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Shades of Black: process and finish in Norwich mourning fabrics.

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Presentation on theme: "Shades of Black: process and finish in Norwich mourning fabrics."— Presentation transcript:

1 Shades of Black: process and finish in Norwich mourning fabrics

2 All the process of Crapes Crimping dyeing and dressing From undated notebook, Bridewell Museum General ideas on the Manufacturing of Gauzes; suitable for being afterwards made into Mourning Crapes On Crimping Dyeing and Finishing of Crapes From notebook dated 1863, Bridewell Museum

3 Silk weaving, Francis Hinde & Sons, early 20 th c. Bridewell Museum

4 Dyeing, Francis Hinde & Sons, early 20 th c. Bridewell Museum

5 Mourning Dress (on left) Caption reads: Plain cashmere skirt, long tablier drapery, richly trimmed with crossway folds of crape. Crape mantle lined with silk, short behind, revers collar and shawl ends in front. Large dull beads for trimming, Crape bonnet with black flowers and long veil. The Season, vol. IV, Sept

6 Caption reads: Widows Dress of crepe cloth or real crape over a back lining; the front breadth is of black Paramatta cloth, now only used for mourning purposes. It is a plain simple style, in in very good taste, which does not always appear in the style adopted by some widows. Dress for Second Mourning. After one year the mourning is changed; the dress may be of cashmere with a band of crape above the hem of the dress. However much it is draped in front, the back is in plain box pleats. A crape vest and Spanish jacket trimmed with crape. Ordinary Mourning Costume of black corded silk or woollen fabric; with this there is no crape excepting the hat, which is entirely of crape. The buttons on the dress are of a slate grey colour. The Ladies' Treasury November1890 (From: Anne Buck The Trap Rebaited: Mourning Dress )

7 Each day some loved one hastens to his end, And from your grief few mortals may escape: - And Paramattas what we recommend For you will weep, and tears are bad for crape. From Speculative Sympathy Punch vol 22, p.167, 1852

8 Crape sample, Grout and Company, 20 th c. Norfolk Record Office Y/D 50/246-7

9 Fabric names from book of black samples, Bolingbroke & Jones, Bridewell Museum

10 Black fabrics, Bolingbroke & Jones sample book, Bridewell Museum,

11 Finishing room, Hinde factory, early 20 th century. Bridewell Museum.

12 Norwich Crape Company factory, 19 th century (Bridewell Museum)

13 Treble crabbing machine from Hummels The Dyeing of Textile Fabrics, (first published 1885) Note from production notebook, 1910 Hinde archive, Bridewell Museum

14 Paper label, undated Bridewell Museum

15 Crape sample, Grout & Co.. Norfolk Record Office Y/D 50/246-7

16 Crape samples, 20 th century, Grout & Co. Norfolk Record Office Y/D 50/246-7

17 Looms running: crape and dress fabrics, From Hinde notebook,


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