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1 - Adult/Adolescent Annual AIDS Rates by Race/Ethnicity 1 and Gender, LAC 2005 Results are preliminary. 1 Male American Indian/Alaskan Native rates not.

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Presentation on theme: "1 - Adult/Adolescent Annual AIDS Rates by Race/Ethnicity 1 and Gender, LAC 2005 Results are preliminary. 1 Male American Indian/Alaskan Native rates not."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 - Adult/Adolescent Annual AIDS Rates by Race/Ethnicity 1 and Gender, LAC 2005 Results are preliminary. 1 Male American Indian/Alaskan Native rates not shown due to small numbers. LA County HIV Epidemiology Program Cases per 100,000 -

2 2 Persons Living with AIDS in LAC per 1,000 population by Race/Ethnicity* Rates are based on year 2004 population estimates. LA County HIV Epidemiology Program, 6/2006 Per 1,000 Population

3 3 Mode of Exposure for Men and Women With AIDS in LAC, as of 12/31/2005 *Other includes Hemophilia/Transfusion/Transplant and Mother w/at HIV risk Source: HIV Epidemiology Program, LAC/DHS, data as of 6/2006. Men Women n=18,600 n=2,266

4 There are currently 4,990 women living with HIV/AIDS in Los Angeles County 2,879 or 58% are of childbearing age (15-44 years old) Between 2002-2007, there were 619 infants reported born to HIV+ mothers in LAC; representing an average of 103 HIV exposures per year. *As of 12/31/2007 Data provided by A. Naghadi, LAC HIV Epidemiology Program HIV Among Women in Los Angeles County

5 5 HIV/AIDS in LA County In Los Angeles County, the impact of HIV/AIDS epidemic has been seen among: Men who have Sex with Men (MSM) Woman at Sexual Risk Communities of color

6 Sexual Transmission Abstinence Safer Sex –Male Condom –Female Condom –Dental Dams Prevention Needle Use Not Sharing Needles Cleaning Needles –3x3x3 Method Other Harm Reduction Approaches Needle Exchange Needle Use Not Sharing Needles Cleaning Needles –3x3x3 Method Other Harm Reduction Approaches Needle Exchange

7 Breast Feeding It is recommended that HIV+ women do not breastfeed infants. Prevention

8 Post Exposure Prophylaxis (PEP): Therapy designed to reduce the possibility of infection with the virus after known exposure. Primarily intended for prevention in cases where there has been known high risk work related exposure. PEP may be considered after a sexual exposure under certain conditions.

9 Universal Precautions Wash hands thoroughly Wear latex gloves Use masks and eye protection Wear a gown Use resuscitation bag or mouth piece for CPR Use 1 part bleach to 9 parts water for blood spills and bodily fluids

10 HIV Testing HIV test looks for antibodies to HIV (1985) ELISA Screening test, sensitive: if positive, test run 2x ELISA Screening test, sensitive: if positive, test run 2x 99.9% accurate Western Blot Confirmatory test: specifically detects HIV antibodies

11 Ways to Test Anonymous Confidential

12 Informed Consent 12 years old - Blood test 12 years old - Blood test Informed consent 13 years old - Oral test (OraSure) - Rapid test (OraQuick) 13 years old - Oral test (OraSure) - Rapid test (OraQuick)

13 For More Information Jason, MPH, OAPP (213) 351-8334, jdawson@ph.lacounty.gov


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