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Source: Veugelers, Aiginger, Breznitz, Edquist, Murray, Ottaviano, Hyytinen, Kangasharju, Ketokivi, Luukkonen, Maliranta, Maula, Okko, Rouvinen, Sotarauta,

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Presentation on theme: "Source: Veugelers, Aiginger, Breznitz, Edquist, Murray, Ottaviano, Hyytinen, Kangasharju, Ketokivi, Luukkonen, Maliranta, Maula, Okko, Rouvinen, Sotarauta,"— Presentation transcript:

1 Source: Veugelers, Aiginger, Breznitz, Edquist, Murray, Ottaviano, Hyytinen, Kangasharju, Ketokivi, Luukkonen, Maliranta, Maula, Okko, Rouvinen, Sotarauta, Tanayama, Toivanen, Ylä-Anttila. 28 Oct Evaluation of the Finnish National Innovation System – Policy Report. Taloustieto Oy. The framework and organization of the evaluation

2 Finnish and US labor productivity of non-financial firms in 2004 euros (left); Finland’s share of the annual European Patent Office applications (right) Source: Veugelers, Aiginger, Breznitz, Edquist, Murray, Ottaviano, Hyytinen, Kangasharju, Ketokivi, Luukkonen, Maliranta, Maula, Okko, Rouvinen, Sotarauta, Tanayama, Toivanen, Ylä-Anttila. 28 Oct Evaluation of the Finnish National Innovation System – Policy Report. Taloustieto Oy.

3 Applications at the European Patent Office, 2000–6 Source: Veugelers, Aiginger, Breznitz, Edquist, Murray, Ottaviano, Hyytinen, Kangasharju, Ketokivi, Luukkonen, Maliranta, Maula, Okko, Rouvinen, Sotarauta, Tanayama, Toivanen, Ylä-Anttila. 28 Oct Evaluation of the Finnish National Innovation System – Policy Report. Taloustieto Oy.

4 Annual change of all R&D working hours done in Finland (%) Source: Veugelers, Aiginger, Breznitz, Edquist, Murray, Ottaviano, Hyytinen, Kangasharju, Ketokivi, Luukkonen, Maliranta, Maula, Okko, Rouvinen, Sotarauta, Tanayama, Toivanen, Ylä-Anttila. 28 Oct Evaluation of the Finnish National Innovation System – Policy Report. Taloustieto Oy.

5 Evolution of total R&D hours worked in Finland by sector Source: Veugelers, Aiginger, Breznitz, Edquist, Murray, Ottaviano, Hyytinen, Kangasharju, Ketokivi, Luukkonen, Maliranta, Maula, Okko, Rouvinen, Sotarauta, Tanayama, Toivanen, Ylä-Anttila. 28 Oct Evaluation of the Finnish National Innovation System – Policy Report. Taloustieto Oy.

6 Composition of R&D labor hours by workers’ educational level Source: Veugelers, Aiginger, Breznitz, Edquist, Murray, Ottaviano, Hyytinen, Kangasharju, Ketokivi, Luukkonen, Maliranta, Maula, Okko, Rouvinen, Sotarauta, Tanayama, Toivanen, Ylä-Anttila. 28 Oct Evaluation of the Finnish National Innovation System – Policy Report. Taloustieto Oy.

7 Grades of the overall performance of the NIS from 4 (fail) to 10 (excellent) Source: Veugelers, Aiginger, Breznitz, Edquist, Murray, Ottaviano, Hyytinen, Kangasharju, Ketokivi, Luukkonen, Maliranta, Maula, Okko, Rouvinen, Sotarauta, Tanayama, Toivanen, Ylä-Anttila. 28 Oct Evaluation of the Finnish National Innovation System – Policy Report. Taloustieto Oy.

8 Complexity of the national innovation system as a whole (left) and of the promotion for private innovative activity (right) Source: Veugelers, Aiginger, Breznitz, Edquist, Murray, Ottaviano, Hyytinen, Kangasharju, Ketokivi, Luukkonen, Maliranta, Maula, Okko, Rouvinen, Sotarauta, Tanayama, Toivanen, Ylä-Anttila. 28 Oct Evaluation of the Finnish National Innovation System – Policy Report. Taloustieto Oy.

9 The expected success of the university reform in promoting its four main objectives (deviations from a neutral position) Source: Veugelers, Aiginger, Breznitz, Edquist, Murray, Ottaviano, Hyytinen, Kangasharju, Ketokivi, Luukkonen, Maliranta, Maula, Okko, Rouvinen, Sotarauta, Tanayama, Toivanen, Ylä-Anttila. 28 Oct Evaluation of the Finnish National Innovation System – Policy Report. Taloustieto Oy.

10 The role of SHOKs and PROs in the national innovation system (deviations from a neutral position) Source: Veugelers, Aiginger, Breznitz, Edquist, Murray, Ottaviano, Hyytinen, Kangasharju, Ketokivi, Luukkonen, Maliranta, Maula, Okko, Rouvinen, Sotarauta, Tanayama, Toivanen, Ylä-Anttila. 28 Oct Evaluation of the Finnish National Innovation System – Policy Report. Taloustieto Oy.

11 The penetration of the National Innovation Strategy into national public education and innovation support organizations Source: Veugelers, Aiginger, Breznitz, Edquist, Murray, Ottaviano, Hyytinen, Kangasharju, Ketokivi, Luukkonen, Maliranta, Maula, Okko, Rouvinen, Sotarauta, Tanayama, Toivanen, Ylä-Anttila. 28 Oct Evaluation of the Finnish National Innovation System – Policy Report. Taloustieto Oy.

12 The scope/broadness of innovation policy and its net gains to the society Source: Veugelers, Aiginger, Breznitz, Edquist, Murray, Ottaviano, Hyytinen, Kangasharju, Ketokivi, Luukkonen, Maliranta, Maula, Okko, Rouvinen, Sotarauta, Tanayama, Toivanen, Ylä-Anttila. 28 Oct Evaluation of the Finnish National Innovation System – Policy Report. Taloustieto Oy.

13 The inherent tensions among the three key ministries in the education, research, innovation, and growth policy Source: Veugelers, Aiginger, Breznitz, Edquist, Murray, Ottaviano, Hyytinen, Kangasharju, Ketokivi, Luukkonen, Maliranta, Maula, Okko, Rouvinen, Sotarauta, Tanayama, Toivanen, Ylä-Anttila. 28 Oct Evaluation of the Finnish National Innovation System – Policy Report. Taloustieto Oy.

14 Attendance of the Research and Innovation Policy Council Source: Veugelers, Aiginger, Breznitz, Edquist, Murray, Ottaviano, Hyytinen, Kangasharju, Ketokivi, Luukkonen, Maliranta, Maula, Okko, Rouvinen, Sotarauta, Tanayama, Toivanen, Ylä-Anttila. 28 Oct Evaluation of the Finnish National Innovation System – Policy Report. Taloustieto Oy.

15 Sectoral research in Finland by research area, budget funding (2009) Source: Veugelers, Aiginger, Breznitz, Edquist, Murray, Ottaviano, Hyytinen, Kangasharju, Ketokivi, Luukkonen, Maliranta, Maula, Okko, Rouvinen, Sotarauta, Tanayama, Toivanen, Ylä-Anttila. 28 Oct Evaluation of the Finnish National Innovation System – Policy Report. Taloustieto Oy.

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17 Importance of various public actors as evaluated by other actors within the system Source: Veugelers, Aiginger, Breznitz, Edquist, Murray, Ottaviano, Hyytinen, Kangasharju, Ketokivi, Luukkonen, Maliranta, Maula, Okko, Rouvinen, Sotarauta, Tanayama, Toivanen, Ylä-Anttila. 28 Oct Evaluation of the Finnish National Innovation System – Policy Report. Taloustieto Oy.

18 Percentage of Yes answers to the overlap between different actors of the NIS Source: Veugelers, Aiginger, Breznitz, Edquist, Murray, Ottaviano, Hyytinen, Kangasharju, Ketokivi, Luukkonen, Maliranta, Maula, Okko, Rouvinen, Sotarauta, Tanayama, Toivanen, Ylä-Anttila. 28 Oct Evaluation of the Finnish National Innovation System – Policy Report. Taloustieto Oy.

19 Attitudes of the actors of the NIS regarding the impact of the University Inventions Act on facilitating collaboration Source: Veugelers, Aiginger, Breznitz, Edquist, Murray, Ottaviano, Hyytinen, Kangasharju, Ketokivi, Luukkonen, Maliranta, Maula, Okko, Rouvinen, Sotarauta, Tanayama, Toivanen, Ylä-Anttila. 28 Oct Evaluation of the Finnish National Innovation System – Policy Report. Taloustieto Oy.

20 Rankings based on the number of participants in the EU FP per million inhabitants (left) and per the gross domestic expenditures on R&D (right) Source: Veugelers, Aiginger, Breznitz, Edquist, Murray, Ottaviano, Hyytinen, Kangasharju, Ketokivi, Luukkonen, Maliranta, Maula, Okko, Rouvinen, Sotarauta, Tanayama, Toivanen, Ylä-Anttila. 28 Oct Evaluation of the Finnish National Innovation System – Policy Report. Taloustieto Oy.

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22 The concept of a demand- and user-orientated innovation policy Source: Veugelers, Aiginger, Breznitz, Edquist, Murray, Ottaviano, Hyytinen, Kangasharju, Ketokivi, Luukkonen, Maliranta, Maula, Okko, Rouvinen, Sotarauta, Tanayama, Toivanen, Ylä-Anttila. 28 Oct Evaluation of the Finnish National Innovation System – Policy Report. Taloustieto Oy.

23 A stylized illustration of the steps and interaction in innovative activity Source: Veugelers, Aiginger, Breznitz, Edquist, Murray, Ottaviano, Hyytinen, Kangasharju, Ketokivi, Luukkonen, Maliranta, Maula, Okko, Rouvinen, Sotarauta, Tanayama, Toivanen, Ylä-Anttila. 28 Oct Evaluation of the Finnish National Innovation System – Policy Report. Taloustieto Oy.

24 The innovation system’s orientation evaluated by the actors of the system Source: Veugelers, Aiginger, Breznitz, Edquist, Murray, Ottaviano, Hyytinen, Kangasharju, Ketokivi, Luukkonen, Maliranta, Maula, Okko, Rouvinen, Sotarauta, Tanayama, Toivanen, Ylä-Anttila. 28 Oct Evaluation of the Finnish National Innovation System – Policy Report. Taloustieto Oy.

25 Share of firms engaged in innovative activity that consider the source in question as being a very important (or important) contributor to their innovative activity Source: Veugelers, Aiginger, Breznitz, Edquist, Murray, Ottaviano, Hyytinen, Kangasharju, Ketokivi, Luukkonen, Maliranta, Maula, Okko, Rouvinen, Sotarauta, Tanayama, Toivanen, Ylä-Anttila. 28 Oct Evaluation of the Finnish National Innovation System – Policy Report. Taloustieto Oy.

26 Distribution of Finnish innovative firms by the highest type of exercised user interaction in innovative activity Source: Veugelers, Aiginger, Breznitz, Edquist, Murray, Ottaviano, Hyytinen, Kangasharju, Ketokivi, Luukkonen, Maliranta, Maula, Okko, Rouvinen, Sotarauta, Tanayama, Toivanen, Ylä-Anttila. 28 Oct Evaluation of the Finnish National Innovation System – Policy Report. Taloustieto Oy.

27 User interaction in innovative activity and labor productivity (value added per employee) Source: Veugelers, Aiginger, Breznitz, Edquist, Murray, Ottaviano, Hyytinen, Kangasharju, Ketokivi, Luukkonen, Maliranta, Maula, Okko, Rouvinen, Sotarauta, Tanayama, Toivanen, Ylä-Anttila. 28 Oct Evaluation of the Finnish National Innovation System – Policy Report. Taloustieto Oy.

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29 Correlation of the overall innovation index and globalization sub-indices regarding social (top), economic (bottom left), and political (bottom right) aspects AU AT BG CA HR CY CZ DK EE FI FR DE ELHU IS IL IT LV LT MT NO PL PT RO SK SI ES SE CH TR UK US Innovativeness Economic globalization BE IE LU NL AU AT BE BG CA HR CY CZ DK EE FI FR DE ELHU IS IE IL IT LV LT LU MT NL NO PL PT RO SK SI ES SE CH TR UK US Innovativeness Political globalization Source: Veugelers, Aiginger, Breznitz, Edquist, Murray, Ottaviano, Hyytinen, Kangasharju, Ketokivi, Luukkonen, Maliranta, Maula, Okko, Rouvinen, Sotarauta, Tanayama, Toivanen, Ylä-Anttila. 28 Oct Evaluation of the Finnish National Innovation System – Policy Report. Taloustieto Oy.

30 Finland and the largest countries in terms of R&D in 2005 as % of the world total (left) as well as the 1995–2005 %-point changes (right) Source: Veugelers, Aiginger, Breznitz, Edquist, Murray, Ottaviano, Hyytinen, Kangasharju, Ketokivi, Luukkonen, Maliranta, Maula, Okko, Rouvinen, Sotarauta, Tanayama, Toivanen, Ylä-Anttila. 28 Oct Evaluation of the Finnish National Innovation System – Policy Report. Taloustieto Oy.

31 The relationship between the relative innovative outputs (triadic patents per 1,000 of full-time-equivalent researchers) and inputs (full-time-equivalent researchers per capita) Source: Veugelers, Aiginger, Breznitz, Edquist, Murray, Ottaviano, Hyytinen, Kangasharju, Ketokivi, Luukkonen, Maliranta, Maula, Okko, Rouvinen, Sotarauta, Tanayama, Toivanen, Ylä-Anttila. 28 Oct Evaluation of the Finnish National Innovation System – Policy Report. Taloustieto Oy.

32 Year 2005 ranking of countries according to a globalization index as well as the 1995–2005 changes in ranking Source: Veugelers, Aiginger, Breznitz, Edquist, Murray, Ottaviano, Hyytinen, Kangasharju, Ketokivi, Luukkonen, Maliranta, Maula, Okko, Rouvinen, Sotarauta, Tanayama, Toivanen, Ylä-Anttila. 28 Oct Evaluation of the Finnish National Innovation System – Policy Report. Taloustieto Oy.

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34 National VC investments versus R&D investments in 2006 Source: Veugelers, Aiginger, Breznitz, Edquist, Murray, Ottaviano, Hyytinen, Kangasharju, Ketokivi, Luukkonen, Maliranta, Maula, Okko, Rouvinen, Sotarauta, Tanayama, Toivanen, Ylä-Anttila. 28 Oct Evaluation of the Finnish National Innovation System – Policy Report. Taloustieto Oy.

35 Respondents’ grades for the Finnish NIS overall (large circle) as well as for its ability to promote growth entrepreneurship and generate rapidly growing firms (small circle) Source: Veugelers, Aiginger, Breznitz, Edquist, Murray, Ottaviano, Hyytinen, Kangasharju, Ketokivi, Luukkonen, Maliranta, Maula, Okko, Rouvinen, Sotarauta, Tanayama, Toivanen, Ylä-Anttila. 28 Oct Evaluation of the Finnish National Innovation System – Policy Report. Taloustieto Oy.

36 Shares of respondents considering tax incentives efficient in promoting growth firms in Finland Source: Veugelers, Aiginger, Breznitz, Edquist, Murray, Ottaviano, Hyytinen, Kangasharju, Ketokivi, Luukkonen, Maliranta, Maula, Okko, Rouvinen, Sotarauta, Tanayama, Toivanen, Ylä-Anttila. 28 Oct Evaluation of the Finnish National Innovation System – Policy Report. Taloustieto Oy.

37 Share of small innovative companies considering the policy measure to be important for them Source: Veugelers, Aiginger, Breznitz, Edquist, Murray, Ottaviano, Hyytinen, Kangasharju, Ketokivi, Luukkonen, Maliranta, Maula, Okko, Rouvinen, Sotarauta, Tanayama, Toivanen, Ylä-Anttila. 28 Oct Evaluation of the Finnish National Innovation System – Policy Report. Taloustieto Oy.

38 An outline of a streamlined public enterprise support system Source: Veugelers, Aiginger, Breznitz, Edquist, Murray, Ottaviano, Hyytinen, Kangasharju, Ketokivi, Luukkonen, Maliranta, Maula, Okko, Rouvinen, Sotarauta, Tanayama, Toivanen, Ylä-Anttila. 28 Oct Evaluation of the Finnish National Innovation System – Policy Report. Taloustieto Oy.

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40 Geographic origins of significant Finnish innovations Source: Veugelers, Aiginger, Breznitz, Edquist, Murray, Ottaviano, Hyytinen, Kangasharju, Ketokivi, Luukkonen, Maliranta, Maula, Okko, Rouvinen, Sotarauta, Tanayama, Toivanen, Ylä-Anttila. 28 Oct Evaluation of the Finnish National Innovation System – Policy Report. Taloustieto Oy.

41 Geographical distribution of public R&D units Source: Veugelers, Aiginger, Breznitz, Edquist, Murray, Ottaviano, Hyytinen, Kangasharju, Ketokivi, Luukkonen, Maliranta, Maula, Okko, Rouvinen, Sotarauta, Tanayama, Toivanen, Ylä-Anttila. 28 Oct Evaluation of the Finnish National Innovation System – Policy Report. Taloustieto Oy.

42 The effect of public innovation support on regional aggregate productivity Source: Veugelers, Aiginger, Breznitz, Edquist, Murray, Ottaviano, Hyytinen, Kangasharju, Ketokivi, Luukkonen, Maliranta, Maula, Okko, Rouvinen, Sotarauta, Tanayama, Toivanen, Ylä-Anttila. 28 Oct Evaluation of the Finnish National Innovation System – Policy Report. Taloustieto Oy.

43 Respondents’ opinion on innovation policy and regional aspects Source: Veugelers, Aiginger, Breznitz, Edquist, Murray, Ottaviano, Hyytinen, Kangasharju, Ketokivi, Luukkonen, Maliranta, Maula, Okko, Rouvinen, Sotarauta, Tanayama, Toivanen, Ylä-Anttila. 28 Oct Evaluation of the Finnish National Innovation System – Policy Report. Taloustieto Oy.

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45 Shares of respondents considering that universities, polytechnics, and public research organizations (PROs) are successful in providing international first class research and research for national needs Source: Veugelers, Aiginger, Breznitz, Edquist, Murray, Ottaviano, Hyytinen, Kangasharju, Ketokivi, Luukkonen, Maliranta, Maula, Okko, Rouvinen, Sotarauta, Tanayama, Toivanen, Ylä-Anttila. 28 Oct Evaluation of the Finnish National Innovation System – Policy Report. Taloustieto Oy.

46 Shares of respondents considering that universities, polytechnics, and public research organizations (PROs) are successful in providing experts for international and regional business activities Source: Veugelers, Aiginger, Breznitz, Edquist, Murray, Ottaviano, Hyytinen, Kangasharju, Ketokivi, Luukkonen, Maliranta, Maula, Okko, Rouvinen, Sotarauta, Tanayama, Toivanen, Ylä-Anttila. 28 Oct Evaluation of the Finnish National Innovation System – Policy Report. Taloustieto Oy.

47 University department by size differentiating between countries and quality Source: Veugelers, Aiginger, Breznitz, Edquist, Murray, Ottaviano, Hyytinen, Kangasharju, Ketokivi, Luukkonen, Maliranta, Maula, Okko, Rouvinen, Sotarauta, Tanayama, Toivanen, Ylä-Anttila. 28 Oct Evaluation of the Finnish National Innovation System – Policy Report. Taloustieto Oy.

48 Teachers and researchers from Finland (left) and to Finland (right) Source: Veugelers, Aiginger, Breznitz, Edquist, Murray, Ottaviano, Hyytinen, Kangasharju, Ketokivi, Luukkonen, Maliranta, Maula, Okko, Rouvinen, Sotarauta, Tanayama, Toivanen, Ylä-Anttila. 28 Oct Evaluation of the Finnish National Innovation System – Policy Report. Taloustieto Oy.

49 Population-adjusted Shanghai rankings of top 500 universities relative to USA (=100) Source: Veugelers, Aiginger, Breznitz, Edquist, Murray, Ottaviano, Hyytinen, Kangasharju, Ketokivi, Luukkonen, Maliranta, Maula, Okko, Rouvinen, Sotarauta, Tanayama, Toivanen, Ylä-Anttila. 28 Oct Evaluation of the Finnish National Innovation System – Policy Report. Taloustieto Oy.

50 Respondents view on the importance of the objectives of joint research projects between universities/polytechnics and firms (left) and the business needs involved (right) Source: Veugelers, Aiginger, Breznitz, Edquist, Murray, Ottaviano, Hyytinen, Kangasharju, Ketokivi, Luukkonen, Maliranta, Maula, Okko, Rouvinen, Sotarauta, Tanayama, Toivanen, Ylä-Anttila. 28 Oct Evaluation of the Finnish National Innovation System – Policy Report. Taloustieto Oy.

51 An outline of a streamlined research and education structure Source: Veugelers, Aiginger, Breznitz, Edquist, Murray, Ottaviano, Hyytinen, Kangasharju, Ketokivi, Luukkonen, Maliranta, Maula, Okko, Rouvinen, Sotarauta, Tanayama, Toivanen, Ylä-Anttila. 28 Oct Evaluation of the Finnish National Innovation System – Policy Report. Taloustieto Oy.

52 An outline of (public) actors and responsibilities in the Finnish NIS Source: Veugelers, Aiginger, Breznitz, Edquist, Murray, Ottaviano, Hyytinen, Kangasharju, Ketokivi, Luukkonen, Maliranta, Maula, Okko, Rouvinen, Sotarauta, Tanayama, Toivanen, Ylä-Anttila. 28 Oct Evaluation of the Finnish National Innovation System – Policy Report. Taloustieto Oy.


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