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Copyright © 2008 Vista Higher Learning. All rights reserved. 9.3–1 The definite articles el, la, los, and las modify masculine or feminine nouns. The neuter article lo is used to refer to concepts that have no gender.
Copyright © 2008 Vista Higher Learning. All rights reserved. 9.3–2 In Spanish, the construction lo + [masculine singular adjective] is used to express general characteristics and abstract ideas. The English equivalent of this construction is the + [adjective] + thing. Cuando leo las noticias, lo difícil es diferenciar entre el hecho y la opinión. When I read the news, the difficult thing is to differentiate between fact and opinion. Lo bueno de ser famosa es que me da la oportunidad de cambiar el mundo. The good thing about being famous is that it gives me the chance to change the world.
Copyright © 2008 Vista Higher Learning. All rights reserved. 9.3–3 To express the idea of the most or the least, más and menos can be added after lo. Lo mejor and lo peor mean the best/worst (thing). Para ser un buen reportero, lo más importante es ser imparcial. ¡Aún no te he contado lo peor del artículo! To be a good reporter, the most important thing is to be unbiased. I still haven’t told you about the worst part of the article!
Copyright © 2008 Vista Higher Learning. All rights reserved. 9.3–4 The construction lo + [adjective or adverb] + que is used to express the English how + [adjective]. In these cases, the adjective agrees in number and gender with the noun it modifies. ¿No te das cuenta de lo bella que eres, María Fernanda? Recuerda lo bien que te fue el año pasado en su clase. María Fernanda, don’t you realize how beautiful you are? Remember how well you did last year in his class. lo + [adjective] + quelo + [adverb] + que
Copyright © 2008 Vista Higher Learning. All rights reserved. 9.3–5 The phrase lo + [adjective or adverb] + que may be replaced by qué + [adjective or adverb]. No sabes qué difícil es hablar con él. You don’t know how difficult it is to talk to him. Fíjense en qué pronto se entera la prensa. Just think about how soon the press will find out.
Copyright © 2008 Vista Higher Learning. All rights reserved. 9.3–6 Lo que is equivalent to the English what, that, or which. It is used to refer to an abstract idea, or to a previously mentioned situation or concept. ¿Qué fue lo que más te gustó de tu viaje a Uruguay? What was the thing that you enjoyed most about your trip to Uruguay? Lo que más me gustó fue el Carnaval de Montevideo. The thing I liked best was the Carnival of Montevideo.
Reflect gender and number in nouns
Spanish and English use comparisons to indicate which of two people or things has a lesser, equal, or greater degree of a quality. Copyright © 2008 Vista.
Both English and Spanish use superlatives to express the highest or lowest degree of a quality. Copyright © 2008 Vista Higher Learning. All rights reserved.
Los Superlativos. When you make comparisons, you say that one item has MORE or LESS of a certain quality than another item has. Más adjective que… More.
Copyright © 2008 Vista Higher Learning. All rights reserved. 5.1–1 Comparisons of inequality With adjectives, adverbs, nouns, and verbs, these constructions.
Identifying and describing people and things:
Subject pronouns In order to use verbs, you will need to learn about subject pronouns. A subject pronoun replaces the name or title of a person or thing.
Artículos y adjetivos Unidad 1 Lección 2.
Both English and Spanish use superlatives to express the highest or lowest degree of a quality. Copyright © 2012 Vista Higher Learning. All rights reserved.
Possessive Adjectives; Comparatives
The neuter article lo. Lo bueno es que vi a John Mayer en Shopko. Lo malo es que no tenía mi cámara conmigo. The good thing is I saw John Mayer at Shopko.
Definite and Indefinite Articles
Apuntes el 4 de noviembre Los artículos definidos (the definite articles) EL, LA, LOS, LAS are the definite articles. They all mean THE.
Comparatives and superlatives Quick review. Superlative The superlative describes how something is THE best, most, least, worst, etc. Because of this,
Spanish nouns A noun is a word used to identify people, animals, places, things, or ideas. Unlike English, all Spanish nouns, even those that refer to.
Adjectives are words that describe people, places, and things
Copyright © 2012 Vista Higher Learning. All rights reserved Adjectives are words that describe people, places, and things. In Spanish, descriptive.
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