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Www.helsinki.fi/yliopisto125.3.20111 Religious Landscape and Religious Roots in Finland (and Turku) Tuomas Martikainen 23.11.20141.

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Presentation on theme: "Www.helsinki.fi/yliopisto125.3.20111 Religious Landscape and Religious Roots in Finland (and Turku) Tuomas Martikainen 23.11.20141."— Presentation transcript:

1 www.helsinki.fi/yliopisto125.3.20111 Religious Landscape and Religious Roots in Finland (and Turku) Tuomas Martikainen 23.11.20141

2 www.helsinki.fi/yliopisto2 Contents Overview of religions in Finland Immigration and religion Interfaith networks Conclusion: Religion and the Finnish state – an emerging change? 25.3.2011

3 www.helsinki.fi/yliopisto OVERVIEW OF RELIGIONS IN FINLAND 25.3.20113

4 www.helsinki.fi/yliopisto4 The role of the Lutheran Church has weakened The religious field is increasingly international Key changes - Charismatic Christianity and fundamentalism - New religions - Immigration - Alternative spirituality Has religion gained a new public visibility? 25.3.2011 Yleiset muutokset

5 www.helsinki.fi/yliopisto525.3.2011 Membership 1989-2009 1989%1999%2009% Evangelical Lutheran Church4 381 70488,14 406 51385,24 273 42579,9 Finnish Orthodox Church52 6461,155 2561,158 5391,1 Other religions45 7000,956 9431,174 1331,4 Non-affiliated494 1599,9652 59012,6945 33017,7 Total population4 974 383 1 1005 171 3021005 351 427100 Lähteet: Suomen tilastollinen vuosikirja 1991; 2000; Tilastokeskus. 1 Luku sisältää 174 henkilöä, joiden jäsenyys on tuntematon.

6 www.helsinki.fi/yliopisto6 Positive attitudes towards religions 1989-2008 25.3.2011 Source: Kimmo Ketola 2010.

7 www.helsinki.fi/yliopisto7 Negative attitudes towards religions 1989-2008 25.3.2011 Source: Kimmo Ketola 2010.

8 www.helsinki.fi/yliopisto IMMIGRATION AND RELIGION 25.3.20118

9 www.helsinki.fi/yliopisto Altogether 233 183 foreign born (4,4 % of the total population) in 2009. Source: Statistics Finland.

10 www.helsinki.fi/yliopisto Source: Ministry of Labour 2006.

11 www.helsinki.fi/yliopisto1125.3.2011 Source: Statistics FIN, WCDB, Martikainen 2011.

12 25.3.201112 199020002009 Total Foreign born, % Total Foreign born, % Total Foreign born, % Total population49984781,351811152,653514274,4 Lutheran Church43907390,844095761,042734251,1 Orthodox Church526272,8556926,45853911,0 Other Orthodox80017,9111539,7222657,0 Catholic Church424732,2722740,81009046,3 Other Christians220002,2225932,9283784,0 Muslims81012,3119922,3823055,0 Jews100613,2115720,7123624,0 Buddhists0260,035346,2 Others156412,1225512,5236203,3 Population Register and unknown 5106084,865997912,894533017,6

13 www.helsinki.fi/yliopisto13 One out of five formal members in religious organisations Membership highest among Christians and Jews Immigrants across the religious field Many active outside the formal context 25.3.2011 Immigrants in religious organisations

14 www.helsinki.fi/yliopisto14 Own community vs. already existing Worship Religious education Social networks Representation 25.3.2011 Activities

15 www.helsinki.fi/yliopisto INTERFAITH NETWORKS 25.3.201115

16 www.helsinki.fi/yliopisto16 Theologians: ecumenics and mission - between churches - reflection upon missionary work Local activism (1990s-) - individual activists, small groups - meager resources Institutionalisation (2000s) - Church and Islam Working Group paves the path - Interests widens - Since 9/11 combination of dialogue, emansipation and security 25.3.2011 Interfaith Finland – a preliminary history

17 www.helsinki.fi/yliopisto17 Explicit aims - platform for religious debate - supporting local and national social integration of religious newcomers Implicit aims - satisfying curiosity, friendship - new networks necessary to build bridges in project society - tools for domestication (governance and security) 25.3.2011 Interfaith action

18 www.helsinki.fi/yliopisto CONCLUSION: Religion and the Finnish state – an emerging change? 25.3.201118

19 www.helsinki.fi/yliopisto19 Religious life is gradually diversifying in Finland Not a one way street - less: traditional religion (secularisation) - more: individualism and diversity Drivers: - globalisation, human mobility - competition and breakdown of monopolies - recognition policies 25.3.2011 Conclusion

20 www.helsinki.fi/yliopisto20 Religion and state > Is the specific role of Lutheran/Orthodox Churches under pressure? > Is the role of minority religions changing? > Do they find themselves in a new position in “civil society” and expected to contribute to the common good? > If yes, what does it mean for state-religion relations? 25.3.2011 The future now?


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