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Family Advocacy Program Army Community Service

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Presentation on theme: "Family Advocacy Program Army Community Service"— Presentation transcript:

1 Family Advocacy Program Army Community Service

2 PORTRAIT OF PROMISE Preventing Shaken Baby Syndrome


4 What is Shaken Baby Syndrome?
Violent Whiplash Injury Intercranial Bleeding Unconsciousness Inflicted, not accidental Result of violently shaking a baby or child Causes severe disabilities or death due to brain injury

5 Ages of SBS Victims Few days old --------five years
Average age of six to eight months

6 Inflicted, Not Accidental
Child is violently shaken by caretaker not “jiggling” or gently playing any objective observer would say that the child will definitely be injured child shaken in rage, anger, and frustration

7 Clinical Findings Associated with SBS
Subdural hematoma Retinal hemorrhages Cerebral edema Diffuse axonal injury Skull fracture Subarachnoid hemorrhages “Black brain” on CT or MRI - indicating severe ischemia, characteristic of a severe shake

8 Clinical Signs of SBS* Subdural Hematoma. Accumulation of blood or blood clot beneath the dura. The dura is a fibrous membrane that surrounds the brain and attaches to the skull. Retinal Hemorrhages. Bleeding in the back of the eyeball. Cerebral Edema. Swelling of the brain. This causes pressure on various areas of the brain, some of which control breathing, heartbeat, etc.

9 More Clinical Signs of SBS
Diffuse Axonal Injury. Shearing of nerve fibers in white matter of the brain that destroys brain tissue. Skull Fracture. Subarachnoid Hemorrhage. Bleeding under the arachnoid membrane, a membrane attached to the innermost layer of the tissues surrounding the brain. This causes pressure on and injury to the brain.

10 More Clinical Signs of SBS
“Black Brain”. Wasting away of the brain due to lack of blood supply, seen on CT scan or MRI

11 SBS Triad of Injuries Retinal Hemorrhage Subdural Hematoma
Cerebral Edema The presence of this combination is characteristic of SBS. Other causes for this particular combination are remote.

12 Who Are The Perpetrators of SBS
Male caretakers Babysitters Parents under severe stress Parents who have psychiatric problems

13 How Would You Know If Your Child Has Been Shaken?

14 Warning Signs Unable to turn head Body pulls to one side
Difficulty in breathing Seizures Lethargic, hard to rouse Dilated or pin-point pupils Eyes don’t respond to light Blood pooling in eyes

15 Critical Advice If your child has any of these symptoms:
Get medical attention immediately Be prepared to provide any helpful information to medical staff

16 What Are the Effects of Shaking?
Irreversible brain damage Blindness Learning disabilities Mental retardation Seizures Death

17 How Does SBS Occur? Caretaker: Child: Is alone with child
Frustrated by child’s crying Sees child’s crying as deliberate Sees child’s crying as defiance Child: Crying is the only way the baby can communicate Cannot protect self against violent assault

18 Use Common Sense Don’t let anyone take care of a fussy baby by themselves, if: they have a hot temper they are afraid of losing self-control they can’t pay full attention to the baby they don’t know how to handle a baby who is difficult to comfort they don’t know how to handle a child who is demanding, crabby or annoying they think that babies 0-18 months “do things on purpose to make you angry”

19 Caretakers Need to Stay In Top Condition
Get Enough Sleep Stay Sober Stay Healthy

20 What Can You Do When Babies Cry?

21 What To Check Is the baby sick? Is the baby hungry?
Does the baby need to be burped? Does the baby need to be changed?

22 How To Soothe A Crying Baby
Rock the baby Walk with the baby Swaddle the baby Play some music Rub the baby’s back Give the baby a pacifier Read to the baby Leave a soft light on in the baby’s room Take the baby for a ride in the car

23 If That Doesn’t Work… Don’t Go It Alone! Get Some Help!

24 How to Get Help Get someone to keep you company.
Telephone a friend, ask for tips on how to handle the situation. Keep the number of a hot-line handy for support and guidance.

25 Regarding Baby Sitters… It is the Parent’s Responsibility to:
Instruct the babysitter every time that they are not to shake the baby, no matter what happens. Be sure your babysitters know how to reach you. Be prepared to come home immediately if your sitter can’t handle the job.

26 When All Else Fails Let the baby cry.
Put the baby down in a safe place. Check on the baby at intervals. Give yourself a break--find a quiet place for yourself.

27 Better that the Baby Cry than the Baby Die.

28 Video: Portrait of Promise

29 Question & Answer Period

30 For Additional Information
Family Advocacy Program Pediatric Clinic Social Work Service

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