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PREAMBLE. The present document, though not exhaustive of the civil society debate which has taken place in recent years about Peace and Human Security,

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Presentation on theme: "PREAMBLE. The present document, though not exhaustive of the civil society debate which has taken place in recent years about Peace and Human Security,"— Presentation transcript:

1 PREAMBLE

2 The present document, though not exhaustive of the civil society debate which has taken place in recent years about Peace and Human Security, deals with some of the major issues discussed at several conferences and meetings held on this subject both at an international and regional level. After analysing the results of the debate, the drafters have separated the issues that were dealt with into three main areas. The first area ( THREATS) regards fundamental rights, both individual and collective. These rights must necessarily be protected and defended in order to guarantee the basic conditions that can help the world community reach a quality of life with reduced conflicts and crises. The second area (CHALLENGES) concerns some of the major guidelines for a fair and influential policy at an international and supranationational level. Such a policy can ensure effective collective protection and, as a consequence, organic war prevention. The third area (CHANGE) is more specific and deals with those international bodies institutionally appointed to protect rights and promote peace and human security policies. Where such international institutions appear to be ineffective or having systematic weaknesses, some of the amendments and structural reforms were examined which the civil society proposed for a better peace governance in the world

3 This analytical research is based on the final documents of meetings and conferences mostly dealing with current international crises. However, some relevant considerations must be added to which sufficient importance has not been attached but which enable “Peace and Human Security” issues and their possible developments to be interpreted correctly. In the future intergenerational scenarios, natural and productive resources will increasingly cause international tension and potential conflicts. Alongside the current traditional actors and guarantors of supranational politics, it will therefore be necessary to establish a new class of engineers and scientists to work on the prevention of wars, thus starting a cooperation between politics and science. At the same time some schools of thought are elaborating new theories overcoming the 19 th century-based legal framework for peace, which forms the bedrock of our culture but which has all too often proved to be inadequate. This framework is being integrated with new methodological approaches for understanding and tackling crises.

4 Foreword The following is an indexed synopsis of the documents received from the international organizations that have organized international and regional meetings, forums and conferences on the issues of peace, human security and UN reform in the last few years. The index has been planned according to area- based values as follows: -PART ONE: (threats) “Right to Peace” includes rights concerning collective and individual rights -PART TWO: ( challanges) “Prevention policies” -PART THREE: ( change) “Modifying and updating the supranational institutions”

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6 (threats) RIGHT TO PEACERIGHT TO PEACE (collective and individual security) Part one Part two ( challenges) PREVENTION POLICIES Part three ( change) MODIFYING AND UPDATING THE SUPRANATIONAL INSTITUTIONS Structure of document

7  right to environmentright to environment  right to healthright to health  right to non povertyright to non poverty  right to educationright to education  right to diversityright to diversity  right to justice/end of impunity( ICC)right to justice/end of impunity( ICC)  children’s rights RIGHT TO PEACE (collective and individual security) Part one threats

8  Justice Africa/ Inter Africa on behalf of the Africa Civil Society Governance and AIDS Initiative ( GAIN- HIV/AIDS and the Threat to Security in Africa- Subcommission to the UN SG’s High – Level Panel on Threats, Challenges and Changes, 2 May 2004, Addis Ababa)  Togolese Foundation for Peace (People’s Forum Statement, June 2004 – Paulin Gbesso)  Jayantha Dhanapala: Asian Perspectives Collective Security (Notes for the constitution of the Italian Committee for the People’s UN- Appunti per la costituzione del Comitato Italiano per l’ONU dei Popoli – Prof. Papisca e prof. Mascia, 16° Seminario nazionale della Tavola della Pace, Assisi 13- 15 febbraio 2004)  right to environment  “ World Conference on Environment and Development 1990” (Rio Earth Summit)  WWC World Council of Churches

9  right to non poverty  Notes for the constitution of the Italian Committee for the People’s UN (Appunti per la costituzione del Comitato Italiano per l’ONU dei Popoli) (Prof. Papisca e prof. Mascia, 16° Seminario nazionale della Tavola della Pace, Assisi 13- 15 febbraio 2004)  Mondial Forum on Human Rights, Nantes, May 2004  “Development, Poverty and Security” The Stanley Foundation report May 10-11, 2004

10  right to education Togolese Foundation for Peace – People’s Forum Statement, June 2004 – Paulin Gbesso-

11  right to diversity  the Canadian Voice of Women for Peace  RCE Declaration of women citizens of Europe network in “European Policies and Gender”  NGO Working Group on Women, Peace and Security - 2000 words document

12  right to justice end of impunity  Social Forum of Porto Alegre Manifesto 2000  Notes for the constitution of the Italian Committee for the People’s UN - Appunti per la costituzione del Comitato Italiano per l’ONU dei Popoli – Prof. Papisca e prof. Mascia, 16° Seminario nazionale della Tavola della Pace, Assisi 13- 15 febbraio 2004  The UNSG Kofi Annan’s speech of 7/4/2004 on the Rwanda genocide commemoration

13  right to health  Justice Africa/ Inter Africa on behalf of the Africa Civil Society Governance and AIDS Initiative ( GAIN- HIV/AIDS and the Threat to Security in Africa- Subcommission to the UN SG’s High – Level Panel on Threats, Challenges and Changes, 2 May 2004, Addis Ababa)  Togolese Foundation for Peace (People’s Forum Statement, June 2004 – Paulin Gbesso)

14  prevention policy and the economy of war  developmentdevelopment  democratic global governance and economic aspects of global issuesdemocratic global governance and economic aspects of global issues  gender perspective  civil society patnershipcivil society patnership  culture of peace and peace educationculture of peace and peace education PREVENTION POLICIES Part two challenges

15  Prevention policies and the economy of war  Intervention in Humanitarian Crisis;The Use of force The Stanley Foundation March 2-3, 2004  The UNSG Kofi Annan’s speech of 7/4/2004 on the Rwanda genocide commemoration)  Report of the International Commission on Intervention and state Sovereignity;  NGO Working Group on Women, Peace and Security- 2000 words document  The Canadian Voice of Women for Peace  Umoja as one statement on human security and the UN reform – Kenia  Press release GA/ 10238 on the Kimberley Process, 14/4/2004  The SALW Issue: Competing Constituencies, Priorities and Paradigms, submitted to the UN High Level Panel  “Small Arms and Light Weapons” - The Stanley Foundation report March 29-30, 2004  Conventional Weapons and Small Arms- by Jayantha Dhanapala, 17 th February 2004  “Cosmopolitan guidelines for humanitarian intervention” by D. Archibugi, Italian NRC and london school of Economics and Political Sciences, 13, March, 2003

16  development  “Development, Poverty and Security” The Stanley Foundation report May 10-11, 2004  WWC World Council of Churches – “World Conference on Environment and Development 1990” – Rio Earth Summit  Togolese Foundation for Peace – People’s Forum Statement, June 2004 – Paulin Gbesso-  Notes for the constitution of the Italian Committee for the People’s UN- Appunti per la costituzione del Comitato Italiano per l’ONU dei Popoli – Prof. Papisca e prof. Mascia, 16° Seminario nazionale della Tavola della Pace, Assisi 13- 15 febbraio 2004

17  Culture of peace/ peace education  The Hague Agenda for Peace  the Canadian Voice of Women for Peace  Umoja as one statement on human security and the UN reform – Kenia  Nodo della fratellanza mediterranea 2003 “ K International for Peace”

18  Democratic global governance and economic aspects of global issues  Togolese Foundation for Peace – People’s Forum Statement, June 2004 – Paulin Gbesso-  “Cosmopolitan Democracy and its Critics”by D. Archibugi, in European Journal of International Relations, 2004  Notes for the constitution of the Italian Committee for the People’s UN- Appunti per la costituzione del Comitato Italiano per l’ONU dei Popoli – Prof. Papisca e prof. Mascia, 16° Seminario nazionale della Tavola della Pace, Assisi 13- 15 febbraio 2004  UBUNTU  59 th Session of the UN Commission on Human Rights – Geneva, March 17- April 25 2003, Anselmo Lee Pax Romana Ginevra  Jayantha Dhanapala: Asian Perspectives Collective Security

19  Gender perspective  Jayantha Dhanapala: Asian Perspectives Collective Security  the Canadian Voice of Women for Peace  RCE Declaration of women citizens of Europe network in “European Policies and Gender”  NGO Working Group on Women, Peace and Security - 2000 words document

20  Civil society partnership  Report of the International Commission on Intervention and state Sovereignity  The UNSG Kofi Annan’s speech of 7/4/2004 on the Rwanda genocide commemoration  Social Forum: UNRISD Project on “ UN World Summits and Civil Society Engagement” (The State of the Art – Preliminary draft – Mario Pianta University of Urbino)  NGO Working Group on Women, Peace and Security - 2000 words document  Social Forum of Porto Alegre Manifesto 2000  UBUNTU  Umoja as one statement on human security and the UN reform – Kenia  Notes for the constitution of the Italian Committee for the People’s UN- Appunti per la costituzione del Comitato Italiano per l’ONU dei Popoli – Prof. Papisca e prof. Mascia, 16° Seminario nazionale della Tavola della Pace, Assisi 13- 15 febbraio 2004

21  overcoming unilateralismovercoming unilateralism  problem of funding UN policiesproblem of funding UN policies  democratization of UNdemocratization of UN MODIFYING AND UPDATING THE SUPRANATIONAL INSTITUTIONS Part three change

22  overcoming the unilateralism  Social Forum of Porto Alegre Manifesto 2000  Jayantha Dhanapala: Asian Perspectives Collective Security  Expert Mr.Edouard Mancini  Notes for the constitution of the Italian Committee for the People’s UN- Appunti per la costituzione del Comitato Italiano per l’ONU dei Popoli – Prof. Papisca e prof. Mascia, 16° Seminario nazionale della Tavola della Pace, Assisi 13- 15 febbraio 2004  UBUNTU  Jayantha Dhanapala: Asian Perspectives Collective Security  «Cosa fare delle Nazioni Unite? » by D. Archibugi Italian NRC and London School of Economics and Political Sciences,31, March 2004

23  problem of funding UN policies  Nodo della fratellanza mediterranea 2003 “ K international for Peace

24  democratization of UN  Expert Mr.Edouard Mancini  Notes for the constitution of the Italian Committee for the People’s UN- Appunti per la costituzione del Comitato Italiano per l’ONU dei Popoli – Prof. Papisca e prof. Mascia, 16° Seminario nazionale della Tavola della Pace, Assisi 13- 15 febbraio 2004  Comitato per una Pace giusta in Palestina – Vittorio Tanzarella


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