Presentation on theme: "Adult/Adolescent Annual AIDS Rates by Race/Ethnicity1 and Gender, LAC 2005 Cases per 100,000 - - 1 Results are preliminary. 1Male American Indian/Alaskan."— Presentation transcript:
1Adult/Adolescent Annual AIDS Rates by Race/Ethnicity1 and Gender, LAC 2005 Cases per 100,000--1Results are preliminary. 1Male American Indian/Alaskan Native rates not shown due to small numbers. LA County HIV Epidemiology Program
2Persons Living with AIDS in LAC per 1,000 population by Race/Ethnicity* A count of persons living with AIDS represents AIDS prevalence. Therefore, the statistics shown here are prevalence “rates”.Remember, a rate measures the impact of a disease in a given population because it takes into account the size of each population. Therefore, although far more Whites and Latinos are living with AIDS in Los Angeles County, Blacks who represent only 10 percent of the general population in this county have been the race/ethnic group that has been most impacted with the highest prevalence rate at 4.3 per 1,000, almost twice the rate of Whites and more than twice that of Latinos.And American Indians, while comprising a very small percent of the population, have the second highest rate of persons living with AIDS at 3.2 per 1,000.Rates are based on year 2004 population estimates. LA County HIV Epidemiology Program, 6/200622
3Mode of Exposure for Men and Women With AIDS in LAC, as of 12/31/2005 *Other includes Hemophilia/Transfusion/Transplant and Mother w/at HIV riskSource: HIV Epidemiology Program, LAC/DHS, data as of 6/2006.
4HIV Among Women in Los Angeles County There are currently 4,990 women living with HIV/AIDS in Los Angeles County2,879 or 58% are of childbearing age (15-44 years old)Between , there were 619 infants reported born to HIV+ mothers in LAC; representing an average of 103 HIV exposures per year.*As of 12/31/2007Data provided by A. Naghadi, LAC HIV Epidemiology Program
5HIV/AIDS in LA CountyIn Los Angeles County, the impact of HIV/AIDS epidemic has been seen among:Men who have Sex with Men (MSM)Woman at Sexual RiskCommunities of color5
6Prevention Sexual Transmission Abstinence Safer Sex Needle Use Male CondomFemale CondomDental DamsNeedle UseNot Sharing NeedlesCleaning Needles3x3x3 MethodOther Harm Reduction ApproachesNeedle Exchange
7It is recommended that HIV+ women do not breastfeed infants. PreventionBreast FeedingIt is recommended that HIV+ women do not breastfeed infants.
8Prevention Post Exposure Prophylaxis (PEP): Therapy designed to reduce the possibility of infection with the virus after known exposure.Primarily intended for prevention in cases where there has been known high risk work related exposure.PEP may be considered after a sexual exposure under certain conditions.
9Universal Precautions Wash hands thoroughlyWear latex glovesUse masks and eye protectionWear a gownUse resuscitation bag or mouth piece for CPRUse 1 part bleach to 9 parts waterfor blood spills and bodily fluids
10HIV test looks for antibodies to HIV (1985) HIV TestingHIV test looks for antibodies to HIV (1985)ELISAScreening test, sensitive: if positive, test run 2x99.9% accurateWestern Blot Confirmatory test: specifically detects HIV antibodies