Presentation on theme: "Ann Shlapobersky: ETAI 2011 Teacher, is 'copypaste' one word or two? Ann Shlapobersky."— Presentation transcript:
Ann Shlapobersky: ETAI 2011 Teacher, is 'copypaste' one word or two? Ann Shlapobersky
Ann Shlapobersky: ETAI 2011 Whose writing? Can you recognize your students' writing style? Are you aware of the lexicon and sentence structure your students know for their level of English?
Ann Shlapobersky: ETAI 2011 Who wrote it? Rappers may write, memorize, or improvise their lyrics and perform their works a cappella... (Wikipedia) Rappers sometime write, remember or make up the words to the song and then perform without music. (me) Rappers may write, commit to memory, or contrive their lyrics and perform their works acoustic … (thesaurus)
Ann Shlapobersky: ETAI 2011 What is plagiarism? Origin: 1621, from L. plagiarius "kidnapper, seducer, plunderer, ” the unauthorized use or close imitation of the language and thoughts of another author and the representation of them as one's own original work. www.dictionary.com the act of using another person's words or ideas without giving credit to that person : http://www.learnersdictionary.com/search/plagiarism http://www.learnersdictionary.com/search/plagiarism "intentionally representing the words, ideas, or data of another as one ’ s own in any academic exercise without providing proper citation." NU Academic Integrity Policy NU Academic Integrity Policy
Ann Shlapobersky: ETAI 2011 copy/paste and plagiarism Is there a difference, for our students, between copy/paste and plagiarism? How do we explain to our students the meaning of: 'in your own words' What makes ‘ in your own words ’ so difficult for our students?
Ann Shlapobersky: ETAI 2011 Can you spot the difference? Since all people of the world, including the most inaccessible clannish groups, have a figure of music, scientists terminate that music is likely to have been gift in the inherited population preceding to the scattering of humans around the world. Since all people of the world, including the most isolated tribal groups, have a form of music, scientists conclude that music is likely to have been present in the ancestral population prior to the dispersal of humans around the world. So, who wrote which and how?
Ann Shlapobersky: ETAI 2011 What did the student do here? Amount of those works composed for his short life and the quality exceptional puts him one of the greatest classical composers of all time. (Morfix ) וולפגנג אמדאוס מוצרט וולפגנג אמדאוס מוצרט. כמות היצירות אותן חיבר במשך חייו הקצרים ואיכותן יוצאת הדופן מעמידות אותו כאחד מגדולי המלחינים הקלאסיים של כל הזמנים. (Wikipedia)
Ann Shlapobersky: ETAI 2011 Is there a difference between paraphrasing and summarizing Paraphrasing: a rewording of something spoken or written, usually for the purpose of making its meaning clearer - http://www.yourdictionary.com/paraphrase http://www.yourdictionary.com/paraphrase a restatement of a text or passage giving the meaning in another form, as for clearness; rewording. www.dictionary.com Summarize: state or express in a concise form. http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/summarize http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/summarize give a rundown of, put in a nutshell, give the main points of Collins Thesaurus of the English Language Collins Thesaurus of the English Language
Ann Shlapobersky: ETAI 2011 In order to paraphrase or summarize what do the students need to know? Topic of paragraph Key words Main idea Identify supporting details Restate the main idea in your own words
Ann Shlapobersky: ETAI 2011 http://www.liketoread.com/read_strats_summarize.php Summarizing a poem Grandma by Karen Haag "Let me tell you this story," you'd say. And soon, we'd be giggling at your stories. Laughter came easily around you. "Have you seen this cartoon, cut from the paper?" you'd write. We'd pull out your rumpled cartoons and the dollar from the letter you sent. We received your cards with little appreciation at the time. "Let's make hot crossed cinnamon buns!" you suggested. We'd all get to work, rolling pin and flour spread on the counter. Your baking permeated the kitchen. "You do that very well," you kindly offered. You noticed when we did our best and it didn't matter if our efforts were perfect. Your kind words cuddled us safely like one of your quilts. Many years have passed but the memories linger. "A little something sweet would be nice," you'd say after every evening meal. And so you were, too... a sweet treasure to us all. Summary Grandma tells stories. Grandma sends little things. Grandma cooks. Grandma compliments us. Grandma is a sweet treasure.
Ann Shlapobersky: ETAI 2011 Plagiarize, Paraphrase, Summarize! The original passage: Students frequently overuse direct quotation in taking notes, and as a result they overuse quotations in the final [research] paper. Probably only about 10% of your final manuscript should appear as directly quoted matter. Therefore, you should strive to limit the amount of exact transcribing of source materials while taking notes. Lester, James D. Writing Research Papers. 2nd ed. (1976): 46-47. (51 words) Sample Purdue OWL: Paraphrasing: http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/619/01/ http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/619/01/
Ann Shlapobersky: ETAI 2011 A legitimate paraphrase: In research papers students often quote excessively, failing to keep quoted material down to a desirable level. Since the problem usually originates during note taking, it is essential to minimize the material recorded verbatim (Lester 46-47). (34 words) An acceptable summary: Students should take just a few notes in direct quotation from sources to help minimize the amount of quoted material in a research paper (Lester 46-47). (24 words) A plagiarized version: Students often use too many direct quotations when they take notes, resulting in too many of them in the final research paper. In fact, probably only about 10% of the final copy should consist of directly quoted material. So it is important to limit the amount of source material copied while taking notes. (53 words)
Ann Shlapobersky: ETAI 2011 What type of questions encourage copy/paste? Facts: When/Where did he live, die, write …. His/her/its background, location …. Historical information When was it created, developed, discovered? What was it used for? Why did it happen? Who caused it? What were the causes? Specific information Who, when, where, with who (whom)
Ann Shlapobersky: ETAI 2011 What type of questions discourage copy/paste? Compare/contrast How are Superman and Spiderman different or similar? What are the similarities and differences between a farmer and city dwellers during a drought? Inference How do you know that Little Red Riding Hood isn ’ t sure it is her grandmother in the bed? What leads us to believe that Larry Keller ’ s plane crash wasn ’ t an accident? Distinguishing different perspectives Your house has only one working television right now. You and your sister/brother want to watch a different TV program. Who should watch it and why? Explaining cause and effect It is raining today. What can ’ t you do? Give examples how lack of rain in the winter effects homes and agriculture.
Ann Shlapobersky: ETAI 2011 What can discourage plagiarism? A rubric Threat of failure Working in class only Practicing writing skills on simple texts Additional options ________________ Preparing a project/tasks appropriate for the class/student language and maturity level.
Ann Shlapobersky: ETAI 2011 Should you … check a student ’ s project/task for plagiarism? accept projects/tasks where the student has clearly plagiarized? accept projects/tasks that clearly aren ’ t in the student ’ s own words and the 'tutor' helped write ?
Ann Shlapobersky: ETAI 2011 A project or task should be … appropriate for the maturity level of the students. associated to the subject matter taught in class. appropriate for the language level of the students Ann Shlapobersky: firstname.lastname@example.org