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American Wealth of the Gilded Age 1890s – 1900s: Built on Industrial Revolution, new industries, technolgies, westward exapnsion imigration and pursit.

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Presentation on theme: "American Wealth of the Gilded Age 1890s – 1900s: Built on Industrial Revolution, new industries, technolgies, westward exapnsion imigration and pursit."— Presentation transcript:

1 American Wealth of the Gilded Age 1890s – 1900s: Built on Industrial Revolution, new industries, technolgies, westward exapnsion imigration and pursit of the American Dream The Biltmore Estate

2 Newport Summer Cottages The Breakers A summer home built for Cornelius Vanderbilt II, The Breakers A summer home built for Cornelius Vanderbilt II, 2,500 craftsmen and artisans between 1893 and The Vanderbilts daughter, Gertrude, celebrated her coming out party in the house. 2,500 craftsmen and artisans between 1893 and The Vanderbilts daughter, Gertrude, celebrated her coming out party in the house.

3 Inside one of the Breakers 100 rooms Inside one of the Breakers 100 rooms

4 William K. Vanderbilt, Marble House. 500,000 cubic feet of white marble William K. Vanderbilt, Marble House. 500,000 cubic feet of white marble

5 Mrs. Hermann Oelrichs, wife of the American agent for the North German Lloyd steamship line. Edward Julius Berwind, the largest single owner of coal properties in the country

6 William R. Hearst San Simeon

7 The Pool

8

9 Philanthropy Using ones wealth for the public good Using ones wealth for the public good Brooke Astor reigned over New York society with a disdain for pretension and devoted her considerable resources to New York's unfortunate

10 Carnegie Centre 1905 and 2003 Carnegie Centre 1905 and 2003

11 Carnegie Hall New York Carnegie Hall New York

12 Mark Twain coined the Gilded Age What did he mean by the Gilded Age? Mark Twain called the late nineteenth century the "Gilded Age." He meant that the period was glittering on the surface with great inventions, strong development of the nation, great industry and and opportunity attracted new immigrants. However; the late nineteenth century was also a period of greed and guile: of Robber Barons, speculators, shady business practices, scandal-plagued politics, graft & political bosses. Vulgar displays of wealth to Twain were created by graft and by the exploitation of new immigrants and the poor. However; the late nineteenth century was also a period of greed and guile: of Robber Barons, speculators, shady business practices, scandal-plagued politics, graft & political bosses. Vulgar displays of wealth to Twain were created by graft and by the exploitation of new immigrants and the poor.

13 Unregulated Wealth created during the Industrial and Gilded Ages

14 The Gilded Age Great wealth buit on Indusrtial Age Great wealth buit on Indusrtial Age Pre 1913 Income tax 16 th amendment Pre 1913 Income tax 16 th amendment Men built industry and dominated them (trusts,Monopoly Consolidation) Men built industry and dominated them (trusts,Monopoly Consolidation) Great homes built based on highly skilled yest cheap immigrant labor. Great homes built based on highly skilled yest cheap immigrant labor. Workers and Working Conditions give Rise of the unions, No Health care, poor working conditions. Child Labor. No real power yet due to fractionalization. Workers and Working Conditions give Rise of the unions, No Health care, poor working conditions. Child Labor. No real power yet due to fractionalization. Violent Strikes ending in death Violent Strikes ending in death Women Sufferage fought for right to vote Women Sufferage fought for right to vote Political coruption and graft Political coruption and graft

15 Tweed v. Nast William Boss Tweed Leader of Tammany Hall Boss Tweeds political Machine Thomas Nast Political Cartoonist resopnsible for changing public opion on many social and poliitcal issues. His cartoons changed opinions on Boss Tweed leading to Tweeds downfall. In a time when many could not read his complex symbolism was understood by all. Responsible for drawing and coining the Elephand and Donkey for the Repulican and Democrat parties

16 Tweeds New York Court House Tweeds Court house one of the citys grandest and most important civic monuments." -- NYC Landmarks

17 Down Fall of Tweed The courthouse is the legacy of Tammany Hall boss William M. Tweed. He gained control of the city treasury and plundered sums estimated at between $30 million and $200 million. Reformers and exposure by the press, including Thomas Nasts cartoons in Harper's Weekly, brought prosecution that resulted in Tweed's conviction and imprisonment In 1873 Boss Tweed was tried and convicted and sentenced to 12 years in prison. This, however, was reduced by a higher court, and he served one year. Arrested once more on other charges, he escaped and went to Cuba and then to Spain, but was extradited (1876) to the United States. He died in prison two years later.

18 Thomas Nast and the Downfall of Tweed

19 Child Labor

20 The Triangle Factory Fire 1911 The fire at the Triangle Waist Company in New York City, which claimed the lives of 146 young immigrant workers, is one of the worst disasters since the beginning of the Industrial Revolution.

21 The Triangle Factory Fire 1911

22 Labor & Union/strike breaking 1892: Steel plant in Homestead, Pennsylvania. Carnegie's involvement in the union-breaking action left many men dead or wounded and forever tarnished Carnegie's reputation as a benevolent employer and a champion of labor. Other notable strikes the Haymarket Affair WV Coal Miners

23 Reform that didnt Happen In the South: election of Rutherford Hayes ended Southern reconstruction. Removing troops and protection from freed african Americans. Rise of KKK In the South: election of Rutherford Hayes ended Southern reconstruction. Removing troops and protection from freed african Americans. Rise of KKK U.S. Grant Focus is in the west (corruption in his administration fuels mistrust and lack of confidence. U.S. Grant Focus is in the west (corruption in his administration fuels mistrust and lack of confidence. Garfield is shot trying to reform civil service patronage and corruption Garfield is shot trying to reform civil service patronage and corruption Chester Arthur Garfield's vice pres. steps in and stops reform. Chester Arthur Garfield's vice pres. steps in and stops reform. Presidents Cleveland and Harrison support big business over progressive reforms. Presidents Cleveland and Harrison support big business over progressive reforms.

24 Reforms to come… leading to the Progressive Era Tides turn on the ultra rich. Reform of workers, women's suffrage, taxes education, anti trust and morality! Tides turn on the ultra rich. Reform of workers, women's suffrage, taxes education, anti trust and morality!

25 Next to come… The Progressive Era This picture illustrates pre 17 th Amendment and the U.S. Senate. The 17 th Amendment created public elections for senators.. This picture illustrates pre 17 th Amendment and the U.S. Senate. The 17 th Amendment created public elections for senators..


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