Definition 4 Drama = work meant to be performed on stage by actors
The Concept of Aristotle (384 - 322 BC) Unity of : time place action Distinction : Division of plot into acts
The Shakespearean drama 4 Blurring of the strict conventions of the Greek drama: comic elements in tragedies (f.e. drunk porter in Macbeth) tragic elements in comedies (f.e. faked death of the heroine in Much ado about nothing) some tragedies are set in bourgeoisie (f.e. Romeo and Juliet)
20th century drama 4 The drama in the 20th century distinguishes itself by an increasing diversification
20th century drama 4 realistic „kitchen sink“ drama: 4 set in working class, contains social criticism (f.e. George Bernard Shaw: Pygmalion)
20th century drama 4 absurd drama: 4 surrealistic plot (f.e. Samuel Beckett: Waiting for Godot)
20th century drama 4 After 1945: increasing individualism of the dramatists.
Important Dramatists after 1945 4 Edward Albee 4 (Who‘s afraid of Virginia Woolf)
Important Dramatists after 1945 4 Arthur Miller 4 (Death of a Salesman) He was married to...... Marilyn Monroe !
Important Dramatists after 1945 4 Harold Pinter 4 (Look Back in Anger)
Important Dramatists after 1945 4 Sam Shepard 4 (True West) He is also a famous actor (f. e. The Pelican Brief with Julia Roberts) GOOD LOOKING !
Important Dramatists after 1945 4 Thornton Wilder 4 (Our Town)
Important Dramatists after 1945 4 and of course...... Tennessee Williams !
Table of Contents: Part Two 4 Tennessee Williams - A biography –childhood –university years –his success –his decline
His childhood 4 March 16, 1911: Tennessee Williams is born as Thomas Lanier Williams in Columbus, Mississippi 1911 - 1918: grows up in Clarksdale, Mississippi 1918: familiy moves to St Louis
University years 4 1929: Enters University of Missouri 1931: Leaves university because his father wants him to work in a shoe company 1938: Graduates from University of Iowa 1937: parents admit his sister Rose to a lunatic asylum
His success 4 1939: Wins his first prizes for American Blue and Battle of Angels. 4 1940: outs himself as a homosexual
His success 1944 -1955: writes his most famous plays 1944: The Glass Menagerie 1947: A Streetcar Named Desire 1955: Cat on a Hot Tin Roof Hot!Hot!HOT!
His decline 4 Lack of success causes phases of depression 4 death of his longtime companion in 1963 4 increasing addiction to alcohol and pills Feb 25, 1983: dies in a hotel room as a result of his addiction