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1 QUALITY ASSURANCE AND TRACEABILITY Towards one unique ICQM standard in the arable crop and horticulture sector Marc ROSIERS Towards a unique ICQM Standard.

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Presentation on theme: "1 QUALITY ASSURANCE AND TRACEABILITY Towards one unique ICQM standard in the arable crop and horticulture sector Marc ROSIERS Towards a unique ICQM Standard."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 QUALITY ASSURANCE AND TRACEABILITY Towards one unique ICQM standard in the arable crop and horticulture sector Marc ROSIERS Towards a unique ICQM Standard in the arable crop and horticulture sector

2 2 Contents  Introduction Starting point Voluntary action Legal action  The ICQM Standard Aims Development Instruments State of the art and future Control and costs  VEGAPLAN.BE

3 3  A few incidents and crises: Dioxin crisis (B), BSE (UK), foot and mouth sore (UK, NL), sugar beet GMO (NL), beet pulp (B), …  A few points concerning: The consumers The purchasers Food policy: foundation of FASFC: Federal Agency for the Safety of the Food Chain Starting point

4 4 Consequences  Voluntary actions At first in individual sectors Later at the level of the production of arable crops  Legal actions European and Belgian legislation concerning liability for defective products European guideline and Belgian RD on auto-control

5 5 Voluntary action (1) CPPC = Concertation Platform door de Processing of arable Crops Founded June 26 th 2000 Reformed as non profit organization on July 6th 2005 Members: Belgapom, Belgrain, Bemefa, Cefi, KVBM, Nubelt, Subel, VBT, Vegebe

6 6 Voluntary action (2) CPPC  Has members from companies which trade and process raw materials from crops  With the goal to develop ‘one’ ICQM system (Integrated Chain Quality Management) for arable crops and horticulture through concertation: Within and between the chains With the public authorities

7 7 Voluntary action (3)  ICQM: what’s in a name? Integrated = a link is established between every partner of the chain Chain = all partners in the food chain Quality = product safety, product quality, environment Management = planning, executing, controlling and correcting  GOAL = optimising the chain

8 8 Voluntary action (4)  One ICQM system ICQM applies to all links of the chain:  Agriculture companies (and their suppliers)  Trade and transport  Processors of basic raw materials ICQM applies to all product flows:  Primary product flow of agriculture to processors of basic raw materials to food industry  Secondary product flow of food industry to agriculture: animal feed and soil

9 9 Voluntary action (5)  In concertation with: AGROFRONT Is an actual association With branch associations for agriculture and horticulture of  Boerenbond (BB)  Algemeen Boerensyndicaat (ABS)  La Fédération Wallonne de l’Agriculture (FWA)

10 10 Voluntary action (6)  In concertation with: SUPPLIERS Products  Producers of seed, planting material en plantlets (Intersemza, Semzabel,…)  Producers of fytopharmaceuticals (Phytofar)  Producers of fertilizers (Fedichem, Ferab, Vlaco, …) Services  Transport = external services (Febetra, SAV)  Subcontractors (Landbouwservice NCL, VOLSOG)  Distributors of seeds, fytopharmaceuticals and fertilizers

11 11 Voluntary action (7) Start concertation: - distributors : Foundation CPPC: - Concertation within the chain - Concertation with Agrofront Continuation concertation Design ICQM Standaard and guide auto-control: PVF Structural concertation between the different chains and the public authorities Start concertation: - Suppliers - Public authorities (FASFC, regions) ICQM Standard in the arable crop and horticulture sector  Validation Guide auto-controle by FASFC and acrreditation by BELAC  Continuation concertation  Guide auto-control in the arable crop and horticulture sector

12 12 Legal actions (1)  European Regulation 178/2002 laying down the general principles of food law, establishing the European Food Safety Authority and laying down procedures in matters of food safety Regulation 852/2004 on the hygiene of foodstuffs

13 13 Legal actions (2)  Belgian RD of on auto-control, notification duty and traceability  All stages of production, processing and distribution  Primary production= the cultivation of primary products and harvesting

14 14 Legal actions (3)  Auto-control: internal self-control =the whole of measures taken by proprietors to insure that their products in all steps of production, processing and distribution satisfy to: Food safety Traceability Technical quality (within competence of FASFC)

15 15 Legal actions (4)  Auto-control in the primary production Annex I: hygiene prescriptions Annex II: Keeping up records + notification duty

16 16 Legal actions (5)  Hygiene prescriptions: Protect products against pollution from fertilizers, fytopharmaceuticals, biocides, water, soil,.. Accommodation, crates, vehicles that are used: keep clean Use drinking water or clean water where necessary to prevent pollution Store waste and dangerous materials so as to prevent pollution

17 17 Legal actions (6)  Records = traceability Records IN & OUT: for all incoming and outgoing products:  Multiplication material of crops  Fytopharmaceuticals and biocides  Fertilizers The use of fytopharmaceuticals and biocides (RD of 22/12/2005)

18 18 Legal actions (7)  Notification duty: for each operator who judges or has grounds to believe that the product he imports, produces, trades, processes, … can be harmful for the health of men, animals or crops: Microbiological contaminants and toxins Residues of pesticides and nitrates Not accepted genetic engineered organisms Harmful organisms for crops (for which notification to FASFC is obliged)

19 19 Legal actions (8)  Notification duty: Obliged forms for notification The results of for public health relevant analyses of plant samples or other samples ! All records must be kept for at least 5 years

20 20 Legal actions (9)  Sector guides Concretises all legal prescriptions from the RD for a specific sector or subsector Validation by the FASFC  Delegation External control on auto-control can be executed by acknowledged and accredited certification institutions

21 21 Contents  Introduction Starting point Voluntary action Legal action  The ICQM Standard Aims Development Instruments State of the art and future Control and costs  VEGAPLAN.BE

22 22 ICQM Standard = answer to all legal demands  Based on risk analysis (product file card)  Describes hygienic measures applicable for the primary production (RD Annex 1) Sector guide Auto-control: requirements with respect to food safety and traceability under competence of FASFC

23 23 ICQM Standard  Describes the keeping up of records for the primary production of crops (RD Annex 2) Traceability Record of parcel/culture in a file stab  Provides an external control: certification regulation On the fulfilment of the ICQM Standard

24 24 Aims (1) Observation In the link “arable crops and horticulture” a lot of systems exist (excessive growth on books of specifications) Aim of CPPC– AGROFRONT One unique system for the whole chain of production of arable crops and horticulture Solution Development of the ICQM standard for PRODUCTION OF ARABLE CROPS AND HORTICULTURE as a unique system for all crops

25 25 Aims (2)  Main goal Develop ONE HARMONIZED system  For all crops and activities  Administratively simple, feasible and affordable  Second goal Sector guide Auto-control for the production of arable crops and horticulture (answer to RD Auto- control, notification duty and traceability)

26 26 Aims (3)  The ICQM Standard for arable crops and horticulture Describes all legal and supplementary standards with respect to:  Basic quality = food safety, technologic quality and environment  Traceability  The ICQM Standard for arable crops and horticulture encompasses the “minimal requirements for the farmer to obtain entry to the market”

27 27 Development (1)  Starting point different existing books of specifications  Lastenboek consumptie-aardapplen  Lastenboek industriegroenten  Flandria  Lastenboek MBT voor pitfruit en houtig kleinfruit  Charte PERFECT were compared and harmonized  1 book of specifications

28 28 Development (2)  Result: the comparative and harmonizing study results in two groups of requirements: Horizontal requirements: general requirements for basic quality: applicable to all activities Vertical requirements: specific requirements that differ between activities regarding:  Technique (e.g. intensive versus extensive culture)  The product (e.g. specific requirements for mycotoxins in grains)  The destination (e.g. fresh market versus industry)

29 29 Development (3)  Result Requirements Eurep-GAP General Specific Different cultures (vegetables, potatoes, fruit, grains, sugar beets, …) ICQM Standard Requirements > basic requirements within ICQM (e.g. Eurep-GAP, Flandria, …) Not applicable

30 30 Instruments (1) + Guide Auto-control Risk analysis Product file stab Code of Good Agricultural Practice Book of specificationsCheck- listRegistration documents

31 31 Instruments (2)  Product file stab Risk analysis of the vegetable products: risk and critical points in the primary production process  basis of ICQM Standard Specific for each culture  Book of specifications Contains all requirements for the product and the production process concerning basic quality and traceability The book of specifications has been harmonized for the whole arable crop production and horticulture with a series of:  General requirements for application to ALL cultures  Specific requirements for particular cultures (when applicable)

32 32 Instruments (3)  Check-list Distilled from the book of specifications: all important requirements are resumed. The use of the check-list is consequently handy for internal or external control  Registration - documents File stabs on which all important culture information is registered (fytopharmaceuticals, irrigation, date of planting or sowing, …) = passport of the product = instrument of registration and traceability No obliged fixed format, aim is simplicity. Reference to existing documents is possible

33 33 Instruments (4)  Annexes of the ICQM Standard Procedure notification duty Regulation for certification  Sector guide Auto-control The sector guide resumes all requirements for which the FASFC is competent The sector guides meets all requirements concerning RD Auto- control, notification duty and traceability

34 34 ICQM versus Sector guide ICQM Standard: Accreditation by BELAC All requirements regarding food safety, traceability, technological quality and environment Sector guide Auto-control: Validation by FASFC Only requirements regarding food safety and traceability under competence of FASFC

35 35 State of the art and future (1)  First phase The ICQM Standard for potatoes, vegetables and fruit (fresh market and industry) = ICQM ‘PVF’  Realised: July 2004  Start: January 1 st 2005 Sector Guide Auto-control for the production of arable crops and horticulture, version ‘PVF’  Realised: July 2004  Submitted to FASFC for validation

36 36 State of the art and future (2)  First phase The ICQM Standard for subcontractors of agricultural and horticultural works for potatoes, vegetables and fruit (fresh market and industry) = ICQM for subcontractors ’PVF’  Realised: end 2004  Start: March 15 th 2005

37 37 State of the art and future (3)  Second phase: Extension of the ICQM Standard and Sector guide to other arable crops: Grains, protein and oil containing raw materials (FWA) Sugar beets (CBB) Chicory (CBB)  Sector Guide submitted to FASFC at the end of December 2005  ICQM Standard: mid 2006  accreditation by BELAC

38 38 State of the art and future (4)  Second phase: extension of the ICQM Standard and sector guide auto-control to other crops and secondary transport to GMP certified companies Submission to FASFC – BELAC: mid 2006

39 39 State of the art and future (5)  Exchangeability with other systems Study of exchangeability with other systems applied in the Netherlands (voedselveiligheidscertificaat), France, Europe (Eurep-Gap, …)  Foreseen in 2006

40 40 State of the art and future (6)  Agriculture (production of arable crops and horticulture) and  Subcontractors (of agricultural and horticultural works) One ICQM Standard and enclosed Sector guide

41 41 Control FASFC Companies without Sector guide Companies With ICQM/sector guide Indvidual certification (Certification institution) Group certification (Control Centre) Levy Audit costs Individual Investments

42 42 Levy Audit costs Individual investments = Contribution for FASFC 3 yr1 yr  Certification of the company  Supplement per activity (4)100  Right of use + certificate248  Administrative cost3612 TOTAL285 €95 € Individual investments3 yr1 yr ??

43 43 Conclusion  ICQM Standard = A guarantee for basic quality regarding food safety, technological quality and environment a chain approach: All links are present: suppliers, primary production, trade and processors

44 44 Conclusion  ICQM Standard = A horizontal approach  For all arable and horticultural crops  A harmonised standard for the whole production of arable crops and horticulture Simple, feasible and affordable With the auto-control guide an answer to the RD Auto-control, notification duty and traceability

45 45 Contents  Introduction Starting point Voluntary action Legal action  The ICQM Standard Aims Development Instruments State of the art and future Control and costs  VEGAPLAN.BE

46 46 What (1)  The non profit organization VEGAPLAN.BE was founded by CPCC- Agrofront and has as a task the administrative management of the ICQM STANDARD

47 47 What (2)  Tasks CPPC VEGAPLAN. BE CERTIFICATION Concertation Suppliers Agriculture Trade & Processors Distribution Management Control Agriculture Suppliers Agriculture Or FASFC Or OCI Suppliers Trade & Processors

48 48 Tasks  VEGAPLAN.BE Manages the data base with addresses and the status of the companies which are using the ICQM Standard Informs the companies  New versions of the ICQM Standard  The exchangeability with other (foreign) standards

49 49 Tasks  VEGAPLAN.BE Recognizes and forms auditors: uniform and harmonized audits  Theoretical and practical trainings  Exams Coordinates  The verification procedure: harmonization of the sampling scheme that is organized per sector  The training of the companies: to establish a correct application of the ICQM Standards

50 50 Members  For traders and processors : Belgapom: Belgian federation of potato trade and industry Subel: Federation of Belgian sugar manufacturers VBT: Association of Belgian horticultural auctions Vegebe: Association for vegetable processing and trade in industrial vegetables Bemefa:Professional association of the Belgian compound feed manufacturers Potential members = other links of the chain traders & processors (CPCC): e.g. Belgrain (grains), Cefi...

51 51 Members  For agriculture: ABS (Algemeen Boerensyndicaat) BB (Boerenbond) FWA (Fédération Wallonne de l’Agriculture) CBB (Confederatie Belgische Bietentelers)  For suppliers: Landbouw-Service (Nationale Centrale Landbouwservice)

52 52 Financing  Financial supply by the founding members  Yearly participation for the working expense Farmers:  Accession to VEGAPLAN: € 12 / year  Right of use ICQM Standard: € 4/year  For each certificate: € 4/year Subcontractors  Accession to VEGAPLAN: € 21 / year (€ 71 for non members Landbouw-Service)  Right of use: € 4/year  For each certificate: € 25/year (€ 75 for non members Landbouw-Service) Traders and processors:  Payment of yearly amount: € 50/year for members - € 150 for non members Control institutions:  Accession VEGAPLAN: € 750/ year + € 1 for each farmer/subcontractor

53 53 Transition period  VEGAPLAN TODAY = transition period ICQM Standard for arable crops and horticulture version PVF and ICQM Standard for subcontractors  If a farmer/subcontractor wants an external control by a certification institution: register He is taken up in the data base of the extranet On that follows the control by the certification institution Today Vegaplan.be works with 8 recognized certification institution

54 54 Tomorrow  Future = ICQM Standards for the production of arable crops and horticulture and enclosed sector guides: agriculture and subcontracting Extension of arable crops: sugar beets, grains, oil and protein containing crops, chicory Sector guide: approval by the FASFC  at last end June 2006

55 55 How to contact? CPPC – Vegaplan.be PhD Ine Vervaeke Tervurenlaan 182, 1150 BRUSSELS Belgium tel: +32 (0) fax: +32 (0)


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