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Final conference presentation Oliver Lah 11-12/09/2014.

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Presentation on theme: "Final conference presentation Oliver Lah 11-12/09/2014."— Presentation transcript:

1 Final conference presentation Oliver Lah 11-12/09/2014

2 SHAPE-IT final conference presentation Slide 2 Contents Introduction – Research questions Policy integration Policy processes – Methodology Case-studies – Findings Policy recommendations

3 SHAPE-IT final conference presentation Slide 3 Methodology Literature review Interviews with local experts Catalogue of factors/indicators – Policy integration Integration vs. effectiveness – Policy processes Influential factors vs. successful development and implementation Public-participatory elements vs. acceptance

4 SHAPE-IT final conference presentation Slide 4 Research questions Overall: Why are policies successful in some instances, but not in others? Sub questions: – Policy integration Does the integration of policies in their local frameworks affect their effectiveness, and if so, how? – Policy processes What factors influence the successful development and implementation of effective sustainable transport policies and more specifically, do public-participatory elements influence the policies' acceptance and implementation, and if so, how?

5 SHAPE-IT final conference presentation Slide 5 Effectiveness? Policy integration (1) Policy integration affect Does…

6 SHAPE-IT final conference presentation Slide 6 Policy integration criteria Effectiveness – Modal share – Traffic demand – Public support/satisfaction – Traffic safety (accidents) – GHG emissions – Noise – Air quality/pollutant emissions Integration – Policy fit – Institutional fit – Institutional support/opposition – Others…

7 SHAPE-IT final conference presentation Slide 7 Successful development & implementation? Policy processes (2a) Influential factors affect Which…

8 SHAPE-IT final conference presentation Slide 8 Policy processes criteria Successful development & implementation – Ambition – Change in ambition Influential factors – Actors and their strategies – Policy brokers/veto players – Institutional structures – Situational factors – Nature of the problem

9 SHAPE-IT final conference presentation Slide 9 Public support (& effectiveness) Policy processes (2b) Participatory processes affect Do…

10 SHAPE-IT final conference presentation Slide 10 Policy processes criteria II Acceptance and implementation – Public support/satisfaction Public participatory process – Public consultation – Stakeholder consultation – Public information – Receptiveness

11 SHAPE-IT final conference presentation Slide 11 Policy integration Case studies

12 SHAPE-IT final conference presentation Slide 12 Policy processes Case studies

13 SHAPE-IT final conference presentation Slide 13 Munich case studies Policy integration Transport Development Plan (Verkehrsentwicklungsplan) Binding plan for the city’s transport Includes commitment to move away from cars Policy processes Radlhauptstadt München (cycle-capital Munich) Cycling promotion/marketing campaign Organises many different (types of) events Works to improve environment for and image of cycling Works with various actors (e.g. Police, cycling advocacy groups) to

14 SHAPE-IT final conference presentation Slide 14 Munich case studies Source: Radlhauptstadt München

15 SHAPE-IT final conference presentation Slide 15 Munich findings Policy integration Transport Development Plan (Verkehrsentwicklungsplan) TDP was part of the overall urban development plan Broad consultation with other stakeholders Mode-specific commitments/goals Clear roles/responsibilities defined Policy processes Radlhauptstadt München (cycle-capital Munich) Cycling promotion/marketing campaign Clear goals Key stakeholders (incl. potential veto players) involved early on Key supporters played a significant role

16 SHAPE-IT final conference presentation Slide 16 Netherlands case studies Policy integration Interrelation of Dutch LEV laws Local (Utrecht) Provincial National European Includes commitment to move away from cars Policy processes Utrecht Electric Enhance sustainable transport in the city 200 charging stations Electrify the city’s fleet (≈60 cars & scooters) Expand electric transport in cooperation with businesses

17 SHAPE-IT final conference presentation Slide 17 Netherlands findings Policy integration Transport Development Plan (Verkehrsentwicklungsplan) Expectation gap: National desires uniform policies Local desires tailor-made policies Differences in duration, type and extent of projects/demos Rigid deadlines/schedules Difficult application processes Policy processes Utrecht Electric Communication + Cooperation + Customisation = Successful roll-out

18 SHAPE-IT final conference presentation Slide 18 Findings: The Netherlands Local custom Stable long-term policy ?! Successful roll- out Customisati on Cooperati on Communicat ion

19 SHAPE-IT final conference presentation Slide 19 Swedish case studies Policy integration LundaMaTs sustainable urban transport plan (Lund) PT link LundLink Bicycle promotion measures Establishment of a Mobility Office Policy processes Stockholm congestion charge Charge on cars to enter central Stockholm Trial followed by permanent system Subject to significant debate and controversy Significant reduction in congestion within the zone

20 SHAPE-IT final conference presentation Slide 20 Stockholm Source: treehugger.com

21 SHAPE-IT final conference presentation Slide 21 Swedish findings Policy integration LundaMaTs sustainable urban transport plan (Lund) Broad stakeholder consultation in creation Incl. cross sectoral working groups Capacity building was carried out Policy processes Stockholm congestion charge Highly complex constellation of actors Unclear responsibilities Lack of central leadership Progress only made after the national Road Administration took charge Trial was valuable to let residents experience the scheme

22 SHAPE-IT final conference presentation Slide 22 Krakow case studies Policy integration TeleBus On-demand bus service Serves areas with low population-density (scheduled services too expensive) Policy processes Mobility Forum Regular meetings in which Krakovians can communicate with the administration regarding transport issues Open entry or by invitation (depending on topic)

23 SHAPE-IT final conference presentation Slide 23 Krakow findings Policy integration TeleBus Support from national and EU level Locals doubtful: ‘had something taken away from them’ Not well communicated to them that TeleBus offered a better service Policy processes Mobility Forum Supported by Mayor And Polish Association of Transport Engineers Attended by councillors

24 SHAPE-IT final conference presentation Slide 24 Policy recommendations 1.Take your policy to all levels 2.Break out of the box 3.Build bridges, not walls 4.Find the sweet spot between policy measures 5.Divide the task and multiply the success 6.Scout out your stakeholders 7.Add stakeholders’ views into the mix 8.Take stock of your potential private sector partners 9.Shout it from the rooftops

25 Thank you for your attention! Oliver Lah


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