Presentation on theme: "The art of interviewing career services oregon state university 8 kerr administration building (541) 737 - 4085"— Presentation transcript:
the art of interviewing career services oregon state university 8 kerr administration building (541)
an interview is a two-way dialogue for both the employer and prospective employee to learn more about each other the employers goal: obtain information for a hiring decision, portray a positive image of the organization, fill open positions with qualified and/or high-potential candidates your Goal: market your potential to do the job well and contribute to the organization, present your skills, values and interests, find out if the company and job is the right fit
types of interviews phone interview, one-on-one, group interview, interview with a board or panel, case study interview, behavioral interview, stress interview, over-a-meal interview these interviews can be screening interviews, in-depth follow-up interviews, site interviews, information or conversational interviews
what they want employers also want to see your knowledge of them, which means you need to do a lot of research. you should come to an interview knowledgeable about the position, the organization, the products, services or clientele, the size, history, and the industry itself. employers want to see that you are prepared and able to speak about yourself and your experiences. this self-knowledge includes: skills, on-the-job and outside work experiences, potential contribution to the organization, strengths and weaknesses, short and long term goals and interests
why is research important? Demonstrate to employee that you are prepared and interested. Give you the necessary information to decide if the company is a right fit for you. research the company
how to research a company company websites web search (e.g. google) business magazines annual reports informational interviews industry-specific magazines or journals personal connections and contacts professors or advisors drop-ins other ideas?
part 1: greetings and introductions (hand shake, small talk, personal introductions) part 2: employers questions part 3: applicants questions part 4: wrap up part 5: thank you / follow-up part 6: hiring Decision the interview process the length of the interview will vary – call ahead and ask for a time frame
basic rules of interviewing keep your answers concise and brief but answer the question! back up your statements. give evidence! repeat your key strengths multiple times – define three strengths that you want them to remember you for (e.g. creative, hardworking, good problem solver) prepare at least 5 success stories before your interview – make a list of your key assets, important experiences and your skills maintain a conversational flow – a dialogue instead of a monologue be polite, friendly and show you are interested!
behavioral interviews not hypothetical situations (what would you do?) but past situations (what did you do?) employers believe: past behavior is the best predictor of future behavior! how can you prepare for behavioral interviews and how should you answer these questions use the s.t.a.r or s.o.a.r method: situation, task/obstacle, action, result
question: tell me about a time when you implemented a creative solution to a problem. situation: i was an intern in the advertising department of the daily news. task/obstacle: were not renewing their contracts. advertising revenue was falling off and large numbers of long term advertisers action: i designed a new promotional packet to go with the rate sheet. i compared the benefits of daily news circulation with other ad media in this area. i also set up a special training session for the account executives with a marketing professor to discuss competitive selling strategies. result: we signed contracts with 15 former advertisers for daily ads and 5 for special supplements. we also increased our new advertisers by 20%.
Another example: give me an example of a time when something you tried to accomplish failed.
how to prepare for a behavioral interview reflection. take inventory of important past experiences related to leadership, ethical decision-making, teamwork, working with diversity, and managing multiple projects at once. practice. do a mock interview or practice by yourself or with friends and family.
When answering questions, keep in mind the position you are interviewing for and directly link your skills and past experiences to the needs of the position and to the organization: From my experience studying abroad in Ecuador and my proficiency in three different languages, I will be able to communicate effectively with BioFuels international clientele. Focus answers on your education, experiences, career goals, and interpersonal qualities Pause before answering, think it through – bring a notebook and jot down the question as they are asking for a reference so you know you are answering the question in-full Define your career goals (short and long term)
other interviewing tips be prepared for the unusual – not all employers interview alike. be flexible and think on your toes! be punctual – this is obvious, but always important! take into account time needed to park and find your way to the office be specific – focus on the relevant, quantify your experiences and turn negatives into positives. show tact, maturity and courtesy. be sincerely interested – show a positive attitude and enthusiasm – if you have to fake it, why are you applying to this job? be strong until the very end – ask meaningful questions, summarize your strengths and key points and do not just trail off and you know, like…yeah. be grateful – send a personalized, thoughtful thank you card within 24 hours be resourceful – you have access to career services, so use it! we do mock interviews, workshops and can help you research positions and companies!
Ask Questions! An interview, again, is a two-way dialogue – the company and employer is also interviewing for you! Ask questions that demonstrate you have researched the position and use it as an opportunity to expand on information youve already researched – if you know in one year the position offers a promotion to Merchandising Manager, for example, ask what it will take to get that promotion. Or if you know the company is expanding or re-organizing, ask how your position will fit into that new alignment. Does your company encourage further education? In what ways is a career with your company better than one with your competitors? How much travel is involved? Has there been much turnover in this position? Yes – it is perfectly okay to have your questions prepared ahead of time, but you might also want to ask clarifying questions based on the interview, too!
do not mislead or lie: –it helps neither you nor the interviewer –admit when you do not know something –be honest about your skills employers do not expect perfection, they expect potential! if you do not know something, let them know that you can and want to learn! be honest!
Other Do Nots at an Interview: Avoid slang words, silly jokes and sarcasm Do not watch the clock or chew gum Do not bring up the topic of salary. When the time is right, salary will be discussed. Do not forget the importance of body language! Be aware of your facial expressions, eye contact, posture and handshake Do not cross the fine line between confident and arrogant. Do not be humble but do not be conceited, either! Practice shaking hands with the person next to you…! Do not forget to turn your cell phone on silent mode (not vibrate, either!) Do not speak poorly of your past employers or co-workers – you want to appear professional! Do not repeat your resume word-for-word