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The Gospel of Mark Jesus the Sacrificial Servant Mark 10:45.

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Presentation on theme: "The Gospel of Mark Jesus the Sacrificial Servant Mark 10:45."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Gospel of Mark Jesus the Sacrificial Servant Mark 10:45

2 Background Basics Author: Anonymous Thought to be John Mark (Acts 12:12; 12:25; 13:5,13; 15:37-38; Col. 4:10; Philemon 24; 2 Tim. 4:11; 1 Pet. 5:13; note Mk. 14:51-52)

3 Background Basics Audience: Roman citizens omits many Jewish references fewer OT quotations (1:2-3; 7:6-7) and references (4:12; etc.) explains Jewish customs (7:2; 14:12; 15:42) interprets Aramaic words (3:17; 5:41; 7:34; 15:22) uses Latin terms in place of Greek (4:21; 6:27,42; 15:15,16,39) mentions the wife who puts away (10:12)

4 Background Basics Date: Prior to the destruction of Jerusalem in A.D. 70 (Mk. 13:2) Possibly A.D. 55 – 65 Theme: Jesus the sacrificial servant (Mk. 10:45) Mark is the gospel of action portraying Jesus as a servant on the move (straightway or immediately is used forty times from 1:10 to 15:1)

5 Background Basics Outline: Jesus the Sacrificial Servant Isaiah Mark 10:45 The Servant Presented (1:1 – 2:12) The Servant Opposed (2:13 – 8:26) The Servant Teaches (8:27 – 10:52) The Servant Rejected (11:1 – 15:47) The Servant Exalted (16:1-20)

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8 Why Four Gospels? Four Portraits of Jesus Christ Matthew For Jews (1:1-2) Jesus, Messiah and King (1:1; 2:1-2; 21:5) Fulfilled Mark For Romans (12:42) Jesus, Sacrificial Servant (10:45) Immediately Luke For Gentiles (1:3) Jesus, Savior of All Mankind (14:22; 19:10) Son of Man John For Jews and Gentiles Jesus, Divine Son of God (1:1,14; 20:31) Believe … Eternal life

9 Marks Emphasis on Jesus as Servant Mark uses the word immediately to show the action of a servant 1:10; 1:12; 1:29; 1:30; 1:43; 2:8; 2:12; 4:29; 5:2; 5:30; 5:42; 6:50; 6:54; 7:25; 8:10; 9:14-15; 9:20; 10:52; 11:2-3; 14:43; 14:45; 15:1 Mark contains activities and lessons by Jesus illustrating service 1:35; 1:38; 1:45; 3:21; 5:3-5; 6:31; 7:33-34; 8:22-25; 9:22,26-27; 9:41; 10:30; 10:39; 10:45; 12:29; 21:41-44

10 ThemeServiceSacrifice ReferenceMark 1-10Mark TopicSayings and Signs Sufferings Timeabout 3 years, 6 months about 40 days LocationGalilee and Perea Judea and Jerusalem Date c. A.D Mark At A Glance

11 The Gospel of Mark opens with the Galilean Ministry of Jesus

12 Mark: Jesus the Sacrificial Servant The Servant Presented (1:1 – 1:45) 1.) Introduction (v. 1) 2.) The ministry of John (vv. 2-8) 3.) The baptism of Jesus (vv. 9-10) 4.) The temptation of Jesus (vv ) 5.) The preaching of Jesus (vv ) 6.) The calling of the disciples (vv ) 7.) The teaching and healing of Jesus (vv ) 8.) The healing of Peters mother-in-law (vv ) 9.) The healing throughout Galilee (vv ) 10.) The cleansing of a leper (vv )

13 1 1. Johns baptism 2. People come to John 3. Jesus comes to John 4. Jesus is tempted 5. Jesus preaches in Galilee 6. Jesus teaches and heals in Capernaum ?

14 Old Testament Citations in the Book of Mark OT ReferenceNT CitationSubject Matter Mal. 3:1; Isa. 40:3Mark 1:2-3John the Baptist Isaiah 6:9-10Mark 4:12use of parables Isaiah 29:13Mark 7:6-7empty ritualism Exodus 20:12Mark 7:105 th Commandment Ezekiel 12:2Mark 8:18hardened hearts Isaiah 66:24Mark 9:48punishment of Hell Genesis 1:27; 2:24Mark 10:6-8male and female Exodus 20:12-16Mark 10:195 th – 9 th Commandments

15 Old Testament Citations in the Book of Mark OT ReferenceNT CitationSubject Matter

16 The Temptation of Jesus Genesis 3:6 The First Adam 1 John 2:16Mark 1:12-13 The Second Adam The tree was good for food Lust of the flesh Command these stones to become bread It was pleasant to the eyes Lust of the eyes The Devil … showed him all the kingdoms Desirable to make one wise Pride of lifeThrow yourself down from here

17 Water Baptism and Holy Spirit Baptism Compared and Contrasted Mark 1:8 AdministratorJohn, Apostles, NT Christians (commanded) Jesus (promised) ElementWaterHoly Spirit PurposeRemission of sins Miraculous confirmation demonstration and inspiration RecipientsAll who will repent Apostles (Acts 1:4-5; 2:1-4) and Cornelius (10:44-46; 11:15-17)

18 Religious / Political Leaders in the Book of Mark Scribes (1:26; 2:6,22; etc.) lawyers, teachers, scribes, copyists, part of the Pharisees Pharisees (2:16,18,24; etc.) – c. 2 nd Cent. B.C. Leading religious leaders, controlled the temple; strict sect; many traditions Sadducees (12:18) – c B.C. controlled priesthood; law of Moses only; denied the resurrection and spirits Herodians (3:6; 12:13) Jewish party loyal to Herod, opposed to the Pharisees Zealots are not mentioned in the Book of Mark. Essenes are not mentioned by name in the Bible.

19 The Do Not Tell Commands of Jesus 1:44when he healed the leper 3:12when he cast out demons (see 1:34) 5:43when he raised the daughter of Jarius 7:36when he healed the deaf mute 8:30; 9:9when he taught his own disciples

20 Mark: Jesus the Sacrificial Servant The Servant Presented (1:1 – 1:45) The Servant Opposed (2:1 – 8:26) Initial Opposition to the Servant (2:1 – 3:35)

21 Mark 2 Healing in Capernaum by the sea side Note: 2:1,13

22 The Sabbath Day Controversies in the Book of Mark 1:21cast out a demon, no controversy recorded 2:23-24disciples plucked grain, Pharisees question Jesus 3:2-4healed a man, Pharisees looked for an accusation again Jesus 6:2taught in the synagogue, no controversy recorded

23 Controversy Stories in Mark Over Jesus right to forgive sins2:1-12 Over fellowship with sinners2:13-17 Over the need for fasting2:18-22 Over picking grain – the Sabbath2:23-27 Over the nature of Jesus family3:31-35 Over the source of Jesus power3:22-30 Over eating with unwashed hands7:1-5,14-23 Over human tradition7:6-13 Over the legality of divorce10:1-12

24 Controversy Stories in Mark Over Jesus authority11:27-33 Over paying taxes to Caesar12:13-17 Over the resurrection12:18-27 Over the greatest command12:28-34 Over the nature of the Christ12:35-37

25 Mark: Jesus the Sacrificial Servant The Servant Presented (1:1 – 1:45) The Servant Opposed (2:1 – 8:26) Initial Opposition to the Servant (2:1 – 3:35)

26 Mark 3 Healing in the Synagogue Healing Many by the Sea Choosing the Twelve Healing the Demon Possessed Note: 3:1,7,13,19

27 The Twelve Apostles Matthew 10:2-4Mark 3:13-19Luke 6:12-16Acts 1: Simon / PeterSimon / Peter Peter 2. AndrewJamesAndrewJohn 3. JamesJohnJames 4. JohnAndrewJohnAndrew 5. PhilipPhilip 6. BartholomewBartholomew Thomas 7. ThomasMatthew Bartholomew 8. MatthewThomas Matthew 9. JamesJames 10. Thaddaeus*ThaddaeusSimon 11. SimonSimonJudas – of James 12. JudasJudas Matthias * Called Labbaeus in Matthew 10:3 (KJV)

28 Mark: Jesus the Sacrificial Servant The Servant Presented (1:1 – 1:45) The Servant Opposed (2:1 – 8:26) Initial Opposition to the Servant (2:1 – 3:35) Parables of the Servant (4:1-34)

29 Mark 4 Teaching by the Sea Calming the Storm Note: 4:1,35

30 Material Unique to Mark 4:26-29Parable of Seed Growth 7:32-37Healing of the deaf- mute 8:22-26Healing of the blind man at Bethsaida 11:25-26Forgive others in order to be forgiven 14:51-52a young man fled naked Other minor differences: 3:9-11,15,20-21,23; 4:24; 5:4-5,26,29-30; 6:6,13,19- 21,23-24,31,52; 7:2-4,30; 9:10,21-24,26-27,33-34,41; 10:24; 11:16; 12:32-34; 14:59; 15:8,41,44; 16:1,14-20

31 Mark: Jesus the Sacrificial Servant The Servant Presented (1:1 – 1:45) The Servant Opposed (2:1 – 8:26) Initial Opposition to the Servant (2:1 – 3:35) Parables of the Servant (4:1-34) Miracles of the Servant (4:35 – 5:43)

32 Mark 5 Gerasene demoniac Healing near Capernaum? Note: 5:1,20,21

33 Miracles of Jesus in the Book of Mark 1:23-26Cast out a demonFive Characteristics 1:29-31Healed sicknessof Jesus Miracles 1:32-34,39Various diseases 1:40-45Cleansed a leper1. Met a need 2:1-12Healed a paralytic 3:1-6Withered hand2. Were complete 3:10-12Healed many 3:22Cast out a demon3. Were immediate* 4:35-41Calmed the storm 5:1-20Cast out demons4. Demonstrated 5:25-34Healed a blood flow Power 5:21-24,35-43Raised a dead child 6:35-44Fed Served a purpose 6:47-52Walked on water 6:53-56Healed many* Comp. Mk. 8:22-26

34 Miracles of Jesus in the Book of Mark 7:24-30Cast out a demonFive Characteristics 7:31-37Healed a deaf manof Jesus Miracles 8:1-9Fed :22-26Healed a blind man1. Met a need 9:17-29Cast out a demon 10:46-52Healed blind men2. Were complete 11:12-14,20-21Withered fig tree 16:1-8Resurrection3. Were immediate* 4. Demonstrated Power 5. Served a purpose * Comp. Mk. 8:22-26

35 Mark: Jesus the Sacrificial Servant The Servant Presented (1:1 – 1:45) The Servant Opposed (2:1 – 8:26) Initial Opposition to the Servant (2:1 – 3:35) Parables of the Servant (4:1-34) Miracles of the Servant (4:35 – 5:43) Growing Opposition to the Servant (6:1 – 8:26)

36 Mark 6 In his own country On the sea Came to Gennesaret Note: 6:1,6,32,45,53

37 Herod the Great Antipater Herod Philip I 2 Herod Antipas 1 Herod Agrippa I Archelaus The House of Herod Herod Philip II Aristobolus Herod of Chalcis Herodias 3 Herod Agrippa II Drusilla Bernice Salome 4 ? 1 Mark 6:14-22; 8:15 2 Mark 6:17 3 Mark 6:17 4 Mark 6:22-25

38 The Growth of the Disciples in the Book of Mark They grow in their understanding of the nature of Jesus – who he is They grow in their understanding of the teaching of Jesus – what he says They grow in their understand of the demands of Jesus – what he requires of them 4:406:5211:22 7:18; 8:17ff,31-32; 9:32; 16:14 9:199:33-35; 10:35-45

39 Mark: Jesus the Sacrificial Servant The Servant Presented (1:1 – 1:45) The Servant Opposed (2:1 – 8:26) Initial Opposition to the Servant (2:1 – 3:35) Parables of the Servant (4:1-34) Miracles of the Servant (4:35 – 5:43) Growing Opposition to the Servant (6:1 – 8:26)

40 Mark 7 Near Capernaum Borders of Tyre and Sidon Borders of Decapolis Note: 7:24,26,31

41 Mark: Jesus the Sacrificial Servant The Servant Presented (1:1 – 1:45) The Servant Opposed (2:1 – 8:26) Initial Opposition to the Servant (2:1 – 3:35) Parables of the Servant (4:1-34) Miracles of the Servant (4:35 – 5:43) Growing Opposition to the Servant (6:1 – 8:26)

42 Mark 8 Dalmanutha Bethsaida Ceasarea Philippi Note: 8:10,22,27

43 The Roman Caesars CaesarKey Event Augustas 31 B.C. – A.D.14 Birth of Christ Tiberius A.D. 14 – 37 Ministry of Christ Caligula A.D. 37 – 41 Claudius A.D. 41 – 54 Jews expelled from Rome Nero A.D. 54 – 68 Paul goes to Rome Galba, Otho, Vitellius Vespasian A.D. 69 – 79 Fall of Jerusalem Titus A.D. 79 – 81 Domitian A.D. 81 – 96 John exiled on Patmos

44 Mark 8: Applications For Today 1. Jesus did not use a social gospel approach to evangelism by feeding the people first to get them interested in the preaching. Jesus taught the people first and then fed them (8:1-3). 2. Jesus cares. He feels compassion for the needs of mankind (8:2). 3. Eating should be orderly, with thankfulness and without waste (8:6-9). 4. A persons evil character and teaching can slowly influence a good person for the worse – like leaven working in a lump of dough (8:15). 5. Let us not be slow to understand what Jesus is telling us (8:17-21). 6. Do what Jesus says even if it doesnt make sense to us (8:26,30). 7. Do not stand in Jesus way. Do what God wants, not what you want (8:32-33). 8. True disciples of Jesus will put Jesus first and be unashamed of Jesus (8:34-38).

45 Mark: Jesus the Sacrificial Servant The Servant Presented (1:1 – 1:45) The Servant Opposed (2:1 – 8:26) The Servant Teaches (8:27 – 10:52) Death and discipleship (8:27 – 9:50) Divorce (10:1-12) Death and discipleship (10:13-52)

46 Mark 9 Mount of Transfiguration Galilee Capernaum Note: 9:2,30,33

47 The Spirit and Power of Elijah ElijahJohn the Baptist Hid in the brookLived in the deserts Ravens fed himLocust and wild honey Hairy manRaiment of camels hair Call to repentance Compelling personalityAll Judea came to him Rebuked his enemies Faced AhabFaced Herod Scorned by JezebelScorned by Herodias Hour of doubt Loyal disciples Extraordinary endBeheaded

48 Mark 9: Applications For Today 1. The kingdom of God has already been established with power (9:1). There will be no future millennial kingdom on the earth as taught by premillennialists. 2. We must listen to Jesus and Jesus only (9:7-8). 3. For those with a great faith, all things are possible to him that believes (9:23). (Remember, all things means all things within the plan and purpose of God for mankind.) 4. Greatness comes to those who are servants and humble (9:35-36). 5. Jesus is not promoting denominationalism in Mark 9: as some teach today. Jesus is teaching that one with authority from Jesus can act even though he is not acting within a certain group that also has the same authority. 6. Make whatever sacrifice necessary to eliminate whatever will cause you to stumble and go to hell (9:43-48). 7. Christians need to be seasoned with salt: flavoring, preserving, and purifying the world around them (9:50). 8. Instead of disputing among brethren (9:34), let there be peace among brethren (9:50).

49 Mark: Jesus the Sacrificial Servant The Servant Presented (1:1 – 1:45) The Servant Opposed (2:1 – 8:26) The Servant Teaches (8:27 – 10:52) Death and discipleship (8:27 – 9:50) Divorce (10:1-12) Death and discipleship (10:13-52)

50 Mark 10 Beyond the Jordan Up to Jerusalem Jericho Note: 10:2,17,32,46

51 Marriage, Divorce, Remarriage: A Summary Matthew 5:32 You put away (except for fornication), you make her an adulteress; one who marries her commits adultery Matthew 19:3-9 let not man put asunder; you put away (except for fornication) and marry another you commit adultery; one who marries her commits adultery Mark 10:2-12 let not man put asunder; You put away wife and marry another you commit adultery against her; you put away your husband and marry another you commit adultery Luke 16:18 You put away your wife and marry another you commit adultery; one who marries her commits adultery Romans 7:2-3 wife and husband are bound as long as each one lives; death releases you from the marriage bond; if you are joined to another while your first husband lives you will be called an adulteress 1 Corinthians 7:10- 16,27,39 do not depart; if you do, remain unmarried or be reconciled; if unbeliever departs let him, you are not under bondage; are you bound in marriage, seek not to be loosed; the wife is bound in marriage as long as her husband lives; if dead marry only in the Lord See also: Genesis 2:18-24; Malachi 2:14-15; Ephesians 5:21-33; Hebrews 13:4

52 Mark 10: Applications For Today 1. Marriage should always be taken seriously. It is a commitment for life that must not be broken (10:9). 2. A humble, obedient, genuine (innocent), child-like faith is required of all disciples of Jesus (10:15). 3. True love shows itself by telling someone who is wrong what they need to do to change (10:21; Rev. 3:19). 4. Treasures in heaven are more valuable than great possessions on earth (10:21-22). 5. Trusting in riches rather than trusting in God will keep us out of heaven (10:24). 6. It is worth following Jesus no matter what we have to give up to do it (10:28-31). 7. True greatness starts with service (10:43-45). 8. Dont let anyone stop you from getting to Jesus (10:48).

53 Mark: Jesus the Sacrificial Servant The Servant Presented (1:1 – 1:45) The Servant Opposed (2:1 – 8:26) The Servant Teaches (8:27 – 10:52) The Servant Rejected (11:1 – 15:47) First rejection (11:1-26) Second rejection (11:27 – 13:37) Third rejection (14:1-72) Final rejection (15:1-47)

54 Mark 11 Bethphage, Bethany Mount of Olives Jerusalem The Temple Note: 11:1,11,12,15,19,27

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57 1 1. Entry into Jerusalem (Sunday) 2. Cleansing of the temple (Monday) 3. Day of teaching (Tuesday) 4. No activity recorded (Wednesday) 5. Passover meal (Thursday) 6. Trial (a), crucifixion (b) (Friday) 7. Burial (Friday, Saturday, Sunday) 8. Resurrection (Sunday) a 6b7 8 3

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59 Mark 11:1-11 Sunday Triumphal entry into Jerusalem, left for Bethany Mark 11:12-19 Monday Cursing of the barren fig tree, cleansing the temple Mark 11:20- 14:11 Tuesday Teaching in the temple, fall of Jerusalem foretold, anointing at Bethany Wednesday Mark 14:12-42 Thursday Passover meal prepared and eaten, Gethsemane Mark 14:43 – 15:47 Friday Betrayal, arrest, trial, scourging, crucifixion, death, burial Mark 16:1 Saturday Burial, spices prepared Mark 16:2-14 Sunday Resurrection, appearances to followers The Final Week of Jesus Public Ministry

60 Mark 11: Applications For Today 1. If we have something the Lord needs (such as our time and talents), we must let him use it for his service (11:3). 2. Jesus expects to find us bearing fruit in our lives (11:12-14). 3. We must remember the purpose of Gods house. It is a place of worship, not of worldliness (11:17). 4. Faith and doubt have no place together (11:22-24). 5. Forgive others in order to be forgiven yourself (11:25-26). 6. We must have authority for what we do in religion and our authority must come from God, not from men (11:27-33). 7. Jesus used a method of teaching that involved answering a question with a question. Also, Jesus chose not to answer a question when the ones asking it were insincere (11:29-30).

61 Mark: Jesus the Sacrificial Servant The Servant Presented (1:1 – 1:45) The Servant Opposed (2:1 – 8:26) The Servant Teaches (8:27 – 10:52) The Servant Rejected (11:1 – 15:47) First rejection (11:1-26) Second rejection (11:27 – 13:37) Third rejection (14:1-72) Final rejection (15:1-47)

62 Mark 11:1-11 Sunday Triumphal entry into Jerusalem, left for Bethany Mark 11:12-19 Monday Cursing of the barren fig tree, cleansing the temple Mark 11:20- 14:11 Tuesday Teaching in the temple, fall of Jerusalem foretold, anointing at Bethany Wednesday Mark 14:12-42 Thursday Passover meal prepared and eaten, Gethsemane Mark 14:43 – 15:47 Friday Betrayal, arrest, trial, scourging, crucifixion, death, burial Mark 16:1 Saturday Burial, spices prepared Mark 16:2-14 Sunday Resurrection, appearances to followers The Final Week of Jesus Public Ministry

63 1 1. Entry into Jerusalem (Sunday) 2. Cleansing of the temple (Monday) 3. Day of teaching (Tuesday) 4. No activity recorded (Wednesday) 5. Passover meal (Thursday) 6. Trial (a), crucifixion (b) (Friday) 7. Burial (Friday, Saturday, Sunday) 8. Resurrection (Sunday) a 6b7 8 3

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65 Mark 12: Applications For Today 1. When you reject the blessings of Jesus, he will turn and give those blessing to others who want them (12:9). You can reject Jesus, but he will still be the head of the church (12:10-11). 2. We must obey mans law and we must obey Gods law (12:17). However, when mans law is in conflict with Gods law, we must follow Gods law over mans law (Acts 5:29). 3. We make great religious errors when we are ignorant of the scriptures and the power of God (12:24,27). 4. Our soul lives on after our body dies (12:27). All the dead will be raised in the judgment day (12:25-26). If you die before the Lord comes, will you be raised to the resurrection of life or to the resurrection of judgment (Jn. 5:28-29)? 5. Jesus was not teaching that some of Gods commandments can be ignored. He was teaching that all of our important responsibilities in life revolve around two great principles: (1) loving God with all of our being, and (2) loving our neighbor as we would want to be loved (12:29-33). 6. Jesus is not just a man, he is Lord God (12:36-37). 7. Proud people refuse to hear Jesus, but humble people will gladly listen to him (12:37). 8. Our religious service to the Lord should be genuine and not for show. It should bring attention to God, not to self (12:38-40). 9. God looks at the amount of sacrifice in the giving, not the amount itself (12:41-44)?

66 Mark: Jesus the Sacrificial Servant The Servant Presented (1:1 – 1:45) The Servant Opposed (2:1 – 8:26) The Servant Teaches (8:27 – 10:52) The Servant Rejected (11:1 – 15:47) First rejection (11:1-26) Second rejection (11:27 – 13:37) Third rejection (14:1-72) Final rejection (15:1-47)

67 Mark 11:1-11 Sunday Triumphal entry into Jerusalem, left for Bethany Mark 11:12-19 Monday Cursing of the barren fig tree, cleansing the temple Mark 11:20- 14:11 Tuesday Teaching in the temple, fall of Jerusalem foretold, anointing at Bethany Wednesday Mark 14:12-42 Thursday Passover meal prepared and eaten, Gethsemane Mark 14:43 – 15:47 Friday Betrayal, arrest, trial, scourging, crucifixion, death, burial Mark 16:1 Saturday Burial, spices prepared Mark 16:2-14 Sunday Resurrection, appearances to followers The Final Week of Jesus Public Ministry

68 1 1. Entry into Jerusalem (Sunday) 2. Cleansing of the temple (Monday) 3. Day of teaching (Tuesday) 4. No activity recorded (Wednesday) 5. Passover meal (Thursday) 6. Trial (a), crucifixion (b) (Friday) 7. Burial (Friday, Saturday, Sunday) 8. Resurrection (Sunday) a 6b7 8 3

69 The Olivet Discourse Matthew 24:1-44 *Mark 13:1-37Luke 21:5-36 The occasion (vv. 1-2) The occasion (vv. 5-6) The question (vv. 3-4) The question (v. 7) Deceivers (v. 5)Deceivers (vv. 5-6)Deceivers (v. 8) Wars, disasters (vv. 6-8)Wars, disasters (vv. 7-8)Wars, disasters (vv. 9-11) Persecution (vv. 9-14)Persecution (vv. 9-13)Persecution (vv ) Tribulation (vv )Tribulation (vv )Tribulation (vv ) False Christs (vv )False Christs (vv )- - - Coming (vv )Coming (vv )Coming (vv ) Fig tree (vv )Fig tree (vv )Fig tree (vv ) Transition (v. 36)Transition (v. 32)- - - Watch / pray (vv )Watch / pray (vv )Watch / pray (vv ) * Matthews account of the Olivet Discourse continues to Matthew 25:46

70 Mark 13: Applications For Today 1. The Lord said take heed and forewarned of the dangers that lie ahead in life. To be forewarned is to be forearmed (13:5,9,23). 2. Christians will be greatly reward when they are persecuted for the Lords sake and when they endure such persecution (13:9-13). 3. The Lord expects us to understand what we read in his word (13:14). 4. Dont follow deceivers and false Christs even though they look like the truth (13:5-6,21-22). 5. The Lords word always comes to pass (13:31). 6. We need to be working and watching while waiting for the Lord to return (13:33-37).

71 Mark: Jesus the Sacrificial Servant The Servant Presented (1:1 – 1:45) The Servant Opposed (2:1 – 8:26) The Servant Teaches (8:27 – 10:52) The Servant Rejected (11:1 – 15:47) First rejection (11:1-26) Second rejection (11:27 – 13:37) Third rejection (14:1-72) Final rejection (15:1-47)

72 Mark 11:1-11 Sunday Triumphal entry into Jerusalem, left for Bethany Mark 11:12-19 Monday Cursing of the barren fig tree, cleansing the temple Mark 11:20- 14:11 Tuesday Teaching in the temple, fall of Jerusalem foretold, anointing at Bethany Wednesday Mark 14:12-42 Thursday Passover meal prepared and eaten, Gethsemane Mark 14:43 – 15:47 Friday Betrayal, arrest, trial, scourging, crucifixion, death, burial Mark 16:1 Saturday Burial, spices prepared Mark 16:2-14 Sunday Resurrection, appearances to followers The Final Week of Jesus Public Ministry

73 1 1. Entry into Jerusalem (Sunday) 2. Cleansing of the temple (Monday) 3. Day of teaching (Tuesday) 4. No activity recorded (Wednesday) 5. Passover meal (Thursday) 6. Trial (a), crucifixion (b) (Friday) 7. Burial (Friday, Saturday, Sunday) 8. Resurrection (Sunday) a 6b7 8 3

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75 Mary and Judas Compared and Contrasted Mark 14:3-11 MaryJudas Had a loving heartHad a loveless heart Gave generouslyBartered greedily Praised by Jesus for her actions Plotted against Jesus Attributed worth to JesusDoubted and despaired Pursued heavenly valuesSought earthly solutions Remembered for her selfishness Remembered as a traitor

76 The Trials of Jesus Some Illegalities in the Trials of Jesus 1. Trial at night 2. Abused while on trial 3. False testimony allowed 1. Annas and Caiaphas Mark 14:53-65 House of the High Priest Falsely accused, charged with blasphemy, struck 2. Pilate Mark 15:1-5 PraetoriumFalsely accused, accused of being a King 3. Herod Luke 23:8-12 Herods PalaceQuestioned, accused, mocked 4. Pilate Mark 15:6-20 PraetoriumPacified the Jews, scourged, struck, mocked

77 Mark 14: Applications For Today 1. Jesus is our Passover (14:1-2; 1 Cor. 5:7). 2. Those who make great sacrifices for the Lord (14:3,5) and do what they can for the Lord (14:8) will be remembered and rewarded (14:9). 3. The love of money is a root of all kinds of evil. Dont make bargains with the world which conveniently serve your own selfish desires (14:10-11). 4. When it comes to those in the church who trouble the Lord, we would do well to ask, Is it I? (14:19)? 5. Without a memorial we tend to forget and not appreciate the sacrifice that was made for us. We must always remember the body and blood sacrifice of Jesus (14:22-25)? 6. Before making a promise ask yourself, Should I keep this? Can I keep this? Will I keep this? (14:31). 7. Jesus prayed the prayer of submissive obedience while the disciples were to pray the prayer of vigilance (14:35-39). Both of these prayers are needed in our life today. 8. Watching and praying will keep us from falling into temptation (14:38). 9. Denying Jesus can come by taking slow gradual steps away from him (14:37-38, 54, 66ff). If we deny the Lord today, he will deny us in the last day (14:66- 71). 10. We do not defend Jesus and his honor by fighting a literal battle (14:47). 11. Dont make Jesus say something he didnt say (14:57-58). 12. Thinking about the words of Jesus in the Bible can cause one to have regret (14:72).

78 Mark: Jesus the Sacrificial Servant The Servant Presented (1:1 – 1:45) The Servant Opposed (2:1 – 8:26) The Servant Teaches (8:27 – 10:52) The Servant Rejected (11:1 – 15:47) First rejection (11:1-26) Second rejection (11:27 – 13:37) Third rejection (14:1-72) Final rejection (15:1-47)

79 Mark 11:1-11 Sunday Triumphal entry into Jerusalem, left for Bethany Mark 11:12-19 Monday Cursing of the barren fig tree, cleansing the temple Mark 11:20- 14:11 Tuesday Teaching in the temple, fall of Jerusalem foretold, anointing at Bethany Wednesday Mark 14:12-42 Thursday Passover meal prepared and eaten, Gethsemane Mark 14:43 – 15:47 Friday Betrayal, arrest, trial, scourging, crucifixion, death, burial Mark 16:1 Saturday Burial, spices prepared Mark 16:2-14 Sunday Resurrection, appearances to followers The Final Week of Jesus Public Ministry

80 The Trials of Jesus Some Illegalities in the Trials of Jesus 1. Trial at night4. No defense was allowed 2. Abused while on trial5. Incriminated for what Jesus said 3. False testimony allowed6. Guilty until proven innocent 1. Annas and Caiaphas Mark 14:53-65 House of the High Priest Falsely accused, charged with blasphemy, struck 2. Pilate Mark 15:1-5 PraetoriumFalsely accused, accused of being a King 3. Herod Luke 23:8-12 Herods PalaceQuestioned, accused, mocked 4. Pilate Mark 15:6-20 PraetoriumPacified the Jews, scourged, struck, mocked

81 1 1. Entry into Jerusalem (Sunday) 2. Cleansing of the temple (Monday) 3. Day of teaching (Tuesday) 4. No activity recorded (Wednesday) 5. Passover meal (Thursday) 6. Trial (a), crucifixion (b) (Friday) 7. Burial (Friday, Saturday, Sunday) 8. Resurrection (Sunday) a 6b7 8 3

82 Roman Political System CaesarSenate (Imperial Province)(Senatorial Province) ProcuratorProconsul (Quirinius, Lk. 2:2) (Pilate, Lk. 3:1)(S. Paulus, Ac. 13:7) (Felix, Ac. 23:24)(Gallio, Ac. 18:12) (Festus, Ac. 24:27; 26:30)Provincial RulerLocal MagistrateCity

83 Selected OT Prophecies and Their Fulfillment Surrounding the Death of Christ ProphecyFulfillment Betrayed by a friend – Psalm 41:9Mark 14:21 Sold for 30 pieces – Zech. 11:12-13Matthew 26:14-15; 27:9 Followers would leave – Zechariah 13:7Mark 14:27,49-50 Abused on trial & silent – Isaiah 53:7-8Matthew 26:67; 27:12,30 Death by crucifixion – Psalm 22:14-17Mark 15:20,25 Crucified with two thieves – Isa. 53:12Mark 15:27-28 Hands and feet pierced – Psalm 22:16Zech. 12:10 John 20:25-29 Cast lots for his garments – Psa. 22:18John 19:23-24 Buried in a rich mans tomb – Isa. 53:9Matthew 27:57-60

84 Selected OT Prophecies and Their Fulfillment Surrounding the Death of Christ ProphecyFulfillment Jesus the Passover Lamb – Isa. 53:71 Corinthians 5:7-8 Lifted up – Numbers 21:8-9John 3:14-15 Raised from the dead – Psalm 16:8-11Mt. 28:1ff; Luke 24:1ff Reign at Gods right hand – Psa. 110:1Mark 16:19

85 WordsTimeLesson Father forgive them…Third Hour ( 9:00 AM ) God loves mankind and seeks to forgive Today thou shalt be with me in Paradise There is a reward in the afterlife for the faithful Behold thy son … behold thy mother Sixth Hour ( 12:00 PM ) Jesus cared about his earthly family My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken… God cannot be in the presence of sin I thirstJesus was fully human It is finishedGods plan for saving mankind is complete Father into thy hands I commit my spirit Ninth Hour ( 3:00 PM ) Jesus always did the will of his Father The Seven Words of Jesus on the Cross

86 Mark 15: Applications For Today 1. Jesus is King of kings and Lord of lords (15:2,12,26). 2. Jesus was tortured emotionally and physically before even going to the cross (15:15-20). May we never forget the great sacrifice of Jesus on our behalf! 3. What will you do with Jesus (15:15)? Do not be weak like Pilate! 4. It is possible for some to pretend to worship and honor Jesus (15:19). 5. Must Jesus bear his cross alone (15:21)? We must bear the cross of Jesus (Heb. 13:13). 6. Jesus was crucified to save mankind from sin. What was said as a mock, He saved others…, was actually the truth (15:31). 7. Jesus death gave all mankind access to God (15:38; Heb. 9:7-8,24; 10:19-21). 8. Truth often comes from those whom you would least expect (15:39). 9. Like Joseph of Arimathaea, we need to have boldness and courage to identify ourselves as followers of Christ (15:43).

87 Mark: Jesus the Sacrificial Servant The Servant Presented (1:1 – 1:45) The Servant Opposed (2:1 – 8:26) The Servant Teaches (8:27 – 10:52) The Servant Rejected (11:1 – 15:47) The Servant Exalted (16:1-20) He arose (16:1-8) He appeared (16:9-18) He ascended (16:19-20)

88 Mark 11:1-11 Sunday Triumphal entry into Jerusalem, left for Bethany Mark 11:12-19 Monday Cursing of the barren fig tree, cleansing the temple Mark 11:20- 14:11 Tuesday Teaching in the temple, fall of Jerusalem foretold, anointing at Bethany Wednesday Mark 14:12-42 Thursday Passover meal prepared and eaten, Gethsemane Mark 14:43 – 15:47 Friday Betrayal, arrest, trial, scourging, crucifixion, death, burial Mark 16:1 Saturday Burial, spices prepared Mark 16:2-14 Sunday Resurrection, appearances to followers The Final Week of Jesus Public Ministry

89 The Resurrection Appearances of Jesus (Acts 1:3; 2:32; 3:15; 5:30-32; 10:40-41; 13:30-31; 1 Cor. 15:15) 1. Mary Magdalene 2. Other women 3. Peter 4. Two Emmaeus travelers 5. Ten disciples 6. Eleven disciples 7. Seven disciples fishing 8. Eleven disciples brethren 10. James the Lords brother 11. Disciples who watched Jesus ascension 12. Saul of Tarsus Scripture References 1. Mark16: Matthew 28: Luke 24:34 4. Luke 24: John 20: John 20: John 21: Matthew 28: Corinthians 15: Corinthians 15:7 11. Acts 1: Acts 9:3-6,27

90 1. It demonstrates that Jesus is the Son of God (Rom. 1:4) 2. It demonstrates that death has been conquered (1 Cor. 15:54-56) 3. It demonstrates that there is life after death (Lk. 20:37; John 5:29; 11:24-25; Acts 24:15) 4. It gives meaning to the entire life of the Christian (1 Cor. 15:12ff) 5. It gives the Christian hope (1 Peter 1:3) 6. It is necessary for salvation (Rom. 4:24-25; 10:9) 7. It is necessary for our intercession (Rom. 8:34) Why Is the Resurrection So Important?

91 Lessons from the Resurrection Appearances Matthew 28:1-20; Mark 16:1-20; Luke 24:1-53; John 20:1 – 21:23; Acts 1:1-10; 1 Corinthians 1:-11 AppearanceLesson 1. Mary Magdalene, John 20:11-18 Dont hold Jesus to the earth, he must ascend into heaven to reign there 2. The other women, Matthew 28:9-10; Luke 24:9-11 You may tell others the truth, but they may not believe you; tell them anyway 3. Peter, Luke 24:12,34 Peter begins his journey back to faithfulness (see Luke 22:32) 4. Two Emmaeus travelers, Luke 24:13-35 A burning desire to hear Gods word 5. Ten disciples (Thomas absent), John 20:19-22 Unbelief is unacceptable, and fear must give way to peace 6. Eleven disciples (Thomas present), John 20:24-28 (see also 20:1-9) Faith is rational and reasonable; faith is based upon the evidence of eyewitness testimony

92 AppearanceLesson 7. Seven disciples on the Sea of Galilee, Peter in particular, John 21:1-23 Following Jesus involves genuine love and focusing on your own responsibilities 8. Eleven disciples, Matthew 28:16-20 The Lords work is not finished – go into all the world and preach the gospel 9. Five hundred brethren at once, 1 Corinthians 15:6 Five hundred eyewitness confirmed the truthfulness of the resurrection 10. James the Lords brother, 1 Corinthians 15:7 One could not fake a resurrection, but James would know what his own brother looked like 11. Disciples who watched Jesus ascend into heaven, Acts 1:9-11 Jesus is coming again just like he left! 12. Saul of Tarsus, Acts 9,22,26; 1 Corinthians 15:8-11 Quit fighting against God, you wont win! Change, and use your life for the Lord! Lessons from the Resurrection Appearances Matthew 28:1-20; Mark 16:1-20; Luke 24:1-53; John 20:1 – 21:23; Acts 1:1-10; 1 Corinthians 1:-11

93 Mark 16: Applications For Today 1. We are expected to believe the eyewitness testimony of the resurrection of Jesus (16:11,13,14). 2. The Great Commission is still for us today. Let us continue to take the gospel into all the world (16:15). 3. The choice is simple: believe the gospel and receive salvation or disbelieve the gospel and receive condemnation (16:16). 4. Belief coupled with baptism is necessary for salvation (16:16). This is confirmed in the book of Acts where the apostles carried out the Great Commission (note the belief and baptism in these passages Acts 8:13; 8:37-38; 16:31- 33; 18:8). 5. We must submit to the authority of Jesus Christ as he rules and reigns at the right hand of God (16:19; Eph. 1:20-23). 6. Gods word has been confirmed as true by miraculous signs (16:20; Heb. 2:3-4).

94 Jesus the Sacrificial Servant Isaiah Mark 10:45 A Summary of the Book of Mark He served to please His Father (1:11) He served unhindered by temptation (1:12-13) He called others to serve with him; he prepared successors (1:16-20; 2:14; 3:13-19)

95 Jesus the Sacrificial Servant Isaiah Mark 10:45 A Summary of the Book of Mark He remained active (1:21; etc.) He operated within the authority of his Master (1:22,27; 2:10; 3:14-15; 6:7) He communicated regularly with his Master (1:35; 6:46; 9:29; 11:17,24; 13:33; 14:32,38)

96 Jesus the Sacrificial Servant Isaiah Mark 10:45 A Summary of the Book of Mark He remained focused (1:38; 8:31-33) He had care and compassion for others (1:41; 6:34; 8:2; 9:22) He taught others to serve (2:13; 3:23; 4:1) He reached out to the lost (2:15-17)

97 Jesus the Sacrificial Servant Isaiah Mark 10:45 A Summary of the Book of Mark He served unhindered by criticism, attacks, and opposition (2:7,16; 3:2,21,30; 6:3; 8:11-13) He planned ahead (3:9; 4:1) He understood what relationship is most important (3:35)

98 Jesus the Sacrificial Servant Isaiah Mark 10:45 A Summary of the Book of Mark He did not stay where he was unwanted (5:17-20) He took decisive action when called upon (5:24) He believed in teamwork (6:7)

99 Jesus the Sacrificial Servant Isaiah Mark 10:45 A Summary of the Book of Mark He pressed on after a great loss (6:29,31; see Mt. 14:13) He saw a need and addressed it (6:34) He taught leadership, order, gratitude, and stewardship (6:37-44; 8:1-10)

100 Jesus the Sacrificial Servant Isaiah Mark 10:45 A Summary of the Book of Mark He remained loyal to Gods word (7:8; 8:15) He taught and practiced true purity (7:14-23) He demanded growth of understanding (7:18; 8:18,21)

101 Jesus the Sacrificial Servant Isaiah Mark 10:45 A Summary of the Book of Mark He served others outside his nation (7:24,31) He set a standard of excellence (7:37) He warned others of the wrong way (8:15)

102 Jesus the Sacrificial Servant Isaiah Mark 10:45 A Summary of the Book of Mark He served despite rejection (8:31; 9:31) He practiced tough love (8:33; 10:21) He practiced and taught self-denial (8:34-37) He demanded loyalty (8:38)

103 Jesus the Sacrificial Servant Isaiah Mark 10:45 A Summary of the Book of Mark He understand and taught true greatness (9:33-37; 10:35-45) He recognized and remembered great service (14:8-9) He put others before self (15:31) He sent others out to serve (16:15-20)

104 Jesus the Sacrificial Servant Isaiah Mark 10:45 A Summary of the Book of Mark Jesus is our example of service (Mark 10:45)… John 13:15 (Gr. hupodeigma) = to show under 1 Corinthians 11:1 (Gr. mimetai) = mimic 1 Peter 2:21 (Gr. hupogrammos) = to write under


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