Presentation on theme: "Www.helsinki.fi/yliopisto125.3.20111 Religious Landscape and Religious Roots in Finland (and Turku) Tuomas Martikainen 23.11.20141."— Presentation transcript:
Religious Landscape and Religious Roots in Finland (and Turku) Tuomas Martikainen
Contents Overview of religions in Finland Immigration and religion Interfaith networks Conclusion: Religion and the Finnish state – an emerging change?
OVERVIEW OF RELIGIONS IN FINLAND
The role of the Lutheran Church has weakened The religious field is increasingly international Key changes - Charismatic Christianity and fundamentalism - New religions - Immigration - Alternative spirituality Has religion gained a new public visibility? Yleiset muutokset
Membership %1999%2009% Evangelical Lutheran Church , , ,9 Finnish Orthodox Church , , ,1 Other religions , , ,4 Non-affiliated , , ,7 Total population Lähteet: Suomen tilastollinen vuosikirja 1991; 2000; Tilastokeskus. 1 Luku sisältää 174 henkilöä, joiden jäsenyys on tuntematon.
Positive attitudes towards religions Source: Kimmo Ketola 2010.
Negative attitudes towards religions Source: Kimmo Ketola 2010.
IMMIGRATION AND RELIGION
Altogether foreign born (4,4 % of the total population) in Source: Statistics Finland.
Total Foreign born, % Total Foreign born, % Total Foreign born, % Total population , , ,4 Lutheran Church , , ,1 Orthodox Church526272, , ,0 Other Orthodox80017, , ,0 Catholic Church424732, , ,3 Other Christians220002, , ,0 Muslims81012, , ,0 Jews100613, , ,0 Buddhists0260,035346,2 Others156412, , ,3 Population Register and unknown , , ,6
One out of five formal members in religious organisations Membership highest among Christians and Jews Immigrants across the religious field Many active outside the formal context Immigrants in religious organisations
Own community vs. already existing Worship Religious education Social networks Representation Activities
Theologians: ecumenics and mission - between churches - reflection upon missionary work Local activism (1990s-) - individual activists, small groups - meager resources Institutionalisation (2000s) - Church and Islam Working Group paves the path - Interests widens - Since 9/11 combination of dialogue, emansipation and security Interfaith Finland – a preliminary history
Explicit aims - platform for religious debate - supporting local and national social integration of religious newcomers Implicit aims - satisfying curiosity, friendship - new networks necessary to build bridges in project society - tools for domestication (governance and security) Interfaith action
CONCLUSION: Religion and the Finnish state – an emerging change?
Religious life is gradually diversifying in Finland Not a one way street - less: traditional religion (secularisation) - more: individualism and diversity Drivers: - globalisation, human mobility - competition and breakdown of monopolies - recognition policies Conclusion
Religion and state > Is the specific role of Lutheran/Orthodox Churches under pressure? > Is the role of minority religions changing? > Do they find themselves in a new position in “civil society” and expected to contribute to the common good? > If yes, what does it mean for state-religion relations? The future now?