# Application of diodes Rectifier circuits Clipper circuits

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Application of diodes Rectifier circuits Clipper circuits

Rectifier circuits Circuits that convert an ac signal into a dc signal
Two types: Half-wave rectifier & Full-wave rectifier Copyright © ODL Jan Open University Malaysia

Clipper Circuit Clipper circuits have the ability to ‘clip’ off a portion of the input signal without distorting the remaining part of the alternating waveform. Copyright © ODL Jan Open University Malaysia

LP3

Clamper Circuit

Clamper Circuit The clamping network ‘clamp’ a signal to different dc level without altering the wave-shape. The network will have a capacitor, a diode and a resistive element. The magnitude of R and C must be chosen such that the time constant t = RC is large enough to ensure that the voltage across the capacitor does not discharge significantly during the interval the diode is non-conducting Used in TV receivers as a DC restorer Copyright © ODL Jan Open University Malaysia

Diode :- Clamper Positive Clamper Vo Vm+ Vm = 2 Vm
The circuit for a positive clamper is shown in the figure. During the negative half cycle of the input signal, the diode conducts and acts like a short circuit. The output voltage Vo  0 volts . The capacitor is charged to the peak value of input voltage Vm. and it behaves like a battery. During the positive half of the input signal, the diode does not conduct and acts as an open circuit. Hence the output voltage Vo Vm+ Vm This gives a positively clamped voltage. Vo Vm+ Vm = 2 Vm

Diode :- Clamper Positive Clamper

Diode :- Clamper Negative Clamper
During the positive half cycle the diode conducts and acts like a short circuit. The capacitor charges to peak value of input voltage Vm. During this interval the output Vo which is taken across the short circuit will be zero During the negative half cycle, the diode is open. The output voltage can be found by applying KVL.

Diode :- Clamper Negative Clamper

Diode :- Clamper Biased Clamper

Diode :- Clamper The circuit of a positively biased clamper is shown in the figure. During the negative half cycle of the input signal the diode is forward biased and acts like a short circuit. The capacitor charges to Vi + Vs . Applying the KVL to the input side During the positive half cycle of the input signal, the diode is reverse biased and it acts as an open circuit. Hence Vs has no effect on Vo. Applying KVL around the outside loop.

How Does A Clamp Circuit Work?
In the positive half cycle C gets charged through D to 10V (peak of sine wave + 5 V) with the straight plate of C at a higher potential. D Clips the output to a maximum of -5V. In the negative half cycle D is reverse biased. The output can reach a minimum of –15V (-VC + negative peak of sine wave). LP3

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