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Why were PERA and SB7 passed? What will be the consequences? Dr. Richard Voltz, Associate Director Illinois Association of School Administrators.

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Presentation on theme: "Why were PERA and SB7 passed? What will be the consequences? Dr. Richard Voltz, Associate Director Illinois Association of School Administrators."— Presentation transcript:

1 Why were PERA and SB7 passed? What will be the consequences? Dr. Richard Voltz, Associate Director Illinois Association of School Administrators

2 Why?

3 vs. Reformers Educators

4 Reform vs. Real Reform

5 Who are the reformers?





10 Just what does college and career ready mean?




14 Illinois ranks at or near the bottom in the nation in state funding for education and student test scores are some of the nation's highest.

15 Illinois ranked 10th nationally with a graduation rate of 84 percent, just 4 percent from the top spot.

16 lllinois was No. 1 among the nine states in the nation that administered the ACT to all of its graduating class of 2012.


18 ACT. (2012) Catching Up To College and Career Readiness. Iowa City, IA. Author.





23 Which of the following are gaining or losing students? Public Schools Private Schools Virtual Schools Home Schools

24 Type of School 199320032007 Public, Assigned 77.9%73.9%73.2% Public, Chosen 11.0%15.4%15.5% Private, Church 7.5%8.4%8.7% Private, non-Church 1.6%2.4%2.6%

25 Virtual Schools 2011 2,000,000 online courses taken by public school students annually 250,000 full time virtual students 52M public school students


27 Why PERA? Teachers and principals are important for student growth Only.4% of teachers have been rated “unsatisfactory” in the past Must measure professional competencies and student growth Must ensure that evaluation systems are valid and reliable

28 The Hidden Costs of Tenure 2005 Article by Scott Reeder Cost to fire a tenured teacher = $219,000 95,500 Illinois tenured teachers an average of only 2 fired per year 5 fired for issues of misconduct Only 1 out 930 evaluations resulted in unsatisfactory 83% of districts have never rated a teacher unsatisfactory in past decade 94% have never attempted to fire anyone with tenure

29 PERA Requires Form Joint Committee to – Design performance based evidence of teacher practice – Incorporate data and indicators of student growth into the teacher and principal evaluation Required evaluator training New four rating categories Allows for use of peer evaluators

30 New way to figure RIF List

31 Groupings Group 1 – Non tenure teacher who has no performance evaluation rating. Group 2 – Each teacher with a Needs Improvement or Unsatisfactory rating on either of the teacher’s last 2 performance ratings Group 3 – Teacher with a performance rating of Proficient on both of the teacher’s last 2 Group 4 - Teacher with a performance rating of Excellent on both of the teacher’s last 2 or 2 Excellent of last 3 with other being Proficient

32 New Ratings Effects – Tenure – Honorable dismissal – Remediation – Professional development plan required for teachers rated “Needs Improvement” or “Unsatisfactory” – Cause for dismissal

33 SB7 Changes Honorable Dismissal (RIF)/layoff of both tenured and non-tenured teachers Acquisition of tenure, post PERA implementation changes – Four year – Accelerated – Two year

34 There are 138 “Shall’s” in the Part 50 Rules for Performance Evaluation

35 5Essentials Survey


37 This new process requires “ formal ” and “ informal ” observations.

38 Non-probationary teachers: at least 2 observations a year (1 formal) Probationary teachers: at least 3 observations (2 formal) Professional development must align to NSDC standards.

39 Phased-in implementation for new teacher evaluations. All 625 Chicago schools and schools receiving School Improvement Grants will implement in 2012-13. Lowest 20% performing schools by 2015-16 and All remaining schools by 2016- 17.

40 Most other states are doing similar reform of teacher evaluation

41 There is not a state professional practice default model. Danielson Frameworks For Teaching is the state model.

42 Why Danielson?

43 Danielson meets state requirements

44 Illinois law requires...

45 Research based on effective instruction practices


47 Must have teacher self-reflection included in the process

48 Shall quantify the relative importance of each portion of the framework to the final professional practice rating.

49 Must include 1) Planning 2) Instructional Delivery 3) Classroom Management 4) Aligned to Illinois Professional Teaching Standards

50 What about aspects not observable during classroom observations?


52 4 Domains 22 Components 76 Elements Framework Vocabulary

53 Teacher evaluations typically look like this...

54 Each teacher teaches 900 lessons per year, 1,800 for two years

55 Instead it should look like this.

56 Increased observations

57 It needs to look more like a Gallop Poll, random and 10 times per cycle.

58 like this... In other words, it will

59 10 Observations per cycle 1. Sept. 2012 – Informal (focused student discipline) 2. Nov. 2012 – Informal (focused on Engaged Learning) 3. Dec. 2012 – Informal (focus on transitions) 4. March 2013 – Informal (focuses on Questioning) 5. May 2013 – Informal (focused on assessment) 6. August 2013 – Informal (respect & rapport) 7. October 2013 - Formal 8. January 2014 – Informal (culture for learning) 9. March 2014 – Informal (communicating) 10. April 2014 - Final Summative Formal

60 The key concept with Danielson is Engaged Learning

61 My Predictions

62 Use of Video for Teacher Observations

63 Mentor Video

64 Peer Evaluators to provide input


66 Student Input


68 Follow me at


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