Takes place July 6-14 every year to honor Pamplonas patron saint, San Fermín, the patron saint of bakers and wine The celebration includes fireworks, parades, music, dances, bullfights and religious ceremonies, but it is most known for the running of the bulls The official colors of the festival are red and white, and the traditional outfit is all white with a red bandana around the neck and a red sash around the waist
The original purpose was to move bulls from the outside of town to the bullring The bulls are run every morning during the festival at 8:00 a.m. The run is a half mile long and takes approximately 2-3 minutes to complete Six bulls are run each day from an enclosure on Santo Domingo Street to the bullring where they will fight later in the day 2 herds of tame cattle are also run with the bulls The event is referred to as the encierro
The bulls are bred to fight and can weigh 1,300 pounds A rocket is set off to announce the start of the run Two rows of wooden fences are set up on each side. Spectators must stand behind both rows of fences and police and Red Cross staff stand behind the first row. Approximately 1.5 million people attend the festival each year Since 1924, 13 people have been killed during the runs. The last death was in 1995.
An edict issued by the mayors office details the following rules concerning the running of the bulls: 1. Those who are less than 18 years old are forbidden to run. 2. Crowding the fence is not allowed. 3. All doors along the runway must be closed. 4. One cannot carry things into the runway. 5. Runners must be dressed correctly. 6. It is forbidden to call to the bulls or in any way attract their attention either in the runway or in the ring. 7. Taking photos from inside the runway or from the fences during the "encierro" is not allowed without permission from the authorities.