Presentation on theme: "Occupational Therapy in the Classroom"— Presentation transcript:
1Occupational Therapy in the Classroom Presented By:Occupational Therapy DepartmentLuzerne Intermediate Unit 18Date: April 17, 2005
2The Role of Occupational Therapy Occupational therapists focus on an individual’s ability to perform functional tasks within the school setting improving the student’s ability to benefit from their education.
3Areas of School Function MobilityADL’sSchool RoutinesWritten CommunicationPlay and LeisurePre-vocational SkillsVocational SkillsSocial Skills
4Mobility Range of Motion Adaptive Equipment Consultation to physical education teacher and regular education teacherHome exercise program
5Activities of Daily Living Fine motor coordination skills such as buttoning, zipping and snappingDonning/doffing coatTying shoesCompensatory strategies
6School Routines Adapt student schedule Building orientation Self-monitoring programConsultation with teachers
7Pre-vocational Skills Fine motor skillsGross motor skillsInterestsAttention spanAbility to followdirectionsPhysical limitations
8Vocational Skills On-site evaluation and training Adaptations as needed to performRecommendations for placementConsultation with teachers, parents and community resources
9Play and Leisure Gross motor skills Fine motor skills Physical limitationsAdaptations to toysInterest surveySocial skills
10Social Skills Communication skills Attention span Physical limitations InterestsBehaviorFunctioning age level
11Written Communication Fine motor skillsPosture/positioningPencil gripSpecial paperPerceptual motor skillsAlternate methods of written work
12Handwriting Performance Components Body and spatial awarenessLateralityDirectionalityVisual PerceptionVisual Motor IntegrationPostural Stability/Control
14Pre-writing SkillsThe mastery of handwriting requires development of pre-writing skills. Addressing these skills through activities, play, and instruction will help to build a strong foundation for handwriting. By the latter half of kindergarten, most normally developing students have acquired the following skills:
15Pre-Writing Skills (con’t) An established dominance for coloring, drawing, or using a fork.The ability to cross the midline of the body.A functional pencil grasp.An understanding of directional terms and the ability to recognize similarities and differences in forms.
16Pre-Writing Skills (con’t) The ability to copy basic lines and shapes.The ability to use two hands in an activity.The ability to coordinate eyes and hands together.The ability to maintain an adequate sitting posture.Orientation to print.If there are students that have not mastered or are struggling with these skills it is during kindergarten that there should be intervention.
17Ergonomics of Handwriting Ergonomics is the science of adapting the work space or work conditions in order for the worker to be successful. Factors that need to be taught and reinforced for handwriting include:
18Writing Posture Comfortable/Upright Feet flat on the floor Knees and hips at 90 degreesAppropriate desk heightChair and desk have to fit properly
19Pencil GripDynamic tripod grasp most commonly used by children and adultsShould be reinforced with most studentsDifficult to alter after a child starts 2nd grade
20Paper PositionCursive-slant of 30 degrees to left for right-handers and 35 to 45 degrees to the right for left-handersMasking tape on desk to mark the correct slant
21Compensatory Strategies (con’t) Have student work on an inclined surface(blackboard, easel or slant board)Use a tongue depressor, popsicle stick or students finger for spacing of wordsUse large graph paperTurn lined paper sideways for columns for math problems
22Compensatory Strategies (con’t) Emphasize lines on paper by visual or tactile cuesEmphasize directional termsHave student use a computer for assignmentsProvide visual alphabet on desk for referenceReduce the writing loadAllow student to give oral reports/demonstrations
23Functional Handwriting Tasks Complete address and telephone booksAddress envelopesMake and send cardsFill out forms/applicationsLabel mapsMake shopping listsWrite a to-do list
24Functional Handwriting Tasks (con’t) Write recipe cardsWrite thank-you notesWork on crosswordsSend postcards/lettersGet a pen palKeep a diary or journal