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Tom Peters’ Re-imagine ! The Leadership 50 Belo Horizonte/27September2005.

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1 Tom Peters’ Re-imagine ! The Leadership 50 Belo Horizonte/27September2005

2 Slides at …

3 “If you don’t like change, you’re going to like irrelevance even less.” —General Eric Shinseki, Chief of Staff. U. S. Army


5 26 m

6 43 h

7 The Leadership 50

8 I. The Basic Premise.

9 1. Leadership Is a … Mutual Discovery Process.

10 “ Ninety percent of what we call ‘management’ consists of making it difficult for people to get things done.” – Peter Drucker

11 Quests!

12 Organizing Genius / Warren Bennis and Patricia Ward Biederman “Groups become great only when everyone in them, leaders and members alike, is free to do his or her absolute best.” “The best thing a leader can do for a Great Group is to allow its members to discover their greatness.”

13 Yes!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! “free to do his or her absolute best” … “allow its members to discover their greatness.”

14 Go to the people Live with them Learn from them Love them Start with what they know Build with what they have But with the best leaders When the work is done The task accomplished The people will say “We have done this ourselves.” Lao Tsu (700 BC)

15 2. Leaders Decentralize.

16 2. Leaders DE- CENT- RAL-IZE!

17 The SE22: Origins of Sustainable Entrepreneurship

18 II. The Leadership Types.

19 3. Great Leaders on Snorting Steeds Are Important – but Great Talent Developers (Type I Leadership) are the Bedrock of Organizations that Perform Over the Long Haul.

20 “Leaders ‘do’ people. Period.” —Anon.

21 Routinely Raided: GE PepsiCo

22 4. But Then Again, There Are Times When This “Cult of Personality” (Type II Leadership) Stuff Actually Works!

23 “A leader is a dealer in hope.” Napoleon

24 5. Find the “Businesspeople”! (Type III Leadership)

25 I.P.M. (Inspired Profit Mechanic)

26 6. All Organizations Need the Golden Leadership Triangle.

27 The Golden Leadership Triangle: (1) Talent Fanatic … (2) Creator- Visionary … (3) Inspired Profit Mechanic.

28 7. Leadership Mantra #1: IT ALL DEPENDS!

29 III. The Leadership Dance.

30 8. Leaders … SHOW UP!


32 9. Leaders … LOVE the MESS!

33 “If things seem under control, you’re just not going fast enough.” Mario Andretti

34 10. Leaders DO!

35 “We have a ‘strategic’ plan. It’s called doing things.” — Herb Kelleher

36 A man approached JP Morgan, held up an envelope, and said, “Sir, in my hand I hold a guaranteed formula for success, which I will gladly sell you for $25,000.” “Sir,” JP Morgan replied, “I do not know what is in the envelope, however if you show me, and I like it, I give you my word as a gentleman that I will pay you what you ask.” The man agreed to the terms, and handed over the envelope. JP Morgan opened it, and extracted a single sheet of paper. He gave it one look, a mere glance, then handed the piece of paper back to the gent. And paid him the agreed-upon $25,000.

37 1. Every morning, write a list of the things that need to be done that day. 2. Do them. Source: Hugh MacLeod/

38 11. Leaders Re -do.

39 “If it works, it’s obsolete.” —Marshall McLuhan

40 12. BUT … Leaders Know When to Wait.

41 Tex Schramm: The “too hard” box!

42 13. Leaders Are … Optimists.

43 Hackneyed but nonetheless true: LEADERS SEE CUPS AS “HALF FULL.”

44 14. Leaders FOCUS!

45 “To Don’t ” List

46 15. Leaders Follow the Rule of Three.

47 “I used to have a rule for myself that at any point in time I wanted to have in mind — as it so happens, also in writing, on a little card I carried around with me — the three big things I was trying to get done. Three. Not two. Not four. Not five. Not ten. Three.” — Richard Haass, The Power to Persuade

48 “Really Important Stuff”: Roger’s Rule of Three!

49 IV. If It’s Not Broken … Break It!

50 16. Leaders … FORGET!/ Leaders … DESTROY!

51 Forget>“Learn” “The problem is never how to get new, innovative thoughts into your mind, but how to get the old ones out.” Dee Hock

52 17. Leaders Are Not COPYCATS.

53 “While everything may be better, it is also increasingly the same.” Paul Goldberger on retail, “The Sameness of Things,” The New York Times

54 “The ‘surplus society’ has a surplus of similar companies, employing similar people, with similar educational backgrounds, coming up with similar ideas, producing similar things, with similar prices and similar quality.” Kjell Nordström and Jonas Ridderstråle, Funky Business

55 “Companies have defined so much ‘best practice’ that they are now more or less identical.” Jesper Kunde, Unique Now... or Never

56 “To grow, companies need to break out of a vicious cycle of competitive benchmarking and imitation.” —W. Chan Kim & Renée Mauborgne, “Think for Yourself —Stop Copying a Rival,” Financial Times/08.11.03

57 18. BUT … Leaders Have to Deliver, So They Worry About “Throwing the Baby Out with the Bathwater.”

58 “Damned If You Do, Damned If You Don’t, Just Plain Damned.” Subtitle in the chapter, “Own Up to the Great Paradox: Success Is the Product of Deep Grooves/ Deep Grooves Destroy Adaptivity,” Liberation Management (1992)

59 19. Leaders Make [Lotsa] Mistakes – and MAKE NO BONES ABOUT IT!

60 “Fail faster. Succeed sooner.” David Kelley/IDEO

61 Fail. Forward. Fast. – High-tech Exec

62 20. Leaders Make … BIG MISTAKES!

63 “Reward excellent failures. Punish mediocre successes.” Phil Daniels, Sydney exec (and, de facto, Jack)

64 V. Create.

65 21. Leaders Put INNOVATION First!

66 “A focus on cost-cutting and efficiency has helped many organizations weather the downturn, but this approach will ultimately render them obsolete. Only the constant pursuit of innovation can ensure long-term success.” —Daniel Muzyka, Dean, Sauder School of Business, Univ of British Columbia (FT/09.17.04)

67 22. Leaders Love the Top Line!

68 Top Line, Anyone? Point (Advertising Age), to Phil Kotler: “Who should the CMO [Chief Marketing Officer] report to?” Kotler: “Maybe a Chief Revenue Officer —the cost side has been squeezed, now companies have to focus on top-line growth—or maybe a Chief Customer Officer. (TP: Or maybe both!)

69 C R O* *Chief Revenue Officer

70 23. Leaders … Make Their Mark / Leaders … Do Stuff That Matters

71 “I never, ever thought of myself as a businessman. I was interested in creating things I would be proud of.” —Richard Branson

72 “Management has a lot to do with answers. Leadership is a function of questions. And the first question for a leader always is: ‘Who do we intend to be?’ Not ‘What are we going to do?’ but ‘Who do we intend to be?’” —Max De Pree, Herman Miller

73 Ah, kids: “What is your vision for the future?” “What have you accomplished since your first book?” “Close your eyes and imagine me immediately doing something about what you’ve just said. What would it be?” “Do you feel you have an obligation to ‘Make the world a better place’?”

74 24. Leaders Push Their Organizations W-a-y Up the Value-added/ Intellectual Capital Chain

75 And the “M” Stands for … ? Gerstner’s IBM: “Systems Integrator of choice.” (BW) IBM Global Services: $55B

76 25. Leaders Turn Every “Department” into a Value-adding “PSF”!* *Professional Service Firm

77 Sarah: “ Mom, what do you do?” Mom: “I’m ‘overhead.’ ”

78 Sarah: “ Mom, what do you do?” Mom: “I manage a ‘cost center.’ ”

79 Answer: PSF! [Professional Service Firm] Department Head to … Managing Partner, HR [IS, R&D,etc.] Inc.

80 Point of View !

81 26. Leaders Know that the Value-added Revolution” rests upon: Putting the Intangibles FIRST!

82 Offer Scintillating … Experiences!

83 “ Experiences are as distinct from services as services are from goods.” Joseph Pine & James Gilmore, The Experience Economy: Work Is Theatre & Every Business a Stage

84 Experience: “Rebel Lifestyle!” “What we sell is the ability for a 43-year-old accountant to dress in black leather, ride through small towns and have people be afraid of him.” Harley exec, quoted in Results-Based Leadership

85 One company’s answer: C X O* *Chief e X perience Officer

86 Understand that the BEDROCK is … Gasp-worthy Design!

87 “Design is treated like a religion at BMW.” Fortune

88 “We don’t have a good language to talk about this kind of thing. In most people’s vocabularies, design means veneer. … But to me, nothing could be further from the meaning of design. Design is the fundamental soul of a man-made creation.” Steve Jobs

89 “With its carefully conceived mix of colors and textures, aromas and music, Starbucks is more indicative of our era than the iMac. It is to the Age of Aesthetics what McDonald’s was to the Age of Convenience or Ford was to the Age of Mass Production—the touchstone success story, the exemplar of all that is good and bad about the aesthetic imperative. … ‘Every Starbucks store is carefully designed to enhance the quality of everything the customers see, touch, hear, smell or taste,’ writes CEO Howard Schultz.” —Virginia Postrel, The Substance of Style: How the Rise of Aesthetic Value Is Remaking Commerce, Culture and Consciousness

90 Marketing “Magic”* The “Missing 95%”: The Unconscious! *E.g. ZMET/Zaltman Metaphor Evaluation Technique

91 “If you can’t win on ‘cost,’ then you’re left with ‘cool.’ ” —Anon.

92 27. Leaders Pursue the “Big Two” NEW MARKET OPPORTUNITIES

93 Women!

94 “Kodak Sharpens Digital Focus On Its Best Customers: Women”* —Page 1 Headline/WSJ/0705 *TP: The … “Big Duh”!

95 ????????? Home Furnishings … 94% Vacations … 92% (Adventure Travel … 70%/ $55B travel equipment) Houses … 91% D.I.Y. (major “home projects”) … 80% Consumer Electronics … 51% (66% home computers) Cars … 68% (90%) All consumer purchases … 83% Bank Account … 89% Household investment decisions … 67% Small business loans/biz starts … 70% Health Care … 80%

96 Thanks, Marti Barletta !

97 The Perfect Answer Jill and Jack buy slacks in black…


99 1. Men and women are different. 2. Very different. 3. VERY, VERY DIFFERENT. 4. Women & Men have a-b-s-o-l-u-t-e-l-y nothing in common. 5. Women buy lotsa stuff. 6. WOMEN BUY A-L-L THE STUFF. 7. Women’s Market = Opportunity No. 1. 8. Men are (STILL) in charge. 9. MEN ARE … TOTALLY, HOPELESSLY CLUELESS ABOUT WOMEN. 10. Women’s Market = Opportunity No. 1.

100 Boomers- Geezers

101 2000-2010 Stats 18-44: -1% 55+: +21% (55-64: +47%)

102 “Marketers attempts at reaching those over 50 have been miserably unsuccessful. No market’s motivations and needs are so poorly understood.” — Peter Francese, founding publisher, American Demographics

103 28. Leaders Pursue DRAMATIC DIFFERENCE!

104 Brand = You Must Care! “Success means never letting the competition define you. Instead you have to define yourself based on a point of view you care deeply about.” —Tom Chappell, Tom’s of Maine

105 GH (+TP): “Get better” vs “Get different”

106 29. Leaders LOVE the New Technology!

107 We all live in Dell-Wal*Mart- eBay-Google World!

108 Power Tools for Power Solutions/ Strategies! —TP

109 30. Needed? Type IV Leadership: Technology Dreamer-True Believer.

110 The Golden Leadership Quadrangle: (1) Talent Fanatic- Mentor … (2) Creator-Visionary … (3) Inspired Profit Mechanic … (4) Technology Dreamer-True Believer

111 VI. Talent.

112 31. When It Comes to TALENT … Leaders Always Go Berserk!

113 Brand = Talent.

114 32. Leaders Hire WEIRD

115 Employees: “Are there enough weird people in the lab these days?” V. Chmn., pharmaceutical house, to a lab director

116 Why Do I love Freaks? (1) Because when Anything Interesting happens … it was a freak who did it. (Period.) (2) Freaks are fun. (Freaks are also a pain.) (Freaks are never boring.) (3) We need freaks. Especially in freaky times. (Hint: These are freaky times, for you & me & the CIA & the Army & Avon.) (4) A critical mass of freaks-in-our-midst automatically make us- who-are-not-so-freaky at least somewhat more freaky. (Which is a Good Thing in freaky times—see immediately above.) (5) Freaks are the only (ONLY) ones who succeed—as in, make it into the history books. (6) Freaks keep us from falling into ruts. (If we listen to them.) (We seldom listen to them.) (Which is why most of us—and our organizations—are in ruts. Make that chasms.)

117 33. Leaders Don’t Create “Followers”: THEY CREATE LEADERS!

118 “I start with the premise that the function of leadership is to produce more leaders, not more followers.” — Ralph Nader

119 “AS LEADERS, WOMEN RULE: New Studies find that female managers outshine their male counterparts in almost every measure” Title, Special Report, Business Week

120 34. Leaders Demand That All Employees Follow the “BRAND YOU” ADVENTURE

121 “We live in a ‘Brand You’ world.” —Tom Peters

122 “If there is nothing very special about your work, no matter how hard you apply yourself you won’t get noticed, and that increasingly means you won’t get paid much either.” Michael Goldhaber, Wired

123 34A (Bonus). Leaders Are Angry that the School System Is their Enemy, Not Their Ally!* *From Stem to Stern!

124 “My wife and I went to a [kindergarten] parent-teacher conference and were informed that our budding refrigerator artist, Christopher, would be receiving a grade of Unsatisfactory in art. We were shocked. How could any child—let alone our child—receive a poor grade in art at such a young age? His teacher informed us that he had refused to color within the lines, which was a state requirement for demonstrating ‘grade-level motor skills.’ ” —Jordan Ayan, AHA!

125 15 “Leading” Biz Schools Design/Core: 0 Design/Elective: 1 Creativity/Core: 0 Creativity/Elective: 4 Innovation/Core: 0 Innovation/Elective: 6 Source: DMI/Summer 2002 Research by Thomas Lockwood

126 VII. Passion.

127 35. Leaders … “Sell” PASSION!

128 G.H.: “Create a ‘cause,’ not a ‘business.’ ”


130 BZ: “I am a … Dispenser of Enthusiasm!”

131 “Most important, he upped the energy level at Motorola.” —Fortune on Ed Zander/08.05

132 “Before you can inspire with emotion, you must be swamped with it yourself. Before you can move their tears, your own must flow. To convince them, you must yourself believe.” —Winston Churchill

133 “A man without a smiling face must not open a shop.” —Chinese Proverb* *Courtesy Tom Morris, The Art of Achievement

134 37. Leaders Focus on the SOFT STUFF!

135 “Soft” Is “Hard ” - ISOE

136 VIII. The “Job” of Leading.

137 38. Leaders Know It’s ALL SALES ALL THE TIME.

138 TP: If you don’t LOVE SALES … find another life. (Don’t pretend you’re a “leader.”) (See TP’s The Project50.)

139 39. Leaders LOVE “POLITICS.”

140 TP: If you don’t LOVE POLITICS … find another life. (Don’t pretend you’re a “leader.”)

141 40. Leaders Give … RESPECT!

142 “It was much later that I realized Dad’s secret. He gained respect by giving it. He talked and listened to the fourth-grade kids in Spring Valley who shined shoes the same way he talked and listened to a bishop or a college president. He was seriously interested in who you were and what you had to say.” Sara Lawrence-Lightfoot, Respect

143 41. Leaders Say “ Thank You.”

144 “The deepest human need is the need to be appreciated.” William James

145 42. Leadership Is a … Performance.

146 “It is necessary for the President to be the nation’s No. 1 actor.” FDR

147 43. Leaders … Have a GREAT STORY!

148 “A key – perhaps the key – to leadership is the effective communication of a story.” Howard Gardner, Leading Minds: An Anatomy of Leadership

149 Leader Job 1 Paint Portraits of Excellence !

150 44. Leaders … Are The Brand

151 “You must be the change you wish to see in the world.” Gandhi

152 IX. Introspection.

153 45. Leaders … ENJOY LEADING.

154 46. Leaders LAUGH!

155 47. Leaders … KNOW THEMSELVES.

156 Step #1: Buy a Mirror!

157 “The First step in a ‘dramatic’ ‘organizational change program’ is obvious—dramatic personal change!” —LH/RG/??

158 X. The End Game.

159 48. Great Leaders Play Offense!

160 Nelson’s secret: “[Other] admirals more frightened of losing than anxious to win”

161 49. Great Leaders Live on the Edge!

162 Kevin Roberts’ Credo 1. Ready. Fire! Aim. 2. If it ain’t broke... Break it! 3. Hire crazies. 4. Ask dumb questions. 5. Pursue failure. 6. Lead, follow... or get out of the way! 7. Spread confusion. 8. Ditch your office. 9. Read odd stuff. 10. Avoid moderation!

163 50. Great Leaders Free the Lunatic Within !

164 The greatest danger for most of us is not that our aim is too high and we miss it, but that it is too low and we reach it. Michelangelo

165 “You can’t behave in a calm, rational manner. You’ve got to be out there on the lunatic fringe.” — Jack Welch

166 51. Leaders (and Management Gurus) Know WHEN TO LEAVE!

167 “In classical times when Cicero had finished speaking, the people said, ‘How well he spoke,’ but when Demosthenes had finished speaking, they said, ‘Let us march.’” —Adlai Stevenson

168 Let us march !

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