2Black Hawk WarUS govt says all Native Americans must leave IllinoisChief Black Hawk of the Sauk refuses, saying no one can own landUS settlers moved into village when they were away huntingAfter Sauk attacks, US troops drive out Indians
3Indian Removal ActPresident Jackson pushes Congress to force Indians to move west of the MississippiCongress established Indian Territory (now Oklahoma) as the new Indian homelandUS govt creates Bureau of Indian Affairs
4“One of the greatest evils to which they (Indians) are subject is the incessant (constant) pressure of our population.”John C. CalhounAccording to John C. Calhoun, why is the US government forcing the Native Americans to move off of their homelands?What is wrong with this statement?
5Cherokee IndiansLived peacefully in the Appalachian Mountains of Georgia and TennesseeAdopted culture of whites - wrote and spoke EnglishHad own written language and newspaperBased their government on the U.S. Constitution
6Cherokee Sue For LandCherokee sued the government of Georgia for taking their landWorcester vs. Georgia - Supreme Court rules Georgia’s actions are illegal and that the Cherokee can stay
7President Andrew Jackson “Chief Justice John Marshall has made his decision. Now let him enforce it.”President Andrew JacksonWhat is the job of the Supreme Court?What is the job of the President?What should happen if a government official refuses to do his job?
8Trail of Tears Georgia govt. smashes in Cherokee printing press US troops move 18,000 Cherokee at gunpoint 800 miles from25% of Cherokee died - most elderly and children
10Trail of Tears Assignment Write a three entry diary about your experiences on the Trail of Tears and how your life was/will be affected by the move from Georgia to Oklahoma.Entry One - Before you leave (court case)Entry Two - On the Trail (struggles during the trip)Entry Three - When you arrive in Indian Territory (how life has changed)Detail earns points - cover emotion, fears, pain, successes with colorful adjectives and adverbsDue next class