Presentation on theme: "Aula 1 The concept of genre, verb to be, there to be, pronoun it."— Presentation transcript:
Aula 1 The concept of genre, verb to be, there to be, pronoun it
The concept of genre The word genre means "kind of" or "sort of" and comes from the same Latin root as the word genus. Discussions of genre probably began in ancient Greece with Aristotle, and the practice of distinguishing kinds of texts from each other on the basis of genres and their characteristics has continued uninterrupted since then. Many specific text genres have been recognized since Aristotle's day – fiction, essays, biography, newspaper stories, academic writing and advertising, among others. The concept of genre has also been extended beyond language-based texts, so that we customarily speak of genres in relation to art, music, dance and other non-verbal methods of human communication. For example, in art we are familiar with the genres of painting, drawing, sculpture and engraving. In addition, within each genre, sub-genres have developed.
For painting, sub-genres might include landscape, portraiture, still life and non-representational works. Some of the recognized sub-genres of fiction include novels, short stories and novellas. Presumably, any number of sub-levels can exist for any one genre, and new sub-genres may be invented at any time. Recently, genre theories have been promulgated for texts about every kind of human activity (e.g., business, politics, medicine, religion and sport, among others). In each, genres and sub-genres can be identified. This proliferation of genre analysis for various purposes means that we cannot exclude any kind of text (or other kind of document that can be mounted on the Web) from an investigation of the usefulness of genre.
Verb to be Equivale aos verbos SER e ESTAR. I am Igor -> Eu sou o Igor I am busy -> Eu estou ocupado É utilizado para descrever o estado e/ou característica de algo.
Verb to be (present forms) Singular: I -> Am He, She, It -> Is You -> Are
Plural: We, You, They -> Are
Verb to be (past forms) Singular I, He, She, It -> Was You -> Were
Plural We, You, They -> Were
Contractions São as formas fechadas (abreviadas) do verbo to be. Present forms: Am -> ‘m -> ain’t (informal, genérico) Are -> ‘re -> aren’t Is -> ‘s -> isn’t
Past forms: Não existem contrações para formas afirmativas no passado Was -> wasn’t Were -> weren’t
Other forms of to be Pode ser usado em conjunto com: Os modal verbs: Can be, should be, would be, must be, will be, etc. Nas forma do participle para as formas perfeitas: Been I have been angry – She has been weak.
There to be * Expressa a existência de algo. Equivale aos verbos EXISTIR e HAVER (além de TER no informal). There are many books here – Há/Existem muitos livros aqui.
There to be (forms) Singular: There is (present form) There is a man outside – Há um homem lá fora There was (past form) There was a man outside – Havia um homem lá fora
There to be (forms) Plural: There are (present form) There are men outside – Há homens lá fora There were (past form) There were men outside – Havia homens lá fora
Pronoun it É utilizado para se referir a coisas, objetos, animais e fen6omenos da natureza It is just a dog – É apenas um cachorro É utilizado onde não caberia sujeito no Português It is raining – Está chovendo
Genre: Lyrics Attributes: Organized in title, verses and stanzas Possesses a kind of rhythm Can rhyme or not Has no apparent difference from poetry
Sun In Her Eyes Singer: Tom Helsen Let it go stop I don't know stop (verses) Is it right to let you be the other girl and 1 st stanza
Sun In Her Eyes Singer: Tom Helsen Do you mind stop We're doing fine stop (verses) And I won't stop I never take it all for granted 2 nd stanza
Sun In Her Eyes Singer: Tom Helsen [Chorus] The sun in her eyes will do (verses) You and the sun in her eyes will do 3 rd stanza
Sun In Her Eyes Singer: Tom Helsen Let it go stop I should have known stop (verses) I gotta warn you It will not change the morning after 4 th stanza
Sun In Her Eyes Singer: Tom Helsen It ain't no crime stop To take your time stop (verses) Like I told you I never take it all for granted 5 th stanza
Sun In Her Eyes Singer: Tom Helsen [Chorus] You you I found myself because of you I never saw it coming and Sad but true (verses) You you And I found myself because of you I never saw it coming and I know it's true 6 th stanza [Chorus]