the risk of disclosure / preparation timeLow challenge processesHigh challenge processes = Individual learners are on the spot– Lecture – Films (in the dark) – Working together, group or paired activities – Songs, games, or TPR – Cloze activities, X choice – Research projects – Routine activities – Matching or sorting exercises– Reading [silently]– Performance on the stage – Simulations – Role plays – Oral presentations – Open-ended – Debates – Voicing an opinionContent prepared by Wendy W. Allen
39 Support/challenge framework CONTENT Consider the risk of disclosure / preparation timeLow challengeHigh challenge– Weather – Leisure activities – Food – Calendar – Numbers – Big C "products" – Courses of study – Travel – Colors – Family– Politics – Religion – Sexuality – Diversity – Social class – Justice / fairness / inequalities – Xenophobia
40 EXAMPLE Cultural comparisons/Interpretive Antes de leer. Select four words from the listbelow that you might use in describing theconcept of “family” in your native culture. As aclass, tally the most cited descriptions by nativeculture.___ unidos ___ ayuda financiera___ reuniones frecuentes ___ ayuda moral___ celebraciones religiosas ___ familias grandes___ fiestas familiares ___ familias extendidas___ familias nucleares ___ ayuda médica___ respetar la autoridad ___ inculcar buenos modales
41 Communication (interpretive) / Culture (perspectives) EXAMPLECommunication (interpretive) / Culture (perspectives)La típica familia hispana no sólo incluye a los padres y sus hijos sino que también incluye a la familia extendida, los tíos, primos, abuelos y compadres. Los individuos de una familia tienen una responsabilidad de ayudar a otros miembros de la familia con problemas financieros,… (fragmento de una lectura)
42 Example: Communication (interpretive) Reading Comprehension. With a classmate, indicatewhether the following statements are true or false, basedon the reading above. Then, underline the sentence in thereading that supports your answers. Confirm your answerswith two other classmates.La familia es la unidad social más importante en la cultura hispana.La familia hispana se limita a la familia nuclear.Una persona tiene la responsabilidad moral de ayudar a los miembros de su familia.Las familias hispanas no se reúnen frecuentemente.El honor es un valor importante en las familias hispanas.Los niños hispanos no aprenden a respetar la autoridad.
43 EJEMPLO: COMPARANDO PERSPECTIVAS Experiencia personal. Each of the stressors that made the “Top 7 list” in the Contextos reading selection received an average score of from on a scale of 1-5, indicating highly perceived stress on the part of the students.Which, if any, of the situations below cause stress for you? Rate each from 1-5 (1 = least stress; 5 = most stress). Compare your answers with those of a couple of classmates. How do your experiences of these situations compare to the experiences of Spanish students?Tomar un examenPresentar trabajos en claseEstar en los salones de 200+ personasExcesivo número de créditos, trabajos obligatorios, etc.Ir a la oficina del profesor en horas de tutoríasTiempo insuficiente para hacer los trabajos académicosCompetitividad entre compañerosTrabajar en grupo
44 EXAMPLE: Comparisons (cultural) What situations produce the most stress in your native culture? If similar to the Spanish students, can you offer reasons for the similarities? If different, investigate why. For example, in many university level classes in Spain, many professors expect students to take one sole exam at the end of the semester and their performance on that exam determines their grade.
45 EXAMPLE: Culture (interpretive mode) Resumir la idea principal. Read the following short excerpt from another article titled «Trabajar para vivir». Then, select the statement below that best summarizes the main idea of this paragraph? Compare your response with a classmate and then with the class.Attitudes about work in Spain are different from those in the U.S., Japan, and China.People in Spain are becoming as “workaholic” as people in the U.S., Japan, and China.People in Spain are struggling to find a balance between work and other aspects of their lives, just like people in the U.S., Japan, and China.[AIE: Remind students of some of the reading strategies they have practiced thus far (e.g. skimming, contextual clues, prior knowledge, titles). Answer: A]
46 Trabajar para vivirpor EnekoVivir para trabajar o trabajar para vivir. Esa pregunta nos la hemos hecho casi todos, y todos decimos sin pensar la misma respuesta: trabajar para vivir. En eso, por norma general, los españoles van delante de otros países del mundo, como Japón, China o Estados Unidos donde la gente está mucho más dedicada a su trabajo; es decir, su trabajo se convierte en la parte fundamental de su vida.
47 ¿Tú vives para trabajar. o ¿trabajas para vivir ¿Tú vives para trabajar? o ¿trabajas para vivir? Is the main idea of the reading above true for you and your classmates? Ask the questions to a classmate and based on his/her responses, determine if your partner lives to work or works to live. Your instructor will poll the class to see how many students in class live to work and how many work to live. Record the findings in your Profile of my Spanish Class.¿Con qué frecuencia comes comida rápida? ¿cocinas?¿Comes sólo/a o con otra(s) persona(s)? ¿Con quién(es)?¿Comes en la mesa o en otro lugar; por ejemplo en tu coche, en tu oficina, enfrente del televisor?Aunque estés ocupado/a, ¿tomas tiempo para comer tranquilamente?¿Pasas mucho o poco tiempo preparándote por la mañana?¿Vas de compras sólo por necesidad o también para relajarte?
48 STRATEGIES TO DEVELOP INTERCULTURAL COMMUNICATIVE COMPETENCE at a NOVICE LEVELSituationsFormal vs FamiliarProximity activitiesCloser vs furtherGreetingsCompare & contrast
49 Unspoken RulesRead the unspoken rules of behavior associated with your culture.Take on the role of someone from this culture when speaking to others but DO NOT share this information with others.THEN, get to know several people by…Introducing yourselves.Talking about your roles as language educators.Sharing the impact of your intercultural immersion experiences.
50 First ImpressionsOur subconscious acts on its own and we often make assumptions as a result. These can often be completely innocuous but sometimes they can be very detrimental.You are about to view a series of images. Share your first impression with a neighbor.
51 First impressionsOur subconscious acts on its own and we often make assumptions as a result. These can often be completely innocuous but sometimes they can be very detrimental.You are about to view a series of images. Share your first impression with a neighbor.
53 Man Playing Horn... or Woman's Silhouette? Hint: woman's right eye is the black speck in front of horn handle
54 Woman in vanity... or Skull? Hint: move farther a bit from screen and blink to see the skull or the woman (looking at the mirror)
55 Two Faces... or One?Hint: two faces sideprofile or one facefront view
56 A Rabbit... or a Duck?Hint: the duck is looking left, the rabbit is looking right
57 Reflections…Chances are… …you and your partner didn’t see the same thing at first. …you may have struggled to see both representations all the time.Fact is……impressions and decisions are made very quickly.…we will gain a bigger picture of issues if we can first suspend judgment.
58 Bennett Model Experience of Difference Development of Intercultural Sensitivity DenialDefenseMinimizationAcceptanceAdaptationIntegrationETHNOCENTRICSTAGESETHNORELATIVESTAGESLange, D. L. (1999). Planning for and using the new national culture standards. In J. K. Phillips & R.K. Terry (Eds.), Foreign language standards: Linking research, theories, and practices (pp. 57135). Lincolnwood, Illinois: National Textbook Company.
59 I haven’t left my little bubble yet… DENIALIndividual does not perceive cultural differences, or avoids them.Focus on PRODUCTSETHNOCENTRICSTAGES
60 DEFENSE Individual demonstrates intolerance toward differences. There “they” go speaking Spanish again.DEFENSEReflect on own culturesIndividual demonstrates intolerance toward differences.ETHNOCENTRICSTAGES
61 MINIMIZATION Individual downplays I like to think of myself as color blind. I don’t see a person’s race.MINIMIZATIONIndividual downplaysdifferences and takes on belief that everyone is the same.ETHNOCENTRICSTAGESincrease contact with cultures studied
62 I don’t understand but I’m okay with that and am open to learning. comparisons & contrastsACCEPTANCEIndividual begins to value the richness that cultures offer.ETHNORELATIVESTAGES
63 tolerate greater ambiguity I see things differently now and can better understand why others feel the way they do.ADAPTATIONIndividual begins to develop other perspectives and skills to get along better with “others”.tolerate greater ambiguityETHNORELATIVESTAGES
64 I have acquired various lenses through which to understand the world. INTEGRATION\Individual is able to view the world from multiple perspectives.challenge societal injusticesETHNORELATIVESTAGES
65 Reflecting on these stages, prepare to answer some questions. DenialDefenseMinimizationAcceptanceAdaptationIntegrationETHNOCENTRICSTAGESETHNORELATIVESTAGESPull out your phones and text your responses to...
66 Reflecting on these stages, prepare to answer some questions. DenialDefenseMinimizationAcceptanceAdaptationIntegrationETHNOCENTRICSTAGESETHNORELATIVESTAGESAnd now respond to…
67 Harvard Hidden-Bias Tests Excellent resource for self- reflection. Multiple tests are available to measure your subconscious. Find at
69 Inviting Atmosphere Take advantage of technology Music in background (e.g. Pandora, Spotify)Slideshow – Have it go on after a few minutes of the computer not being used (pictures from target cultures)Seating arrangementStudent- or teacher-centered?Pedagogical ThemesDocumental – EDUCACION PROHIBIDA
70 Language ExchangeObjective: Create an opportunity for Spanish- dominant English-language learners and Spanish learners to interact on an even playing field. Suggestions: Create the least structure possible so that the exchange flows organically from students. Suggest they bring pictures, scrapbooks, etc. to share with one another. Divide time evenly between English and Spanish. Results: Students are motivated to practice because of the realness factor and perspectives can be gained from one another.
71 Useful Strategies Write from a different perspective. Weather from different parts.Interview community members.Activities in the community.Listen to and work with music.Reenact an event.Noticias del mundo hispanohablante.Thematic Units: Immigration, Chicano Civil Rights, U.S. in Latin America, Identity
72 Throw the ball at the target Throw the ball at the target. Based on where it hits, you will receive a grade.
76 Build it into your RUBRICS Write a letter to the host family with whom you are about to go stay. Include the following:introduce yourself,tell them about your interests,where you’re from (describe city, weather, etc.),your family/friends,what you’d like to do while you’re abroad, andmake sure to ask them a question, or two, as well. (24 puntos)
77 Maria’sTake on the role of María and write an home to your mother and sister in Colombia. Help them understand what you are experiencing by comparing and contrasting both your U.S. and your Colombian experiences. Include the following information:What the weather in December is like,What the people are like,What the food is like,Whether they should come live with you in the U.S., andWhat your hopes are for your immediate future (Espero que…).
80 Your TextsLook for examples of products, practices and perspectives in your text(s). What do you see more of?
81 “Use the text, don’t be used by it.” And… Textbooks treated as sacred book and not as a resource.Teachers that successfully integrated culture and language did so by following this advice:“Use the text,don’t be used by it.”
82 FROM THE PERSONAL“Connection betweenculture & language”“Conceptualizationof culture”TO THEPROFESSIONAL“GlobalCompetence”
83 Putting it into Practice Now that we’ve had the day to reflect on the integration of culture, chat with your neighbor about something that you would like to implement in your class or an idea that you would like to further develop..
84 The work you do as language teachers is vitally important The work you do as language teachers is vitally important. I wish you tremendous success making a more seamless connection between language and culture. Stay in touch.Pablohttps://losmuirhead.wikispaces.com/
85 Scan for survey EVALUATIONS Thank you for participating in the ACTFL workshop with Pablo Muirhead today. Please go to the link below and provide your feedback and reflection from the workshop within the next week. Your responses will help ACTFL continue to provide high quality professional development that meets the needs of world language teachers like you. https://www.surveymonkey.com/r/RSJLND5Scan for survey