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Memory & Concentration A Study Skills Series presented by General Studies.

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Presentation on theme: "Memory & Concentration A Study Skills Series presented by General Studies."— Presentation transcript:

1 Memory & Concentration A Study Skills Series presented by General Studies

2 3 important memory processes 1) Encoding 2) Storage 3) Retrieval

3 Types of Memory  Sensory Memory  Short-Term Memory Immediate Memory Immediate Memory Working Memory Working Memory  Long-Term Memory

4 General Memory Strategies Spaced Practice Break Tasks Down Repetition

5 Specific Memory Strategies Rehearsal Strategies Elaboration Strategies Affective & Motivational Strategies Comprehension Monitoring Strategies Organizational Strategies

6 Rehearsal Strategies  Repeat the information until it is learned  Have to make the repetition of the information meaningful

7 Elaboration Strategies  Acronyms/Catchwords  NBA, TMI, KIT, TSU  Acrostics/Catchphrases  Please Excuse My Dear Aunt Sally  Imagery  Rhymes & Songs Involves expanding on the info, forming associations, or connecting the information to what you already know

8 Organizational Strategies  Allow you to organize the information to make it easier to learn and recall  Organize material by grouping

9 Comprehension Monitoring Strategies  Allows us to monitor or keep tabs on our learning  Help you examine and evaluate the strategies that you are using  Metacognition  Task awareness  Strategy awareness  Performance awareness

10 Affective & Motivational Strategies Relate to your attitude, interest, and motivation toward learning Relate to your attitude, interest, and motivation toward learning Help prepare you mentally for studying and create a positive learning environment Help prepare you mentally for studying and create a positive learning environment

11 What is Concentration? Concentration enables a person to FOCUS their attention on what they are doing Concentration enables a person to FOCUS their attention on what they are doing It is very important in just about everything you do It is very important in just about everything you do

12 3 Levels of Concentration: 1. Light Concentration 2. Moderate Concentration 3. Deep Concentration

13 Light Concentration  Is experienced when you first sit down to study and continues throughout the first 5 minutes of study  You’re just getting settled into your reading, listening, or studying  In this level students may be easily distracted  Students may: wiggle around in their chairs, feel the need to pull out other study supplies, etc.  Not much is accomplished during this stage  Very little learning actually occurs

14 Moderate Concentration Students enter this level after about 5 minutes of studying Students enter this level after about 5 minutes of studying Student begins paying attention to material that is being read, heard, or studied Student begins paying attention to material that is being read, heard, or studied Student is not as easily distracted Student is not as easily distracted Begin to focus only on the material and external distractions are ignored Begin to focus only on the material and external distractions are ignored Some learning occurs in this stage Some learning occurs in this stage

15 Deep Concentration  You begin thinking only about what you are hearing, writing, or reading  You are totally consumed in material  You learn the most material while in deep concentration  You are able to complete more work in less time and are working most effectively

16 3 Types of Concentration: 1. Ability to Focus at Will – being able to turn your attention to the task of listening to a lecture the moment the professor begins to speak 2. Sustaining Your Focus – maintaining concentration 3. Limiting Your Focus – Concentrating on one task at a time

17 Causes of Poor Concentration:  Lack of Attention – can be a result of distractions  Internal Distractions – things that students worry and think about  External Distractions- includes noise, an uncomfortable study area, and people  Lack of Interest – Without a high level of interest it is very easy to lose concentration  Lack of Motivation – In order to improve concentration, you must be motivated to succeed

18 Strategies for Improving Concentration 1.Use Motivational and Organizational Strategies: A. Have a positive attitude toward your work B. Create Interest in the Task C. Use Goal-Setting Strategies – set clear goals D. Use Time-Management Strategies – “To Do” lists and planning calendars

19 Strategies Continued 2. Create a Positive Learning Environment – A. Minimize external distractions as much as possible A. Minimize external distractions as much as possible B. Move to front of classroom during lectures B. Move to front of classroom during lectures C. At home find a place to study that is distraction-free C. At home find a place to study that is distraction-free

20 Strategies Continued 3. Deal with Internal Distractions 4. Use Active Learning Strategies 5. Match Your Learning Style to the Task – find out what works best for you 6. Monitor Your Concentration

21 Benefits of Improved Concentration: Ability to make better use of your time Ability to make better use of your time Ability to gain a better understanding of what you have read Ability to gain a better understanding of what you have read Improved concentration during lecture leads to better lecture notes Improved concentration during lecture leads to better lecture notes Increased self-confidence and higher self-esteem Increased self-confidence and higher self-esteem Ability to make connections between knew and old material Ability to make connections between knew and old material Ability to prepare better for quizzes and exams Ability to prepare better for quizzes and exams


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