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Living & Working in Portugal.  The Country  The Public Employment Service  The Labour Market  Working Conditions  Social Security  Taxation  Recognition.

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Presentation on theme: "Living & Working in Portugal.  The Country  The Public Employment Service  The Labour Market  Working Conditions  Social Security  Taxation  Recognition."— Presentation transcript:

1 Living & Working in Portugal

2  The Country  The Public Employment Service  The Labour Market  Working Conditions  Social Security  Taxation  Recognition Diplomas and Qualifications  Language  Accommodation  Healthcare  Education  Cost of Living  Looking for a Job

3 The Country Portugal

4 Area: 92,412 km 2 Territorial organisation: 18 districts in the Mainland, 2 Autonomous regions (Azores and Madeira archipelagos) Capital: Lisboa (Lisbon) Population: 10,563 millions (2005) Active Population: 5,544 millions (2005) Currency: Euro GDP: million Eur (2004) Per capita GDP: 72,4% EU25 avg (2004) Minimum Wage: 385,90 Eur/month (2006) Inflation Rate: 2.1% (2005)

5 The Country  Republic ruled by a ConstitutionConstitution  Parliamentary Democracy  Organs with supreme authority: the President of the Republic, the Assembly of the Republic, the Government and the Law Courts  President of the Republic: Mr. Cavaco Silva (elected for a 5 year term)  Prime-Minister: Mr. José Sócrates (Socialist Party)  Portuguese Parliament (‘Assembly of the Republic’):  230 deputies, elected for a 4 year term  6 political parties represented Political System

6 2 in national Technical Coordination 5 in IEFP Regional Offices 2 in Autonomous Regions (Azores and Madeira) 5 in Local Units (in Job Centres) 1 allocated to EURES-C (in ACISAT) 15 EURES Advisers (2nd semester 2006) EURES Advisers in Portugal

7 The Labour Market Portugal

8 Participation and employment rates Participation and employment rates (%) Source: EUROSTAT, Labour Force Survey, 2004 * years Labour Force Participation Rate * Employment Rate * EU 2569,6%63,3% EuroZone69,1%63,0% Portugal73,0%67,8% Total employment increased 5,3% since 1998 (source: INE)

9 The Labour Market Employment structure Employment structure (%) Source : EUROSTAT, Labour Force Survey 2005 Economic Area (NACE)EU 25Portugal Agriculture, Hunting and Fishery5,0%12,1% Industry19,9%20,5% Construction7,8%10,7% Services66,7%56,8%

10 SOURCE SOURCE : MTSS/ DEEP Number of companies = (in 2002) less 10 workers83,5% workers workers 250 and more workers 14,2% 0,3% 2% The Labour Market Business structure Business structure (%)

11 276,5 thousands in 2005 The Labour Market Foreign Citizens by nationality

12 The Labour Market Unemployment rate Unemployment rate * Source : EUROSTAT, Euro-Indicators December 2005 * years TotalMaleFemale < 25 years 25 + years EU 258,5%7,6%9,7%18,4%7,2% EuroZone8,4%7,2%9,9%17,6%7,1% Portugal7,5%6,6%8,5%16,1%6,5%

13 57,9% are women 12,5% less than 25 years old registered unemployed July ,7% with 55 and more years old 43,1% Long Term Unemployed - 5,1% compared to July ,3% compared to June ,8% are looking for 1st job The Labour Market Registered unemployment in IEFP

14 with lower secondary (9th grade) or less 5,7% with upper secondary with no education level graduates 68,5% 10,2% 15,5% July 2006 The Labour Market Registered unemployment by education level

15 Source: IEFP, July 2006 The Labour Market Foreign citizens registered as unemployed

16 Source : EUROSTAT, Labour Force Survey, 2004 Population with upper secondary or higher education years25-64 years EU 2576,7%68,0% EuroZone73,0%63,2% Portugal49,0%25,3% The Labour Market

17 Source : EUROSTAT, Labour Force Survey, 2004 * People who received education or training in the 4 weeks previous to the Survey Participation Rate in Education or Training * EU 259,9% EuroZone7,8% Portugal4,8% The Labour Market Participation rate in education or training

18 Source : EUROSTAT, Labour Force Survey, 2004 * Young people years old who left school before completing the upper secondary level Young school leavers * EU 2515,7% EuroZone18,4% Portugal39,4% The Labour Market Young school leavers

19 The Labour Market Meeting of the Lisbon Strategy Goals Source: EUROSTAT, Labour Force Survey 2005* 2004 data Employment Rate PortugalEU Target 2005 Target Target 2010 Global > 67%67,5%69%64,1%70% Women > 60%61,7%63%56,5%60% Older workers (55+ years) > 50%50,3% *> 50%41% *50%

20 The Labour Market Labour Market Shortages   Health Sector (mostly medical doctors in some expert specialties)   Hotels and Restaurants (seasonal needs)   Wholesale and Retail Trade (hypermarkets and shopping malls)   Information and Communication Technologies   Construction (qualified professionals)   Family and Community Services (child and elderly care)   Basic Industries (in some regions)

21 The Labour Market Labour Market Surpluses   Teachers   Clerks   Sales and Services Elementary Occupations   Non-Qualified Workers in Mining, Construction, Manufacturing and Transports   Personal and Protective Services Workers

22 The Labour Market Average Monthly Earnings Average Monthly Earnings (April 2005) Eur 945,39 Professional Level   Managers/Directors 2.847,67   Employees 985,63   Labourers 709,33   Apprentices511,58 Gender   Male1.051,78   Female 791,81 Activity Areas   Manufacturing 831,73   Construction 792,14   Sales & Repair Services 897,42   Hotels & Restaurants 628,61   Transpts & Communications 1.450,43   Financial Activities 1.902,11   Health Care & Social Work 777,49   Community & Family Services 1.126,55   Education 1.062,66 Source: DGEEP

23 The Working Conditions Portugal

24 Working Conditions Relevant Info   Holiday and Christmas subsidies total 14 earning months per year   Lisbon has the highest wage level in Portugal, due to concentration of higher paying activities   Normal working period cannot exceed 40 hours weekly (avg. is 39 hours, 5 working days)   Holiday duration: in general, 22 useful days (or 2 days per complete month of work in short-term contracts)   Fixed term contract maximum duration: 2 years (2 renewals max. makes a total of 6 years); mandatory to be in writing   Day limit for supplementary work: 2 hours   More labour legislation info in:

25 Working Conditions Temporary Work   Significantly increasing in Portugal (more than 250 TWA’s)   Only TWA’s licensed by the Public Employment Service (IEFP) are authorised to exercise the activity   For information on licensed TWA’s, please visit: > Soluções para Entidades > Empresas Trabalho Temporário regulamentadas

26 The Social Security Portugal

27 Social Security Deductions   Social Security contributions of 11% deducted from gross monthly earnings   Employers contribute a further 23,75%   The employer is responsible for making the contribution for each worker, corresponding to the overall rate of 34,75% of his/her gross monthly earnings, at the District Social Security Centre   For self-employed, contribution rate is calculated on the basis of declared wage:   25,4% (compulsory protection scheme)   32% (wider protection scheme)   Further info in:

28 Social Security Unemployment Benefits Unemployment benefit (UB)   due to workers with min. 540 days worked and a record of contributions in the 24 months preceding the date of unemployment   duration depends on the benefit recipient’s age, min. 12 months (aged 30) and max. 30 months (for workers aged 45 or over)   65% of the reference wage (max. limit 3 x Minimum Wage) Social unemployment benefit (SUB)   paid to workers with min. 180 days worked and a record of contributions in the 12 months preceding the date of unemployment, and whose family income p.c. is lower than 80% Minimum Wage   duration identical to UB   Minimum Wage for benefit recipients with a family; 80% of the Minimum Wage for isolated benefit recipients

29 Social Security Unemployment Benefits Partial unemployment benefit (PUB)   paid when workers receiving an unemployment benefit sign a part-time work contract, with a wage lower than the amount of the UB   differential between the wage and the UB due to the worker

30 Social Security Unemployment Benefits Rules for unemployment benefit export If receiving an UB in your country and wanting to look for a job in Portugal, you may request that it is exported to Portugal for up until 3 months, since you comply to the following rules:   to remain available for employment for a minimum period of 4 weeks in your country’s PES   to inform the Social Security in your country of your intention to look for a job in Portugal   to bring the E303 form obtained from the Social Security in your country   to register as a jobseeker in the PES in Portugal (IEFP Job Centres) at max. 7 days after departure from your country

31 The Tax System Portugal

32 Taxes Personal Income Tax (IRS) Rates (%) Annual Income Amount (Eur)Normal Rate (A)Avg. Rate (B) Up to ,510, to ,011, to ,518, to ,027, to ,530, to ,030,8701 More than ,0

33 Taxes Principles (to avoid double taxation)   IRS is paid on the annual amount of income received by people residing in the Portuguese territory   In case of non-residents, it is paid exclusively on income received in Portugal   Employers will retain 25% of the income due to non-resident employees   To avoid double taxation, Portugal has tax agreements with the other EEA member states (and Switzerland)   For further info, please contact the tax services in your country or visit financas.pt/dgciappl/informacaodgci.nsf/taxsystem?openviewwww.dgci.min- financas.pt/dgciappl/informacaodgci.nsf/taxsystem?openview

34 The Language Portugal

35 Language Although many Portuguese people communicate in English, French or Spanish, most employers will require at least a basic knowledge of the Portuguese language: Portuguese e-learning tools:   Camões Virtual Centre:   Easy Portuguese: Portuguese language Teaching in Lithuania:   Camões Institute is negotiating a lectorate position with Vilnius University Language Schools in Portugal Language Schools in Portugal:   Search by “Português para Estrangeiros” in Yellow Pages (www.pai.pt)www.pai.pt

36 The Recognition of Diplomas and Qualifications Portugal

37 Recognition of Diplomas and Qualifications In Portugal, access to certain occupational activities is conditioned by the ownership of diplomas, certificates or other degrees. The recognition system is not, in most occupational activities, automatic. Requests for recognition should be directed at the competent authority in Portugal. For further info, please visit:   NARIC - National Academic Recognition Information Centres   PNRQ - National Reference Point for Vocational Qualifications

38 The Accommodation Portugal

39 Accommodation Looking for a place to stay   Housing in the largest cities (Lisboa, Porto) and in touristic areas (Algarve) may be difficult to find and very expensive   The renting price for houses and flats does not include water supply, electricity, telephone and gas expenses; usually it does not include furniture also   Still rare to find houses with central heating or air conditioning   Leasing contracts normally last for a minimum 6 months   It is common to be asked for a 1 to 2 months rent payment in advance   In the largest cities, there are also people who rent rooms to students (already furnished)

40 Accommodation Looking for a place to stay   Accommodation offered with a job is rare in Portugal   Average rental of a 1 bedroom appt. Eur 450, 2 bedroom appt. Eur 600 (more expensive in Lisboa)   Arrange for temporary accommodation before you leave:   Portugal Official Tourism website > Where to stay   Portuguese Youth Hostels network   Most newspapers (“Classificados” sections) and real estate agencies are already in the Internet…

41 Accommodation Looking for a place to stay most useful websites  ERA Portugal  REMAX Portugal  Astrolábio – Sociedade de Mediação Mobiliária, Lda.  Lardocelar – Imobiliários e Serviços  Imoproposta  Predidomus – Sociedade de Mediação Imobiliária  Imokapa  ComprarCasa (APEMI Associates Portal)

42 Accommodation Looking for a place to stay most useful websites  INH – Housing National Institute  BPI Imobiliário  REILAR - Sociedade de Mediação Imobiliária, Lda.  Expresso Imobiliário  Casa Sapo – Portal Nacional de Imobiliário  ImOcasião  Diário de Notícias and Jornal de Notícias Classificados

43 The Health Care System Portugal

44 Health Care National Emergency Services: 112   Medical services from the NHS (National Health System) are free to EEA citizens working or looking for work in Portugal  European Health Insurance Card  When travelling to Portugal, don’t forget your European Health Insurance Card   Once you start working, and after being registered in Portuguese Social Security, register with the nearest Health Centre  Health Centres  Health Centres: general practice/family medicine, public health care, nursing, vaccination and some diagnostic exams  Public Hospitals  Public Hospitals: external specialist consultations, hospitalization and emergency services For further info: or

45 The Educational System Portugal

46 Education Educational System   No school may refuse to enrol a child, independently of his or her nationality, provided it is located in the area in which his or her parents reside and places are still available   Pupils from kindergarten to the 9th grade registered in the public education system whose mother tongue is not Portuguese may benefit from support measures: they will attend Portuguese lessons along with others but may receive extra tuition in the language if necessary   There are also some International Schools in Greater Lisbon as well as in the Algarve further info For further info on the education and training systems:

47 The Cost of Living Portugal

48 Cost of Living Food and Beveradges   Milk (1 lt)€ 0,59 – 0,79   Bread (1 kg)€ 1,5   Pork Meat (1 kg)€ 4,47   Codfish (1 kg)€ 9,97 – 12,97   Oranges (1 kg)€ 1,15 – 1,19   Bottle of wine (0,75 lt)€ 1,00 - …   Beer (0,5 lt)€ 0,59 - 0,74   Coke (0,5 lt)€ 0,74 – 0,79

49 Cost of Living Accommodation (apt. Rents, €) LisboaPorto T2 Apartment – 700 T3 Apartment600 – – 900 Studio (T0)

50 Cost of Living Transports   1 single bus ticket (Lisbon)€ 0,75 (previously bought) € 1,20 (bought on board)   1 single underground ticket (Lisbon)€ 0,70   Monthly Travel Card (Lisbon, Zones 1&2)€ 29,10   Gas 95 octanes (1 lt)€ 1, ,293   Train 2nd class from Lisboa to Porto€ 17,50 – 27,50   Coach from Lisboa to Porto€ 15,50

51 Cost of Living Leisure   1 cup of coffee (‘bica’)€ 0,50 - 0,60   1 cinema ticket€ 5,00   1 theatre ticket€ 10,00 – 18,50   1 Mc Menu (Mc Donalds)€ 4,10   1 DVD€ 19,00 – 25,00   1 meal in a café / snack bar€ 5,00 – 10,00   Packet of 20 cigarettes€ 2,40

52 Looking for a Job Portugal

53 Job Search Strategies   Invest in the Portuguese language learning   Contact the EURES Advisers network in your country   Visit for info on job vacancies and living and working conditions in Portugalwww.eures.europa.eu   Place your CV on the EURES portal – or, if you have enough knowledge of Portuguese, on   Search for job opportunities in several on-line job banks (see Useful Websites page)

54 Looking for a Job Applying for a Job   Portuguese Resumé, preferably in Europass CV model   Always take previous employers’ references with you

55 Looking for a Job When in Portugal… Register yourself Register yourself:   in a Job Centre   on (free phone contact in Portugal: ) You can also You can also:   check for ads in newspapers   apply for a job at TWA’s, if you’re willing to accept a temporary job (just make sure it is authorised to exercise the activity)

56 Living & Working in Portugal


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