Presentation on theme: "American Wealth of the Gilded Age 1890s – 1900s: Built on Industrial Revolution, new industries, technolgies, westward exapnsion imigration and pursit."— Presentation transcript:
1American Wealth of the Gilded Age 1890s – 1900s: Built on Industrial Revolution, new industries, technolgies, westward exapnsion imigration and pursit of the “American Dream”The Biltmore Estate
2Newport Summer Cottages “The Breakers” A summer home built for Cornelius Vanderbilt II,2,500 craftsmen and artisans between 1893 and The Vanderbilt’s daughter, Gertrude, celebrated her coming out party in the house.
12Mark Twain coined the “Gilded Age” What did he mean by the Gilded Age? Mark Twain called the late nineteenth century the "Gilded Age." He meant that the period was glittering on the surface with great inventions, strong development of the nation, great industry and and opportunity attracted new immigrants.However; the late nineteenth century was also a period of greed and guile: of Robber Barons, speculators, shady business practices, scandal-plagued politics, graft & political bosses. Vulgar displays of wealth to Twain were created by graft and by the exploitation of new immigrants and the poor.
13Unregulated Wealth created during the Industrial and Gilded Ages Unregulated Wealth created during the Industrial and Gilded Ages
14The Gilded Age Great wealth buit on Indusrtial Age Pre 1913 Income tax 16th amendmentMen built industry and dominated them (trusts,Monopoly Consolidation)Great homes built based on highly skilled yest cheap immigrant labor.Workers and Working Conditions give Rise of the unions, No Health care, poor working conditions. Child Labor. No real power yet due to fractionalization.Violent Strikes ending in deathWomen Sufferage fought for right to votePolitical coruption and graft
15Tweed v. Nast“William Boss Tweed” Leader of Tammany Hall Boss Tweed’s political Machine”Thomas Nast Political Cartoonist resopnsible for changing public opion on many social and poliitcal issues. His cartoons changed opinions on Boss Tweed leading to Tweed’s downfall.In a time when many could not read his complex symbolism was understood by all.Responsible for drawing and coining the Elephand and Donkey for the Repulican and Democrat parties
16Tweed’s New York Court House Tweed’s Court house one of the city’s grandest and most important civic monuments." -- NYC Landmarks
17Down Fall of TweedThe courthouse is the legacy of Tammany Hall boss William M. Tweed. He gained control of the city treasury and plundered sums estimated at between $30 million and $200 million. Reformers and exposure by the press, including Thomas Nasts cartoons in Harper's Weekly, brought prosecution that resulted in Tweed's conviction and imprisonmentIn 1873 “Boss” Tweed was tried and convicted and sentenced to 12 years in prison. This, however, was reduced by a higher court, and he served one year. Arrested once more on other charges, he escaped and went to Cuba and then to Spain, but was extradited (1876) to the United States. He died in prison two years later.
20The Triangle Factory Fire 1911 The fire at the Triangle Waist Company in New York City, which claimed the lives of 146 young immigrant workers, is one of the worst disasters since the beginning of the Industrial Revolution.
22Labor & Union/strike breaking 1892: Steel plant in Homestead, Pennsylvania. Carnegie's involvement in the union-breaking action left many men dead or wounded and forever tarnished Carnegie's reputation as a benevolent employer and a champion of labor.Other notable strikes the Haymarket Affair WV Coal Miners
23Reform that didn’t Happen In the South: election of Rutherford Hayes ended Southern reconstruction. Removing troops and protection from freed african Americans. Rise of KKKU.S. Grant Focus is in the west (corruption in his administration fuels mistrust and lack of confidence.Garfield is shot trying to reform civil service patronage and corruptionChester Arthur Garfield's vice pres. steps in and stops reform.Presidents Cleveland and Harrison support big business over progressive reforms.
24Reforms to come… leading to the Progressive Era Tides turn on the ultra rich. Reform of workers, women's suffrage, taxes education, anti trust and morality!
25Next to come… The Progressive Era This picture illustrates pre 17th Amendment and the U.S. Senate. The 17th Amendment created public elections for senators..