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The Basics of Cancer Roswell Park Cancer Institute Grades 5-8.

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Presentation on theme: "The Basics of Cancer Roswell Park Cancer Institute Grades 5-8."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Basics of Cancer Roswell Park Cancer Institute Grades 5-8

2 Roswell Park at a Glance Founded in 1898 by Dr. Roswell Park Founded in 1898 by Dr. Roswell Park First and one of the largest cancer research, treatment & education centers First and one of the largest cancer research, treatment & education centers Founded PDT, Gamma Knife, PSA Test Founded PDT, Gamma Knife, PSA Test

3 Roswell Parks Mission Dedicated to providing total care to cancer patient Dedicated to providing total care to cancer patient Conduct research into causes of cancer Conduct research into causes of cancer Treatment & prevention of cancer Treatment & prevention of cancer Educate public & those who study and treat cancer Educate public & those who study and treat cancer

4 The Basics of Cancer What is Cancer? Cancer begins when cells in a part of the body start to grow out of control Cancer begins when cells in a part of the body start to grow out of control Cancer is the second leading cause of death in the United States Cancer is the second leading cause of death in the United States Today, millions of people are living with cancer or have had cancer Today, millions of people are living with cancer or have had cancer

5 The Basics of Cancer How does Cancer occur? Cancer starts with changes in one cell or a small group of cells Cancer starts with changes in one cell or a small group of cells Cancer cells begin to reproduce uncontrollably Cancer cells begin to reproduce uncontrollably Cancer is also hereditary Cancer is also hereditary Old Age Old Age Lifestyle Lifestyle Genetics – BRCA Breast & Ovarian Cancer APC Colon Cancer Genetics – BRCA Breast & Ovarian Cancer APC Colon Cancer

6 Different Types of Cancer Lung Lung Breast Breast Head & Neck Head & Neck Colon Colon Prostate Prostate Skin Skin Stomach Stomach Bone Bone Leukemia Leukemia Hodgkin Lymphoma Hodgkin Lymphoma Brain Tumor Brain Tumor

7 Why does Cancer make a person sick? Cancer is an aggressive disease that can cause a person to be extremely tired and nauseous from aggressive treatments, and can cause depression in some people. Cancer is an aggressive disease that can cause a person to be extremely tired and nauseous from aggressive treatments, and can cause depression in some people.

8 Cancer Screening Screening is when tests and exams are used to find this type of disease in people who are not showing any signs of symptoms Screening is when tests and exams are used to find this type of disease in people who are not showing any signs of symptoms It can also helps doctors find and treat cancers early It can also helps doctors find and treat cancers early

9 Types of Cancer Screening Mammography Mammography Skin Checks Skin Checks PET Scans PET Scans Chest X-Rays Chest X-Rays Biopsies of unusual lumps or bumps Biopsies of unusual lumps or bumps

10 Treatments of Cancer Based on how far the cancer has progressed & its location in the body it responds differently to treatment. A cancer specialist called an Oncologist will provide the patient with the best treatment plan based on the form of cancer and how aggressive the cancer may be. Based on how far the cancer has progressed & its location in the body it responds differently to treatment. A cancer specialist called an Oncologist will provide the patient with the best treatment plan based on the form of cancer and how aggressive the cancer may be.

11 Standard Treatments for Cancer Surgery Surgery –Done to remove tumors or cancerous tissues Chemotherapy Chemotherapy –A pill or IV given to eliminate the cancer cells. However, this affects a patients entire body and can make a patient have hair loss or an upset stomach –Many Cancers can be controlled by Chemotherapy

12 Standard Treatments for Cancer Radiation Therapy Radiation Therapy –Certain types of energy used to shrink tumors or eliminate cancer cells. It damages cancers DNA making it unable to multiply.

13 The Basics of Cancer Cancer Survivors In the 1970s, 1 out of 2 people (50%) diagnosed with Cancer survived at least 5 years In the 1970s, 1 out of 2 people (50%) diagnosed with Cancer survived at least 5 years Today, more than 2 out of 3 (67%) of people survive and are living with Cancer Today, more than 2 out of 3 (67%) of people survive and are living with Cancer Currently there are more than 11 Million Cancer Survivors in the US Currently there are more than 11 Million Cancer Survivors in the US

14 Yroswell For a World Without Cancer Started in 2007 to help young people aged understand cancer Started in 2007 to help young people aged understand cancer Learning, Giving and Coping Learning, Giving and Coping Check out Yroswells Facebook and Twitter pages Check out Yroswells Facebook and Twitter pages

15 The End Roswell Park Cancer Institute


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