Presentation on theme: "Worldview and the Mission of the Local Congregation"— Presentation transcript:
1Worldview and the Mission of the Local Congregation Michael W. GoheenCatalyst West, 2010
2Worldview and Academic Setting Term ‘worldview’ introduced into English speaking Christianity end of 19th/ beginning of 20th c.Just after mid-20th c. term very popularPrimarily in academic circlesLocal congregation?
3George Barna poll:12% evangelicals knew what a worldview was12% give adequate definition4% said they needed to know anything about it!
4More seriously . . .How many Christians understand the implications of the gospel for whole lives?How many Christians understand religious beliefs shaping their culture?How many Christians understand the complex interaction of gospel and culture in every part of lives?
5Margaret Oldham’s pragmatism “I just sort of accept the way the world is and then don’t think about it a whole lot.”
6Why it’s so important!“ the deep-seated and persistent failure of the churches to recognize that . . .. . . the primary witness to the sovereignty of Christ must be given, and can only be given, in the ordinary secular work of lay men and women in business, in politics, in professional work, as farmers, factory workers and so on.”
7People in Local Congregation? Businessman in business driven by profit motivePh.D. student in postmodern universityWorker in humanistic psych hospitalHistory teacher in public schoolPolitician in liberal government
8Living Faithfully in Culture The problem of leading a Christian life in a non-Christian society is now very present to us. It is not merely the problem of a minority in a society of individuals holding an alien belief. It is the problem constituted by our implication in a network of institutions from which we cannot dissociate ourselves; institutions the operation of which appears no longer neutral, but non-Christian; and as for the Christian who is not conscious of his dilemma—and he is in the majority—he is becoming more and more de-Christianized by all sorts of unconscious pressures . . .(T.S. Eliot,1946)
9My story Taught worldview studies in university for almost 20 years Journey began as pastor of local congregationTheological deepeningGospel of the kingdomCultural mission of churchCommunal nature of idolatrySpiritual battle for all of human life
10My story How can I equip congregation for callings? How can I equip congregation to live faithfully in world?Adult education—resources?Two ‘toolboxes’ of resources: worldview tradition (Kuyperian tradition) and missiology (Newbigin etc.)
12Good News!God’s intention to restore the whole creation and the full scope of human life to again live under his ruleRich and comprehensive doctrine of creationScope and power of sinRestorative nature and comprehensive scope of salvationPresent battle for entire creation
13Narrowing of Salvation The early Christian belief [i.e.,Scriptural belief] that the Fall and Redemption pertained not just to man, but to the entire cosmos, a doctrine already fading after the Reformation, now [under secularism of 19th c.] disappeared altogether: the process of salvation, if it had any meaning at all, pertained solely to the personal relation between God and man (Tarnas).
14Biblical starting points Gospel of the kingdomComprehensive mission of the church
15The Spirit thrusts God’s people into worldwide mission. He impels young and old, men and women, to go next door and far awayinto science and art, media and marketplacewith the good news of God’s grace (CT, 32)
16Following the apostles, the church is sent– sent with the gospel of the kingdom . . .In a world estranged from God,where millions face confusing choices,this mission is central to our being,for we announce the one name that saves (CT, 44)
17The rule of Jesus Christ covers the whole world. To follow this Lord is to serve him everywhere,without fitting in,as lights in the darkness,as salt in a spoiling world.(CT, 45)
18Biblical starting points Gospel of the kingdomComprehensive mission of the churchNarrowing of gospel narrowing of missionCommunal nature of idolatry
19Incomparably the most urgent missionary task for the next few decades is the mission to ‘modernity’... It calls for the use of sharp intellectual tools, to probe behind the unquestioned assumptions of modernity and uncover the hidden credo which supports them...- Lesslie Newbigin
20Culture: Common way of life rooted in shared core of religious beliefs
21Biblical starting points Gospel of the kingdomComprehensive mission of the churchCultural idolatryIndividualising of sinNeutral public squareSpiritual battle for all creation
23Can worldview studies help to recover this biblical teaching?
24Origins of worldview tradition Important lectures by Abraham Kuyper and James OrrOrr, Kerr Lectures, Scotland, 1891Kuyper, Stone Lectures, Princeton, 1898Deep sense of need to liberate and protect the Christian faith from a hostile cultural worldviewCultural engagement: Positive and negativeTook hold of term from German philosophy: weltanschaaung which meant a set of comprehensive beliefs that underlie and shape all of action and thoughtMade popular by a whole host of writers (e.g., Francis Schaeffer)
25Common Commitments of Kuyper and Orr Christianity has a comprehensive and unified view of the world rooted in gospelModern worldview threatening gospel:Another comprehensive and unified view of the worldFundamentally religiousEmbodied in forms of social and cultural lifeTo some degree antithetical to ChristianityChristianity’s only defence against the power of modernism is to develop an equally comprehensive worldview.
26‘If the battle is to be fought with honour and with a hope of victory, then principle must be arrayed against principle; then it must be felt that in Modernism the vast energy of an all-embracing life system assails us, then also it must be understood that we have to take our stand in a life system of equally comprehensive and far reaching power.’ (Abraham Kuyper, Stone Lecture 1).
27Kuyper’s primary concern . . . All of life be lived under Lordship of Jesus Christ“There is not a square inch of the entire domain of human life of which Christ the Sovereign does not say ‘That is mine!’ ”
28Kuyper’s vision of cosmic Lordship of Christ challenges three assumptions: Reality is segregated into two realms, sacred and secular, and gospel concerned only with the sacred
30Kuyper’s vision of cosmic Lordship of Christ challenges three assumptions: Reality is segregated into two realms, sacred and secular, and gospel concerned only with the sacredGospel transforms only individuals but not societyEnlightenment notion that public life is religiously neutral
31Importance of TensionThe deeper the consciousness of the tension and the urge to take this yoke upon itself are felt, the healthier the Church is. The more oblivious of this tension the Church is, the more well established and at home in this world it feels, the more it is in deadly danger of being the salt that has lost its savour(Hendrik Kraemer).
32Areas of worldview studies Biblical story and its most basic beliefsCultural story and its most basic beliefsTension of living at the crossroads between two stories
34Enriching and critiquing worldview tradition? Pietistic traditionMissiologyThree neglected themes:SufferingSpiritualityCommunity
35Resources for local congregation To enable people to live whole of lives as witness to Lordship of ChristTo understand relation of gospel to various sectors of lifeTo understand the religious nature of culture
36Need for . . .Pastors and leaders who understand worldview issues
37Pastors who understand worldview issues At the most sophisticated level we have to think of our task in a city like Madras to train our lay members who are playing key roles in the life of government, business, and the professions to become ministers of Christ in these secular situations. All of this is involved in our calling and ordination (Newbigin).
38A True PastorFor the Christian layman who is really out in the world, really seeking to be subject for the Lord’s sake to the human institutions about which we are speaking, the political order, the economic order and so forth, really seeking to face the desperate difficult decisions that this involves, seeking to bear on his heart the obligation of his participation in these orders, to keep his conscience both sharp and clear, this man knows that he needs one thing: he needs a true pastor.
39Need for . . . Pastors and leaders who understand worldview issues Congregational structures and adult education to equip for callings
40There is urgent need for the Church to give higher priority to the formation of groups of Christian men and women in particular sectors of public life. These would include education, industry, commerce, politics, drama, the arts, the natural and social sciences, and historical studies. The groups would explore ways in which a Christian perspective can be developed in these areas, and ways in which this perspective can challenge and redirect contemporary practice (Newbigin).