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Regional and National Action Programmes in UNCCD Annex IV 2.

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Presentation on theme: "Regional and National Action Programmes in UNCCD Annex IV 2."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Regional and National Action Programmes in UNCCD Annex IV 2

3 3 Introduction to the UNCCD On 17 June 1994 the United Nations launched a Convention aiming at combating desertification in all affected regions of the world through concrete actions of international cooperation. The United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) entered into force on 26 December 1996; it is the only legally binding treaty on desertification matters. The UNCDD provides a common definition of Desertification as land degradation in arid, semi-arid and dry sub-humid areas resulting from various factors, including climatic variation and human activities. 3

4 4 UNCCD objective The UNCCD stated objective is to combat desertification and mitigate the effects of drought in countries experiencing serious drought and/or desertification, particularly in Africa, through effective action at all levels, supported by international cooperation and partnership arrangements. Affected and non-affected countries must act together in a coordinated way to elaborate concrete and long-term strategies focusing on eradicating poverty, promoting sustainable management of resources, improving living conditions and preventing long term consequences of desertification. 4

5 5 The bottom-up approach The UNCCD promotes procedures and measures that integrate the “top-down” and “bottom-up” approaches. The “bottom-up” approach gives a central role to local communities in the implementation of the UNCCD: they know more than anyone else about fragile ecosystems in which they live and should be fully involved in decision making and planning processes. Action Programmes must provide for the effective participation of main actors at the local, national and regional levels 5

6 6 Regional implementation The UNCCD defines five Regional Annexes for its implementation: Annex I for Africa Annex II for Asia Annex III for Latin America and the Caribbean Annex IV for the Northern Mediterranean Annex V for Central and Eastern Europe (newly established) Each Regional Annex specifies scope, purpose and particular conditions of that region and provides guidelines for the preparation of Action Programmes which are the key instruments to implement the Convention. 6

7 7 Regional Annexes of the UNCCD. Note: Albania, Slovenia, Bosnia and Croatia belong to both Annex IV and V. Regional Annexes 7

8 8 National Action Programmes (NAPs) Affected country Parties are requested to elaborate their NAP, the key element for the Convention implementation. NAPs provide the conceptual and legal framework which integrates existing political and institutional measures addressing desertification related issues. Their purpose is to identify the main factors contributing to desertification and practical measures to tackle. NAPs have to incorporate long term strategies and be consistent with the “bottom up” approach. 8

9 9 National Action Programmes (NAPs) (2) The Nap implementation is coordinated and monitored by National Coordination Bodies that includes representatives from the different governmental institutions. Each Country names a representative as national Focal Point for the UNCCD. Country parties are also requested to consult and cooperate to elaborate Regional (RAP) and Sub regional (SRAP) Action Programmes in order to increase the efficiency of NAPs. 9

10 10 The UNCCD Annex IV for the Northern Mediterranean Region In the northern Mediterranean area about 99.4 million ha, corresponding to 32% of the total area, are arid, semi-arid or dry sub humid*. * Report of the Group of Annex IV Countries on the implementation of the UNCCD submitted to COP4, June 2000, www.unccd.int/cop/reports/northmed/regional/2000. 10

11 11 The UNCCD implementation process in Annex IV The group of the Annex IV countries that first ratified UNCCD (Greece, Italy, Portugal, Spain, Turkey) took action to collaborate on a regional basis and identified 7 main transnational priorities (ToR) for SRAP elaboration : 1. identification of the most sensitive areas; 2. identification of common regional benchmarks and indicators for processes and mitigation; 3. collection, analysis, and exchange of technical & scientific data; 4. exchange of data and information; 5. involvement of the civil society within the SRAP process; 6. identification of traditional knowledge and practices safeguarding the quality of north Mediterranean landscape; 7. connection with existing regional and sub-regional initiatives

12 12 The UNCCD implementation process in Annex IV (2) 12 Between 2001 and 2004, further consultations among Country parties were promoted by MEDRAP, an EC funded project, with the aim of supporting the elaboration of the Sub Regional Action Programme for the northern Mediterranean. MEDRAP produced targeted recommended measures and sound technical suggestions, which should be incorporated into the ToR for the SRAP elaboration. Between 1999 and 2002 Albania, Bosnia Herzegovina, Croatia, Cyprus, Malta, Slovenia became parties to the UNCCD Annex IV

13 13 UNCCD ratification: March 1997 by Law N° 2468 National Coordinating Body for UNCCD implementation: Greek National Committee to Combat Desertification (GNCCD) NAP approval: July 2001 by CDM 974/27-7- 2001, published on the Official Gazette n° 99605/3719 National Action Programme for Greece 13

14 14 National Action Programme for Greece (2) The NAP for Greece was elaborated through extensive participatory process and it aims at: identifying and extending threatened areas; evaluating effectiveness of applied measures and policies; formulating national strategy to prevent and mitigate desertification; promoting sustainable land and water use; promoting public awareness and active participation of populations; selecting priorities and pilot areas; rehabilitating affected areas; providing guidelines and mechanisms for implementation 14

15 15 UNCCD ratification: June 1997 by Law N° 170 National Coordinating Body for UNCCD Implementation: National Committee to Combat Drought and Desertification (CNLSD) NAP approval: December 1999 by CIPE Resolution 21/12/1999, n° 229 National Action Programme for Italy Desertification risk maps for Sardinia, Sicily and Basilicata regions 15

16 16 National Action Programme for Italy (2) The NAP for Italy was elaborated coordinated and monitored by the CNLSD. Regions and Watershed Authorities play a key role in the UNCCD implementation at the local level and participate in the identification of areas of intervention and in the selection of priorities such as: soil protection; sustainable management of water resources; reduction of the impact of the productive activities; land restoration; information and training; research. 16

17 17 UNCCD ratification: 1996 National Coordinating Body for UNCCD Implementation: National Coordination Commission (NCC) NAP approval: June 1999 by Resolution of Cabinet n°69/99 National Action Programme for Portugal 17

18 18 National Action Programme for Portugal (2) The NAP for Portugal was elaborated by an Internal Coordination Group of Ministry of Agriculture and supervised by NCC. It is the result of a widespread participation of stakeholders and it integrates existing planning tools having direct implication in the fight against desertification. The NAP aims at: soil and water conservation; keeping working-age population in rural areas; recovery of areas most threatened by desertification; raising population awareness about desertification; making fight against desertification an integral part of general and sectoral policies. 18

19 19 UNCCD ratification: January 1996 National Coordinating Body for UNCCD Implementation: National Coordinating Body (OCN) NAP approval: September 2007 National Action Programme for Spain 19

20 20 National Action Programme for Spain (2) The NAP for Spain is the result of suggestions and contribution by General State Administrations, autonomous and local Administrations and all concerned groups of civil society. It identifies drought, forest fires, improper use of water resources, socio-economical factors, abandoned cultivation and overgrazing as the main desertification cause in Spain. Its objectives are: to contribute to the sustainable development of arid, semi-arid and sub humid zones; to prevent and reduce soil degradation; to restore areas affected by desertification. 20

21 21 Conclusions UNCCD implementation in the Annex IV Sub-Region is relatively advanced; however harmonization of the NAPs is a difficult task because in all European Mediterranean Countries the complex and horizontal nature of desertification is reflected in many sectoral policies. NAPs mainly provide a general political framework recalling already existing national policies or highlighting and proposing measures to be adopted; furthermore all NAPs refer to local planning as the natural implementation level. 21

22 22 Conclusions (2) Local Action Plans (LAPs) are an essential element in the fight against desertification, reflecting the participatory approach called for by the Convention. LAPs can provide a framework for the implementation and integration of existing local sectoral policies. They require the ascertainment that extant sector-specific policies are in accordance with the NAP’s provisions, consistent with each other and synergic. The clear picture of the current situation of the area, the problems encountered by local population and the analysis of available measures, will enable the identification of ad hoc local plans of action. 22

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