Presentation on theme: "Worldview and the Mission of the Local Congregation Michael W. Goheen Catalyst West, 2010."— Presentation transcript:
Worldview and the Mission of the Local Congregation Michael W. Goheen Catalyst West, 2010
Worldview and Academic Setting Term worldview introduced into English speaking Christianity end of 19 th / beginning of 20 th c. Just after mid-20 th c. term very popular Primarily in academic circles Local congregation?
George Barna poll: 12% evangelicals knew what a worldview was 12% give adequate definition 4% said they needed to know anything about it!
More seriously... How many Christians understand the implications of the gospel for whole lives? How many Christians understand religious beliefs shaping their culture? How many Christians understand the complex interaction of gospel and culture in every part of lives?
Margaret Oldhams pragmatism I just sort of accept the way the world is and then dont think about it a whole lot.
Why its so important!... the deep-seated and persistent failure of the churches to recognize that the primary witness to the sovereignty of Christ must be given, and can only be given, in the ordinary secular work of lay men and women in business, in politics, in professional work, as farmers, factory workers and so on.
People in Local Congregation? Businessman in business driven by profit motive Ph.D. student in postmodern university Worker in humanistic psych hospital History teacher in public school Politician in liberal government
Living Faithfully in Culture The problem of leading a Christian life in a non- Christian society is now very present to us. It is not merely the problem of a minority in a society of individuals holding an alien belief. It is the problem constituted by our implication in a network of institutions from which we cannot dissociate ourselves; institutions the operation of which appears no longer neutral, but non-Christian; and as for the Christian who is not conscious of his dilemmaand he is in the majorityhe is becoming more and more de-Christianized by all sorts of unconscious pressures... (T.S. Eliot,1946)
My story Taught worldview studies in university for almost 20 years Journey began as pastor of local congregation Theological deepening Gospel of the kingdom Cultural mission of church Communal nature of idolatry Spiritual battle for all of human life
My story How can I equip congregation for callings? How can I equip congregation to live faithfully in world? Adult educationresources? Two toolboxes of resources: worldview tradition (Kuyperian tradition) and missiology (Newbigin etc.)
Biblical starting points Gospel of the kingdom
Good News! Gods intention to restore the whole creation and the full scope of human life to again live under his rule Rich and comprehensive doctrine of creation Scope and power of sin Restorative nature and comprehensive scope of salvation Present battle for entire creation
Narrowing of Salvation The early Christian belief [i.e.,Scriptural belief] that the Fall and Redemption pertained not just to man, but to the entire cosmos, a doctrine already fading after the Reformation, now [under secularism of 19th c.] disappeared altogether: the process of salvation, if it had any meaning at all, pertained solely to the personal relation between God and man (Tarnas).
Biblical starting points Gospel of the kingdom Comprehensive mission of the church
The Spirit thrusts Gods people into worldwide mission. He impels young and old, men and women, to go next door and far away into science and art, media and marketplace with the good news of Gods grace.... (CT, 32)
Following the apostles, the church is sent– sent with the gospel of the kingdom... In a world estranged from God, where millions face confusing choices, this mission is central to our being, for we announce the one name that saves. (CT, 44)
The rule of Jesus Christ covers the whole world. To follow this Lord is to serve him everywhere, without fitting in, as lights in the darkness, as salt in a spoiling world. (CT, 45)
Biblical starting points Gospel of the kingdom Comprehensive mission of the church Narrowing of gospel narrowing of mission Communal nature of idolatry
Incomparably the most urgent missionary task for the next few decades is the mission to modernity... It calls for the use of sharp intellectual tools, to probe behind the unquestioned assumptions of modernity and uncover the hidden credo which supports them... - Lesslie Newbigin
Culture: Common way of life rooted in shared core of religious beliefs
Biblical starting points Gospel of the kingdom Comprehensive mission of the church Cultural idolatry Individualising of sin Neutral public square Spiritual battle for all creation
Clash of Kingdoms
Can worldview studies help to recover this biblical teaching?
Origins of worldview tradition Important lectures by Abraham Kuyper and James Orr Orr, Kerr Lectures, Scotland, 1891 Kuyper, Stone Lectures, Princeton, 1898 Deep sense of need to liberate and protect the Christian faith from a hostile cultural worldview Cultural engagement: Positive and negative Took hold of term from German philosophy: weltanschaaung which meant a set of comprehensive beliefs that underlie and shape all of action and thought Made popular by a whole host of writers (e.g., Francis Schaeffer)
Common Commitments of Kuyper and Orr Christianity has a comprehensive and unified view of the world rooted in gospel Modern worldview threatening gospel: Another comprehensive and unified view of the world Fundamentally religious Embodied in forms of social and cultural life To some degree antithetical to Christianity Christianitys only defence against the power of modernism is to develop an equally comprehensive worldview.
If the battle is to be fought with honour and with a hope of victory, then principle must be arrayed against principle; then it must be felt that in Modernism the vast energy of an all-embracing life system assails us, then also it must be understood that we have to take our stand in a life system of equally comprehensive and far- reaching power. (Abraham Kuyper, Stone Lecture 1).
Kuypers primary concern... All of life be lived under Lordship of Jesus Christ There is not a square inch of the entire domain of human life of which Christ the Sovereign does not say That is mine!
Kuypers vision of cosmic Lordship of Christ challenges three assumptions: Reality is segregated into two realms, sacred and secular, and gospel concerned only with the sacred
Kuypers vision of cosmic Lordship of Christ challenges three assumptions: Reality is segregated into two realms, sacred and secular, and gospel concerned only with the sacred Gospel transforms only individuals but not society Enlightenment notion that public life is religiously neutral
Importance of Tension The deeper the consciousness of the tension and the urge to take this yoke upon itself are felt, the healthier the Church is. The more oblivious of this tension the Church is, the more well established and at home in this world it feels, the more it is in deadly danger of being the salt that has lost its savour (Hendrik Kraemer).
Areas of worldview studies Biblical story and its most basic beliefs Cultural story and its most basic beliefs Tension of living at the crossroads between two stories
Living at the Crossroads
Enriching and critiquing worldview tradition? Pietistic tradition Missiology Three neglected themes: Suffering Spirituality Community
Resources for local congregation To enable people to live whole of lives as witness to Lordship of Christ To understand relation of gospel to various sectors of life To understand the religious nature of culture
Need for... Pastors and leaders who understand worldview issues
Pastors who understand worldview issues At the most sophisticated level we have to think of our task in a city like Madras to train our lay members who are playing key roles in the life of government, business, and the professions to become ministers of Christ in these secular situations. All of this is involved in our calling and ordination (Newbigin).
A True Pastor For the Christian layman who is really out in the world, really seeking to be subject for the Lords sake to the human institutions about which we are speaking, the political order, the economic order and so forth, really seeking to face the desperate difficult decisions that this involves, seeking to bear on his heart the obligation of his participation in these orders, to keep his conscience both sharp and clear, this man knows that he needs one thing: he needs a true pastor.
Need for... Pastors and leaders who understand worldview issues Congregational structures and adult education to equip for callings
There is urgent need for the Church to give higher priority to the formation of groups of Christian men and women in particular sectors of public life. These would include education, industry, commerce, politics, drama, the arts, the natural and social sciences, and historical studies. The groups would explore ways in which a Christian perspective can be developed in these areas, and ways in which this perspective can challenge and redirect contemporary practice (Newbigin).