2Written by Voltaire, a philosopher of the Age of the Enlightenment Published in 1759 under a pseudonymImmediately banned because of the critical views of religion and governmentVery popular and cause of scandalAdapted in a comical operetta by Leonard Bernstein in 1956
3Candide is a humorous, adventurous, fast paced philosophical tale that attacks Liebniz’ optimism: “All is for the best in the best of possible worlds.”It is a satire presented in a matter of fact style.It narrates incredible adventures, on the background of real historical events such as the 7 Years War and the earthquake of Lisbon of 1755.
4Satire - the use of irony, sarcasm, ridicule, or the like, in exposing, denouncing, or deriding vice, folly, etc.Sarcasm - A form of wit that is marked by the use of sarcastic language and is intended to make its victim the butt of contempt or ridicule.Irony - a technique of indicating, as through character or plot development, an intention or attitude opposite to that which is stated.Parody - a humorous or satirical imitation of a serious piece of literature or writingAllegory - a representation of an abstract or spiritual meaning through concrete or material forms; figurative treatment of one subject under the guise of another.
5Sarcastic suggests sharp taunting and ridicule that wounds: "a deserved reputation for sarcastic, acerbic and uninhibited polemics" (Burke Marshall).Ironic implies a subtler form of mockery in which an intended meaning is conveyed obliquely: "a man of eccentric charm, ironic humor, and—above all—profound literary genius" (Jonathan Kirsch).Caustic means corrosive and bitingly trenchant: "The caustic jokes ... deal with such diverse matters as political assassination, talk-show hosts, medical ethics" (Frank Rich).Satirical implies exposure, especially of vice or folly, to ridicule: "on the surface a satirical look at commercial radio, but also a study of the misuse of telecommunications" (Richard Harrington).Sardonic is associated with scorn, derision, mockery, and often cynicism: "He was proud, sardonic, harsh to inferiority of every description" (Charlotte Brontë).
9Chapters 1-10 in Europe: Germany, Holland, Portugal Chapters in the Americas:Chapters in Europe and the Ottoman Empire
10Summary of CandideChapter 1 - How Candide Was Brought Up in a Magnificent Castle and How He Was Driven ThenceChapter 2 - What Befell Candide among the BulgariansChapter 3 - How Candide Escaped from the Bulgarians and What Befell Him AfterwardChapter 4 - How Candide Found His Old Master Pangloss Again and What Happened to HimChapter 5 - A Tempest, a Shipwreck, an Earthquake, and What Else Befell Dr. Pangloss, Candide, and James, the AnabaptistChapter 6 - How the Portuguese Made a Superb Auto-De-Fe to Prevent Any Future Earthquakes, and How Candide Underwent Public FlagellationChapter 7 - How the Old Woman Took Care Of Candide, and How He Found the Object of His LoveChapter 8 - Cunegund's StoryChapter 9 - What Happened to Cunegund, Candide, the Grand Inquisitor, and the JewChapter 10 - In What Distress Candide, Cunegund, and the Old Woman Arrive at Cadiz, and Of Their Embarkation
11Chapter 11 - The History of the Old Woman Chapter 12 - The Adventures of the Old Woman ContinuedChapter 13 - How Candide Was Obliged to Leave the Fair Cunegund and the Old WomanChapter 14 - The Reception Candide and Cacambo Met with among the Jesuits in ParaguayChapter 15 - How Candide Killed the Brother of His Dear CunegundChapter 16 - What Happened to Our Two Travelers with Two Girls, Two Monkeys, and the Savages, Called OreillonsChapter 17 - Candide and His Valet Arrive in the Country of El Dorado-What They Saw ThereChapter 18 - What They Saw in the Country of El DoradoChapter 19 - What Happened to Them at Surinam, and How Candide Became Acquainted with Martin
12Chapter 20 - What Befell Candide and Martin on Their Passage Chapter 21 - Candide and Martin, While Thus Reasoning with Each Other, Draw Near to the Coast of FranceChapter 22 - What Happened to Candide and Martin in FranceChapter 23 - Candide and Martin Touch upon the English Coast-What They See ThereChapter 24 - Of Pacquette and Friar GirofleeChapter 25 - Candide and Martin Pay a Visit to Seignor Pococurante, a Noble VenetianChapter 26 - Candide and Martin Sup with Six Sharpers-Who They WereChapter 27 - Candide's Voyage to ConstantinopleChapter 28 - What Befell Candide, Cunegund, Pangloss, Martin, etc.Chapter 29 - What Manner Candide Found Miss Cunegund and the Old Woman AgainChapter 30 - Conclusion