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A socio cultural constructivist approach to technology teaching - pipe dream or possibility? Resources to support an appropriate pedagogy David Barlex.

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Presentation on theme: "A socio cultural constructivist approach to technology teaching - pipe dream or possibility? Resources to support an appropriate pedagogy David Barlex."— Presentation transcript:

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2 A socio cultural constructivist approach to technology teaching - pipe dream or possibility? Resources to support an appropriate pedagogy David Barlex Director Nuffield Design & Technology STEM Consultant for the D & T Association Senior Lecturer Brunel University UPDATE Glasgow December 2007

3 Presentation overview Defining a socio cultural constructivist approach Conditions for success Lessons from Nuffield Design & Technology Lessons from Electronics in Schools Lessons from Young Foresight Summing up

4 Defining a socio cultural constructivist approach Teaching that provides pupils with the opportunity to use their life experiences of the world outside school and prior learning in school to support designerly activity and critique through dialogue with others. More common in primary schools

5 Conditions for success TIME RESOURCES EXPERTISE SUPPORT Drip feed or immersion? Intellectual and physical ITE, PD, & from outside teaching SMT Professional Association Collegiality

6 Lessons from Nuffield Design & Technology Designing and making a something for a somebody A BIG Task sometimes called a Capability Task To be successful a pupil needs to use the learning from Small Tasks sometimes called Resource Tasks Because you can’t run on empty See www.secondarydandt.org & www.primarydandt.orgwww.secondarydandt.orgwww.primarydandt.org

7 Looking at Design Strategy Resource Tasks Lots of opportunities for the SCC approach Using the PIES approach to needs and wants Understanding winners and losers

8 Teaching a Capability Task (i)

9 Teaching a Capability Task (ii)

10 Teaching a Capability Task (iii) See Teacher’s Guide in Designing at KS3 www.secondarydandt.org www.secondarydandt.org

11 Lessons from Electronics in Schools Marketing Who it’s for Constructional How it fits together Conceptual What it does Technical How it works Aesthetic What it looks like Consider constructing a working radio circuit Consider designing and making a working radio for your gran who has limited manipulative abilities and poor sight Lots of opportunities for the SCC approach

12 Lessons from Electronics in Schools Marketing Who it’s for Constructional How it fits together Conceptual What it does Technical How it works Aesthetic What it looks like What about social impact?What about economic impact? What about environmental impact? Lots of opportunities for the SCC approach See www.electronicsinschools.org/index.php www.electronicsinschools.org/index.php

13 Lessons from Electronics in Schools ConceptualTechnicalAestheticConstructionalMarketing BIG Task 1Pupil or teacher? BIG Task 2Pupil or teacher? BIG Task 3Pupil or teacher? BIG Task 4Pupil or teacher? Etc This design decision audit reveals the opportunities for the SCC approach

14 Lessons from Young Foresight Pupils design but NOT make Products and service for the future Using new and emerging technologies in their design proposals Writing their own design briefs Working in groups Supported by mentors from industry Presenting their proposals to their peers, teachers and mentors and to adult audiences at innovation conferences REQUIRES the SCC approach

15 Conceptual design with the Young Foresight Tetrahedron Technology Society Markets People See www.youngforesight.orgwww.youngforesight.org

16 The QTC Challenge QTC is clever stuff. It comes as thin sheets or a powder. It can be built into textiles or fixed to hard surfaces. In a relaxed state it is a good insulator. When it is stretched, squashed or twisted it becomes a conductor. The harder you stretch, squash or twist it the better it conducts. It’s already been used in power tools and a robot hand. What would you use it for?

17 Pupils’ concept 1

18 Pupils’ concept 2

19 Pupils’ concept 3

20 A response to a more open challenge

21 Summing up Socio cultural constructivism defined Conditions for success - imperative to the endeavour Nuffield D&T - a simple effective pedagogy supportive of SCC EIS - design decision audit revealing opportunities for SCC Young Foresight - collaborative conceptual design requiring SCC

22 Thanks for listening dbarlex@nuffieldfoundation.org


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