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ISLAMIYAT COMPULSORY CSS 2013 An out line 1. Why Islamyiat CSS and Islamyiat Islam and Islamyiat Muslims and Islamyiat We and Islamyiat And Yours ????????

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Presentation on theme: "ISLAMIYAT COMPULSORY CSS 2013 An out line 1. Why Islamyiat CSS and Islamyiat Islam and Islamyiat Muslims and Islamyiat We and Islamyiat And Yours ????????"— Presentation transcript:


2 Why Islamyiat CSS and Islamyiat Islam and Islamyiat Muslims and Islamyiat We and Islamyiat And Yours ???????? 2

3 3

4 Prescribed Books 4

5 Course Four Parts Part 1Basic Concepts1 Part 2Aqaid and Ebadat1 or 2 Part 3Islamic way of Life/Systems2 Part 4Contemporary Affairs of Islam3 Weightage Objectives10 or 20 Translations10 or Zero 5 Questions80 = 16 x 5 5

6 6 Basic Characteristics Option of language 6 Questions to Solve 6

7 Part- 1 Basic Problems of Human Life and their Solutions Various sources of knowledge-revelation (Wahy) as a source of knowledge and solution to human problem. Divinity and Supremacy of Wahy. Need of Religion and its role in Human Life,Islam and other religions, Islam,Its concept and meanings Deen and Muzhab, Place of Humanity in Islam, Man as Vicegerent of Allah Chief Characteristics of Islamic Ideology 7

8 Part 2-Fundamental Beliefs and Practices of Islam Aqaid-Faiths Tauheed (Unity of Allah), Risalat (Finality of the Prophet hood) Akhirat (Day of Judgment) Ebadat/Rituals Salat, Soum Zakat, Hajj Jehad 8

9 Part 3-Islamic Way of Life Sources of Shariah: The Qu'ran, Sunnah, Ijma (Consensus), Qiyas and Ijtihad (reasoning). Islamic Systems Social system in Islam, Morality in Islam Concept of morality Islamic Political System Judicial System 9

10 Part-4 Contemporary Islamic Affairs Muslim Ummuh Role and objectives of Muslim Ummah Compilation of Quran Jihad and Terrorism Concept of World, Quran and Science HR Women Rights Rights of Minorities General HR 10

11 Quranic Ayat and their Translation Following last 10 surrah of the Holy Quran with their translations SURRAH AL-FEEL SURRAH AL-QURESH SURRAH AL-MAOON SURRAH AL-KAUSAR SURRAH AL-KAFAROON SURRAH AN-NASR SURRAH AL-L'AHAB SURRAH- AL- AKHLAS SURRAH ALFALAK SURRAH-AN-NAS Note- Question did not appear in CSS-2011 11

12 CSS 2012 Paper عقیدہ آخرت سے کیا مراد ہے ؟ انسانی زندگی پر اس کےاثرات ان صلاۃ تنھی عن الفحشاء ولمنکر کی روشنی میں نماز کے فوائد اور اثرات بیان کیجیۓ اسلام کا سیاسی نظام فلاحی ریاست کی ضمانت دیتا ہے ۔وضاحت کیجیۓ جدید تہذیب و تمدن کا نقطہ نظر بیان کرتے ہوۓ مسلم امہ پر اس کے اثرات بیان کیجیۓ 12

13 اسلام ایک مکمل ضابطہ حیات ہے ۔ بحث کیجیۓ خطبہ حجتہ الوداع کی روشنی میں اسلام میں انسانی حقوق واضح کریں اسلام کے اقتصادی قوانین کی وضاحت اجتماعی عدل کی روشنی میں بیان کیجۓ انسان کے لیۓ مذہب کی ضرورت اور اہمیت کو بیان کرتے ہوۓ انسانی زندگی پر اس کے اثرات واضح کریں شریعت سے کیا مراد ہے ؟ شریعت کے مختلف ماخذ بیان کریں قرآن کی جمع و تدوین پر تفصیلاً بحث کیجیۓ 13

14 CSS Paper 2011 Q.2 To follow an ideal is very necessary for the progress of nation. In your view what are basic characteristic of ideal and how Islamic ideology of life affects the individual and communal life with reference to basic characteristic of Islamic ideology? Elucidate. Q.3 what is meant by civilization and culture and how it effects collective life and also analyzes the foundation of modern civilization and highlights the problems caused by it? 14

15 Cont… Q.4 Discuss the concept of veil and freedom of woman from Islamic point of view while analyzing the law against veil in France Q.5 it is necessary to establish priority of law for the development of society. What is your point of view that today Islamic punishments are regarded as Savagery? While discussing the Islamic philosophy of the reward and punishment also describe the basic characteristic of Islamic concept of punishments 15

16 Cont… Q.6 it is the period of basic human rights. What is meant by human rights and what is a western concept of human right, discuss human rights of Islam in the light of the sermon of Hajjatul Widah. Q.7 In the present period the Muslim Ummah is facing different problems and for the solution of these problem ijtehad is necessary, so point out such an institution that can offer solution of the new problems with the help of Ijtehad 16

17 Cont… Q.8 Discuss in detail the importance of Akle-Halal form Islamic pint of view and explain how unfair resources can be checked in the light of Islamic teachings? Q.9 In the present era, Muslim Ummah has all the resources, but it is the victim of disunity, while analysis the reasons of disunity, suggest measures to maintain unity amount the Muslim Ummah 17


19 Difference b/w Deen and Mazhab 19 Concept Frame of Reference Canvas In religious connotation (Al-Kafiroon, Ale-Imran 19, Al-Maida 30) Nature (Individual and Collective)

20 Two Theories of Evolution of Religion Islamic Point of View 7 Stages _Evolution of Religion Atheism Worshiping the Nature Fear and Greed Totoism Worshiping the Elders (Past) Idolatry Monotheism Of Future 20

21 Concept Religion as a binding together (Latin, religio, from the verb religare = to bind together Religion is a relationship between the religious devotee and that which is the object of religious devotion (the gods, God)a relationship that binds the two together. Binding together of all those who share the same or similar religious attitudes Bound together with the object of its devotion the gods, etc 21

22 Religion is all about rituals and Faiths Gods Allah Shiva Budhh Zeus Aherman Yazdan Practices Practices (rituals) Prayers Meditation Fasting Alms Youga Experiences Love/Ecstasy Nothingness Hell/Heaven SacrificeBeliefs Death Immortality Atonement Fate Prayer Spirits Spirits : Demons, Ancestors, Ghosts

23 DEEN Lots of Ins and Outs and What-Have-Yours Deen is neither a single phenomenon, nor a thing rather, it is a divine and dynamic collection of institutions, practices, beliefs and social order What's our Religion ?

24 Attempts at a Definition Edward Tylor Edward Tylor The belief in spiritual beings. Clifford Geertz Clifford Geertz A religion is a system of symbols which acts to establish powerful, pervasive, and long-lasting moods and motivations with such an aura of factuality that the moods and motivations seem uniquely realistic. Emile Durkheim Emile Durkheim A religion is a unified system of beliefs and practices relative to sacred things

25 Attempts at a Definition Melford Spiro Melford Spiro Religion is an institution consisting of culturally patterned interaction with culturally postulated superhuman beings. Peter Berger Peter Berger Religion is the human attitude towards a sacred order that includes within it all beinghuman or Max Weber Max Weber Refused to attempt a definition of religion. [Smart Man?]

26 Concept Spirituality- EB Taylor ( Social) Emotion Ethics Mathew Arnold (Literature) Emotional Appeal to accept Almighty Freud (Psychology) Only Rituals ? Humanity 26

27 Need of Religion/Deen Pascal Boyers Religion Explained (2001) Religion Provides Explanations People created religion to explain puzzling natural phenomena Religion explains puzzling experiences: dreams, forethought, etc Religion explains the origins of things Religion explains why there is evil and suffering

28 Need of Religion/Deen Religion provides comfort Religion provides comfort Religious explanations make mortality less unbearable Religion allays anxiety and makes for a comfortable world

29 Need of Religion/Deen Religion provides social order Religion provides social order Religion holds society together Religion perpetuates a particular social order Religion supports morality

30 Cont… Religion is a cognitive approach People are superstitious; they will believe anything Religious concepts are irrefutable and Refutation is more difficult than belief

31 Need of Religion All civilizations have its Religions Great civilizations are not died, they attempt suicide All social system requires religion Religion and Science Good & Bad given by Religion Guidance to Wisdom Religion as Change Agent for Natural, Spiritual, social needs 31

32 Cont… Universal peace v/s materialistic development (survival of the fittest is questioned) Life after death – possibility only in religion Accountability here and in life after death Religion for Social Correction, Reformist movements Religion as Panacea 32

33 Liberal Arguments for need of Deen /Religion 33 August Comte Theological (Religion) Metaphysical (Philosophy and Psychology) Positive Stage (Science) Napoleon says It has kept the poor murdering the rich Supernatural hope in dooms hopes (Imam Jaffar RA) When humans are unknowing and confused they make theories in order to solve things. theories are usually proven false and it takes generations to believe the proof Heaven and utopia are buckets in a well if one goes up other goes down Religion Rich in Miracle system and myths is needed

34 Epilogue 34 Even rationalism w/o religion will be blunder As long as there is poverty these will be gods Evolution. Nature -law of nature First force. If events are due to natural cause then what is super natural cause God is a beautiful manifestation of human wishes

35 An other view The process of modernization and change Modern thought The attitude of scientific reason The doctrine of philosophical naturalism The philosophy of secular humanism Science and technology in the modern world The problem of meaning in modern culture 35

36 Insan ka Mansb-e-Khilafat Status of Man 36

37 Concept 37 Five Dimensions of Status Human_Insan Fit of The Fittest-Ashraf-ul-Makhloqat Vicegerent -(Socio-Religious) Khalifa (Political) Only of Adam (Baqra-30) To Messangers /Daud ( Suaad 26) Nation by Nation ( Noor-55) All Human beings (Ibn-Kaser+Moudodi) Aadmi (Biological)

38 Status of man (Insan ka Maqam) 38 1) Establishment of status before creation 2) Intension of Creation by Allah 3) High Ranke given after Creation 4) Advocacy of Human by Allah 5) Distinction in Creation_Created by Hands of Allah (Suaad-75) 6) Created as Fit of the Fitness/Ahsan-e-Taqweem 7) Superiority of Knowledge 8) Prostration of Angels but Iblees

39 Cont…. 39 9) Creation of Iblees when he disobey to prostrate Adam 10) Heaven,first Residence /Dwelling Place 11) Everything is created for him 12) Everything created is given in mans ownership 13) Created man with Choices (Aaraf 10) 14) Respect given to man by Allah (Maaida 32) 15) Due respect ought to be paid to humanity 16) Tauheed, to avoid any negativity 17) Equality- if its there ?

40 Rationales of Khalafat/Naib/Vicegerent 40 Sovereignty lies with Allah and all Powers are trust Quran as Supreme Law Accountable to Allah for the Powers given on Earth No Absolute Rule Rule given for limited time span

41 A thought ! 41 Is religion possible without GOD ? Is religion a cause to recognize the GOD Will religion end when human beings will reach at Heaven or Hell ? Hazrat Ali (RA) said Mein ny apny Khuda ko apny eradon k totny sy pahchana ( I recognized my God, when my intentions doomed)

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