3 What is a Prophet? They functioned as Preachers They functioned as PredictorsProphet versus Priest
4 The Old Testament Gospel IsaiahThe Old Testament Gospel
5 The Bible Isaiah Old Testament: 39 Books New Testament: 27 Books Judgment: 39 ChaptersComfort: 27 ChaptersTotal Books: 66 BooksTotal: 66 Chapters
6 Judgments in the Present Overview of IsaiahChapters 1-35Chapters 36-39Chapters 40-66Judgments in the PresentHistorical InterludeGlory in the FutureThe Judgment of GodThe Comfort of GodMessiah the JudgeMessiah the ServantGod’s GovernmentA throne (6:1)God’s GraceA lamb (53:6)
9 Isaiah 1:2-3 For the LORD speaks, “Sons I have reared and brought up, 2 Listen, O heavens, and hear, O earth;For the LORD speaks,“Sons I have reared and brought up,But they have revolted against Me.3 An ox knows its owner,And a donkey its master's manger,But Israel does not know,My people do not understand.”
10 Isaiah 1:4 Alas, sinful nation, People weighed down with iniquity, Offspring of evildoers,Sons who act corruptly!They have abandoned the Lord,They have despised the Holy One of Israel,They have turned away from Him.Literally “Seed of Evil Ones.”
11 Isaiah 1:10 Hear the word of the LORD, You rulers of Sodom; Give ear to the instruction of our God,You people of Gomorrah.
12 Isaiah 1:11"What are your multiplied sacrifices to Me?” says the LORD."I have had enough of burnt offerings of rams,And the fat of fed cattle.And I take no pleasure in the blood of bulls, lambs, or goats.
13 Isaiah 1:21 How the faithful city has become a harlot, She who was full of justice!Righteousness once lodged in her,But now murderers.
14 Isaiah 1:26-27 And your counselors as at the beginning; 26 Then I will restore your judges as at the first,And your counselors as at the beginning;After that you will be called the city of righteousness, A faithful city."27 Zion will be redeemed with justiceAnd her repentant ones with righteousness.
15 Isaiah 6:1In the year of King Uzziah’s death, I saw the Lord sitting on a throne, lofty and exalted, with the train of His robe filling the temple.
16 Isaiah 6:2-4Seraphim stood above Him, each having six wings; with two he covered his face, and with two he covered his feet, and with two he flew. 3 And one called out to another and said, “Holy, Holy, Holy, is the LORD of hosts, The whole earth is full of His glory.” 4 And the foundations of the thresholds trembled at the voice of him who called out, while the temple was filling with smoke.
18 Isaiah 6:5Then I said, “Woe is me, for I am ruined! Because I am a man of unclean lips, And I live among a people of unclean lips; For my eyes have seen the King, the LORD of hosts.”
19 Isaiah 6:6-7Then one of the seraphim flew to me, with a burning coal in his hand which he had taken from the altar with tongs. 7 And he touched my mouth with it and said, “Behold, this has touched your lips; and your iniquity is taken away, and your sin is forgiven.”
20 Child Motif Shear-jashub (Isaiah 7:3) Immanu-el (Isaiah 7:14; 8:8) Maher-shalal-hash-baz (Isaiah 8:3)Isaiah’s children (Isaiah 8:18)The Royal Child (Isaiah 9:6-7).
23 IsaiahJeremiahSaw the Northern Kingdom of Israel taken into Captivity at the hands of AssyriaSaw the Southern Kingdom of Judah taken into Captivity at the hands of BabylonForetold of the judgments that would come in the futureExplained the reasons for the judgments Judah was experiencingLooks primarily to the futureLooks primarily to the present
24 Isaiah Jeremiah Bold and fearless Gentle and compassionate Was married to a prophetess and had children with prophetic namesWas commanded not to take a wife or have any children
26 Josiah dies at Megiddo and is replaced by his son Jehoahaz Jerusalem(Josiah)PharaohNeco
27 Overview of Jeremiah Chapter 1 Chapters 2-20 Chapters 21-45 PrologueFrom Josiah to the first year of NebuchadnezzarFrom Josiah’s sons to the CaptivityOracles to the NationsEpilogueCall of JeremiahFall of JerusalemJudgment against JudahNations
28 Pattern of Jeremiah Call of Jeremiah (1) Prophecies of Judah & Jerusalem (2-35)Historical NarrativePrior to the fall of Jerusalem (36-38)The fall of Jerusalem (39)After the fall of Jerusalem (40-45)Prophecies of other nations (46-51)Fall of Jerusalem (52)
29 Jeremiah 31:31-32“Behold, days are coming,” declares the LORD, “when I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah, 32 not like the covenant which I made with their fathers in the day I took them by the hand to bring them out of the land of Egypt, My covenant which they broke, although I was a husband to them,” declares the LORD.
30 Jeremiah 31:33“But this is the covenant which I will make with the house of Israel after those days," declares the LORD, “I will put My law within them, and on their heart I will write it; and I will be their God, and they shall be My people.
31 Jeremiah 31:34And they shall not teach again, each man his neighbor and each man his brother, saying, ‘Know the LORD,’ for they shall all know Me, from the least of them to the greatest of them,” declares the LORD, “for I will forgive their iniquity, and their sin I will remember no more.”
32 Let us go up to the house of the Lord Old CovenantNew CovenantJerusalemChurchGo unto all the world and make disciples of the nationsLet us go up to the house of the Lord
40 Ezekiel’s Chariot Vision Something like glowing metal in the midst of the fire (1:4).Four living beingsWheels within wheels
41 1 Chronicles 28:18...the altar of incense refined gold by weight; and gold for the model of the chariot, even the cherubim, that spread out their wings, and covered the ark of the covenant of the LORD
42 Daniel 7:9I kept looking Until thrones were set up, and the Ancient of Days took His seat; His vesture was like white snow, and the hair of His head like pure wool. His throne was ablaze with flames, its wheels were a burning fire
43 Meaning of the VisionGod is the God over all life, whether wild animals or domesticated animals or birds of menThe wheels are a picture of the mighty power of God.
44 The Glory of the LordEzekiel sees the glory of the presence of the Lord within His temple (8:4).The glory of God is seen at the doorway to the temple (9:3).It next leaves the doorway and moves out to the Eastern Gate (10:18)
45 The Glory of the LordIt moves completely out of the city of Jerusalem: And the glory of the LORD went up from the midst of the city, and stood over the mountain which is east of the city (Ezekiel 11:23).
46 Ezekiel’s Vision John’s Revelation A Temple within the CityThe New JerusalemEzekiel is taken in this vision to a very high mountain (40:2)John is carried in the Spirit to a great and high mountain (21:10)A man uses a rod to measure the dimensions of the temple (40:5-ff)An angel measures the city with a rod (21:15-17)The entire temple area is a perfect square (42:15-20)The entire city is a perfect cube (21:16)
47 Ezekiel’s Vision John’s Revelation A Temple within the CityThe New JerusalemThe presence of the glory of the Lord enters the temple (43:3-4)No need of sun or moon because the Lord illumines His city (22:5)No foreigner is admitted into the temple (44:9)Nothing unclean and no unbeliever is allowed into the city (21:8, 27)A river of water flows out of the temple (47:1)A river of the water of life comes from the throne of God (22:1)
48 Ezekiel’s Vision John’s Revelation A Temple within the CityThe New JerusalemThere are a total of 12 gates around the city (48:30-34)There are 12 gates to the city (21:21)The name of the city shall be: “The Lord is there” (48:35).The throne of God shall be there (22:3)
49 Ezekiel 43:4-5And the glory of the LORD came into the house by the way of the gate facing toward the east. 5 And the Spirit lifted me up and brought me into the inner court; and behold, the glory of the LORD filled the house.
51 Seven Historical Narratives Four Prophetic Visions Overview of Daniel1:18:1Written in the Third PersonWritten in the First PersonSeven Historical NarrativesFour Prophetic VisionsHebrewWritten in AramaicWritten in HebrewPrologueProphetic History relating to the GentilesProphetic History relating to the Jews
53 Vision of a great statue Daniel 2MeaningDaniel 7Vision of a great statueKings & KingdomsVision of beasts from the seaHead of fine goldBabylonLion with wingsBreast & arms of silverMedes & PersiaBear with three ribs in its teethBelly & thighs of bronzeGreek EmpireLeopard with 4 wings & 4 headsLegs of iron & clay; ten toesAntiochus?Rome?Beast with iron teeth & ten horns
54 Daniel 2MeaningDaniel 7All previous kingdoms destroyed by the stone cut without handsComing of the Lord and His KingdomAncient of Days takes his seat and passes judgmentA new kingdom that will never be destroyed (2:44)His kingdom will be an everlasting kingdom (7:27)
55 Dream comes in the first year of Belshazzar king of Babylon Daniel 7Daniel 8Dream comes in the first year of Belshazzar king of BabylonVision given in the third year of the reign of Belshazzar the kingSuccessive beasts rise up out of the oceanBabylonMedes & PersiaGreeceOther KingdomA ram standing by a canal is attacked by a goat coming from the westMedes & PersiaGreeceTerrible beast has ten hornsLarge horn broken; gives way to ten horns
56 Daniel 7 Daniel 8 Out comes a small horn that… Out comes a small Pulls up three previous hornsUtters great boastsAlterations in times and lawWages war against saints and wins against themGrows exceedinglyMagnifies itself against heavenRemoves regular sacrifice & throws down the templeFlings truth to the ground
57 Daniel 7Daniel 8Saints are given into his hand for a time, times, and half a timeEndures for 2300 mornings and eveningsThen sovereignty, dominion, and greatness are given to the saints of the Most HighThen the holy place will be properly restored
61 Antiochus Epiphanes Comes on the heels of Alexander’s generals Magnifies itself against the Jews and against their GodHe puts a stop to the sacrificial system and makes alterations to the LawHe attempts to overturn the truth of the ScripturesHe has power over the nation of Israel
62 Antiochus EpiphanesHis sway over the Temple endures for approximately 3 and a half years (2300 mornings and evenings).Then the holy place is ultimately properly restored
63 Daniel 11:31And forces from him will arise, desecrate the sanctuary fortress, and do away with the regular sacrifice. And they will set up the abomination of desolation.
64 Daniel 12:1Now at that time Michael, the great prince who stands guard over the sons of your people, will arise. And there will be a time of distress such as never occurred since there was a nation until that time; and at that time your people, everyone who is found written in the book, will be rescued.
65 Daniel 12:2And many of those who sleep in the dust of the ground will awake, these to everlasting life, but the others to disgrace and everlasting contempt.
66 “A time of distress…”Abomination of Desolation brought by Antiochus Epiphanes in 168 B.C.Destruction of the Temple brought by Titus in A.D. 70The Final Judgment
67 Daniel 12:4But as for you, Daniel, conceal these words and seal up the book until the end of time; many will go back and forth, and knowledge will increase.
68 Excel Instructor & Course Evaluation Course: Old Testament SurveyInstructor: Dr. John Stevenson